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Difference between revisions of "Kyrgyz phrasebook"

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m (Previous characters were Turkish latin based ones developed by IPA and it was inconsistent with the rest of the letters that are more like standard 26-letter based latin alphabet.)
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==Learning more==
 
==Learning more==
 
A 325 page PDF document covering the Kyrgyz language, originally created for US Peace Corps volunteers in Kyrgyzstan, is available to view and download [http://eric.ed.gov/?q=kyrgyz&ft=on&id=ED461284 | here].  
 
A 325 page PDF document covering the Kyrgyz language, originally created for US Peace Corps volunteers in Kyrgyzstan, is available to view and download [http://eric.ed.gov/?q=kyrgyz&ft=on&id=ED461284 | here].  
 
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*[https://el-sozduk.kg/phrasebook/| Kyrgyz phrasebook with pronunciations and translation into English and Russian: shopping, hotel, common phrases etc.] 
 
{{Outlinephrasebook}}
 
{{Outlinephrasebook}}
 
{{phrasebookguide}}
 
{{phrasebookguide}}

Revision as of 05:42, 6 December 2019

Kyrgyz is a language spoken by 4 million people primarily in Kyrgyzstan and, to a lesser extent, in adjacent regions such as Kazakhstan, Xinjiang (China), Uzbekistan, & Tajikistan. In Kyrgyzstan, the language is co-official with Russian, which is the predominate language used in urban areas (especially Bishkek) while Kyrgyz is predominate in rural areas and small cities/towns. It is a Turkic language and has many similarities with languages such as Turkish, Tartar, Kazakh, Azeri, & Uzbek. As a result of close ties culturally and economically, Kyrgyz has become increasingly mutually intelligible with Kazakh in recent decades.

Script

The alphabet used for Kyrgyz was originally an Arabic script followed by a 20th century conversion to Roman script, much like the Arabic-Roman switch in other Turkic languages. However, Cyrillic script was forced on the language by the Soviet government (as they did with all other Turkic languages) and Cyrillic remains the alphabet used today by the overwhelming percentage of Kyrgyz speakers except in China, where Arabic script is the official script imposed by Chinese authorities.

Cyrillic Arabic (initial) Latin
А а ا A a
Б б ب B b
В в ۋ V v
Г г گ G g
Д д د D d
Е е ه Ye ye
Ё ё يو Yo yo
Ж ж ج J j
З з ز Z z
И и ي İ i
Й й ي Y y
К к ك K k
Л л ل L l
М м م M m
Н н ن N n
Ң ң ڭ Ng ng
О о و O o
Ө ө ۅ Ö ö
П п پ P p
Р р ر R r
С с س S s
Т т ت T t
У у ۇ U u
Ү ү ۉ Ü ü
Ф ф ف F f
Х х ح H h
Ц ц تس C c
Ч ч چ Ch ch
Ш ш ش Sh sh
Щ щ -- Shch shch
Ъ ъ --
Ы ы ى Y y
Ь ь --
Э э ه E e
Ю ю يۋ Yu yu
Я я يا Ya ya

Pronunciation guide

Vowels

a ah like father, hunt, sun o oh like score, long y oo like cartoon, spoon, moon but do not pronounce it long. и ee like big, lip, hip ы yh like little, sit, hit, but pronounced far further down the throat, as if being punched in the stomach э eh like end (also pronounced further down the throat, as if being punched in the stomach) e yeh like yes, yet, yesterday.

Consonants

Common diphthongs

Phrase list

Basics

Common signs

OPEN 
CLOSED 
ENTRANCE 
EXIT 
PUSH 
PULL 
TOILET 
MEN 
WOMEN 
FORBIDDEN 


Hello. 
Salamatsyzby. ( )
Hello. (informal
Salam. ( )
How are you? 
Kandaysyz? ( ?)
Fine, thank you. 
Jakshy, yrakmat. ( )
What is your name? 
Atyngyz kim? ( ?)
My name is ______ . 
Menim atym______. ( _____.)
Nice to meet you. 
Siz menen tanyshkanyma kubanychtamyn. ( )
Please. 
Suranych/Ötünüch. ( )
Thank you. 
Yrakmat. ( )
You're welcome. 
Echteke emes. ( )
Yes. 
Ooba. ( )
No. 
Jok. ( )
Excuse me. (getting attention
Kechiresiz. ( )
Excuse me. (begging pardon
Kechiresiz. ( )
I'm sorry. 
Kechiresiz. ( )
Goodbye 
Jakshy kalgyla/Jakshy kalyngyz. ( )
See you 
Körüshkönchö. ( )
Help! 
Jardam bergile! ( !)
Good morning. 
Kutmanduu tangyngyz menen. ( )
Good evening. 
Kutmanduu kechingiz menen. ( )
I don't understand. 
Men tüshünböym/Tüshünböy jatam/Tüshünbödüm. ( )
Where is the toilet? 
Daaratkana kaierde? ( ?)

Problems

Numbers

one 
Bir
two 
Eki
three 
Üch
four 
Tört
five 
Besh
six 
Alty
seven 
Jeti
eight 
Segiz
nine 
Toguz
ten 
On

Jyiyrma Otuz Kyrk Elüü Altymysh Jetimish Seksen Tokson Jüz Ming

Time

Clock time

Duration

Days

English Latin Cyrillic Phonetic
Monday Düyşömbü ДҮйшөмбү Doo sham boo
Tuesday Şeyşembi Шейшемби Shay shem bee
Wednesday Şarşembi Шаршемби Shar shem bee
Thursday Beyşembi бейшемби Be shem bee
Friday Cuma Жuмa Joo ma
Saturday Işembi Ишемби Ee shem bee
Sunday Cekşembi Жекшемби Jek shem bee

Months

Writing time and date

Colors

Transportation

Bus and train

Directions

Taxi

Lodging

Money

Eating

Bars

Shopping

Driving

Authority

Learning more

A 325 page PDF document covering the Kyrgyz language, originally created for US Peace Corps volunteers in Kyrgyzstan, is available to view and download | here.

This phrasebook is an outline and needs more content. It has an introduction and a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!