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Leningrad Oblast

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Revision as of 09:10, 22 June 2014

A panorama of Vyborg from St Olaf's Tower, Vyborg Castle

Leningrad Oblast is a region of Northwestern Russia named for the old name of its principal city, Leningrad, now known as Saint Petersburg. It borders Pskov Oblast to the southwest, Estonia and the Gulf of Finland to the west, Finland to the northwest, Karelia and Lake Ladoga to the north, Vologda Oblast to the east, and Novgorod Oblast to the south.


  • Saint Petersburg (district) contains Saint Petersburg and its suburbs, which are also major tourist destinations for their extravagant palaces


  • Gatchina — this small city is Leningrad Oblast's largest after Saint Petersburg and boasts a magnificent palace, which is part of Petersburg's UNESCO World Heritage Site network
  • Ivangorod — the Russian half of a city split in two at the fall of the USSR, across the river is Narva and two big medieval castles stare each other down from each city across the Narva River, the new border of Russia and Estonia
  • Lodeynoye Polye — home to a pretty cathedral and the Alexander Svirsky Monastery
  • Priozersk — a popular dacha town with a big medieval Karelian castle
  • Shlisselburg — a small town with an island fortress that is on the UNESCO World Heritage List
  • Staraya Ladoga — an incredible gem of a sleepy village, this is the first capital of Russia, founded in the eighth century, which was for its first 200 years one of the most important ports in Eastern Europe; boasts some very old churches with twelfth century frescoes painted by Russian Master Andrei Rublev and Russia's first kremlin, built by the first Russian Tsar, the Rus Viking Rurik
  • Svetogorsk — a town only miles away from Finnish border
  • Tikhvin — the Uspensky Monastery is this small city's main attraction
  • Vyborg — a very attractive city with a big Swedish castle on the Karelian Isthmus near the border with Finland

Other destinations


Leningrad Oblast is most often visited by travelers staying in Saint Petersburg, either on a day trip or overnight to places of interest. If you are interested in Russian history or Orthodox art, you should put Staraya Ladoga at the top of your destination list, but be aware that it is difficult to get to on your own so get a tour. If castles are more your thing, Vyborg, Shlisselburg, and Ivangorod are excellent destinations, but in the case of the latter, be sure to get all your paperwork in order because the Estonian side of the city is more interesting and accommodating. Finally, if Saint Petersburg and its suburbs have not tired you out of seeing palaces, Gatchina's palace is quite impressive.


As a general rule, the closer you are to either a major tourist site or to Saint Petersburg, the more likely you will find people who speak English or other European languages, like German, Finnish, or French. Still, some knowledge of Russian or a qualified guide will almost certainly elevate your experience here.

Get in

The main border crossings are at Narva/Ivangorod for Estonia and along the main Helsinki–Vyborg highway for Finland. For the Russians especially, triple check that your papers are in order.

Most visitors to the region arrive via Saint Petersburg's airport or rail terminals.

Get around

In general, the most efficient and cheapest mode of transport is to take the electric rail elektrichka (электричка, eh-lehk-TREECH-ka) services from Saint Petersburg's main rail terminals. Tickets are very cheap and the elektrichka will take you to all but the smallest destinations in the region (Staraya Ladoga).






Saint Petersburg beers luckily predominate in this region. Go for a light Baltika #7 or a dark Baltika #8.

Stay safe

Get out

The whole of Northwestern Russia and major cities across all Russia await from the rail stations and airports of Saint Petersburg. The region is also a convenient last stop in Russia for travelers heading on to the Baltic states, Finland, or Belarus.

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