Juarez (Spanish:Ciudad Juárez) is a city in the state of Chihuahua, Mexico. It stands on the Rio Grande, across the United States border from El Paso.
No documentation is currently required to enter Juarez since it is located in the Mexican Zona Frontera. However, After January 2009 land border crossing will require a passport.reentry to the United States will require documentation as usual.
- From the rest of Mexico, Juarez is accessible by Mexican Federal Highway 2 which runs along the United States border and Mexican Federal Highway 45 which heads south to Chihuahua.
- From the United states, US Highways 62 (Stanton Street in El Paso) and 54 (also known as the Patriot Freeway) end at the Mexican border and are the main international crossings from the United States. Interstate 10 is the major highway leading to El Paso.
Near the Stanton Street bridge in downtown El Paso, most visitors that come for a single day choose to park on the US side of the border and walk across the bridges as to avoid dealing with the chaotic Juarez traffic and long waits for vehicles reentering the United States. Parking is generally $3.00 U.S. near the bridges.
Abraham González Airport (IATA|CJS) (ICAO|MMCS) offers flights to destination in Mexico, particularly Chihuahua, Monterrey, and Mexico City. El Paso International Airport (IATA|ELP) is the most convenient airport for U.S. travelers .
Juarez is a large Mexican city located in the middle of the Chihuahuan Desert. While you are undoubtedly in Mexico, you are nowhere near the tropical Mexico with beautiful beaches and Aztec and Mayan culture many people expect. Juarez is home to the Mexican Vaquero (Cowboy) culture and you should be much more likely to encounter people resembling cowboys than any other vision of a Mexican one might have. However, Juarez is rich in the northern culture of Mexico, and most travellers will find this more charming and realistic than the culture they experience at many other locales that are not off the beaten path in Mexico.
However, special attention must be paid to the criminal situation in Juarez, as well as the city and state of Chihuahua in general; there have been recent revelations of police corruption in the area, some incidents quite violent in nature as they pertain to the border area's prevalence in illegal drug and/or human trafficking. Also, visitors, especially females, should be aware of the sexual violence/murder rate amongst the female populace; since 1993, perhaps earlier, hundreds of women, most of them underpaid workers at sweatshops known as "maquildoras," have been killed by persons unknown, their bodies found beaten, raped, tortured and murdered in all manner of ways in and around Juarez. As most of the victims are local women, deemed by their killers and indeed quite often by those investigating their deaths to be disposable, foreign visitors shouldn't have much to worry about as long as they follow their common sense; if you don't venture out alone into suspicious areas of town, particularly after dark, don't make obvious your personal wealth to strangers, and if you stay well clear of any illegal activity, particularly involving drug purchase/smuggling, you should be fine. Just remember before you think about potentially getting in over your head regarding these matters: the Mexican police are notoriously lacking in concern for those whose activities are considered "high-risk," the U.S. Border Patrol can also be quite mercurial about these matters, and neither American nor Mexican prisons are very enticing places to spend one's vacation.
Juárez has experienced over 1,300 murders in 2008. While many of the victims have been connected with drug traffic, the random nature of this violence requires precaution. Shootings, including shootouts between military or police and drug gangs, have taken place at all hours in virtually every part of the city. Businesses have also been attacked, usually by arson, by gangs demanding protection money. Businesses, including chain restaurants, have also been targeted by the armed robberies of customers. While many travelers continue to shop and eat without being caught up in this violence, Juárez has become a dangerous place to visit. Many of the wealthier native "juarenses" are buying houses in El Paso, or just live in Golden Bird Cages
There is a public bus system in Juarez; however, it is not very easy to use and is often overlooked by tourists. In general, buses have their end destination on a board in the front window. They make frequent stops, and often run in close succession to one another; if you miss a bus another of the same route is likely to appear in a matter of minutes. Many routes continue to run overnight - exercise extreme caution on buses at night, and buses that go into poorly policed barrios of the city (especially to the west and south)
Taxis are abundant and inexpensive, always ask for the ride fee and if possible ask two different drivers to get the best fare. Taxis are not metered - and initial fares may be given based on one's percieved ability to pay (a tourist or wealthier Mexican may be quoted a higher fare). However, most sites of touristic interest in Juarez can be reached by walking in the historic center. Upon arrival in Juarez it is likely that most foreigners will received by a plethora of taxi drivers offering to drive them to the market. While the market cannot be seen from the border crossing it is a relatively short walk - after crossing the Santa Fe street bridge, walk down Avenida Juarez to 16 de Septiembre, turn left and then walk about seven blocks (street blocks are much smaller in Juarez than in neighboring El Paso).
Driving in Juárez, while less chaotic than in Mexico City, is not recommended for a casual visitor. While the lack of high speed freeways means many accidents that do happen in the central parts of the city are relatively minor, fender benders in Mexico may involve frustrating red tape. If you do drive in Juárez, make sure you have Mexican automobile insurance. Not having Mexican insurance may result in criminal charges and a visit to jail.
Most larger businesses have parking lots with attendants that will ask for a nominal fee ($0.25 US, or two to three pesos). Watch where you park. Cars that are illegally parked on streets may have their license plates removed by a transit cop. The idea is to ensure you will pay the fine before leaving the country (and your plates should be returned after doing so). If this happens to you, the ticket should indicate where to pay your fine, should you chose to do so (you should be able to re-enter the United States in any event, though you may face some added complications with a missing plate).
- The Guadalupe Mission
- The Cathedral
- El Chamizal
- San Jose Church
- Juarez History Museum
- Samalayuca Dunes
- Art and History Museum
- Monument to Benito Juárez
- San Agustin Regional Museum
Juarez is unlike many border towns in that it is a major city with over a million inhabitants. However, most foreign tourists will still enjoy the same elements of stereotypical Mexican culture that they do in other border towns such as Nogales, Tijuana, and Nuevo Laredo.
- Enjoy a drink at a patio cafe with some chips and salsa at reasonable prices.
- Shop the markets for typical Mexican wares.
- Attend a bullfight at the Plaza de Toros when in season.
Typical Mexican souvenirs such as blankets, pottery, and trinkets themed in Mexican culture.
Make sure to haggle as it will be expected. If you act disinterested, or begin to walk away, you should get quoted a lower price. The merchants speak English and are constantly encountering Americans so you will not seem very foreign to them if you are not Mexican yourself. Goods may range from kistchy trinkets to high quality artesan-made glassware, pottery, jewelry, leather goods, and woven cloth. Most markets also have good food and drink, and musical entertainment.
- Juarez has a great selection of restaurants that specialize in authentic Mexican cuisine. The cuisine in Juarez is much different from the Tex-Mex that is eaten on the the other side of the Rio Grande in El Paso. A great dish to try for those not experienced in Mexican cuisine would be Steak Ranchero.
- Juarez also offers a very international selection including everything from great seafood at Los Arcos, incredible chinese at Shangri-La, Brazilian at Fogueira, and the list continues. Try Maria Chuchena for a nice semi-expensive eclectic meal, afterwards walk out to La Cantera where you can find restaurant/bars to have a few drinks with the locals.
- There are also many small stores and carts that make tacos using fresh tortillas, vegetables, and your choice of several meats such as beef, chicken, pork, and chorizo (a spicy Mexican sausage). As long as you can see the meat being cooked you should feel fine eating this food, although it may be outside of some inexperienced travellers comfort levels. Tacos are served "by the order" and you should not expect to pay more than 30 pesos or $3 for an order of 4.
- As Juarez is a major city there are some very nice steakhouses where you will be pampered by an exceptional waitstaff in a luxurious setting. However, expect to pay about half of what you would stateside. A delicious steak dinner with all the fixings can be had for around 100 pesos, $10.
Don't forget the "burritos"
Be aware that you can't drink in public places or in the street, ask before.
- Basically beer and tequila will be the alcoholic drinks of choice. Remember, although you are in Mexico, you are in the middle of the desert and not a beach resort so don't expect to have Piña Coladas and Strawberry Daiquiris at your disposal. However due to the large amount of Texans crossing the border some places will have margaritas ready.
- Most people arrive in Mexico expecting Corona to be free flowing, but this beer is not really drunk in Mexico. If you are in a tourist place you will find Corona (Modelo is essentially the domestic version of Corona), but outside of touristy Juarez, the local beer Carta Blanca is the beer of choice. This beer is definitely worth a try as it is a favorite of the locals. The most popular beer with locals is a dark beer called "Indio" and for locals, other brands you can try are "Sol" or "XX lager". If you are thirsty try a "Caguama" in a 1Lt bottle. "Victoria" beer is also a special treat, as it is never exported from Mexico.
- Don't miss out on visiting the "Kentucky" Bar, it is one of the oldest bars in Juarez where many famous people have walked out on all fours. Kentucky bar is supposedly the birthplace of the Margarita. Located across the Santa Fe bridge it is only a few blocks down on the strip.
- For non-alcoholic tastes, try "horchata" - a refreshing rice-based drink or "agua de jamaica" - a sweet punch made from dried hibiscus flowers. "Licuados" or milkshakes are also very good.
- For those wishing not to partake in alcoholic beverages stop in at any store with the words "La Michoacana" of any reference to "Michoacan" in its name. It sells fruit flavored ice creams, popsicles, and fruit flavored drinks that come in many flavors and are very refreshing under the hot desert sun.
- Even soft drinks such as Coca-Cola have a flavor in Mexico that set them apart from their United States' counterparts - as they use cane sugar and not corn syrup.
Juarez has its fair share of local and international hotels. However, many travellers will find it easier to spend the night across the Rio in El Paso, as it is a large American city with all the usual American services.
- Taking a drive eastboud along Mexican Federal Highway 2 is a fun drive that stops in many idyllic Mexican towns along the Rio Grande. You can escape the hustle and bustle of Juarez and slow down a little, as people expect to do in Mexico.
- You will need to have documentation in order to reenter the United States. While a drivers license is usually acceptable for United States and Canadian citizens, beginning January 1, 2008 the United States Federal Government will require that all travellers entering the United States from all Mexican points of Entry have a valid passport. While this law has been met with a fair amount of dissent from American travellers it is expected to be strongly enforced. So even if you only plan to spend a few hours in Juarez, make sure you have your passport with you if you plan to cross the Rio Grande (note the date for the passport requirement has been pushed back to Summer 08, eventually you will need a passport so you might as well beat the last minute rush).
As of 2009, Nightlife in Juarez has become close to obsolete. The drug war that is happening between the different cartels and the Mexican government has spawned horror into Juarez's normally resilient residents. El Pasoans accustomed to frequent Juarez for cheap eats, shopping, dentistry and nightlife are for now, staying home. The U.S. government issued a travel warning on February 20, 2009 urging U.S. citizens to basically go at your own risk. (For diplomatic and economic reasons, it doesn't directly tell its citizens NOT to go, but the travel warning definitely makes you think twice)
Mexican authorities report that more than 1,800 people have been killed in the city since January 2008. Additionally, this city of 1.6 million people experienced more than 17,000 car thefts and 1,650 carjackings in 2008. U.S. citizens should pay close attention to their surroundings while traveling in Ciudad Juarez, avoid isolated locations during late night and early morning hours, and remain alert to news reports. A recent series of muggings near the U.S. Consulate General in Ciudad Juarez targeted applicants for U.S. visas. Visa and other service seekers visiting the Consulate are encouraged to make arrangements to pay for those services using a non-cash method.
Though authorities in both Juárez and El Paso have tried to curb underage drinking, the downtown districts do fill with intoxicated club and bar patrons at night, many of these patrons are under 21 and over 18. A drunken fight or barroom confrontation can escalate into serious violence, so be careful. High-end clubs will very openly discriminate against anyone who looks like "trouble" (shaved heads, tattoos, gang clothing, or even a working class appearance), but they should be safer to visit. At times, there will be suspicious activity in high-end clubs and bars. If you see this going on turn the other way. Also keep in mind, in traditional Mexican bars or cantinas, unaccompanied women may be seen as "fair game" or may even be rather unwelcome - bars known as "Ladies Bars" are more accepting and tolerant of female patrons.
While sampling Mexican beer and tequila is highly recommended for a tourist, it is probably wise to avoid heavy drinking in an unfamiliar border city. It is also best to keep a close watch on drinks in nightclubs, as they may be spiked by strangers.
Currently, Juárez is being patrolled by the Mexican army, in an attempt to crack down on crime. Mexican military personnel are generally professional and polite, if intimidating with their automatic weapons. It is best to avoid attracting attention from police.
Juarez is notorious for police setting up traps to pull over motorists or, sometimes, question people leaving bars and clubs. This is done so "mordidas" or bribes are offered. While bribes are widespread, don't immediately assume a $20 dollar bill will get you out of any situation. Most police officers will at least go through the formality of writing a ticket, asking questions, or writing a report before any "arrangement" takes place.
One serious word of caution. Do not be caught with any type of weapon in Mexico. This can include a small pocket knife, or even ammunition or bullet casings. American motorists have been jailed for driving into Mexico with spent ammunition casings in their car trunk.