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French Southern and Antarctic Lands

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Island nations : Islands of the Southern Ocean : French Southern and Antarctic Lands
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French Southern and Antarctic Lands

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Port aux Français
French Southern and Antarctic Lands in its region.svg
Flag of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands.svg
Quick Facts
Capital administered from Paris
Government overseas territory of France
Currency Euro (EUR)
Area 7,829 sq km
Population No permanent habitation - up to 145 researchers
Internet TLD .tf
Time Zone UTC +5

French Southern and Antarctic Lands are a group of islands of the Southern Ocean, about equidistant between Africa, Antarctica, and Australia. (They also include a small strip of Antarctica itself).


  • Iles Crozet
  • Iles Kerguelen
  • Ile Amsterdam
  • Ile Saint-Paul


The Southern Lands consist of two near-polar archipelagos, Iles Crozet and Iles Kerguelen, and two volcanic islands, Ile Amsterdam and Ile Saint-Paul. They have no permanent inhabitants and are visited only by researchers studying the native fauna. The "Antarctic Lands" portion consists of Adelie Land, a thin slice of the Antarctic continent discovered and claimed by the French in 1840, and set aside by the Antarctic Treaty.

Get in

By plane

There are 4 airports in French Southern and Antarctic Lands. One each on Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island, and Tromelin Island in the Iles Eparses district. Commercial flight is not available to any of these. Flights are arranged for scientests and researchers.

By boat

There are no harbors in these islands. The Marion Dufresne, an oceanographic ship, travels four times a year from Reunion to these isles.


Economic activity is limited to servicing meteorological and geophysical research stations and French and other fishing fleets. The fish catches landed on Iles Kerguelen by foreign ships are exported to France and Reunion.


There is no public accommodation in these islands.

Stay safe

Ile Amsterdam and Ile Saint-Paul are extinct volcanoes.

Stay healthy

All of these islands have harsh environments, especially in the austral winter. a small hospital exists in Port aux Francaises, Kerguelen.

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