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'''Juarez''' (Spanish:''Ciudad Juárez'') is a city in the state of [[Chihuahua (state)|Chihuahua]],  [[Mexico]]. It stands on the Rio Grande, across the [[United States]] border from [[El Paso]].  
 
'''Juarez''' (Spanish:''Ciudad Juárez'') is a city in the state of [[Chihuahua (state)|Chihuahua]],  [[Mexico]]. It stands on the Rio Grande, across the [[United States]] border from [[El Paso]].  
  
 
==Get in==
 
==Get in==
*NOTE:
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A passport is required to enter the United States. Juarez is part of Mexico's zona frontera, and no visa or passport is required to enter from the United States. Pedestrians are rarely stopped or asked for identification. Vehicles may be stopped at random: usually indicated by a red light at the border crossing. Your vehicle may be searched if stopped, and the most serious matter is to carry a firearm or ammunition without a permit to do so: even one spent shell casing may result in serious charges.
No documentation is currently required to enter Juarez since it is located in the Mexican Zona Frontera. However, '''After January 2009 land border crossing will require a passport.'''reentry to the United States will require documentation as usual.  
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[[File:Ciudad_Juarez_center_of_the_city-_2015-11-03_12-02.jpeg|thumbnail|Center of the city.]]
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Highways exiting Juarez have checkpoints that do require foreigners to present a visa. If you do not have one, you may fill out a tourist card at the checkpoint.
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===By car===
 
===By car===
 
*From the rest of Mexico, Juarez is accessible by Mexican Federal Highway 2 which runs along the [[United States]] border and Mexican Federal Highway 45 which heads south to [[Chihuahua]].
 
*From the rest of Mexico, Juarez is accessible by Mexican Federal Highway 2 which runs along the [[United States]] border and Mexican Federal Highway 45 which heads south to [[Chihuahua]].
 
*From the United states, US Highways 62 (Stanton Street in El Paso) and 54 (also known as the Patriot Freeway) end at the Mexican border and are the main international crossings from the United States. Interstate 10 is the major highway leading to El Paso.
 
*From the United states, US Highways 62 (Stanton Street in El Paso) and 54 (also known as the Patriot Freeway) end at the Mexican border and are the main international crossings from the United States. Interstate 10 is the major highway leading to El Paso.
Near the Stanton Street bridge in downtown El Paso, most visitors that come for a single day choose to park on the US side of the border and walk across the bridges as to avoid dealing with the chaotic Juarez traffic and long waits for vehicles reentering the United States. Parking is generally $3.00 U.S. near the bridges.
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Near the Stanton Street bridge in downtown El Paso, most visitors that come for a single day choose to park on the US side of the border and walk across the bridges as to avoid dealing with traffic, lack of parking in the city center, and long waits for vehicles reentering the United States. Parking is generally $3.00 U.S. near the bridges.  Be aware that the Stanton St. bridge, and the more westerly Paso del Norte bridge, allow auto traffic only northbound, into the US.  However, pedestrians can use both bridges in both directions.
  
 
===By plane===
 
===By plane===
Abraham González Airport (IATA|CJS) (ICAO|MMCS) offers flights to destination in Mexico, particularly [[Chihuahua]], [[Monterrey]], and [[Mexico City]]. El Paso International Airport (IATA|ELP) is the most convenient airport for U.S. travelers [http://www.elpasointernationalairport.com].
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'''Abraham González Airport''' ({{IATA|CJS}}, {{ICAO|MMCS}}) offers flights to several destinations in Mexico, including [[Chihuahua]], [[Monterrey]], and [[Mexico City]]. '''El Paso International Airport''' ({{IATA|ELP}}) is the most convenient airport for U.S. travelers [http://www.elpasointernationalairport.com].
  
 
==Understand==
 
==Understand==
Juarez is a large Mexican city located in the middle of the Chihuahuan Desert. While you are undoubtedly in Mexico, you are nowhere near the tropical Mexico with beautiful beaches and Aztec and Mayan culture many people expect.  Juarez is home to the Mexican Vaquero (Cowboy) culture and you should be much more likely to encounter people resembling cowboys than any other vision of a Mexican one might have. However, Juarez is rich in the northern culture of Mexico, and most travellers will find this more charming and realistic than the culture they experience at many other locales that are not off the beaten path in Mexico.
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{{Unreferenced section|date=June 2018}}
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Juarez is a large Mexican city located in the middle of the Chihuahuan Desert. While you are in Mexico, you are nowhere near the tropical Mexico with beautiful beaches and Aztec and Mayan culture many people expect.  Juarez is home to the Mexican vaquero (cowboy) culture and you will be more likely to encounter people resembling cowboys than any other vision of a Mexican one might have. However, Juarez is rich in the northern culture of Mexico, and most travelers will find this more charming and realistic than the culture they experience at many other locales that are not off the beaten path in Mexico.
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In past years, criminal activity in Juarez, as well as the city and state of Chihuahua, in general, was extremely high and something to worry about, but not anymore. There had been revelations of police corruption in the area and some incidents quite violent in nature as they pertained to the border area's prevalence in illegal drug trafficking. Juarez experienced over 1600 murders in 2008 and 3010 in 2009 and 2010 (out of a population of 1,500,000) connected with drug trafficking. However, the city has been able to turn this around remarkably fast since 2011. Massive purges of corrupt officials took place as well as direct and decisive actions by the federal government to catch and imprison high level criminals by bringing the Mexican army into the city. Juarez is safe; it is safer than many U.S. cities, especially for tourists.
  
However, special attention must be paid to the criminal situation in Juarez, as well as the city and state of Chihuahua in general; there have been recent revelations of police corruption in the area, some incidents quite violent in nature as they pertain to the border area's prevalence in illegal drug and/or human trafficking.  Also, visitors, especially females, should be aware of the sexual violence/murder rate amongst the female populace; since 1993, perhaps earlier, hundreds of women, most of them underpaid workers at sweatshops known as "maquildoras," have been killed by persons unknown, their bodies found beaten, raped, tortured and murdered in all manner of ways in and around Juarez.  As most of the victims are local women, deemed by their killers and indeed quite often by those investigating their deaths to be disposable, foreign visitors shouldn't have much to worry about as long as they follow their common sense; if you don't venture out alone into suspicious areas of town, particularly after dark, don't make obvious your personal wealth to strangers, and if you stay well clear of any illegal activity, particularly involving drug purchase/smuggling, you should be fine. Just remember before you think about potentially getting in over your head regarding these matters: the Mexican police are notoriously lacking in concern for those whose activities are considered "high-risk," the U.S. Border Patrol can also be quite mercurial about these matters, and neither American nor Mexican prisons are very enticing places to spend one's vacation.
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Foreign visitors should not have much to worry about as long as they follow common sense; if you avoid venturing out alone into suspicious areas of the town, particularly after dark, making obvious your personal wealth to strangers, and staying well clear of any illegal activity, particularly involving drug purchase/smuggling, you should be fine. Just remember that Mexican police are notoriously lacking in concern for those whose activities are considered "high-risk." The US Border Patrol can also be quite mercurial about these matters, and neither American nor Mexican prisons are very enticing places to spend one's vacation.
  
 
==Get around==
 
==Get around==
There is a public bus system in Juarez; however, it is not very easy to use and is often overlooked by tourists. In general, buses have their end destination on a board in the front window. They make frequent stops, and often run in close succession to one another; if you miss a bus another of the same route is likely to appear in a matter of minutes. Many routes continue to run overnight - exercise extreme caution on buses at night, and buses that go into poorly policed barrios of the city (especially to the west and south)
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There is a public bus system in Juarez; however, it is not very easy to use and is often overlooked by tourists. In general, buses have their final destination on a board in the front window. They make frequent stops, and often run in close succession to one another; if you miss a bus, another of the same route is likely to appear in a matter of minutes. Many routes continue to run overnight, if you have no choice but to use them, exercise extreme caution on buses at night and buses that go into poorly policed barrios of the city (especially to the west and south). In recent weeks, buses have been targeted in attacks, mainly aimed to collect protection money for route operators.
  
Taxis are abundant and inexpensive, always ask for the ride fee and if possible ask two different drivers to get the best fare. Taxis are not metered - and initial fares may be given based on one's percieved ability to pay (a tourist or wealthier Mexican may be quoted a higher fare). However, most sites of touristic interest in Juarez can be reached by walking in the historic center. Upon arrival in Juarez it is likely that most foreigners will received by a plethora of taxi drivers offering to drive them to the market. While the market cannot be seen from the border crossing it is a relatively short walk - after crossing the Santa Fe street bridge, walk down Avenida Juarez to 16 de Septiembre, turn left and then walk about seven blocks (street blocks are much smaller in Juarez than in neighboring El Paso).
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Uber came to Juarez in 2017 and can be summoned using the same app as in the US.  Taxis are abundant and inexpensive, but always ask for the ride fee and if possible ask two different drivers to get the best fare. Taxis are not metered, and initial fares may be given based on one's perceived ability to pay (a tourist or wealthier Mexican may be quoted a higher fare). However, most sites of touristic interest in Juarez can be reached by walking in the historic center. Upon arrival in Juarez, it is likely that most foreigners will received by a plethora of taxi drivers offering to drive them to the market. While the market cannot be seen from the border crossing, it is a relatively short walk: after crossing the Santa Fe street bridge, walk down Avenida Juarez to 16 de Septiembre, turn left and then walk about seven blocks (street blocks are much smaller in Juarez than in neighboring El Paso).
  
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Driving in Juarez, while less chaotic than in Mexico City, is not recommended for a casual visitor. While the lack of high-speed freeways means many accidents that happen in the central parts of the city are relatively minor, fender benders in Mexico may involve frustrating red tape. If you drive in Juarez, make sure you have Mexican automobile insurance as not having Mexican insurance may result in criminal charges and a visit to jail.
  
Driving in Juárez, while less chaotic than in Mexico City, is not recommended for a casual visitor. While the lack of high speed freeways means many accidents that do happen in the central parts of the city are relatively minor, fender benders in Mexico may involve frustrating red tape. If you do drive in Juárez,  make sure you have Mexican automobile insurance. Not having Mexican insurance may result in criminal charges and a visit to jail.
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Most larger businesses have parking lots with attendants that will ask for a nominal fee (25 US cents, or two to three pesos). Watch where you park; cars that are illegally parked on streets may have their license plates removed by a transit cop. The idea is to ensure you will pay the fine before leaving the country (and your plates should be returned after doing so). If this happens to you, the ticket should indicate where to pay your fine, should you chose to do so (you should be able to re-enter the United States in any event, but you may face some added complications with a missing plate).
 
 
Most larger businesses have parking lots with attendants that will ask for a nominal fee ($0.25 US, or two to three pesos). Watch where you park. Cars that are illegally parked on streets may have their license plates removed by a transit cop. The idea is to ensure you will pay the fine before leaving the country (and your plates should be returned after doing so). If this happens to you, the ticket should indicate where to pay your fine, should you chose to do so (you should be able to re-enter the United States in any event, though you may face some added complications with a missing plate).
 
  
 
==See==
 
==See==
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* '''San Jose Church'''
 
* '''San Jose Church'''
 
* '''Juarez History Museum'''
 
* '''Juarez History Museum'''
* '''Samalayuca Dunes'''
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* '''Samalayuca Dunes''' Off-road jeeping, ATVs, and sandboarding can all be done.
 
* '''Art and History Museum'''
 
* '''Art and History Museum'''
* '''Monument to Benito Juárez'''  
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* '''Monument to Benito Juarez'''  
 
* '''San Agustin Regional Museum'''
 
* '''San Agustin Regional Museum'''
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* '''La equis (X)'''
  
 
==Do==
 
==Do==
Juarez is unlike many border towns in that it is a major city with over a million inhabitants. However, most foreign tourists will still enjoy the same elements of stereotypical [[Mexico|Mexican]] culture that they do in other border towns such as [[Nogales]], [[Tijuana]], and [[Nuevo Laredo]].
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Juarez is unlike many border towns in that it is a major city with over a million inhabitants. However, most foreign tourists will still enjoy the same elements of stereotypical [[Mexico|Mexican]] culture that they do in other border towns such as [[Nogales (Mexico)|Nogales]], [[Tijuana]], and [[Nuevo Laredo]].
  
 
* Enjoy a drink at a '''patio cafe''' with some chips and salsa at reasonable prices.
 
* Enjoy a drink at a '''patio cafe''' with some chips and salsa at reasonable prices.
 
* Shop the markets for typical Mexican wares.
 
* Shop the markets for typical Mexican wares.
* Attend a '''bullfight''' at the Plaza de Toros when in season.
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* Go visit a distillery
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* Go sandboarding at the dunes, go ziplining or paintballing at an adventure park. [http://gobackpacking.com/things-to-do-juarez/] lists the top activities in the area.
  
 
==Buy==
 
==Buy==
 
Typical Mexican souvenirs such as blankets, pottery, and trinkets themed in Mexican culture.
 
Typical Mexican souvenirs such as blankets, pottery, and trinkets themed in Mexican culture.
  
Make sure to [[haggle]] as it will be expected. If you act disinterested, or begin to walk away, you should get quoted a lower price. The merchants speak English and are constantly encountering Americans so you will not seem very foreign to them if you are not Mexican yourself. Goods may range from kistchy trinkets to high quality artesan-made glassware, pottery, jewelry, leather goods, and woven cloth. Most markets also have good food and drink, and musical entertainment.
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Make sure to [[haggle]] as it will be expected. If you act uninterested, or begin to walk away, you should get quoted a lower price. The merchants speak English and are constantly encountering Americans so you will not seem very foreign to them if you are not Mexican yourself. Goods may range from kitschy trinkets to high quality artesan-made glassware, pottery, jewelry, leather goods, and woven cloth. Most markets also have good food and drink, and musical entertainment.
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If one cannot live without US-style retail, Juarez has many shopping areas featuring familiar retailers such as Home Depot, Sears and Wal-Mart. Most US (and even some Canadian) banks have branches in Juarez as well.
  
 
==Eat==
 
==Eat==
*Juarez has a great selection of restaurants that specialize in authentic Mexican cuisine. The cuisine in Juarez is much different from the Tex-Mex that is eaten on the the other side of the Rio Grande in El Paso.  A great dish to try for those not experienced in Mexican cuisine would be Steak Ranchero.
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*Juarez has a great selection of restaurants that specialize in authentic Mexican cuisine. The cuisine in Juarez is not very different from the food that is eaten on the the other side of the Rio Grande in El Paso.  A great dish to try for those not experienced in Mexican cuisine would be Steak Ranchero.
  
* Juarez also offers a very international selection including everything from great seafood at Los Arcos, incredible chinese at Shangri-La, Brazilian at Fogueira, and the list continues. Try Maria Chuchena for a nice semi-expensive eclectic meal, afterwards walk out to La Cantera where you can find restaurant/bars to have a few drinks with the locals.
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* Juarez also offers a very international selection including everything from great seafood at Los Arcos, incredible chinese at Shangri-La, Brazilian at Fogueira, and the list continues. Try Maria Chuchena for a nice semi-expensive eclectic meal, afterwards walk out to La Cantera where you can find restaurant/bars to have a few drinks with the locals. Unfortunately, the recent crime wave has shut down many of these establishments.
  
*There are also many small stores and carts that make tacos using fresh tortillas, vegetables, and your choice of several meats such as beef, chicken, pork, and chorizo (a spicy Mexican sausage).  As long as you can see the meat being cooked you should feel fine eating this food, although it may be outside of some inexperienced travellers comfort levels. Tacos are served "by the order" and you should not expect to pay more than 30 pesos or $3 for an order of 4.
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*There are also many small stores and carts that make tacos using fresh tortillas, vegetables, and your choice of several meats such as beef, chicken, pork, and chorizo (a spicy Mexican sausage).  As long as you can see the meat being cooked you should feel fine eating this food, although it may be outside of some inexperienced travellers comfort levels. Tacos are served "by the order" and you should expect to pay around 50 pesos for an order of 4.
  
*As Juarez is a major city there are some very nice steakhouses where you will be pampered by an exceptional waitstaff in a luxurious setting. However, expect to pay about half of what you would stateside.  A delicious steak dinner with all the fixings can be had for around 100 pesos, $10.
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*As Juarez is a major city there are some very nice steakhouses where you will be pampered by an exceptional waitstaff in a luxurious setting. However, expect to pay about half of what you would stateside.  A delicious steak dinner with all the fixings can be had for around 200 pesos.
  
Don't forget the "burritos"
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Don't forget the "burritos."
  
 
==Drink==
 
==Drink==
Be aware that you can't drink in public places or in the street, ask before.
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Be aware that you can't drink in public places or in the street.
*Basically beer and tequila will be the alcoholic drinks of choice.  Remember, although you are in Mexico, you are in the middle of the desert and not a beach resort so don't expect to have Piña Coladas and Strawberry Daiquiris at your disposal. However due to the large amount of Texans crossing the border some places will have margaritas ready.
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* The most unique regional alcoholic drink is Sotol. It is still known as a rare drink of low quality but new distilleries have turned this into a high quality liquor. The [http://www.lasotolera.com/en Cinco Tragos] Sotol brand is the best quality out there.
*Most people arrive in Mexico expecting Corona to be free flowing, but this beer is not really drunk in Mexico. If you are in a tourist place you will find Corona, but outside of touristy Juarez, the local beer Carta Blanca is the beer of choice. This beer is definitely worth a try as it is a favorite of the locals. The most popular beer with locals is a dark beer called "Indio" and for locals, other brands you can try are "Sol" or "XX lager".  If you are thirsty try a "Caguama" in a 1Lt bottle. "Victoria" beer is also a special treat, as it is never exported from Mexico.
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*Basically, whiskey, beer and tequila will be the alcoholic drinks of choice.  Remember, although you are in Mexico, you are in the middle of the desert and so Piña Coladas and Strawberry Daiquiris are unlikely to be at your disposal. However due to the large amount of Texans crossing the border, all places will have margaritas ready, they were invented in Juarez.
*Don't miss out on visiting the "Kentucky" Bar, it is one of the oldest bars in Juarez where many famous people have walked out on all fours. Kentucky bar is supposedly the birthplace of the Margarita.  Located across the Santa Fe bridge it is only a few blocks down on the strip.
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*Most people arrive in Mexico expecting Corona to be free flowing, but other beers are more popular among Mexicans. If you are in a tourist place, you will find Corona (Modelo is essentially the domestic version of Corona), but outside of touristy Juarez, the local beer Carta Blanca is the beer of choice. This beer is definitely worth a try as it is a favorite of the locals. The most popular beer with locals is a dark beer called "Indio" and for locals, other brands you can try are "Sol" or "XX lager".  If you are thirsty try a "Caguama" in a 1L bottle. "Victoria" beer is also a special treat.
*For non-alcoholic tastes, try "horchata" - a refreshing rice-based drink or "agua de jamaica" - a sweet punch made from dried hibiscus flowers. "Licuados" or milkshakes are also very good.
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*Visit the "Kentucky" Bar, one of the oldest bars in Juarez where many famous people like John Wayne, Steve McQueen, Elizabeth Taylor, Richard Burton, and Jack Dempsey have walked out on all fours. Kentucky bar is supposedly the birthplace of the Margarita and is across the Santa Fe bridge, and is only a few blocks down on the strip.
*For those wishing not to partake in alcoholic beverages stop in at any store with the words "La Michoacana" of any reference to "Michoacan" in its name. It sells fruit flavored ice creams, popsicles, and fruit flavored drinks that come in many flavors and are very refreshing under the hot desert sun.
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*For non-alcoholic tastes, try "horchata," a refreshing rice-based drink or "agua de jamaica," a sweet punch made from dried hibiscus flowers. "Licuados" or milkshakes are also very good.
*Even soft drinks such as Coca-Cola have a flavor in Mexico that set them apart from their United States' counterparts - as they use cane sugar and not corn syrup.
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*For those wishing not to partake in alcoholic beverages, stop in at any store with the words "La Michoacana" or any reference to "Michoacan" in its name. It sells fruit flavored ice creams, popsicles, and fruit flavored drinks that come in many flavors and are very refreshing under the hot desert sun.
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*Even soft drinks such as Coca-Cola have a flavor in Mexico that set them apart from their American counterparts: they use cane sugar and not corn syrup.
  
 
==Sleep==
 
==Sleep==
Juarez has its fair share of local and international hotels. However, many travellers will find it easier to spend the night across the Rio in El Paso, as it is a large American city with all the usual American services.
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Juarez has its fair share of local and international hotels. However, many travellers will find it easier (if the lines to cross de border are short, if not, you will be at least an hour in the line, you choose), and much safer, to spend the night across the Rio in [[El_Paso#Sleep | El Paso]], as it is a large American city with all the usual American services.
  
==Get out==
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==Cope==
  
*Taking a drive eastboud along Mexican Federal Highway 2 is a fun drive that stops in many idyllic Mexican towns along the Rio Grande.  You can escape the hustle and bustle of Juarez and slow down a little, as people expect to do in Mexico.
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===Consulates===
  
*You will need to have documentation in order to reenter the United States. While a drivers license is usually acceptable for United States and Canadian citizens, beginning January 1, 2008 the United States Federal Government will require that all travellers entering the United States from all Mexican points of Entry have a valid passport. While this law has been met with a fair amount of dissent from American travellers it is expected to be strongly enforced. So even if you only plan to spend a few hours in Juarez, make sure you have your passport with you if you plan to cross the Rio Grande (note the date for the passport requirement has been pushed back to Summer 08, eventually you will need a passport so you might as well beat the last minute rush).
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* [[Image:us-flag.png|20px]] <listing name="United States" address="Paseo de la Victoria #3650, Fracc. Partido Senecú" directions="" phone="+52 656 227-3000" phoneextra="" email="" fax="" hours="" price="" url="http://ciudadjuarez.usconsulate.gov/"></listing>
  
==Stay Safe==
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==Stay safe==
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Juarez is being patrolled day and night by local Police officers. The new local police sheriff has established several changes inside the corporation which have led to a safer and more trustworthy Police service.
  
In recent years, Cd. Juárez has earned a reputation as a very dangerous city. Most of the time, this violence does not directly target tourists or foreigners - except for those who become involved with drug trafficking. Violent crime generally does not affect heavily trafficked tourist areas, such as the downtown area, or the main shopping centers and markets. If you are concerned about safety, go with a partner or group, and visit during the daytime.
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===Crime===
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Do not be caught with any type of weapon in Mexico. This can include a small pocket knife or even ammunition or bullet casings. American motorists have been jailed for driving into Mexico with spent ammunition casings in their car trunk.
  
Though authorities in both Juárez and El Paso have tried to curb underage drinking, the downtown districts do fill with intoxicated club and bar patrons at night, many of these patrons are under 21 and over 18. A drunken fight or barroom confrontation can escalate into serious violence, so be careful. High-end clubs will very openly discriminate against anyone who looks like "trouble" (shaved heads, tattoos, gang clothing, or even a working class appearance), but they should be safer to visit. At times, there will be suspicious activity in high-end clubs and bars. If you see this going on turn the other way. Also keep in mind, in traditional Mexican bars or cantinas, unaccompanied women may be seen as "fair game" or may even be rather unwelcome - bars known as "Ladies Bars" are more accepting and tolerant of female patrons.
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==Get out==
 
 
While sampling Mexican beer and tequila is highly recommended for a tourist, it is probably wise to avoid heavy drinking in an unfamiliar border city. It is also best to keep a close watch on drinks in nightclubs, as they may be spiked by strangers.
 
 
 
Currently, Juárez is being patrolled by the Mexican army, in an attempt to crack down on crime. Mexican military personnel are generally professional and polite, if intimidating with their automatic weapons. It is best to avoid attracting attention from police.
 
 
 
 
 
Juarez is notorious for police setting up traps to pull over motorists or, sometimes, question people leaving bars and clubs. This is done so "mordidas" or bribes are offered. While bribes are widespread, don't immediately assume a $20 dollar bill will get you out of any situation. Most police officers will at least go through the formality of writing a ticket, asking questions, or writing a report before any "arrangement" takes place.
 
  
One serious word of caution. Do not be caught with any type of weapon in Mexico. This can include a small pocket knife, or even ammunition or bullet casings. American motorists have been jailed for driving into Mexico with spent ammunition casings in their car trunk.
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*Taking a drive eastboud along Mexican Federal Highway 2 is a fun drive that stops in many idyllic Mexican towns along the Rio Grande. You can escape the hustle and bustle of Juarez and slow down a little, as people expect to do in Mexico. (Note, the Valle de Guadalupe southeast of the city is one of the most violent drug war zones).
  
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*You will need to have documentation in order to reenter the United States. The United States Government requires that all travelers entering the United States from all Mexican points of entry have a valid passport or a valid document determined by homeland security.
 
{{outline}}
 
{{outline}}
{{tag|border}}
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{{IsPartOf|Chihuahua (state)}}
{{tag|Rio Grande}}
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[[pl:Ciudad Juárez]]
{{isIn|Chihuahua_%28state%29}}
 
 
[[pt:Juárez]]
 
[[pt:Juárez]]
  
 
[[WikiPedia:Ciudad Juárez]]
 
[[WikiPedia:Ciudad Juárez]]
[[Dmoz:North_America/Mexico/States/Chihuahua/Localities/Ciudad_Juarez/]]
 
 
[[World66:northamerica/mexico/juarez]]
 
[[World66:northamerica/mexico/juarez]]

Latest revision as of 22:59, 18 June 2018

Juarez (Spanish:Ciudad Juárez) is a city in the state of Chihuahua, Mexico. It stands on the Rio Grande, across the United States border from El Paso.

Get in[edit]

A passport is required to enter the United States. Juarez is part of Mexico's zona frontera, and no visa or passport is required to enter from the United States. Pedestrians are rarely stopped or asked for identification. Vehicles may be stopped at random: usually indicated by a red light at the border crossing. Your vehicle may be searched if stopped, and the most serious matter is to carry a firearm or ammunition without a permit to do so: even one spent shell casing may result in serious charges.

Center of the city.

Highways exiting Juarez have checkpoints that do require foreigners to present a visa. If you do not have one, you may fill out a tourist card at the checkpoint.

By car[edit]

  • From the rest of Mexico, Juarez is accessible by Mexican Federal Highway 2 which runs along the United States border and Mexican Federal Highway 45 which heads south to Chihuahua.
  • From the United states, US Highways 62 (Stanton Street in El Paso) and 54 (also known as the Patriot Freeway) end at the Mexican border and are the main international crossings from the United States. Interstate 10 is the major highway leading to El Paso.

Near the Stanton Street bridge in downtown El Paso, most visitors that come for a single day choose to park on the US side of the border and walk across the bridges as to avoid dealing with traffic, lack of parking in the city center, and long waits for vehicles reentering the United States. Parking is generally $3.00 U.S. near the bridges. Be aware that the Stanton St. bridge, and the more westerly Paso del Norte bridge, allow auto traffic only northbound, into the US. However, pedestrians can use both bridges in both directions.

By plane[edit]

Abraham González Airport (IATA: CJS, ICAO: MMCS) offers flights to several destinations in Mexico, including Chihuahua, Monterrey, and Mexico City. El Paso International Airport (IATA: ELP) is the most convenient airport for U.S. travelers [2].

Understand[edit]

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Juarez is a large Mexican city located in the middle of the Chihuahuan Desert. While you are in Mexico, you are nowhere near the tropical Mexico with beautiful beaches and Aztec and Mayan culture many people expect. Juarez is home to the Mexican vaquero (cowboy) culture and you will be more likely to encounter people resembling cowboys than any other vision of a Mexican one might have. However, Juarez is rich in the northern culture of Mexico, and most travelers will find this more charming and realistic than the culture they experience at many other locales that are not off the beaten path in Mexico.

In past years, criminal activity in Juarez, as well as the city and state of Chihuahua, in general, was extremely high and something to worry about, but not anymore. There had been revelations of police corruption in the area and some incidents quite violent in nature as they pertained to the border area's prevalence in illegal drug trafficking. Juarez experienced over 1600 murders in 2008 and 3010 in 2009 and 2010 (out of a population of 1,500,000) connected with drug trafficking. However, the city has been able to turn this around remarkably fast since 2011. Massive purges of corrupt officials took place as well as direct and decisive actions by the federal government to catch and imprison high level criminals by bringing the Mexican army into the city. Juarez is safe; it is safer than many U.S. cities, especially for tourists.

Foreign visitors should not have much to worry about as long as they follow common sense; if you avoid venturing out alone into suspicious areas of the town, particularly after dark, making obvious your personal wealth to strangers, and staying well clear of any illegal activity, particularly involving drug purchase/smuggling, you should be fine. Just remember that Mexican police are notoriously lacking in concern for those whose activities are considered "high-risk." The US Border Patrol can also be quite mercurial about these matters, and neither American nor Mexican prisons are very enticing places to spend one's vacation.

Get around[edit]

There is a public bus system in Juarez; however, it is not very easy to use and is often overlooked by tourists. In general, buses have their final destination on a board in the front window. They make frequent stops, and often run in close succession to one another; if you miss a bus, another of the same route is likely to appear in a matter of minutes. Many routes continue to run overnight, if you have no choice but to use them, exercise extreme caution on buses at night and buses that go into poorly policed barrios of the city (especially to the west and south). In recent weeks, buses have been targeted in attacks, mainly aimed to collect protection money for route operators.

Uber came to Juarez in 2017 and can be summoned using the same app as in the US. Taxis are abundant and inexpensive, but always ask for the ride fee and if possible ask two different drivers to get the best fare. Taxis are not metered, and initial fares may be given based on one's perceived ability to pay (a tourist or wealthier Mexican may be quoted a higher fare). However, most sites of touristic interest in Juarez can be reached by walking in the historic center. Upon arrival in Juarez, it is likely that most foreigners will received by a plethora of taxi drivers offering to drive them to the market. While the market cannot be seen from the border crossing, it is a relatively short walk: after crossing the Santa Fe street bridge, walk down Avenida Juarez to 16 de Septiembre, turn left and then walk about seven blocks (street blocks are much smaller in Juarez than in neighboring El Paso).

Driving in Juarez, while less chaotic than in Mexico City, is not recommended for a casual visitor. While the lack of high-speed freeways means many accidents that happen in the central parts of the city are relatively minor, fender benders in Mexico may involve frustrating red tape. If you drive in Juarez, make sure you have Mexican automobile insurance as not having Mexican insurance may result in criminal charges and a visit to jail.

Most larger businesses have parking lots with attendants that will ask for a nominal fee (25 US cents, or two to three pesos). Watch where you park; cars that are illegally parked on streets may have their license plates removed by a transit cop. The idea is to ensure you will pay the fine before leaving the country (and your plates should be returned after doing so). If this happens to you, the ticket should indicate where to pay your fine, should you chose to do so (you should be able to re-enter the United States in any event, but you may face some added complications with a missing plate).

See[edit][add listing]

  • The Guadalupe Mission
  • The Cathedral
  • El Chamizal
  • San Jose Church
  • Juarez History Museum
  • Samalayuca Dunes Off-road jeeping, ATVs, and sandboarding can all be done.
  • Art and History Museum
  • Monument to Benito Juarez
  • San Agustin Regional Museum
  • La equis (X)

Do[edit][add listing]

Juarez is unlike many border towns in that it is a major city with over a million inhabitants. However, most foreign tourists will still enjoy the same elements of stereotypical Mexican culture that they do in other border towns such as Nogales, Tijuana, and Nuevo Laredo.

  • Enjoy a drink at a patio cafe with some chips and salsa at reasonable prices.
  • Shop the markets for typical Mexican wares.
  • Go visit a distillery
  • Go sandboarding at the dunes, go ziplining or paintballing at an adventure park. [3] lists the top activities in the area.

Buy[edit][add listing]

Typical Mexican souvenirs such as blankets, pottery, and trinkets themed in Mexican culture.

Make sure to haggle as it will be expected. If you act uninterested, or begin to walk away, you should get quoted a lower price. The merchants speak English and are constantly encountering Americans so you will not seem very foreign to them if you are not Mexican yourself. Goods may range from kitschy trinkets to high quality artesan-made glassware, pottery, jewelry, leather goods, and woven cloth. Most markets also have good food and drink, and musical entertainment.

If one cannot live without US-style retail, Juarez has many shopping areas featuring familiar retailers such as Home Depot, Sears and Wal-Mart. Most US (and even some Canadian) banks have branches in Juarez as well.

Eat[edit][add listing]

  • Juarez has a great selection of restaurants that specialize in authentic Mexican cuisine. The cuisine in Juarez is not very different from the food that is eaten on the the other side of the Rio Grande in El Paso. A great dish to try for those not experienced in Mexican cuisine would be Steak Ranchero.
  • Juarez also offers a very international selection including everything from great seafood at Los Arcos, incredible chinese at Shangri-La, Brazilian at Fogueira, and the list continues. Try Maria Chuchena for a nice semi-expensive eclectic meal, afterwards walk out to La Cantera where you can find restaurant/bars to have a few drinks with the locals. Unfortunately, the recent crime wave has shut down many of these establishments.
  • There are also many small stores and carts that make tacos using fresh tortillas, vegetables, and your choice of several meats such as beef, chicken, pork, and chorizo (a spicy Mexican sausage). As long as you can see the meat being cooked you should feel fine eating this food, although it may be outside of some inexperienced travellers comfort levels. Tacos are served "by the order" and you should expect to pay around 50 pesos for an order of 4.
  • As Juarez is a major city there are some very nice steakhouses where you will be pampered by an exceptional waitstaff in a luxurious setting. However, expect to pay about half of what you would stateside. A delicious steak dinner with all the fixings can be had for around 200 pesos.

Don't forget the "burritos."

Drink[edit][add listing]

Be aware that you can't drink in public places or in the street.

  • The most unique regional alcoholic drink is Sotol. It is still known as a rare drink of low quality but new distilleries have turned this into a high quality liquor. The Cinco Tragos Sotol brand is the best quality out there.
  • Basically, whiskey, beer and tequila will be the alcoholic drinks of choice. Remember, although you are in Mexico, you are in the middle of the desert and so Piña Coladas and Strawberry Daiquiris are unlikely to be at your disposal. However due to the large amount of Texans crossing the border, all places will have margaritas ready, they were invented in Juarez.
  • Most people arrive in Mexico expecting Corona to be free flowing, but other beers are more popular among Mexicans. If you are in a tourist place, you will find Corona (Modelo is essentially the domestic version of Corona), but outside of touristy Juarez, the local beer Carta Blanca is the beer of choice. This beer is definitely worth a try as it is a favorite of the locals. The most popular beer with locals is a dark beer called "Indio" and for locals, other brands you can try are "Sol" or "XX lager". If you are thirsty try a "Caguama" in a 1L bottle. "Victoria" beer is also a special treat.
  • Visit the "Kentucky" Bar, one of the oldest bars in Juarez where many famous people like John Wayne, Steve McQueen, Elizabeth Taylor, Richard Burton, and Jack Dempsey have walked out on all fours. Kentucky bar is supposedly the birthplace of the Margarita and is across the Santa Fe bridge, and is only a few blocks down on the strip.
  • For non-alcoholic tastes, try "horchata," a refreshing rice-based drink or "agua de jamaica," a sweet punch made from dried hibiscus flowers. "Licuados" or milkshakes are also very good.
  • For those wishing not to partake in alcoholic beverages, stop in at any store with the words "La Michoacana" or any reference to "Michoacan" in its name. It sells fruit flavored ice creams, popsicles, and fruit flavored drinks that come in many flavors and are very refreshing under the hot desert sun.
  • Even soft drinks such as Coca-Cola have a flavor in Mexico that set them apart from their American counterparts: they use cane sugar and not corn syrup.

Sleep[edit][add listing]

Juarez has its fair share of local and international hotels. However, many travellers will find it easier (if the lines to cross de border are short, if not, you will be at least an hour in the line, you choose), and much safer, to spend the night across the Rio in El Paso, as it is a large American city with all the usual American services.

Cope[edit]

Consulates[edit]

  • Us-flag.png United States, Paseo de la Victoria #3650, Fracc. Partido Senecú, +52 656 227-3000, [1].  edit

Stay safe[edit]

Juarez is being patrolled day and night by local Police officers. The new local police sheriff has established several changes inside the corporation which have led to a safer and more trustworthy Police service.

Crime[edit]

Do not be caught with any type of weapon in Mexico. This can include a small pocket knife or even ammunition or bullet casings. American motorists have been jailed for driving into Mexico with spent ammunition casings in their car trunk.

Get out[edit]

  • Taking a drive eastboud along Mexican Federal Highway 2 is a fun drive that stops in many idyllic Mexican towns along the Rio Grande. You can escape the hustle and bustle of Juarez and slow down a little, as people expect to do in Mexico. (Note, the Valle de Guadalupe southeast of the city is one of the most violent drug war zones).
  • You will need to have documentation in order to reenter the United States. The United States Government requires that all travelers entering the United States from all Mexican points of entry have a valid passport or a valid document determined by homeland security.
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