Difference between revisions of "Jyväskylä"
Latest revision as of 20:58, 19 January 2020
Jyväskylä is a university city in Central Finland. It is the biggest city on Finnish Lakeland area. Its population was about 85,000 until January 1, 2009, when the surrounding regions were merged with it, thus increasing the population of Jyväskylä to 130,000. In 2020 the population of Jyväskylä is about 142,000.
There is no public transport connection from the airport to the city center.
You can also reach the city by taxi in 15-20 minutes. Catching or calling a taxi from the airport it will cost approx. 40- (1-2 persons in January 2015) to 45 euro (3-4 persons in January 2015) to get to the city center. If you are traveling alone, it's cheaper to order the taxi as a special "Airport-Taxi". Ordering Airport-Taxi two hours in advance will lower the cost for one person down to 20 euros, and a designated taxi driver with a name sign will be waiting at the airport for you. The service number for taxis in Jyväskylä area is +358 10 06900 (also for Airport-Taxi).
Jyväskylä is well connected by railroads to the other Finnish cities, and getting in by train is rather effortless. A train ticket between Helsinki and Jyväskylä for an adult costs around 15 to 40€. Student discounts are only offered to those studying in Finland.
The combined bus and train station (Jyväskylä travel center, or Jyväskylän matkakeskus in Finnish) is open from 06:00 to 22:00 from Friday to Saturday and from 08:00 to 22:00 on Sundays. Train tickets are sold at ticket machines at all opening hours, but the booking office does not sell tickets in the early morning or late night.
Buses travel between Jyväskylä and other Finnish cities, as well as smaller destinations. A bus ticket from Helsinki to Jyväskylä with one of the Matkahuolto associated bus companies will usually cost about 50€, and can be bought from the driver. Sometimes cheaper tickets can be found online.
A discount bus operator Onnibus offers significantly cheaper intercity bus travel to and from Jyväskylä, though the tickets must be bought online.
Jyväskylä has rather nice opportunities for getting around by foot or by bicycle, so if you're not in a hurry, you might want to just consider walking everywhere.
Local buses travel between the different parts and suburbs of Jyväskylä. The single tickets are sold by the bus driver and the fares are relatively costly at 3€ per trip. The night fare (23:00-04:00) is 1€ extra, making a taxi possibly a cheaper option when travelling in groups of three or more.
If you plan to stay longer and want to use the bus service regularly, you might want to consider buying a bus card, which will be a bit cheaper (much cheaper if you are a student living in Jyväskylä). A 30-day bus card costs 60 € (without reduction) and it can be used as much as wanted during this 30-day period. No matter which part of Jyväskylä you want to get to, there are approximately three buses leaving each hour (daytime), though during the summer months (June to August) the frequency is reduced to two buses per hour.
You can also buy a one day tourist ticket from the tourist information centre on Asemakatu in the city centre. The cost is 8€ and allows you to travel on an unlimited number of buses within the city area for one day. The ticket is valid from the day it is purchased until 3am the next morning.
There is a nature preservation area just a few hundred meters off the city center. The area is located on the bank of the Tourujoki-river. There are also six other recreational 'nature paths' in Jyväskylä. It is possible to walk around the lake Jyväsjärvi which offers good views of the city.
Jyväskylä has many buildings by the famous architect Alvar Aalto. These include kaupunginteatteri (town theater), some buildings in the main campus of the universty and the Alvar Aalto Museum.
Harju A ridge just next to the center of the town has a park on its slopes. Good for picnics and such. Vesilinna (water tower) is a building on top of the ridge that acts as an observation tower, restaurant and Natural History Museum in addition to dispensing water to the town. The building can be seen from many parts of Jyväskylä. Both the museum and observation tower are free to enter.
Kuokkala Church is a modern church with a dark, angular exterior and light, wooden interior.
Admission is free for all on Fridays to Jyväskylä Art Museum, Craft Museum of Finland and Museum of Central Finland. Ask for a student discount in the museums and galleries, though it is usually only given to those studying in Finland.
The city's web site  has an event calendar for current and upcoming events.
Skiing and snowboarding (Laajavuori) Laajavuorentie 15, +358 (0)14 624 885 ([email protected]), . When there is snow. A small ski centre for downhill skiing and snowboarding with an extensive network of crosscountry skiing tracks in the vicinity.
Swimming and Beaches
Jyväskylä has plenty of lakes and these provide nice opportunities for swimming and general beach activities during the warm summer months. Some of them offer ice swimming during the winter.
You can look for shopping opportunities at the Jyväskylä pedestrian precinct, which is located at the other end of Kauppakatu.
During the summer, the marketplace (Yliopistonkatu 15) is a good place to visit if you want fresh vegetables or fish, flowers or craft items.
There is also a big flea market worth visiting in Jyväskylä.
It's cheap to have lunch at the student restaurants. They are situated all over the university buildings. With a finnish student card it costs about 2.6 euro. Without the card it costs about 5,5 euro. Student restaurants:
There are many pizzerias offering large pizzas for as cheap as 4-5 €, guaranteed to fill your belly.
Pubs, Bars and Nightclubs
Nightlife is centered in the downtown part of Kauppakatu and cross streets, some also in the uptown part of Kauppakatu, near the University. As most of the bars are situated on Kauppakatu or very close to it, pub crawls can be easily arranged in Jyväskylä. Start from Yläkaupunki and work your way down to the clubs in Alakaupunki!
Alakaupunki (Downtown) A large number of bars, restaurants and nightclubs is located around the pedestrian district. Cheaper places in this area incude Bar Explosive, Pub Anneli and Bar Passion. Suggested establishments:
Yläkaupunki (Uptown) If you prefer a more laid-back night scene than euro-disco hell, walk uphill along Kauppakatu until you are past the church. This is where Yläkaupunki begins. Suggested establishments:
Wine, strong beer and spirits can only be purchased in Finland from State-owned Alko shops. The only Alko shop in the center of the city is at located in the Sokos department store on Kauppakatu. Other locations of Alko shops in Jyväskylä area can be found from the Alko website.
There are a few hotels in the vicinity of the train station. All the major hotel chains (Scandic, Cumulus, Sokos) can also be found in the city.
The Jyväskylä tourist information website maintains a list of internet access points and wifi hotspots.
Restaurants and bars also have wifi connections for customers, but a password is usually needed and must specifically be asked for.
The crime rate in Jyväskylä is generally low. However, it's best to avoid obviously drunk people during weekend nights after the bars close. Long queuing for taxis or late night snack sometimes frustrate some partygoers to seek fighting opponents from other people. Sometimes this results to a temporary conversion from a pedestrian district to fighting arena, but the common sight of patrolling police makes the occurrences more rare. Despite this, walking on the streets at night (or any time of day) is safe.