Kangerlussuaq  is a settlement on the west coast of Greenland near the end of a fjord of the same name. Its Danish name is Søndre Strømfjord, and until the early 1990's was home to a U.S. military base known as Bluie West Eight. The settlement and the airfield share a symbiotic relationship with most residents being employed by it in one way or another.
Kangerlussuaq is a former U.S. military base and serves as the international gateway for the majority of travel to and from Greenland today. The town serves as the transportation hub for the country today, connecting travelers and locals with other towns in Greenland to international destinations like Copenhagen, Denmark and Iceland. The town is also surrounded by breathtaking landscapes and wildlife. Thousands of musk oxen roam the mountains and valleys near the town, which are accessible by hiking trails.
Kangerlussuaq began as an important stopover point for aircraft between North America and Europe during World War II. During the Cold War the airfield served as a U.S. early warning facility before being decommissioned in 1992.
Today, the airfield is one of the largest in Greenland and still serves as the main staging area for scientific personnel manning Greenland's many research facilities and base camps. An area to the east of town was the launch site for several sounding rockets used in upper atmospheric studies in the 1970s and 1980s. A radar facility used for ionospheric studies is operated by the U.S. National Science Foundation and the Danish Meteorological Institute to the west of town at Kellyville.
The town itself is roughly be divided into two halves, the original settlement itself and the former military area on the opposite side of the airfield. With the closure of the military base many of the former barracks are slowly being converted for civilian use.
As with most settlements in Greenland, ground transportation is very limited. Hiking maps of the area from Sisimiut to Kangerlussuaq are available from Scanmaps  and small huts are placed strategically along the route. Some experience in hiking is neccesary, as traffic is sparse, and trails disappear.
In the winter, the same route can be used for transport on dog sleds. Contact the tourist office to arrange a trip.
Air Greenland operates scheduled flights between Greenland and abroad.. Air Greenland flies to destinations in Greenland and Copenhagen from Kangerlussuaq Airport, utilising Airbus A330-200 aircraft. Air Greenland is the only company flying between Kangerlussuaq and domestic destinations. Scientific and technical personnel flying into Greenland for research purposes will typically fly into Kangerlussuaq via New York Air National Guard C-130s from Stratton ANG Base in Schenectady, New York, USA.
Arctic Umiaq Line launched a weekly coastal ferry connection between Nuuk, Kangerlussuaq and Uummannaq in Spring 2006.
In the summer, it is easy to navigate on foot or bike. There are also shuttle buses and taxis in the city. During the winter months, you can get around in a four-wheel drive SUV or the more traditional dogsled or skis.
- The Greenland ice sheet begins at the upper end of the valley to the east of town and is a spectacular sight to behold. The ice sheet can be reached at the end of the gravel road which leads out of town from near the east end of the runway. The nearest point of ice is Russel's Glacier, about 20 km (14 mi) from town, but the road is fairly flat so that the entire hike can be completed in a good Kangerlussuaq summer day, though it is generally more fun to take 2-3 days and spend some time near the ice, and perhaps continue further up the road to some of the lakes edging the ice, with small icebergs floating in them. Be prepared for colder temperatures near the ice, as it can significantly decrease the temperature of the surrounding air, and set up a constant daytime "ice breeze" of cold air blowing from the glacier.
Northern Lights over Kangerlussuaq International Airport in the winter.
- Kangerlussuaq is located under a spot known for strong auroral activity. Visitors during the winter months should be able to see spectacular displays of the Aurora Borealis (Northern Lights) at night. Kangerlussuaq's stable weather conditions give a 99% chance of visual between November and March.
- Kellyville (officially known as the Sondrestrom Incoherent Scatter Radar Facility ) is a radar facility operated by the U.S. National Science Foundation and Danish Meteorological Institute located about 15 km outside of town, named after the U.S. scientist who first proposed the site. Investigations of various atmospheric phenomena, including the Aurora Borealis, take place at the site and at instruments and antennas scattered throughout the nearby landscape. The facility is permanently manned by a small site crew as well as visiting researchers, and can be easily identified by the large radar dish. Tours are by appointment only.
- Ice Sheet: Tours to the Ice Sheet are arranged in Kangerlussuaq, which is only 35km away. It is possible to reach the ice sheet by driving, hiking or biking.
- Kangerlussuaq Sports Center, B1725, 3910 Kangerlussuaq, Greenland, ☎ (+299) 84 15 16.
- Kangerlussuaq Museum, P.O. Box 1006, 3910 Kangerlussuaq, Greenland, ☎ (+299) 84 13 00 ([email protected]), . Only open for the summer season. This museum gives an insight into the history of the airport as an old American Air Force base. The flag still flies. Many of the exhibits are about the airport as it was operated around WWII as a strategic outpost for the Americans. DKK 35.
Excursion to Russell Glacier from Kangerlussuaq
- Excursions, (Departs from the parking lot at the airlport, book in the souvenir shop), ☎ ''+299'' 841648 ([email protected]), . It is often possible to do the short excursions while you wait for a connecting flight DKK 550 for the short excursions, more for the multi-day excursions.
- Hike through the tundra around town, and observe the local wildlife including caribou, musk ox, and arctic hares.
- Horseback riding on the rugged Icelandic ponies kept at the stable in town can be arranged at the Tourist office in the airport building.
- Take a snowmobile trip across the Icecap.
- Take a boat tour of the fjord.
- Play golf Søndre Strømfjord has a golf course to the east of the airport. You won't find a single straw of grass, but you will get the chance to play on what must be the northernmost golf course in the world. reportedly the green fee is a mere 50-100 DKK, and clubs can be rented at a similar price.
- Fish for cod through holes drilled in the fjord ice during winter months.
- Dog Sledding: In Kangerlussuaq it is possible to arrange both short and long dog sledding trips. Day trips around the Kangerlussuaq provide great scenery and the chance to see some wildlife, like musk oxen. Longer trips can be arranged, the most popular of which is the trip between Kangerlussuaq and Sisimiut, which takes several days depending on your pace.
- Musk Ox Safari: Kangerlussuaq is one of the best places to see this odd majestic animal, which is a mix between a sheep and an ox. Large herds graze freely in the valleys near Kangerlussuaq. The local tourist offices usually arrange trips that last anywhere from a few hours to an entire day.
- Trophy Hunting: Trophy Hunts can be arranged with the local tourist offices in Kangerlussuaq. Reindeer and Musk Oxen are the two large game animals found in the valleys of the fjords near the Ice Sheet. It is difficult to hunt these animals so it is necessary to find a good guide.
- Greenland Outdoors, B466, P.O. Box 87, 3910 Kangerlussuaq, Greenland, ☎ (+299) 24 06 16 (Winter Phone: +45 3011 4959) ([email protected]), . Offers fishing, sea kayaking guided tours as well as rentals. Only seasonally available. Also rent satellite phone at a daily rate of 25 Euros for safety during trekking.
- WOGAC Kangerlussuaq, Mitarfiit Aqq. 1009, 3910 Kangerlussuaq, Greenland, ☎ (+299) 84 16 48 ([email protected]), . Offers different types of hiking tours, including a northern lights tour as well as some opportunities for helicopter tours. Price: DKK300-DKK1000+ depending on the tour.
- Polar Trophy Hunt, Amå & Putsi Olsen, Qeqqa 8, P.O. Box 31, 3910 Kangerlussuaq, Greenland, ☎ (+299) 24 44 03/(+299) 53 18 44 ([email protected]), . Offers different types of hunting for both summer and winter, including musk ox and seal hunting. They also offer shorter dog sled journeys. DKK400-DKK12,000/per person depending on the type of hunt and duration of the excursion..
- Arctic Caving Adventure, P.O. Box 1006, 3910 Kangerlussuaq, Greenland, ☎ (+299) 84 14 25 ([email protected]), . Offers climbing, rappelling, glacier hikes, ice cave tours, and expeditions. There are a wide variety of options, and lengths of tours for all travel itineraries. Prices: DKK400-DKK3850 depending on the tour..
Very few businesses are located in Kangerlussuaq. Supplies can be purchased at a small local supermarket across the street from the airport terminal. Souvenirs are available for purchase at a gift shop in the airport terminal and from a smaller shop in the Albatros hotel immediately southwest of the airport terminal. Musk-ox wool and Christmas items (such as stockings) may be purchased from the "Musk Ox" shop immediately opposite the airport terminal, next door to the Post Office.
There is no foreign currency exchange in Kangerlussuaq. Visitors may purchase Danish Kroner using a credit card at a small transfer facility in one of the airport buildings. Some stores will accept foreign credit cards.
There is a small grocery store (called the Anibutik) on the South side of town near the Science Housing facilities. It's in the same building as the Polar Bear Cafe.
- WOGAC Souvenir Shop (Kangerlussuaq Airport), P.O. Box 49, 3910 Kangerlussuaq, Greenland, ☎ (+299) 84 10 98 ([email protected]), .
- The cafeteria at the Kangerlussuaq Airport is probably the largest of the few eateries in town. The cafeteria typically serves standard offerings such as sandwiches, burgers, curries, and other European fare.
- The 'AniButik Og Cafe' at the Polar Bear Inn located near the Science Housing Facilities on the South side of the town has great food. They serve authentic Thai food, curries, burgers, and their famous hot dogs.
Polar Bear Inn / Anibutik Og Cafe
- There is a take-away pizzeria opposite the airport terminal, next to the Post Office.
The 'upscale' restaurant adjacent to the main airport cafeteria (located through the far doors at the end of the cafeteria) is quite pricey, but, offers Very delectible native Greenlandic meals with Reindeer, Musk Ox etc along with a nice glass of wine which is hard to come by.
- Restaurant Roklubben, P.O. Box 49, 3910 Kangerlussuaq, Greenland, ☎ (+299) 84 19 96, . Restaurant offers a small a la carte menu, entrees DKK198. Every Sunday there is a Greenlandic buffet for DKK298, reservations in advance are required for the buffet. DKK198-298.
- Restaurant Kangerlussuaq (c/o Hotel Kangerlussuaq), P.O. Box 1006, 3910 Kangerlussuaq, Greenland, ☎ (+299) 84 11 80, . 6pm-12am. This restaurant has a special emphasis on cooking with ingredients from Greenland, food is exceptional.
- Old Camp Hostel, P.O. Box 1009, 3910 Kangerlussuaq, Greenland, ☎ (+299) 84 10 16 ([email protected]), . checkout: Check out: 9am. This hostel offers free transportation to and from the airport. There is also an option to add an extra bed to a room. You can also rent mountain bikes from the hostel. Single: DKK645 Double: DKK855 Bed/Linen: DKK375.
- Polar Lodge, Mittafeqarfiit Aqq. 1009, 3910 Kangerlussuaq, Greenland, ☎ (+299) 84 10 16 ([email protected]), . This is a small lodge, with cooking and dining facilities available for guests. It is situated 100m from the airport. Wifi is also available and there is a souvenir shop on site. Single room, incl. linen and breakfast: DKK 775, Double room, incl. linen and breakfast: DKK 985, Single room, incl. linen (dayroom): DKK 655, Double room, incl. linen (dayroom): DKK 875, Extra bed: DKK 400, Extra bed (baby): DKK 250, Extra breakfast: DKK 50.
- Hotel Kangerlussuaq, P.O. Box 1006, 3910 Kangerlussuaq, Greenland, ☎ (+299) 84 11 80 ([email protected]), . This hotel has single, double, family (up to 6 beds) and luxury suites available. There is also an option to rent the room just for the day, if you are passing through Kangerlussuaq. The hotel has 70 rooms and is equipped with wifi and 3G phone service. Single: DKK1,295 Double: 1495..
Tourist Office , the place to go to get information and make arrangements for your trip to Kangerlussuaq.
Kangerlussuaq is a very small settlement and as such has virtually no crime. Care should be taken when hiking through certain areas during hunting season (try not to look like a caribou).
Though, by Greenlandic standards, Kangerlussuaq is blessed with a mild climate, the greatest local danger is probably still posed by the weather in winter. The average high in January (the best time for seeing the Aurora Borealis) is -12 C (8 F), and during cold snaps, extended periods around -28 C (-20 F) are not uncommon. Arctic parkas and boots are a must to spend more than a few minutes outside under these conditions.
The other local year-round danger is local musk oxen which frequent the area around Lake Fergusen and Black Ridge to the south of town. Keep a distance of several tens of meters from any animal, as they often charge without warning and are much faster than their shaggy, ambling appearance belies. If you see a group of musk oxen forming into the typical circle or line defensive formations, with their heads and horns facing you and any young behind the main rank, it means you have been identified as a mortal threat, and you should get away from the area as calmly and quickly as possible. Musk oxen are particularly nervous if you are located uphill from them, so never approach or pass by from above.
A few other dangers are presented by the geography. The river coming from the ice cap, which passes by town and empties into the head of the fjord, has deposited huge silt flats which can be very unstable and present large areas of quicksand indistinguishable from harder sand. For this reason, do not venture out into the river bed, and do not drink the silty water coming from the glacier as the extremely fine silt can wreak havoc on your intestines, and clogs even the best of filters (water in ponds and streams elsewhere is perfectly safe). Finally, if you go to the edge of the inland ice in summer, beware that it is an active glacier and huge calving events can happen at any time, dropping tons of ice accompanied by bursts of pent-up, near-freezing melt water. Keep a safe distance from the edge.
It should also be noted that there is no hospital in Kangerlussuaq. While lighter injuries can be treated at the local clinic, serious medical emergencies may require evacuation by air to Sisimiut or Nuuk.
Mosquitoes and black flies are a serious problem during the summer months. Bug repellent is a must.