Difference between revisions of "Grahamstown"
Revision as of 08:45, 26 November 2012
Grahamstown is located within the Cacadu District of the Eastern Cape of South Africa.
Grahamstown is known as The City of Saints, owing to it having more than 40 churches, and as Africa's Festival Capital since six national events are celebrated here each year.
Frontier Country is a vibrant mix of all the best of Africa - where many intense battles were fought & many famous warriors are remembered. True country hospitality reigns in this area with its world class game lodges, hotels & guest houses. The delightful towns of Alicedale and Riebeeck East are also situated in the area and are fast gaining local and international popularity for their lingering history and the many prestigious game reserves that surround them.
This charming and picturesque small city is well worth a visit. It has maintained its old-time demeanour, and has many examples of buildings in the Victorian, Colonial and Gothic Revivalist styles.
There are two airports located in close proximity to Grahamstown. The closest is the Port Elizabeth airport which is 114km from Grahamstown. The East London airport is 123km away. There are regular flights from Johannesburg, Cape Town, Durban and other South African destinations to the airports in Port Elizabeth and East London.
Grahamstown lies just off the N2 highway between Port Elizabeth to the west and East London to the east. From Port Alfred in the south follow the R67 north through Bathurst. From the north a number of different routes converge on Grahamstown. Grahamstown is easily accessible by motorways from Cape Town (887km), Durban (671km), and East London (152km). You could also drive in from Johannesburg (950km). The road conditions are fairly good if you are coming from any of these cities.
The station is on Ayliff street (right in town). However there is no longer a train between Grahamstown and Alicedale, inland to the west.
For several years there has been talk of reviving the disused rail link between Grahamstown and Port Alfred, but this project is still very far from completion.
Several companies, including Greyhound and Intercape, run long distance buses between Cape Town and Port Elizabeth, which stop off at Grahamstown along the way. As of 2007, they all appeared to leave Cape Town in the evening, which means you'll arrive at Grahamstown very early in the morning (and probably won't have had an awful lot of sleep along the way! If you choose to travel like this, remember to take some toilet roll as the bus ran out pretty quickly).
Albany Museum Complex. The original Albany Museum was established in 1855 by the Grahamstown medical-Chirurgical Society. The Museum today consists of a family of seven buildings which includes the Natural Sciences Museum, the History Museum, the Observatory Museum, Fort Selwyn, the Old Provost military prison, Drostdy Arch and the Old Priest’s House.
Cory Library for Historical Research. The Cory Library at Rhodes University collects material of all kinds to support research into the history of Southern African and related fields in the social sciences.
Eastern Star Gallery, ☎ +27 (0)46 622-7042. The Eastern Star gallery takes its name from a newspaper established in Grahamstown in 1871 which was the forerunner of the Argus Company’s famous present-day daily, The Star of Johannesburg.
Fraser's Camp Adventures. Fraser’s Camp offers adrenalin-fuelled teambuilding or family adventures with 6 ziplines that range between 135 & 240 m long. The facility is located 38 km from Grahamstown and also offers accommodation on request.
History Museum, ☎ +27 (0)46 622-2312. Established in 1965. The History Museum houses an important collection of historical artefacts as well as a genealogical archive relating to the 1820 British Settlers. The Fine Art collection is also housed in the History Museum, along with important scientific and historical libraries.
International Library of African Music, ☎ +27 (0)46 603-8557. Established in 1954. The ILAM houses the largest archive of African music in sub Saharan Africa (follow ILAM signs from the gate opposite Rhodes University Theatre)
The 1820 Settlers National Monument, ☎ +27 (0)46 603-1100. The Monument was built to commemorate the contributions made by English-speaking Settlers to South Africa. Since its opening on 13 July 1974, this superbly equipped building has been a centre of creative thought and activity.
Makana Botanical Gardens, ☎ +27 (0)46 603 8240. This is the second oldest Botanical garden in South Africa and is home to a number of interesting exotic species of plants representing its European history and is now also home to many local species. Over 160 species of birds has been identified in these gardens. The ghost of Lady Juana Smith is reputed to still wander in the gardens she loved so much.
National English Literary Museum, ☎ +27 (0) 46 622-7042. Established in 1974. This museum is dedicated to preserving the contribution of South African writers to English Literature.
South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity, Somerset St., ☎ +27 (0)46 603-5800, . Established 1946, the South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity is the leading centre for the study of fishes in southern Africa. The displays are a source of endless fascination.
The Provost Prison, ☎ +27 (0)46 622-2312. In 1835, after the Sixth Frontier War, the Governor of the Cape, Sir Benjamin D’Urban, ordered the building of a fortified barracks and military prison on the Drostdy grounds. The Provost Prison, a Jeremy Bentham design called a ‘panopticon’, was completed in 1838. The first and only prisoners it ever housed were mutineers from Frazer’s Camp., who later suffered the most elaborate execution ever staged in South Africa.
Towns close by
Alicedale - This charming Victorian-styled town, situated 65km outside of Grahamstown, used to be the core railway junction in South Africa before the mid 1990’s. Whilst in Alicedale, do not miss out on a trip to the Mohair Museum, a round of golf at the Gary Player-designed 18- hole golf course and lunch at the 4 star Bushman Sands Hotel. A visit to the Bushman Caves, unscathed rock art and safari experiences in game reserves in the area are also recommended.
A visit to Alicedale includes a Cultural Xhosa Village, a rural township experience, the possibility of a donkey cart ride, olive groves, light lunches at the beautifully refurbished historical Railway Station, untouched Bushman Cave and Rock Art. Not to forget the superb Golf Course at Bushman Sands and Leisure Centre where the ladies can pamper themselves in luxury and comfort. Also not to be missed is the Weaving Museum, which is part of the oldest Mohair Factory in South Africa. Abafazi Crafts and Designs is a delightful outlet for beautiful local bead and basket work. An internationally renowned Interior Decor and Designer furniture outlet is also worth a visit. Tel: +27 (0) 42 231 1247
Frasers Camp - Located near an old lookout tower and near the other settlement of The Coombs, this little settlement is located amongst grassy hills and is an excellent base from which to explore the Fish River and Kap River valleys.
Riebeek-East - This town lies in the vicinity of the archaeological sites showing cultural activity that predates many claims world-wide, contributing to its status as the cradle of human kind. This typical “platteland dorp” was built around the magnificent Dutch Reformed Church and is surrounded by farms and game reserves.
Salem - This historic village, located on the road to Kendon-on-Sea, was founded by early British settlers. The village boasts two Methodist Churches which were erected in 1832 and 1848 which overlook the village green where many a game of cricket has been played over hundreds of years. The village is famous for an event that took place in the Frontier Wars where a resident, Richard Gush, chose to successfully parley with an amaXhosa force that was preparing to attack the village rather than fight.
Seven Fountains - This village, located off the N2 about 30 kms from Grahamstown possesses a splendid Methodist Church. Founded originally by Irish settlers in 1820 they named their little settlement after the number of springs in the area.
Sidbury - A small village set out by Richard Daniel in the early 1830’s along the lines of an English country Village with Daniel’s house, Sidbury Park, being set a little way from the village. Sidbury boasts two splendid churches, with a number of war graves in the church graveyards.
The Grahamstown area is outstanding for outdoor activities such as fishing, golf, hiking, mountain biking, rock climbing and skydiving. For the nature lover there are plenty of world class game lodges, private game reserves and a wealth of plant and bird life to discover. Annual events include the National Arts Festival in Grahamstown, the biggest festival of its kind in Africa, and third biggest in the world, during June/July, the annual National SciFest in March, the Freedom Festival in April, The Eastern Cape Eisteddfod in May and the National Schools festival in July.
Most of the private game reserve’s in the area are home to Africa’s Big 5 namely the elephant, rhino, buffalo, lion and leopard. The reserves are all malaria-free and situated between 20 and 60km outside Grahamstown. There are many accommodation options in the area that cater for everyone’s needs, from luxury accommodation, to self catering chalets and perfectly neat camping terrains. You can choose one that compliments your ideal African experience. The area also boasts more than five eco-systems, thus enabling the support of many forms of plant, animal and bird life. Go on a sunset game drive, an escorted bush walk or a night drive and let the spectacular valleys, amazing rivers and abundant wildlife inspire you.
Within a 20km radius of the city there are over 400 acres of water containing small- and large-mouth bass, barbel, carp, mullet, yellowtail and trout.
Situated in the middle of a region where four geographical zones meet, Grahamstown is a bird-watchers paradise.
The Grahamstown area is a golfer’s paradise, with the Grahamstown Golf Course, and the Gary Player designed Bushman Sands Golf Course in close proximity.
National Arts Festival, PO Box 304 Grahamstown 6140 ([email protected]), ☎ +27 (0)46 603-1103, . Every year in June/July this festival stages 500-plus productions and exhibitions - predominantly theatre, dance, comedy and music. It is the world's third biggest arts festival, selling 180 000 tickets in 2010.
National Festival of Science, Engineering and Technology, 1820 Settlers Monument (Fort Selwyn Drive), ☎ +27 (0)46 603-1106, . This comprises SciFest Africa (formerly Sasol Scifest), SciFest-on-the-Road, National Science Week, Mall Shows, Deep Rural Programme and International Partnerships.SciFest Africa is South Africa's national science festival held annually in late March or early April in Grahamstown. It features over 550 events. Attendance now exceeds 58 000 visitors - it's a great way to get your children interested in Sience, Maths, Engineering and Technology.
Mountain Biking, ☎ +27 (0)46 622-8398. The Eastern Cape is a wonderful place and Radway Green’s well planned routes will take you through the Valley Bushveld with spectacular scenery and birds and game in abundance.
Rock Climbing, ☎ +27 (0)46 622-4517. Grahamstown has been identified as one of the best venues for rockclimbing and bouldering in South Africa, due to its wide variety of easily-accessible routes and crags and the quality of available climbs.
Skydiving, ☎ +27 (0)46 636-2486. The Eastern Province Skydivers Club is situated in Grahamstown. Jumping takes place every weekend. Beginners are welcome.
For contact details for food and groceries, vehicles, home services, liquor, medical practitioners, nurseries & garden services, pharmacy, professional, cleaning, legal services, photography, security, timber decks, housing, health and beauty call the local or international telephone directory.
Local telephone directory: 1023 International telephone directory: 10903
Ambulance: +27 (0)46 622-5664 (10177)
Fire Station: +27 (0)46 603-6000
Police: +27 (0)46 603-9111 (10111)
Hospital: +27 (0)46 622 2215 (10177)