Intercity buses in Germany
One of the first things that come to mind when discussing travel in Europe is the inexpensive and plentiful options to get around. From myriad of rail options including the famous EUrail pass to a host of budget airlines offering rock bottom fares, once you are in Europe, getting from one place to another is a breeze.
An often overlooked option is the intercity buses, many cities across the continent can reached by a quick trip on these giants of the highway. In 2012, Germany liberated the market for long distance buses after the "Passenger Transportation Act" (PBefG) was amended. A law, which was designed to protect the national railway, had previously restricted long distance buses mostly to services from and to Berlin.
Since the law was repealed, lots of new bus services have been created and are fighting for their share of the market. This often means great deals for travelers, even though the pricing can be somewhat confusing at times.
With a ton of competition springing up seemingly overnight in Germany, the market is still very volatile. The prices are very affordable mostly due to the fierce competition among the different companies and with the other modes of transport. The prices are lower than most train tickets, because of the excise tax that trains have to pay for the use of the tracks. This is opposed to the technically "free" use of the roads and highways that the bus carriers operate on. Here are some of the more popular carriers both domestically and internationally:
Because of the intense competition with multiple carriers running many of the same routes, ticket prices are often volatile. Apart from the above mentioned companies official websites, you can also find prices on many comparison website such as: busliniensuche.de or busticket.de. They can help you price out the best possible connections and routes, in addition to the lowest fares, to get you where you want to go.