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Revision as of 12:32, 18 November 2010

Ichalkaranji is a City in Kolhapur district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is governed by a municipal council.

Ichalkaranji is in western India about 425 km from Mumbai. The City is rapidly growing and now merging with neighbouring Jaysingpur town to form a large satellite suburban township with Sangli city which is just 24 km away.

Business and economy

Considering the Rs 15,000 Cr sale of the textile products and nominal 20% net profit and 257,572 Population of the city, per capita income of Ichalkaranji is Rs 1,16,472, amongst the cities having highest per capita income in the country. Ichalkaranji also ranks among city's with high ownership of Consumer products such as Home appliances & FMCG.

Hypermarket such as Big Bazaar, Apnaa Bazzar has a store in city. Famous brands such as The Raymond Shop , a premium retail store offering complete wardrobe solutions for men , Aditya Birla Groups menswear brand Peter England, Linen Club , Bata , Ray-Ban , Samsung , Fujifilm Kodak have authorized showrooms in the city of Ichalkaranji.

Approximately 40% of new automobile sales in Kolhapur district is from Ichalkaranjis Catchment area . Maruti suzuki, Tata Motors, Hero Honda, Bajaj, and TVS Motor have authorized sales and services centers in Ichalkaranji.

Ichalkaranji today is one of the fastest growing industrial areas in Maharashtra and has even been termed the "Manchester of Maharashtra". The city's economy is driven predominantly by the textile industry. Engineering is the second largest industry of the city. There is much progressive agriculture in the area surrounding the city. Almost all banks in India have a branch in the city. Textile goods manufactured in city are sold all over India as well as exported to various parts of the world. Traders use Centralized Online Real-time Exchange Core Banking facility for financial transactions. Indian Settlement Systems such as Real time gross settlement RTGS and National Electronic Funds Transfer (NEFT) System is also available in almost all branches of banks in the city. Despite of all these Bankers clearing house in the city processes approximately 8000 Cheques on each working day. Clearing house is managed by the State Bank of India. Most of the Insurance and companies in India have offices in the city.

Textile industry

Before 1980, Ichalkaranji was famous for cotton poplin, dhoti, and cotton saris. In mid-1980s, weavers of the city started producing denim, canvas, chiffon, and fabric for school uniforms (khaki drill). Fabrics such as seersucker, Oxford, herringbone, ripstop, chambray, tweed, and twill made in or around the Ichalkaranji city are used by many domestic and international fashion brands such as Raymond’s of India, Armani, Banana Republic, Hugo Boss, and Paul Smith.

The presence of a qualified workforce and the level of technical know-how and easy accessibility to finest weavers of Ichalkaranji for outsoaring and over all good social ambiance were among the factors that influenced Italian textile major Tessitura Monti, Turkish textile maker ‘Soktas’, Bombay Rayon Fashions Ltd (BRFL), Raymond Zambaiti Ltd (A joint venture of Raymond’s Ltd and internationally renowned Cotonificio Honegger S.P.A ,part of Gruppo Zambaiti), world famous German Men’s wear brands Liebe, Boys R Bad and Looty etc..while planning investment near Ichalkaranji city.


In 1962 the Deccan Co-operative Spinning Mill Ltd. came into existence in Ichalkaranji, which was the first Co-operative Spinning Mill in Asia. As of 2010 over 20 modern spinning mills this region has become one of the major centre for spinning mills in India. Some of these spinning mills are 100 % Export Oriented Units of Cotton Yarn.


Yarn sizing is a preparatory process before weaving. This process gives strength to yarn. City has approximately 175 sizing units,
working 24 hours a day, 6 days a week.


In 1842 James Bullough and William Kenworthy invented a semi automatic fabric weaving machine called Power Loom. Although it is self-acting, it has to be stopped to recharge empty shuttles. It was the mainstay of the Lancashire cotton industry for a century.
In 1904 young encouraged entrepreneur of the Ichalkaranji Late Mr.Vitthalrao Datar Imported this Lancashire Loom in India. Lancashire Loom which was mainstay of the Lancashire cotton industry for a century is also a mainstay of Ichalkaranji Textile Industry.

City has approximately 135,000 Lancashire Loom (Power Looms) still working 24 Hr / day, 6 days a week.

With rough estimate one Power Loom produces 80 meters of fabric per day of an average price Rs.30/meter, the annual production of the Power Loom fabric in Ichalkaranji in Rupee term is Indian Rupee symbol.svg 10, 000 Cr. ($2.2 Billion).

    • Fully automatic power loom

Northrop Loom, Popularly known as Cimco Auto Loom in Ichalkaranji is a fully automatic version of power loom. It was named after James Henry Northrop who invented the pirn-charging mechanism in 1895. The principal advantage of the Northrop loom was that it was fully automatic; when a warp thread broke the loom stopped until it gets fixed. When the shuttle ran out of thread, Northrop's mechanism ejects the depleted pirn and loads a new full one without stopping.

City has approximately 10000 Northrop Loom (Cimco Looms) still working 24 Hr / day, 6 days a week.

With rough estimate one Fully Auto Loom produces 125 meters of fabric per day with an average price Rs.45/meter, the annual production of the Auto Loom Industry in Ichalkaranji in Rupee term is Indian Rupee symbol.svg 1700 Cr. ($0.4 Billion)

    • Shuttleless looms

In 1998 Vajpayee Government introduce Credit Linked Capital Subsidy scheme called Technology up-gradation fund TUF for modernization and technologically up gradation of the textile sector in India. After this Government of Maharashtra State also offer Capital Subsidy to the new textile projects of Shuttle less looms such as Rapier loom,Projectile Loom and Air Jet Loom. Entrepreneurs of the city took this as opportunity and Imported used Shuttle less looms form European countries. This was a major turning point of fast growing textile industry of the city. After understanding the technical and commercial aspect of this modern textile looms, Entrepreneurs started importing new and latest Shuttle less looms from Europe and Japan. As of 2010 world’s best weaving technology is been used by weavers of Ichalkaranji. Even though the size and potentials of Indian textile industry, import substitute latest technology engineering goods for weaving (modern weaving machines) are not manufactured in India.
(cost of 1 Imported new shuttleless weaving machine/loom is about Rs 25 laks.)

City has approximately 8000 shuttleless looms working 24 Hr a day, 7 days a week.

With rough estimate one shuttleless loom produces 175 meters of fabric per day with an average price Rs.70/meter, the annual production of the shuttleless loom industry in Ichalkaranji is Rs 3000 Cr. ($0.7 billion)

Hence the size of weaving industry as such in Ichalkaranji is to the tune of approximately Rs 15,000 Cr. ($3.4 billion)' --Shlok 18:05, 22 August 2010 (UTC)

Fabric dyeing and finishing

Fabric needs to get white or to some other color after weaving before marketing. This process is done at fabric dyeing and finishing units, popularly known as "process houses". Ichalkaranji has approximately 35 process houses working 24 Hr a day, 6 days a week.

Garment industry

The city has many garment manufacturing units. This industry is very labor oriented. Some units have made transportation agreement for employees with long daily commutes.

Engineering industry

Tata Nano small car is very similar to Meera, a small car developed in 1970 by Mr.Shankarrao Kulkarni of Ichalkaranji. The city is also known for Fundamental Measuring instrument manufacturing industry. These testing machines are used in engineering and other manufacturing industry's, engineering institutes and research institutes for analysis. These measuring instruments are marketed in India as well as some other countries. Measuring instrument manufactured in city by varies companies include compression testing Machines, Torsion Testing Machines, Horizontal Chain & Rope Testing Machines, Spring Testing Machine, Impact Testing Machine, Erichsen Testing Machines, Universal Testing Machines, Rockwell scale Hardness Tester, Brinell scale Hardness Tester, and Computerised Vickers hardness test.

The city's economy is also driven by the engineering goods manufacturing industry (which has been around since the fifty's). Several automotive component manufacturers have plant's in or around the city,who are vender's for companies such as : Maruti Udyog Ltd, Honda Motorcycle, Bajaj Auto,TVS Suzuki,Kehin Fie, Tata Motors, Kirloskar Brothers Limited, Mahindra & Mahindra , MICO. Emmel Vheelers has a manufacturing unit of hybrid three-wheeler, e-motorcycle, high-power scooters, and electric scooters in Ichalkaranji.


Sugarcane is the main Cash crop. The city is surrounded by 5 Sugar refinerys, Annually they processes Over 5000000 metric ton of Sugarcane, as of 2009 Sugarcane prices of Indian Rupee symbol.svg2600 per ton. Sugarcane farmers itself bring in approximately Rs 13000000000 (1300 Cr) to the economy of the citys Catchment area. 4 out of 5 sugar mill have Cogeneration plants. The oldest of these 5 sugar mills is Deshbhakta Ratnappa Kumbhar Panchaganga Sahakari Sakhar Karkhana Ltd, founded by Dr.Ratnappa Kumbhar, a Indian independence activist who signs the final draft of the Constitution of India. Shree Renuka Sugars Ltd, one of the leading sugar companies in India, has set-up a Bagasse based 30 Megawatt Cogeneration power plant in Ichalkaranji.

Shrivardhan Bio–Tech, known throughout India for the quality of their cut flowers, operates a computer controlled floriculture unit. Shrivardhan Bio-tech is the first project in the country, and perhaps in the world, using environment friendly, hand-made baked clay containers, made by artisans in rural India, providing much-needed employment. These containers help keep the root zone cool during summer, stimulating the growth of white roots, by evaporating water cool in earthen pot. Coco Peat (Cocus nucifera) is used as a growing medium, which is an organic matter with excellent aeration and eco-friendly thus helping an unfertile, rocky land to be put under productive use. With a view to control, monitor, and correct the quality of nutrition in terms of volume, frequency, pH, and EC, Shrivardhan Bio-tech has installed a computer controlled nutrition system. Ghodawat Agro Pvt Ltd produces floriculture Gerbera, Chrysanthemum, Carnation Lilium, Gypsophila and Roses like Grand Gala, Royal Class, Passion, Marie Claire, Ice Burge, Poison, African Dawn, Tube Rose etc. production capacity of over 1,00,000 exotic flowers per day. Has been acquired the most coveted Global Gap, SEDEX & ISO 9001:2000 accreditation.


Ichalkaranji is popular among non vegetarians of this part country for its unique homemade Dinner of Goat mutton called Suke Mutton severed with Rassa ( a thin and spicy soup of goat) , handmade Bhakri and onion salad. City has more than 100 such gharbuti kanaval (Small Hotels), famous names are Jambu Bugad , Jadhav , Savairam. City has a road known as Khanaval glli ( Hotels Road ).

Vegetarian Maharashtrian cuisine such as Misal Pav , Vada sambar, Vada pav , Pohay is accessible 24 hr/day as city's textile mills work 24 hr/day and workers have it as a refreshment during 12 hr shift. City has few Marwari Bhojnalaya serves vegetarian Rajasthani food. City has around 125 Beer Bar serve Punjabi cuisine.


Transportation is provided by MSRTC city buses and also there are many prominent private buses which servers to all major destinations in Maharashtra , karnataka and Andhra pradesh.City has excellent connectivity with a number of major cities. private buses is a more preferred mode of transport due to its wider network and speed. Buses run by private companies are generally considered more comfortable and reliable, with most offering sleeper and air conditioned coaches such as Mercedes-Benz and Volvo Buses. They are connected to nearby major cities like Mumbai, Pune , Bengalore Belgaum Sangli, Miraj and Kolhapur. MSRTC provides bus service from Ichalkaranji to Sangli and Kolhapur every 15 minutes.

Nearest Railway Junction : Miraj Miraj railway junction is a very busy junction and entry point to Ichalkaranji . Miraj lies on Mumbai Bangalore main line and has daily connectivity to important cities. Miraj junction has 4 broad gauge branches connecting it. Long distance trains like Karnataka Sampark Kranti Express, Goa express, Chalukya Express, Poorna express, Swarna Jayanti Express, Ajmer Bangalore Express, Jodhpur Bangalore express, Gandhidham Bangalore express, Hubli express and numerous other passenger trains are available from Miraj junction. Miraj railway station is about 28 km from Ichalkaranji . One can get down at Miraj and then take a bus or cab to Ichalkaranji. It takes 20 minutes from Miraj railway station to Ichalkaranji.

Nearest Railway Stations

  • Hatkanangale - 8 km
  • Miraj - 28 km
  • Sangli - 28 km
  • Kolhapur - 28 km

MSRTC buses, Taxi cars and auto rickshaws are available from all above railway stations to Ichalkaranji.

Nearest Airport