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Ladino phrasebook

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Revision as of 10:19, 11 February 2009 by (talk) (New page: '''Ladino''' (''Djudezmo'' or ''Judeo-Espanyol'') is a Jewish language spoken by the Sephardic Jews. It is also spoken by the minor Jewish communities in ''Turkey'', ''Israel'', ''Nether...)
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Ladino phrasebook

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Ladino (Djudezmo or Judeo-Espanyol) is a Jewish language spoken by the Sephardic Jews.

It is also spoken by the minor Jewish communities in Turkey, Israel, Netherland, Greece and the United States. For the most of its speakers, today, Ladino is the second language.

A Western Romance language, Ladino is closely related to and mutually intelligible with the Spanish. However, there are many loan words from Hebrew, Portuguese, Arabic and Turkish.

Pronunciation Guide

Ladino spelling ,as Spanish does, has the pleasant characteristic of being very phonetic, with only a few clearly-defined exceptions. This means that if you know how to pronounce the letters of a word, it's relatively easy to sound out the word itself.


like 'a' in "father".
like 'e' in "met", although often taught as 'a' in "spain".
like 'ee' in "see".
like 'o' in "score", especially when stressed.
like 'oo' in "hoop".
like 'ee' in "see". Very rarely used at the middle or ending of words.


like 'b' in "bed"
follows the same pronunciation pattern as in English. In most cases it is pronounced like 'k' in "kid": calle, doctor. When followed by 'e' or 'i', it is like 's' in "supper" (Latin America) or 'th' in "thin" (Spain): cine.
like 'ch' in "touch": muncho
like 'd' in "dog"
like 'j' in John. Djudezmo
like 'f' in "fine": faro
like 'g' in "good": ganyar
like 'h' in "hit": haham
like 'j' in the French name Jean
like 'k' in "kid": kilo
like 'l' in "love": lápiz
like 'm' in "mother": mano
like 'n' in "nice": noche, ancla
like 'p' in "pig": Pesah
is pronunced as 'r' in Turkish, most often rolled very lightly
like 'ss' in "hiss": sopa
like 'sh' in "shining": yanashear
like 't' in "top": Tora
like 'v' in "valad" (but no aspiration).
like 'y' in "yes": yuvyar.
like 'z' in "zoo"

Accents and stress

Phrase list


Shalom (Shah-lom)
Have a good day 
Buen dya (keh PAH-seh un BWEHN DEE-ah)
How are you? (informal)
Ke haber? (KEH HA-bear)
How are you? (formal)
Komo esta? (KOH-mo ehss-TAH?)
Fine, thank you
Muy bien, grasyas. (MOOEY BYEHN, GRAH-syahss)
What is your name? (informal)
Komo te yamas? (KOH-moh TEH YAH-mahss?)
What is your name? (formal)
Komo se yama? (KOH-moh SEH YAH-mah)
Who are you? (informal)
Ken eres? (KEN EH-rehss?)