Hengyang(simplified Chinese:衡阳; traditional Chinese:衡陽; pinyin:Héngyáng) is located in the middle reaches of Xiangjiang River and to the south of Mount Heng in Hunan Province, Hengyang is a historically significant city renowned as the 'Bright Pearl in Southern China'. It is also known as 'Wild Goose City' because flocks of wild geese flying south for the winter have been known to stop there to rest for its beautiful scenery.
Hengyang is the second largest city in Hunan with a population over seven million. It is an agriculturally prosperous area with an abundance of fish and rice. It is also very rich in natural resources including coal, zinc, lead and other non-ferrous metals. And it is one of the emerging industrial cities in China.
The Hengyang Nanyue Airport is under construction in Hengnan County at the moment. Due to open in 2013, it will have flights connecting most major cities in China. The old Hengyang airport is now merely military, it used to have regular flights to Guangzhou and Shenzhen.
Hengyang Railway Station is situated in Zhuhui District. Although a bit run-down because of early date of construction (there's a Kuomintang-era building between the ticket office and the main entrance), it's one of the oldest and the busiest train stations in China. It's also the conjunction of Beijing-Guangzhou line and Hunan-Guangxi line with frequent services to many cities in China. It's about 7 hours to Guangzhou, 15 hours to Shanghai and 21 hours to Beijing. The station can be reached by bus routes K1/K2/K5/1/2/7/11/16/18/22/23/24/25/27/30/31/32/36/38/40/81/Ring环城A etc.
Hengyang East Railway Station (high-speed railway) is located in the eastern suburb of Hengyang, itself is a unique sight due to the resemblance of a flying wild goose. Next to Hengyang College Town, it's around 30 minutes' bus ride from downtown Hengyang. Hengyang East Railway Station is in the middle of Wuhan-Guangzhou High-speed Railway, so it takes about 1.5 hours to both cities. The station can be reached by bus routes K1/K2/K3/K5. Besides, the constructing Lanzhou-Xiamen, Kunming-Taipei, Xi'an-Guangzhou High-speed Railways are crossing Hengyang, making it one of the largest transportation hubs in China once they are finished.
Hengyang North, South and West Railway Stations are now mostly cargo stations.
Hengyang is serviced by many Expressways, State Roads and Provincial Routes. It is one of the 45 national highway traffic hubs.
Hengyang Zhongxin Bus Station: near Pinghu Park, it can be reached by bus routes K5/4/9/18/24/32/40/46/81/30. It has long-distance coaches throughout the country.
Linghu Bus Station: near Linghu Lake, it can be reached by bus routes K1/K2/K3/K5/2/7/11/23/25/27/36/37/40/81. It offers services to nearby cities and counties.
Huaxin Bus Station: west to Ecology Park, it can be reached by bus routes K1/19/101/102/104/Lvyou旅游1. It has buses to Hengyang County, Qidong County and Hengyang county.
Yujiang Bus Station: next to Hengyang East Railway Station, it can be reached by bus K1/K2/K3/K5/Night夜36.