Igarka was founded in 1931. The city got its name from the channel on which it was located, which was in turn named after a local fisherman, Yegor Shiryaev.
Igarka is infamous as the starting point for Stalin's railway to nowhere. The project failed and thousands of the gulag laborers died in the process.
It is the main port via which the timber harvested in the Yenisei River basin is shipped to Europe.
It has a population of approximately 6,000 people and has been in decline.
Igarka Airport (IATA: IAA) is 3km from the city center and has flights to/from Krasnoyarsk, Novosibirsk, Svetlogorsk, and Norilsk. The airport is on Polar Island; an ice-bridge or a ferry ride is required to get into the city.