Difference between revisions of "Görlitz"
Revision as of 17:58, 7 April 2015
Görlitz  is Germany's easternmost town, situated across the Neisse River from its Polish sister city of Zgorzelec. It is very well preserved and survived the Second World War more or less intact. A lot of money was invested in the 1990's to restore the city's old town. It is located on the rail and autobahn routes from Dresden to Wroclaw, Poland.
The closest airport is in Dresden; however, the connections are limited. Other international airports are in Leipzig, Berlin and Wroclaw (Poland). From these cities you have to calculate around three to four hours on a train.
From the west
The city of Dresden is a hub in train transport in eastern Saxony. Regional trains run frequently and take around one hour.
From the north
Görlitz can be accessed by regional train from Cottbus, which has a connection to Berlin.
From the east
There are several connections daily from Görlitz and more frequent connections from the Polish twin city Zgorzelec to Wroclaw.
From the South
There is a regional line connecting Görlitz and Zittau at the Czech/Polish/German border, sometimes this train also connects to Liberec in the Czech Republic.
Görlitz is situated on the European Route E40, which in Germany is called motorway A4, coming from Cologne via Chemnitz and Dresden. This motorway connects to Wroclaw and Katowice on the Polish side of the border.
from the North
Görlitz can be accessed via federal highway (Bundesstrasse) B115 from Cottbus, which connects to Berlin. However, passing through many small villages you have to factor in a substantial amount of time.
You are most likely to stay in the old town and city centre for most of your stay. These areas are sufficiently confined and you should be fine walking.
Currently there are two tram-lines in operation which connect the suburbs with the city centre. The outer regions of the suburbs are about 5..6km from the city centre. A tram ride there takes about 15min. Single fare for adults is 1.40 EUR, a day ticket is 3 EUR (as per 2014). Remember to validate your ticket as soon as you board the tram.
Görlitz is part of the regional transport council ZVON. All ZVON tickets from other cities and regional trains, which cover the fare zone of Görlitz are valid there too as well as the Saxony-ticket.
Suburbs that are not covered by trams can be reached on local busses. The tickets you buy for trams are equally valid on busses. Remember to validate your ticket as soon as you board the bus.
Görlitz, being the largest city in Germany without any WWII- damages, shows a unique ensemble of a medieval, baroque and renaissance old town, surrounded by by a c19-belt of tenements, villas and industry areas, which stretches across the Neisse to the former East Görlitz, now Zgorzelec. Only the far outskirts are new buildings.
After german unification most of the buildings were renovated. This makes Görlitz a unique heritage city with several thousands of listed buildings. Simply stroll around the town and enjoy the atmosphere.
You will find a number of very nice restaurants in the old town. Compared to bigger cities like Dresden or Berlin, eating out in Görlitz is rather cheap. The cuisine served, is mostly the local Saxonian or Silesian cuisine, which traditionally involves meat, gravy and potatoes. Try a certain Silesian dish called, 'Silesian Kingdom of Heaven' ('Schlesisches Himmelreich'), it is a dish of pork cooked in plum gravy. Here is a number of nice restaurants in the old town:
Germany is best known for its amazing beer heritage and the area of Görlitz and eastern Saxony is no exception. There is a local brewery in Görlitz, called the Landskron Brauerei, and in about 20km distance is another local brewery, called Eibau.
The main product of the Landskron Brewery is a Pilsner type beer. Pilsner type beers can be compared to what is known as Lager outside of Germany, however, this type is stronger and has a more distinctive taste of hops. The brewery also produces seasonal beers, for example "Maibock", a beer that is only sold in Spring and stronger than normal Pilsner type beers. Other Pilsner type beers well known in the area are Radeberger beer or Freiberger beer, which are from breweries close to Dresden.
The Eibau brewery some 20km from Görlitz is best known for its dark beer. Dark beers are different from the Pilsner type beers, because the brewery uses roasted malt which gives the beer a deeply dark colour and a distinctive taste.
An other dark beer well known in the area is from a brewery called Köstritzer brewery, which is located in Thuringia, some 400km west of Görlitz.
The city is home to a nice historic youth hostel.