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Guimarães

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Revision as of 06:29, 5 February 2008 by 4.241.218.205 (talk)

Earth : Europe : Iberia : Portugal : Northern Portugal : Minho : Guimarães
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Guimarães

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Guimarães Castle, from the X century


Guimarães is a city in Minho, Portugal and is one of the most historical cities in Portugal, where "Portugal was born". It is the first city of Portugal, and have a beautiful Castle, and a Palace to visit, from the beginnings of the country. The Castle has been classified as one of the New Portuguese Seven Wonders. The first King (D. Afonso Henriques aka D. Afonso, I of Portugal) is still being idolized by the city. Placed about 50 Km from Oporto, Guimarães is placed near to a mountain, Penha, with wonderful views to all the city.

Guimarães will be the European Capital of Culture 2012, a great honor to this city, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Understand

History

Get in

By plane

Guimarães Train Station
Guimarães Highway indication

The easy way to go to Guimarães by plane is to fly to Porto/Sa Carneiro/Pedras Rubras,Maia. Oporto international airport(OPO), and then catch a train or a bus to Guimarães. It's about one hour from Oporto to Guimarães, by bus, and almost one hour and a half by train.

There are very low cost airlines flying to Oporto, the ones that fly from more places are Ryanair and EasyJet. Also, coming from Paris, Transavia, or, coming from Barcelona Clickair. Certainly, more low cost airlines are flying to Oporto, but the other ones have fewer trips per day.

Once you get in airport Sá Carneiro, you have to catch the Metro, and go to Campanhã Station or São Bento Station to get a train, or, if you want to go by Bus, you have two places that you can go: Trindade Bus Station or Batalha Square Bus Gare.

By train

It's the cheapest and the best way to arrive in Guimarães. The Portuguese company CP is the one that provides travel by train. If you come from Lisbon you have some, but few, direct travels to Guimarães. It's about fours hours. From Oporto, you have a train every hour.

If you come by train from Europe, on InterRail, for example, you have always to go to Oporto first, and then you catch the train to Guimarães. This trip can give you the best attractions. One is the cheapest price, and the other is the wonderful views, passing over some small rivers, and small villages, in rural Portugal.

By car

You have a lot of highways going to Guimarães, from Braga, Porto, Felgueiras, Chaves, and others. If you are coming from the south of Portugal there is no difficulty at all. The Portuguese highways are all very well connected, and you only have to go straight to Oporto, and then in Oporto you catch A7(Highway 7) which goes to Guimarães. It's quite easy.

By bus

Rede Expressos, a national bus company, and is the best way to get to Guimarães. With this company you can travel from almost every (big) city in Portugal (i.e. Lisbon, Oporto, Coimbra).

If you are traveling by cities near to Guimarães, like Braga, for example, or even Oporto, you always have to ask to people (a very common thing in Portugal) where you can get a bus to Guimarães (you can try this in the cities within about 50km). You may make a lot of stops during the trip, but it's a way to better get to know the North.

Get around

City View from Penha

In Guimarães, you have a bus that let you do a travel through the city centre. But, as you don't have a big city centre, probably, you will prefer to walk by foot, and enjoy the harmony of this medieval city. If you usually purchase a long time ticket in other cities, to travel, here you may not afford it. But, if you want to travel by bus, the tickets price are about 1,25€.

To go to Penha Mountain the best solution is getting the Elevators - "Teleférico da Penha" - and climb up. If you prefer to have a walk through the mountain it's very safe, and you have nice roads to go up, but it will take about 30 minutes.

Renting a car can be a very nice solution, because, in a small city there is not many traffic jams, and if you want to stay in a place "far" from the centre, it can be a wonderful transport. It's not so expensive to rent a car. But, if you want to feel the city, you can make longer trips, because the city centre has a lot of small medieval streets, that you can only enjoy walking.

See

Praça da oliveira(Oilve Square)
Dukes of Braganza Palace, by Portuguese_eyes
Palace in bottom of the image, and the mountain (church) in the top


  • Guimarães Castle, located in the very centre of the city, this castle have been constructed in the X Century, ordered by Mumadona Dias, with the purpose to defend the city from the Muslims. The first name of the Castle was "São Mamede Castle", name given by Mumadona. The first king, Afonso Henriques, lived in this Castle, and started conquering Portugal from the Muslims from this place. Very well kept, the castle is of the greatest historical symbols in Portugal. It has been classified by UNESCO, as World Heritage.


  • Dukes of Braganza Palace (in Portuguese - Paço dos Duques de Bragança) was probably built between 1420 and 1422, for Afonso, Count of Barcelos - bastard son of king John I of Portugal and future Duke of Bragança. Today, the Palace of the dukes is classified as a National Monument - 1910 - and has in its structure, a museum and the main façade in the 2nd floor is destined to the Official Residence for the Presidency of the Republic.


  • Penha Mountain, is the only mountain in Guimarães, when you can have a wonderful view over the city. You can go there through an elevator, where you can taste a little more of the mountain spirit, and at the same time get different views of the city.


  • Largo da Oliveira (Olive Square), one of the most beautiful places in the city, where you can really feel the ancient times. It's a good place to sit, and have a drink, and look at old construction and typical houses. Here you have Igreja da Oliveira (Olive Church) and the Padrão do Salado(in the photo, at Praça da Oliveira).

Do

Learn

Work

Buy

Eat

Budget

Mid-range

Splurge

Drink

Sleep

Budget

  • Hotel Ibis Guimarães, Avenida Conde Margaride 12 Creixomil, (+351)253 424 900, [1].

Mid-range

Splurge

Contact

Stay safe

Cope

Get out

Baga,Amarante.

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