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| flag=Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg
 
| flag=Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg
 
| capital=[[Bissau]]
 
| capital=[[Bissau]]
| government=Fragile Democracy
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| government=Military Junta
 
| currency=West African CFA franc (XOF), interchangeable at par with the Central African CFA franc (XAF)
 
| currency=West African CFA franc (XOF), interchangeable at par with the Central African CFA franc (XAF)
 
| area=''total:'' 36,120 km<sup>2</sup><br />''water:'' 8,120 km<sup>2</sup><br />''land:'' 28,000 km<sup>2</sup>
 
| area=''total:'' 36,120 km<sup>2</sup><br />''water:'' 8,120 km<sup>2</sup><br />''land:'' 28,000 km<sup>2</sup>
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* [[Catió]]-  
 
* [[Catió]]-  
 
* [[Farim]]
 
* [[Farim]]
* [[Gabú]] - Bustling, friendly market town with a few nightclubs, bars and hotels.  
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* [[Gabú]] - Busy market town, with a predominantly muslim population.
 
[[Image:Caravela.jpg|thumb|Houses in Caravela, one of the Bijagós islands]]
 
[[Image:Caravela.jpg|thumb|Houses in Caravela, one of the Bijagós islands]]
  
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* [[Varela]] - Just south of Cap Skirring, but on the Guinea-Bissau side of the border, it is a tour de force to get to Varela on a 50 km long bumpy dirt road from São Domingos - but it is all rewarded when you reach this little paradise, with a superb Italian-owned hotel, beautiful beaches and pine forests and a very relaxed atmosphere with almost no other tourists. You may contact the small hotel in Varela via their Facebook page: Aparthotel Chez Helene
 
* [[Varela]] - Just south of Cap Skirring, but on the Guinea-Bissau side of the border, it is a tour de force to get to Varela on a 50 km long bumpy dirt road from São Domingos - but it is all rewarded when you reach this little paradise, with a superb Italian-owned hotel, beautiful beaches and pine forests and a very relaxed atmosphere with almost no other tourists. You may contact the small hotel in Varela via their Facebook page: Aparthotel Chez Helene
 
* [[Boé Sector]] - The country's most South-Eastern corner is a mosaic of savannah, forest and farmland. Its remoteness has left the sector underdeveloped, but its Fular/Mandinka population is warm and welcoming. Primates constitute the majority of large mammals in the Boé, chiefly among them a healthy population (possibly 1000+) of chimpanzees. Although they are shy and not habituated to humans, there is a chance for ecotourists to spot humanity's closest relative. The Fonda Huuwa "campsite" in the main village Béli offers huts and meals at shoestring prices.
 
  
 
==Get in==
 
==Get in==
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To go to the islands, there's a choice between cheap, but rather unsafe, canoas (pirogues) leaving from Porto Pidjiguiti or Porto de Bandim, and expensive modern boats owned by french fishing lodges on the Bijagos islands. In 2007 a ferry started sailing between Bissau and Bubaque, leaving Friday and returning Sunday. Schedules depend on tides, so check in advance.
 
To go to the islands, there's a choice between cheap, but rather unsafe, canoas (pirogues) leaving from Porto Pidjiguiti or Porto de Bandim, and expensive modern boats owned by french fishing lodges on the Bijagos islands. In 2007 a ferry started sailing between Bissau and Bubaque, leaving Friday and returning Sunday. Schedules depend on tides, so check in advance.
  
As Guinea Bissau is very flat and there is virtually no traffic on the roads outside Bissau, it's a good country for cycling. Bikes can be bought in the country, which will probably (as in most parts of the world) be  Chinese made  bikes. As always, good value for money.
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As Guinea Bissau is very flat and there is virtually no traffic on the roads outside Bissau, it's a good country for cycling. Bikes can be bought in the country, which will probably ( as in most parts of the world) be  Chinese made  bikes. As always, good value for money.
  
 
==Talk==
 
==Talk==
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==Eat==
 
==Eat==
Most Guineans eat rice with fish, because the country is rich in fish, and rice (homegrown or imported from Thailand) is relatively cheap. The more costly meals contain beef, goat, chicken or pork. Meals are also made with palm oil and peanut sauces and diverse vegetables. Guineans also eat wild/game meat (bushbuck, monkey, wild hogs, etc.) but these animals are considered to be in danger of extinction and so it is not recommended to support this.
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Most Guineans eat rice with fish, because the country is rich in fish, and rice (homegrown or imported from Thailand) is relatively cheap. The more costly meals contain beef, goat, chicken or pork. Meals are also made with palm oil and peanut sauces and diverse vegetables. Guineans also eat wild/game meat (deer, monkey, beaver etc.) but these animals are considered to be in danger of extinction and so it is not recommended to support this.
  
 
Guineans are known for their warm heartedness and so you will always be asked to come have a bit with a group of people (it is common to eat from a large bowl)..."bin kume, no kume"
 
Guineans are known for their warm heartedness and so you will always be asked to come have a bit with a group of people (it is common to eat from a large bowl)..."bin kume, no kume"
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Vegetables sold in the markets include lettuce, tomatoes, cucumbers, bell pepper, parsley, okra, potatoes, carrots, onions, garlic, chili, sweet potatoes.
 
Vegetables sold in the markets include lettuce, tomatoes, cucumbers, bell pepper, parsley, okra, potatoes, carrots, onions, garlic, chili, sweet potatoes.
  
Street snacks are typically sandwiches with hardboiled egg, omelete, fish or beef - or donuts, cake or hardboiled eggs. Frozen juice in small plastic bags or glass water bottles is popular among locals.
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Street snacks are typically sandwiches with hardboiled egg, omelete, fish or beef - or donuts, cake or hardboiled eggs. Frozen juice in small plastic bags is popular among locals.
  
 
==Drink==
 
==Drink==
  
'''Guinea-Bissau doesn't have a legal drinking/purchasing age'''.  
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'''Guinea-Bissau doesn't have a legal drinking/purchasing age'''.
  
 
[[Image:Warga.jpg|thumb|Warga (strong sweet green tea)]]
 
[[Image:Warga.jpg|thumb|Warga (strong sweet green tea)]]
The people of Guinea-Bissau love to drink a sweet green tea known as "warga", the brewing of which is an experience to watch. In Bissau and other towns, Portuguese beer and wine are popular, but the African take on the originally Brazilian Caipirinha is definitely worth a try. Strong liquor made from fermented cashew apple, sugar cane or oil palm is usually available in the more remote locations.
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The people of Guinea-Bissau love to drink a sweet green tea known as "warga", the non-muslims also enjoy drinking cashew wine or palm wine.  There are also possibilities to buy Portuguese beer, wine and soft drinks but these are more expensive. It is recommended that foreigners only drink bottled, filtered or boiled water.
With regard to water, it is recommended that foreigners only drink it bottled, filtered or boiled.
 
  
 
==Sleep==
 
==Sleep==
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*[http://www.medicosdomundo.pt/ Médicos do Mundo]
 
*[http://www.medicosdomundo.pt/ Médicos do Mundo]
 
*[http://www.inde.pt/ INDE - Intercooperação e Desenvolvimento ]
 
*[http://www.inde.pt/ INDE - Intercooperação e Desenvolvimento ]
*[http://www.chimbo.org/
 
 
* Agencia de Cooperacao de Timor-Leste em Guine-Bissau
 
* Agencia de Cooperacao de Timor-Leste em Guine-Bissau
  
 
==Stay safe==
 
==Stay safe==
{{warningbox|Guinea-Bissau has experienced a volatile recent political history. It has the onerous distinction of never having an elected president complete a full 5-year term in office and there have been dozens of coups and attempted coups as well as numerous assassinations of officials and military leaders since independence in 1974. The most recent coup was in April 2012, which follows a failed coup attempt in 2011, the house-arrest of the prime minister by the military (and threat of killing him) in 2010, and the assassination of the president by soldiers in 2009 (a day after a top military leader & rival of the president was killed by a bomb). In 2015, the president sacked his cabinet over a dispute with the prime minister, but this time no shots were fired and the military vowed to stay in their barracks. A new cabinet has recently been peacefully installed, giving cause for careful optimism. Political violence is generally not aimed at travellers but it is wise to avoid any political demonstrations and stay clear of any large presence of military on the streets.
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{{warningbox|Guinea-Bissau has one of the highest rates of petty and violent crime on the continent, which should not be underestimated, a lack of much law enforcement, and a very dysfunctional government. The country is home to several drug kingpins and a large volume of narcotics passes through remote islands and airstrips en route from South America to Europe. The country also has the onerous distinction of never having an elected president complete a full 5-year term in office and there have been dozens of coups and attempted coups as well as numerous assassinations of officials and military leaders since independence in 1974. The most recent coup was in April 2012, which follows a failed coup attempt in 2011, the house-arrest of the prime minister by the military (and threat of killing him) in 2010, and the assassination of the president by soldiers in 2009 (a day after a top military leader & rival of the president was killed by a bomb).  
([https://www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice/guinea-bissau UK Government travel advisory])}}
 
  
Guinea-Bissau is considered by the UN to be a major port for drug shipments into Europe. The military is know for corruption, prompting the head of the UN to refer to the head of the Air Force as a drug kingpin. Fortunately for travellers, the drug trafficking is generally confined to the open sea and harbor, and drug lords are too busy smuggling dope to be bothering anyone inside the country, local or expat.
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'''Avoid any political demonstrations and stay clear of any large presence of military on the streets.''' Many western nations lack a diplomatic presence in Guinea-Bissau, which means you will have a much harder time if arrested, detained, or in need of consular assistance in an emergency. ([https://www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice/guinea-bissau UK Government travel advisory])}}
  
There is very little tourism in Guinea-Bissau, and as a result the criminal tactics typically aimed at tourists are absent. Nightlife is generally safe, but keep your wits about you as you would anywhere else.  
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Guinea-Bissau is a violent country, and is considered by the UN to be a major port for drug shipments into Europe. The military is know for corruption, prompting the head of the UN to refer to the head of the Air Force as a drug kingpin.
  
Many western nations lack a diplomatic presence in Guinea-Bissau, which means you will have a much harder time if arrested, detained, or in need of consular assistance in an emergency. There is no UK or US embassy in Guinea-Bissau; the UK and US embassies in [[Dakar]], Senegal are accredited to Guinea-Bissau. The UK has an honorary consul, Dutch businessman Jan van Maanen, who is also honorary consul to the Netherlands. He is very approachable (also if you are neither Dutch nor British) and well connected in the country's political hierarchy, and can usually be found at his compound MAVEGRO in Bissau (taxi drivers know it), ☎ +245 955522772  The US has a liaison office at: Edifício SITEC, Rua José Carlos Schwarz 245, Bairro d’Ajuda, ☎ +245 325-6382.
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The country also has the lowest ''per capita'' productivity and income in the world, which has the violence and crime to go along with it.
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White Europeans are especially vulnerable, but tend to be left alone if it is believed they are part of foreign aid efforts, or far left activists. Guinea-Bissau has had several Marxist Governments, providing a safe haven for Marxist radicals worldwide.
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There is no UK or US embassy in Guinea-Bissau. The UK and US embassies in [[Dakar]], Senegal are accredited to Guinea-Bissau. The US has a liaison office at: Edifício SITEC, Rua José Carlos Schwarz 245, Bairro d’Ajuda, ☎ +245 325-6382.
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Do not trust hotel safes, and stay away from any nightclubs not attached to major hotels.
  
 
If you are arrested, be prepared to pay a bribe. However, it is not recommended to bribe officials directly. Simply ask if they can pay the fine for you, because you do not understand the customs procedures. Then leave the country as soon as possible.
 
If you are arrested, be prepared to pay a bribe. However, it is not recommended to bribe officials directly. Simply ask if they can pay the fine for you, because you do not understand the customs procedures. Then leave the country as soon as possible.
  
 
==Stay healthy==
 
==Stay healthy==
{{warningbox|Neighboring countries [[Guinea]], [[Liberia]], [[Mali]] and [[Sierra Leone]] were recently struck with an outbreak of the often fatal and largely untreatable '''Ebola''' Viral Haemorrhagic Fever. The outbreak currently seems to be under control, and Guinea-Bissau was thankfully not affected.
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{{warningbox|As of December 2014, the  area is dangerous due to the current outbreak of the often fatal and largely untreatable '''Ebola''' Viral Haemorrhagic Fever. The infection risk is still low, but there are already over 1300 cases and over 700 fatalities (>50% risk). The affected areas are [[Guinea]], [[Liberia]], [[Mali]] and [[Sierra Leone]]. Although the rest of the area seems safe (that is, ebolaviruswise), it is strongly recommended that you do not visit any country in West Africa unless there is an urgent need, because of potential risk of infected persons that travel around nearby countries.  
 
}}
 
}}
 
Before travelling, make sure you have the yellow fever, hepatitis A, tetanus and typhoid vaccinations up to date. Malaria prophylaxis is highly recommended - consult a medical doctor for advice on which type to choose.  
 
Before travelling, make sure you have the yellow fever, hepatitis A, tetanus and typhoid vaccinations up to date. Malaria prophylaxis is highly recommended - consult a medical doctor for advice on which type to choose.  
  
HIV is prevalent, as are most major sexually transmitted diseases. The [http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/guinea-bissau.htm CDC in the US] listed Guinea-Bissau as a groundswell point for new HIV infections. Always use a condom when having sexual relations with new partners.
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HIV is prevalent, as are most major sexually transmitted diseases. The [http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/guinea-bissau.htm CDC in the US] listed Guinea-Bissau as a groundswell point for new HIV infections.
  
 
Depending on the length and purpose of your stay, also consider vaccinations for typhoid fever, hepatitis B, rabies, meningitis and tuberculosis.
 
Depending on the length and purpose of your stay, also consider vaccinations for typhoid fever, hepatitis B, rabies, meningitis and tuberculosis.
  
 
If bitten by a dog, cat, monkey or bat - seek a doctor as fast as possible, no matter if you've been vaccinated or not. Everybody needs post-exposure rabies prophylaxis - but if vaccinated beforehand, you'll need less vaccines. Rabies can be prevented with vaccines and immunoglubulin, but once the symptoms present, there is no cure and about 100% die.
 
If bitten by a dog, cat, monkey or bat - seek a doctor as fast as possible, no matter if you've been vaccinated or not. Everybody needs post-exposure rabies prophylaxis - but if vaccinated beforehand, you'll need less vaccines. Rabies can be prevented with vaccines and immunoglubulin, but once the symptoms present, there is no cure and about 100% die.
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Always use a condom when having sexual relations with new partners.
  
 
Make sure you drink only bottled/filtered water.
 
Make sure you drink only bottled/filtered water.
  
 
==Respect==
 
==Respect==
Guinea-Bissau's different ethnic and religious groups mostly coexist in peaceful acceptance, and sectarian or tribal violence (as opposed to political violence) is practically unheard of.  
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Muslims are mostly tolerant of others in this country, if your presence is considered to be temporary. There are a few radicalised mosques in the country, so it is advised that you do not venture into these areas. The Christian minority is tolerated, but under constant surveillance by Guinea-Bissau activists and Government officials.
  
Some people (especially children) will ask you to take their photo, while others will get upset if you take photos - always ask in advance, especially when taking close-ups.
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Some people (especially children) will ask you to take their photo, while others will get upset if you take photos - always ask in advance, if taking close-ups.
 
Avoid taking photos of military installations without asking, though sometimes you'll be allowed to.
 
Avoid taking photos of military installations without asking, though sometimes you'll be allowed to.
  

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