*[[Incheon]] (13 hours)
*[[Incheon]] (13 hours)
*[[Wando]] 3 hours
*[[Wando]] 3 hours
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Revision as of 08:46, 19 June 2011
Jeju Island (제주도,濟州島) , formerly Cheju Island, is an island off the southern coast of South Korea, in the Korea Strait, southwest of Jeollanam-do Province, of which it was a part before it became a separate province in 1946, and more recently Korea's first and only Special Autonomous Province. Its capital is Jeju City.
Hallasan in Jeju Province.
Jeju dol hareubang
aka the "grandfather statues".
Jeju Island, also known as the "Island of the Gods," is a popular vacation spot for Koreans and foriegners. It remains the top honeymoon destination for Korean newlyweds, and is also regarded as one of the top honeymoon destinations in the world. Despite attempts to market the island as "the Hawaii of Korea," climatologically and geographically it bears little in similarity to the Hawaiian Islands in the U.S. The island offers visitors a wide range of activities: hiking on Halla-san (South Korea's highest peak) or Olle-gil(routes), catching sunrises and sunsets over the ocean, riding horses, touring all the locales from a favorite television K-drama, or just lying around on the sandy beaches.
Although tourism is one of the main industries on the island, many of the hotels and other tourist areas are run by mainland companies, so much of the income never gets put back into the local economy. Also, since the attractions are geared towards tourists, many of the entrance fees can be hefty (although the locally owned and operated ones tend to be cheaper). Similar to Gyeongju and some other areas, local residents can enter most places for free or for a steeply discounted price.
Jeju is Korea's capital for unusual themeparks and niche commercial attractions. Oddly somewhat of a duopoly has developed on the island with typically two competing variants on the one theme in Jeju-si and Seogwipo-si, respectively. This trend extends even to the most bizarre ideas with pairs of sex, glass, and teddy bear museums all in existence.
The local traditional culture stands in stark contrast to the mainland (and much of Asia) as being matriarchal. Stemming from this basis, and some odd tax reasons, the role of seafood gathering on the island has been dominated by women. As such, a common sight around Jeju's coastline is that of the "haenyo" or "woman diver", a figure that has become somewhat iconic of the island. Perhaps even more iconic are the "dol hareubang" or "grandfather statues", giant basalt statues. You will often see them outside restaurants, plus a few are thrown into any tourism site for good measure.
Jeju has its own English language magazine created by foreign residents on the island – Jeju Life .
Typical mild coastal climate with minimum temperatures just below 0 degree celcius even in winter due to warm currents. Because it is to the South of the mainland, the island has a high mountain area that rises up into the atmosphere significantly, and the wind currents and jet stream move from the mainland to the island, it is in a perfect position to capture frequent moisture. The island is on the border of moderate and subtropical zones. The beach season runs from July to September. The climate features a hot summer, the usual air temperature being 26 degrees celcius (highest 33 degrees celcius), highest water temperature of upper layers is 28 degrees celcius. It has a warm and dry autumn when the air is becoming cooler and water temperature remains as in summer (24 degrees celcius) until October. Short and mild winter with snowfalls in the northern part of the island and in highland, while in the southern part farmers harvest tangerines. And finally a warm spring when everything blooms. During all seasons except summer, the island is known for being very windy. It's location in a zone ripe for frequent atmospheric pressure changes ensures almost constant moderate to high winds.
Jeju Special Autonomous Province
Jeju has two major cities, on the central northern and southern coastlines:
- Jeju City - the capital and where you will arrive if coming by plane. Most of the attractions on Jeju Island are outside of the city, so if you don't have your own form of transport it's only worth spending time in the city for the wider range of bars and restaurants.
- Seogwipo - located in the south of the island, and close to a wide range of tourist sites. Also home to Jeju's World Cup Stadium and the Jungmun Tourist Resort Complex.
Furthermore, smaller villages dot the coastline and eastern and western interior. The following lists a few of note roughly clockwise from Jeju City:
- Gimyeong - village closest to the Manjangmul Lava Tube and adjacent Gimyoung Maze.
- Seongsan - village in the east of the island, conveniently located for Udo Island and Seongsan Ilchubong, a volcanic crater. The village has a number of interesting seafood restaurants and can make for a pleasant overnight stay, but be aware that there are no nightlife options (apart from a disproportionate number of marts for the size of the village).
- Gangjeong - small coastal village just west out of central Seogwipo. Non-noteworthy if not for the fact that it is the proposed site and thus ground zero for the battle over keeping naval bases off Jeju.
- Hallim - also romanised as Hanrim. Close to many inland themeparks and golf courses but in an area generally poorly serviced by inter-city buses.
As the tourist trade in Jeju Island has grown larger in recent years, it is increasingly common to find some taxi drivers who speak English, Japanese and Chinese, especially in Jeju City. The vast majority of service and tourist industry workers, however, are still monolingual.
Natives of Jeju island speak a dialect of Korean that is very different in vocabularies rather than the accent compared to the standard dialect spoken in the Seoul area.
But all staff in the tourist industry are required to speak standard Korean, so this will not be a problem in places such as bus terminals, the airport, and most districts in the city.
Jeju international airport (IATA: CJU, ) has a total of 23 airlines providing direct flights (thirteen local, ten international). The vast majority of flights to Jeju are from Gimpo (Seoul's domestic airport) or Busan; there is also one direct fight per week to Incheon, seven direct flights per week to Tokyo Narita, seven to Osaka Kansai, four to Beijing, plus flights to Shanghai Pudong, Nagoya, Shenyang, Fukuoka, Dalian and Changchun.
Eastar Jet  also started operation from Jeju to Seoul Gimpo, Gunsan, and Cheongju.
Despite being budget airlines, they offer good service and are willing to change flights (including refunding the difference if you change to a cheaper flight), but they can be a challenge to book flights without speaking Korean.
Unfortunately, travel between Jeju and almost anywhere outside of Asia is not very convenient. Most itineraries will require either changing airports (likely in Seoul between Gimpo and Incheon), or spending a night in some other city. Your best bet is to try to sandwich the flight to Jeju between time in other cities in Asia. Jeju airport is undergoing active expansion so keep an eye out as more convenient routes may pop up in the near future.
Ferry access from the mainland is also available. Jeju port has six direct sailing routes. 6% of total travelers come in and out of Jeju by sea.
Services are comparatively infrequent and slow however are reasonable value after factoring in accommodation savings made on overnight ferries. There are daily services from a number of ports:
- Busan Mon–Sat, 11 hours overnight, 7pm departure both to and from Jeju port. Third class (sleeping on the floor) W39,000, second class bed in a small shared room W53,000, and first class also available. For return journeys you must buy two single tickets (no discounts) and tickets can be brought at the ferry terminal up to the day of departure providing there is availability. The boat contains a restaurant, bar and small shop.
- Mokpo Daily ferries, 5.5 hours duration. Economy tickets cost around 25,000 won one way. These tickets are just for a floor space. Follow the lead of the Korean Ajumas and bring a blanket and a picnic. For busier journeys (weekends/summer), the boat is a large liner, and has many amenities. However, off-peak, the smaller ship is a lot more basic. Seated areas cost around 50,000 won one way.
- Incheon (13 hours)
- Wando 3 hours
- Nolyeogdo (노력도): http://www.jhferry.com runs a boat twice a day between Jangheung county and Seongsan in Jeju island. It takes 2h to connects both cities and the cost is 31,000 WON one way.
Buses and taxis are the main method of public transportation. Some locals prefer bicycles to cars especially in areas outside of the Jeju-city metropolitan area. There are places that rent bikes.
There are four major bus networks on the island:
- A good network of inner-city (shi-nae) buses run around Jeju City for a flat fee.
- Similarly, a second network of inner-city buses run in Seogwipo, spanning out to some of the surroundung tourist locations on the southern end of the island, such as Jungmun Tourist Resort Complex.
- Furthermore, an extensive series of inter-city (shi-wei) buses run between the inter-city bus terminals of Jeju City and Seogwipo by one of a number of different routes. All buses servicing western Jeju pass by Halla Medical Center in Jeju City and most by Jungmun Tourist Resort Complex in Seogwipo making these alternate departure points. Prices for the bus vary by distance between 1000 won for a short trip and 3000 won to go between the two end points. The ones cutting the centre of the island (primarily feeding the start points of the Mt Halla hiking trails) tend to cease operation around sundown, but the coastal routes run until late. As such it is easy to jump on and off, although the cost can mount up. Note that the English information on the island often erroneously translate shi-wei buses as "local bus" so don't be too concerned if you're directed to the "local bus terminal" when traversing the island end to end.
- The Airport Limousine (route #600) bus runs every 18-20 minutes between Seogwipo and the airport in Jeju City express, stopping only at a few select stops, including Jungmun Tourist Resort Complex (and International Convention Center), World Cup Stadium and terminating at the Seogwipo KAL Hotel.
If arriving at Jeju International Airport, there are two bus stands, one for the inner-city Jeju City bus services, and one for the Airport Limousine service to Seogwipo.
All buses on Jeju utilise Seoul's T-money transportation cards and do not accept Busan Mybi, Daejeon Hakkumi nor Daegu cards.
While the taxi rates are reasonable, the island is large enough that the fares can add up. Hiring a taxi for the day costs about Kw 100 000, but the driver will likely not speak much English, so have the hotel write down the itinerary ahead of time.
Car hire is a good option to see the island's many sights. Hiring an English-speaking tour guide costs about Kw 200 000, plus car expenses (about Kw 50 000 for up to 3 people so a private car can be used, more than that requires a van and a separate driver).
Despite the frequent high winds and heavy precipitation, many people enjoy getting around the island by motorcycle. There are a number of places that offer this, including Mr Lee's bike shop , although the legalities of a foreigner driving a motorcycle on Jeju are unclear. In Seogwipo, there is a motorbike rental shop (perhaps also part of Mr Lee's empire) on the same road as the Little France Hotel (exit the hotel and turn right).
When the weather is adequate, you can ride around on a bike in Jeju much easier than you could in the rest of South Korea. There is less traffic, wider roads and it is possible to travel the island entirely by bicycle.
The world's largest known lava column, in Manjanggul Lava-tube.
Seongsan Ilchubong, aka "Sunrise Peak". Also pretty at sunset.
- Manjanggul Lava-tube, (Jeju North Coast), ☎ 064-710-7908. A 7 km cave, of which only a 1 km part can be accessed by the public. The tube is up to 23 m high and has been created by lava streams running through. Bring a jacket, since it is fairly cold and water drops from the ceiling. The lava-tubes can be reached by taking the coastal bus from Jeju, then walking the 2.5km from the bus station. It's possible to hitchhike as most cars on the road from the bus station will also be heading to the lava tubes. One of Jeju's three UNESCO World Natural Heritage rated attractions. 2000 won.
- Seongsan Ilchubong, Seongsan, ☎ 064) 783-0959. This is the famous round almost-island you'll see pictures of everywhere in Jeju. A 180 m high tuff volcano, quite literally named "Sunrise Peak" because climbing to the top to view the sunrise is a popular activity (or, hoping to see it, due to most mornings being foggy!) About a 25 minute walk to the top, covering over 600 steps. Very imposing from a distance, but less so on approach and the very top would be somewhat anticlimatic to anyone but a rock-licking geologist. Still worth the visit though. As a bonus, on the cliffs off to the left as you ascend, there is a stairwell down that leads to a place where you can see regular performances of the Jeju Women Divers group. One of Jeju's three UNESCO World Natural Heritage rated attractions 2000 won, if the booth is actually active.
- Hallim Park, . Take a stroll through a 27.000m2 botanical garden including 2 caves. The park's total area is divided into 16 gardens, including a tropical garden, garden of Washington palms, a garden of foliage plants, and a bonsai gardens with bonsai trees that are over 150 years old. Also has a Folk Village.
- Yeomiji Botanic Garden. A big indoor botanic garden with halls of cacti, tropical fruits, flowers, water lilies, and much more. Yeomiji is home to a total of 2000 species of rare plants and 1700 species of flowers and trees. There are also open gardens in Japanese, Italian, French and Korean styles. The Garden is 1,120m2 and is described as one of the best botanical gardens in Asia.
- Iho Beach, (about 7 km east of Jeju-City). A beach, whose main feature is two types of sand, one dark gray, one yellow which produces brilliant structural effects in the water. There is a variety of diving schools in town. Best seen during the late summer months, when the water is not too cold for swimming.
- Seopjikoji. Koji means a cape in Jeju dialect. It consists of the bow shaped Gojaut Koji near the sea and Jeongji Koji near the beach. It was a filming place of the Korean drama "All In" So a lot of Korean sightseers visit. Walking along the sea, you may feel like you are in the ocean.
- See Cheonjiyeon Waterfall, Jeju's most famous waterfall, and the Jusangjeolli (columnar basalts) in Seogwipo.
- Visit Yongduam (Dragon's Head) Rock in Jeju City.
- Seongeup Folklore Village (Seongeup Folk Village), . The "folklore" is a bit misleading, this is actually an authentic traditional Jeju village in which (some) people actually live. Unfortunately, while there is a bit of signage in English, to really appreciate and understand this place requires a tour guide or book. Free.
- Jeju Folk Village Museum, . Not to be confused with the above, this is a created museum that presents a vivid and lively exhibition of the island's cultural assets. Built on an area of over 150,000 square meters, the village has reconstructed and moved living structures from varies styles. Get the audioguide: a steal at only Kw 2000. Pace yourself, seeing everything can take up to 4 hours. Kw 6000.
- Folklore and Natural History Museum, . The museum is divided into four exhibition halls: natural history, folklore, special resources, and an audio-visual room. It contains natural history of the island as well as relics, animals and plants that are found around the island. The stuffed animals are popular among children.
- Jeju Education Museum. Shows the traditional culture and history of Jeju. There are several life-sized exhibits which can help picture the history better.
- Jeju Independence Museum. Chronicles the struggles of Cheju-do residents against the Japanese during the 20th Century. The main building has 2 floors of exhibit halls, as well as a small movie screening room. Outside are several monuments.
- Haenyeo Museum, 3204-1 Hado-ri Gujwa-eup, . Museum dedicated to the Haenyeo (woman divers). Kw 1100.
- Jeju Teddy Bear Museum. Millions of people around the world collect Teddy Bears and they seek out old, unique, and valuable teddy bears for their personal collections. The Jeju Teddy Bear Museum opened especially for the European collectors and is more exciting than ever with special "Teddy Bear" entertainment. Some scenes from the popular Korean Drama "Goong (궁)" was filmed in this museum.
- Green Tea Museum. Located among actual plantations of green tea, this museum is built in the shape of a tea cup. Here you can see tea collecting methods and take pictures in the middle of tea plantations. The O'Sulloc tea museum teaches you about Korean tea culture through a miniature of a green tea production line and many other interesting activities. There is a souvenir shop and of course a green tea-house with green tea and green tea ice cream. A very beautiful modern building, the museum is surrounded with summer-houses, stone towers and soft green grass lawns.
- Museum of African Art, . Housed in a stunning full-size replica of the Grand Mosque of Djenne, this museum has what is almost certainly Asia's best collection of African art.
- Jeju April 3rd Peace Park, Myeongrim-ro 430 (Bonggye-dong San 51-3), Jeju City, Jeju Do, ☎ 064-710-8461, . 9:00AM-6:00PM. This museum details the tragic April 3rd, 1948 incident. This was a series of events that lasted until 1954 that resulted in the deaths of up 25,000 to 30,000 Jeju citizens. Free.
- Visit Mini World or Miniature Theme Park. Here you can get up close to small scaled replicas of some of the most famous architectures from more than 30countries. Leaning Tower of Pisa, Tahj Mahal and many Korean sites are part of this interesting display. The two parks are in different parts of Jeju Island.
- Visit the Sculpture park. This park located near Mt. Sanbang is a relaxing walking area where you can discover over 160 different sculptures in a peaceful atmosphere. The sculpture park also has an observation tower.
- Visit the "All In House". This is the house the famous Korean drama series "All In" was filmed. It is like a museum that provide everything about the drama.
Jeju Fire Festival Fireworks
Jeju Fire Festival Traditional Dance
- Jeongwol Daeboreum Fire Festival, Saebyeol Oreum area on Route 95, Bongseong-ri, Aewol-eup, Bukjeju-gun, Jeju-do (Take a 50 minute bus ride from Jeju City Bus Terminal.). The Jeongwol Daeboreum Fire Festival originates from the traditional harvesting of the grasses found in the local domestic farm animal pastures, which were annually set in fire each winter by the villagers as a way to exterminate harmful insects. It has been held annually since 1997. It is held during the holiday of Daeboreum (which is the 15th day of the first lunar month of the year, typically February). It gets extremely busy directly after the festival finishes (7-8pm), so it's sometimes worth staying around for a beer or a meal for an hour or two until the worst of the traffic has gone.
Hiking Trails of Mt. Halla.
At 1,950 m (6,400 ft), this is Jeju's most distinctive landmark, and South Korea's highest peak. Furthermore, it is one of Jeju's three UNESCO World Natural Heritage Sites.
There are five hiking routes available, only two of which actually goes to Baeknok Lake (Baekrokdam 백록담) at the top. Despite this, the routes terminating at Witse Oreum (윗세오름) are in themselves popular for good reason. Note that the trails are regularly closed and re-opened for conservational reasons. The 1.5 km route linking the trails on the west side and the top of Mt Halla has been closed for some time. Witse Oreum has a manned rest house and a very basic shop that sells coffee and ramen.
- Eorimok (어리목) - A 4.7 km longish (+1km from the bus stop to the trail start), gentle and fairly consitently sloped walk up a forested valley. In winter, the trail is packed with children using the packed down snow for sledding downhill (bring an E-mart bag!) Has a rest house and basic shop at the trail start. Terminates at Witse Oreum.
- Yeongsil (영실) - The shortest path at 3.7 km (+2.5 km from the carpark to the trail start). Weaves up a the ridge along steep cliffs and past some waterfalls (frozen in winter) before a final flat stretch at the top. Has a decent restaurant and shop at the trail start. Terminates at Witse Oreum.
- Seongpanak (성판악) - A very long, but gentle 9.6 km route up the east side. Terminates at Baeknok Lake atop Mt. Halla.
- Gwaneumsa (관음사) - An 8.7 km long route (+some extra at the base) up the north side. The original trail that terminates at Baeknok Lake atop Mt Halla. Has a rest house at the trail start.
- Donnaeko (돈네코) - An 8 km long route (+2.1km South Wall fork to reach Weitse Oreum junction from the top) up the south side. Not marked on most maps or guides. Confirm accessibility locally.
Note: All distances listed above are one-way.
Most trails are open all year round, even in the winter. If planning a winter trip, the short trails on the western side are particularly popular, going up Yongsil and down Eorimok or vice-versa, with children and the eldery even being common sights on both . Strap-on crampons (shoe spikes) are however a necessity but if you lack them, the shop at the start of the Yongsil trail sells some for 20,000 won.
Most routes are accessible via bus -- simply state your chosen path at the ticket booth in the inter-city bus terminal -- although in winter the final buses back can leave quite early (around 5). Trails sometimes put up "closed" signs around midday in winter to prevent people getting stuck. Also note that the inter-city buses will drop you at the carpark. The often 1-2 km sealed road walk up to the trail start is not included on trail length approximations on local signage and documentation so bear this in mind.
Continually undergoing extension, the Olle hiking trails are a set of 18 (plus a handful of "bonus" trails on outlying islets) trails that roughly follow the coast in a clockwise fashion. The first trail starts at Malmi Oreum in the northeast (near the famed Seongsan Ilchulbong) and the final terminates in Jocheon, a village just east of Jeju city. Trail length is mostly in the 4-6 hour range so one can be comfortably covered in a day, perhaps two for experienced hikers. Note that some trails, such as Olle-7, require hikers to traverse the island's extremely rocky coastline. It is beautiful, but be prepared with good shoes or boots. Olle-10 in particular is very popular and runs around a pretty peninsula in the south-west of the island.
The trails are well marked: blue arrows point in the forward direction and orange point the reverse (anticlockwise). Blue ganse symbols (like a little wireframe pony) face the forward direction in other places.
Extensive tourism information, directions and maps of the Olle trails (including details of any which are temporarily off-limits) in all the usual-suspect languages can be found at the airport or tourism information centres such as the one at Jungmun.
"Olle" itself is the Jeju-dialect word for the pathway connecting a house to the road, and is used as somewhat of an invitation to explore the island.
For more information, visit JejuOlle website. 
- Loveland, 680-26, Yeon-dong, Jeju (On the road between Jeju City and Seogwipo. 1500 won by intercity bus, about 10,000 won by taxi.). Jeju's most eccentric and internationally infamous attraction and almost a reason in itself to visit Jeju, this bizarre sculpture park was created by graduates of Seoul's Hongik University. Few of the (over 140) exhibits are generally shocking, and it makes for some interesting holiday snaps that you won't want to show your parents. Although you will likely see some Korean families in the park, this is one where you should definitely leave the children at home or in the attached playground. Has a sex shop attached, naturally. Elsewhere on Jeju you will find phallic representations are an ancient symbol of the island. Amusingly, the Chinese government recently prevented the opening of an imitation loveland in Chongqing. 7000 won.
- Kimyoung Maze, San16 Gimyong-ri Ggujwa-up, Jeju-si (About 500 m down the road from the Manjanggul lava-tube cave.), . A Jeju-shaped hedge maze which is interestingly complex and fun to walk through. The hedges are evergreen so it runs all year round. The maze claims fewer than 5% of visitors complete it in under 5 minutes, and the layout tends not to favor blind-luck too heavily so try timing yourself. 3300 won, discounts off-peak.
- Glass Castle (''Yuri wi seong''(유리의성)), 3135-1 Jeoji-ri, Hangyeong-myeon, Jeju-si (Inner western portion of the island. Take an inter-city bus to Hallim and a taxi from there.), . One of Jeju's two themeparks specialising in glass sculptures. Also offers an optional hands-on studio experience where visitors can craft their own works. 9,000 won plus studio fees.
- Go on a Submarine tour. A couple of operators exist, including one departing from Seogwipo Harbor.
- Scuba Dive BigBlue33 leads dive trips on Jeju Island in English, Korean, and German.
Comfort food from Jeju for those times when you're feeling... orange
Most ATMs on Jeju do not accept foreign ATM/Debit cards for cash withdrawls; most of the few that do are located in the city of Jeju. So get all the cash you can at the airport, especially if you are not staying in Jeju City.
- One Jeju specialty is brown colored clothing. These have been dyed via juice from the persimmon fruit, which is the traditional way of dying clothing.
- The iconic stone statues, usually in pairs, are called grandfather statues and are for protection. Many places sell small stone replicas of them made of Jeju basalt (volcanic stone). If aircraft weight restrictions are a concern, check the back of the statue for vugs (cavities) as it's entirely possible to find the odd one as light as a feather.
- Citrus fruit (hallabong and mandarines). The specialty citrus of Jeju is the hallabong (dekopon in Japanese) something akin to an oversized tangerine which has a very distinctive plump bulge on its top. Its fame comes from its sweet taste and peelability. Do not be at all surprised if, when arriving back on the mainland, your bag pops into the baggage claim tucked between crate after crate after crate of hallabong imported by small business resellers. Although less famed, mandarines are also a major Jeju product.
- Jeju hallabong chocolate. These come in varieties. The first is a plain flat chocolate with a layer of hallabong flavor sandwiched in the middle. The second however is shaped like a little grandfather statue and is primarily the "flavor" component of the first with a tiny slither of chocolate on the back. The latter tend to be a little less flavorsome (ironically) but are cute enough to make nice gifts. If hallabongs aren't your thing, fear not, for they also come in mandarine, kiwi, green tea and purple cactus fruit (somewhat a mixed berry flavor) varieties. There are crunch chocolates too, less unique but very tasty.
- Jeju kamgyul(citrus) wine. Similar to Japanese sake but with a fresh citrus finish. At only 5000 won for an entire 750mL bottle though, honestly, you can't complain even if it isn't quite your thing.
- Green tea. Although perhaps not as famed as Boseong, the entire Western end tip of the island is littered with tea plantations.
- Ganse dolls. A souvenir of the Olle hiking coastal trails, they are cute little (15 cm) plush ponies on phonestraps handmade out of used clothing (and thus individually unique) by the women of Jeju. Profits go to developing and maintiang the island's hiking trails and they're available from tourist information centres and many budget accomodations. 15,000 won.
- Shop at Jeju Folk Arts Complex. This place is practically a big gift shop of beautiful traditional art. Prices of items at the Jeju Folk Arts Complex are cheaper than those you find elsewhere.
Souvienier shops, craft stores and fruit stands exist almost everywhere on the island, but if you are looking for more mundane daily goods, your best bet is to head into Jeju City or Seogwipoi which have the usual array of Korean conveniences including some Lottes and an unusually high proportion of E-marts (both of which also contain large souvenier shops).
The people of Jeju have evolved various lifestyles, depending on whether they live in fishing villages, farm villages, or mountain villages so specialties vary within the region. Life in the farm villages was centered on farming, as it did around fishing or diving fishery in fishing villages, and did around dry-field farming or mushroom/mountain-green gathering in the mountain areas. As for agriculture, the production of rice is little. Instead, beans, barley, millets, buckwheat, and dry-field(upland) rice are the major items.
The most well known fruit is the hallabong. It has been grown here as early as the era of the Three Kingdoms, and were offered as presents to kings along with abalone as special products of Jeju. Pork from black-haired pigs is also a local specialty.
Foods from Jeju mainly made with saltwater fish, vegetables, and seaweed, and are usually seasoned with soybean paste. Salt water fish is used to make soups and gruels, and pork and chicken are used to make pyeonyuk (sliced boiled meat). The number of dishes set on a table is small and few seasoings are used. And usually, small numbers of ingredients are required to make dishes native to Jeju.
The key to making Jeju-style foods is to keep the ingredient's natural flavor. The taste of the food is generally a bit salty, probably because foods are easily spoiled due to the warm temperature. In Jeju, there is no need to prepare Kimchi for the winter as in mainland Korea. It is quite warm during the winter and Chinese cabbages are left in the field. When they do prepare Kimchi for the winter, they tend to make few kinds and small amounts.
Restaurants are scattered across the entire island, usually near highway intersections, but the majority naturally lie aroun the coast and particularly in the urban centers of Jeju City and Jungmun/Seogwipo.
The local specialty soju is named Hallasan Soju and runs 1000 to 3000 won a bottle.
If you are not looking for luxury, minbak (guesthouses) abound on Jeju, and due to its reputation as a honeymoon getaway, there is a wide variety of other accommodation. Outside of the peak tourist seasons (such as Korean national holidays and July-August summer holiday season), and as long as all you're looking for is a clean affordable room, don't be afraid to come to Jeju and find accommodation as you travel. In Jeju, Seogwipo and the smaller towns there is an abundance of rooms in small guesthouses with character.
For larger hotels, the majority are located in the urban centres of Jeju City and Seogwipo with the most luxurious 5-star options on the entire island within Seogwipo's Jungmun Tourist Resort Complex. Refer to the individual city pages for listings.
For budget travellers, jjimjillbangs are pretty ubiquitous in Jeju City but outside of the capital city's limits, the only other jjimjillbang options exist under the World Cup Stadium in Seogwipo.
- Jeju Springflower Guesthouse (Jeju Springflower Guesthouse), Seogwipo City, Daejeong-eup, Hamo-ri 1046-1 (5 mins from bus terminal or harbour, see website for map), ☎ +82 70 4273 6668, . checkin: 10am-10pm; checkout: 10am. A British owned guesthouse in Moseulpo, Jeju Island. Dorm beds from W18,000. Private/Family/Group rooms available. W18,000.
While South Korea in general is a remarkably safe country, the crime rate on Jeju is even lower. In fact, Jeju has the lowest crime rate in the whole country. Violent crime is almost non-existent, although just like in all tourist hubs, there are a number of pickpockets, so you should still remain vigilant.
Take the regular precautions whilst hiking: ask locals about course conditions and tell someone where you are going. In reality, hiking in Korea tends to be something akin to ant-trail winding up a mound, but in Winter, when the buses terminate early, and it gets dark early you could run into trouble. Seek and follow local advice from the base huts and be sure to depart before the daily course closure time.
Other parts around the south coast, even near Jungmun are rockfall regions. The signs are often not in English, so if you're near a cliff or cave and see an obvious Korean warning sign, this is a fair assumption as to what it says.
Short of chartering your own boat or light aircraft, your options are Incheon, Seoul, Busan, Daegu, Cheongju (Daejeon), Gunsan, Mokpo and Wando domestically and various ports in China or Japan internationally. Take your pick.Template:Guide