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Edmonton [http://www.edmonton.ca] is the capital city of [[Alberta]] and home to much of that province's industry.  It is well known as the cultural centre of Alberta, and has been nicknamed Festival City of Canada. Events and attractions like The Edmonton Fringe Festival (North America's Largest), West Edmonton Mall (North America's Largest Shopping and Entertainment Centre) and Fort Edmonton Park make Edmonton the largest tourist destination in the province of Alberta.  
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{{pagebanner|Edmonton_Folk_Music_Festival_3.jpg }}
  
Edmonton is a northern North American city with a metro population of over 1,040,000 (2006), and one of the largest northern cities in the world. Its location makes for long winters, but the compensating rewards include sunny, comfortable summers with daylight and dusk stretching as late as 11 pm in June and July.  
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{{printDistricts}}
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[[Image:Taste_of_Edmonton_Festival_and_Art_Gallery_of_Alberta.jpg|thumb|Taste of Edmonton and the Art Gallery of Alberta.]]
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'''Edmonton''' [http://www.edmonton.ca] is the capital city of [[Alberta]], [[Canada]] and has a [[Edmonton Capital Region|metro area]] of 1,447,143 people.[https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/200213/t001a-eng.htm] Edmonton is famous for its beautiful river valley park system, the North Saskatchewan River Valley, which offers over 100 kilometers of recreational trails, wildlife viewing, and city views. The river valley also contains many parks, including Fort Edmonton Park, Canada's largest historical park. If the great outdoors is not your target, the city also offers West Edmonton Mall, the largest shopping mall in the Western Hemisphere. On top of that, Edmonton has a vibrant theater community, a busy cycle of annual festivals, national sports teams active year-round, and wonderful winter recreational opportunities.
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 +
==Districts==
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 +
{{Regionlist
 +
 
 +
| regionmap=Edm district map.png
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| regionmaptext=City of Edmonton (click to enlarge).
 +
| regionmapsize=350px
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 +
| region1name=[[Edmonton/Central|Central]]
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| region1color=#e7b45f
 +
| region1items=
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| region1description=This is Edmonton's oldest area.  Shiny office towers populate the downtown core, just blocks away from well-treed streets and lovely old homes.  This is the heart of the city, with much of the city's attractions.  Enjoy world class festivals in Churchill Square, hit one of the sunny patios on Rice Howard Way, then shop for some Italian food in Little Italy, and finish the day off walking through the beautiful homes of Glenora.
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| region2name=[[Edmonton/South Central|South Central]]
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| region2color=#d56d76
 +
| region2items=
 +
| region2description= Once the community of Strathcona, this in another well-established area. It's just south of the river, with views of downtown and the river valley. It is home to the University of Alberta, bringing a college community's youthfulness and excitement. The city's hottest strip, Whyte Avenue, offers dining, drinking, live music, live theater, and funky shopping.
 +
| region3name=[[Edmonton/West End|West End]]
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| region3color=#848bd1
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| region3items=
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| region3description= The west end combines a considerable residential area, light industrial and commercial areas, and shopping destinations like the famous West Edmonton Mall.
 +
 
 +
| region4name=[[Edmonton/South|South]]
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| region4color=#79d571
 +
| region4items=
 +
| region4description= Another sprawling region of Edmonton.  The area just recently got Light Rail Transit, and the eastern parts around Capilano and Ottewell are 50s styled mature neighbourhoods.  The area is home to the Fort Edmonton Park as well as Southgate Mall and some beautiful parks in the river valley.
 +
 
 +
| region5name=[[Edmonton/North|North]]
 +
| region5color=#e89dc9
 +
| region5items=
 +
| region5description=This area of the city has many layers.  Mature, pre WWII neighbourhoods like Delton and the Highlands, somewhat mature 1950s/1960s neighbourhoods like Rosslyn and Calder, 80s suburbs like Clareview, and modern suburbs like Castle Downs.
 +
}}
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 +
In addition, Greater Edmonton also features several large communities outside Edmonton's city limits:
 +
* '''St. Albert''' on the northwest is a French-themed community with a popular city farmers market.
 +
* '''Sherwood Park''' on the southeast is a suburban area that despite having a population approaching 90,000 still retains its status as a hamlet, making it the largest such community in Canada.
 +
* '''Fort Saskatchewan''' on the northeast.
 +
* '''Leduc''' and '''Beaumont''' are bedroom communities a few kilometers south of Edmonton; Leduc, a city in its own right, is located next to the Edmonton International Airport.
 +
* '''Spruce Grove''' and '''Stony Plain''' are bedroom communities just west of Edmonton, accessible via the Yellowhead Highway.
 +
* '''CFB Edmonton'''. Also known as the "Superbase", this is one of Canada's largest military reservations; it is located immediately north of Edmonton off Highway 28 (97 Street).
  
 
==Understand==
 
==Understand==
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 +
===History===
 +
 +
The area around Edmonton, which sits in the geographic centre of the province, was home to native populations for thousands of years before the arrival of European settlers.  In 1795, Edmonton House was constructed and work on Fort Edmonton began.  The original site was near Fort Saskatchewan, but was relocated near the present day Legislature in 1830.
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 +
The town developed around the fur trade, and in the early days there was little to distinguish it from other such settlements in the area. The first hotel and hospital were built in the 1870s.  The latter part of the century saw an influx of wealthy families, and in 1892 the Town of Edmonton was officially founded.
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 +
Early developments were centered around the Quarters area. In 1905, Edmonton was declared the capital of the province of [[Alberta]], and a year later  was designated a city.  The 1907-1914 period saw the city experience an unprecedented boom, with the population rising from around 6,000 to 78,000. During this period, the University of Alberta was founded
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 +
In 1947 oil was discovered just outside of Edmonton in Leduc county, which spurred a second period of growth, leading to urban sprawl and the development of US-style malls. The Royal Alberta Museum opened in 1967.
 +
 +
The utilitarian office buildings and condos that dominate that downtown landscape today were mostly constructed in the 1970s.
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 +
Today, Edmonton is the hub for energy development & petrochemicals for Alberta.  As well, it has become a centre of excellence in research through the University of Alberta and the high technology industries located in the region like the National Institute for Nanotechnology.
 +
 
===Climate===
 
===Climate===
Edmonton's climate is described as continental year-round, with a wide range of weather in all four distinct seasons. The city is located at the same latitude as Hamburg, Germany and Liverpool, England, and experiences similarly warm summer days and cooler nights. In total Edmonton receives 2,289 hours of sunshine per year, making it one of Canada's sunniest cities. Rainfall is low to moderate, and you can experience entire weeks without clouds or precipitation through the spring and summer.
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{{Climate
 +
| units = Metric
 +
| janhigh = -7.3
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| febhigh = -3.6
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| marhigh = 2.1
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| aprhigh = 11.3
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| mayhigh = 17.6
 +
| junhigh = 21
 +
| julhigh = 22.8
 +
| aughigh = 22.1
 +
| sephigh = 16.8
 +
| octhigh = 10.9
 +
| novhigh = 0
 +
| dechigh = -5.4
 +
| janlow = -16
 +
| feblow = -13.1
 +
| marlow = -7.3
 +
| aprlow = -0.3
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| maylow = 5.7
 +
| junlow = 10
 +
| jullow = 12.1
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| auglow = 11.1
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| seplow = 5.8
 +
| octlow = 0.3
 +
| novlow = -8.2
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| declow = -13.9
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| janprecip = 23
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| febprecip = 15
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| marprecip = 17
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| aprprecip = 26
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| mayprecip = 49
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| junprecip = 87
 +
| julprecip = 92
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| augprecip = 69
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| sepprecip = 44
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| octprecip = 18
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| novprecip = 18
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| decprecip = 21
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| description = See the Edmonton 7 day forecast at [http://www.weatheroffice.gc.ca/city/pages/ab-50_metric_e.html Environment Canada]
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}}
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[[Image:Rogers Place Arena.jpg|thumb|right|325px|Rogers Place arena.]]
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{{infobox|''Must-have''s for winter in Edmonton|Between November and March, pack the following:
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*'''Thick jacket'''
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*'''Sweaters'''
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*'''Long sleeve shirts'''
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*'''Trousers, jeans, pants'''
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On the colder days you need to maintain your core temperature, but your extremities will be where you feel the cold first.  Bring the following:
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*'''Toque''' (knit hat)
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*'''Ear Muffs'''
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*'''Scarf'''
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*'''Woolen Socks'''
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*'''Boots'''
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*'''Gloves, Mittens'''
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}}
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If you want to spend time outdoors, the summer months offer the most opportunities for recreation and entertainment. In the summer, Edmonton offers great outdoor festivals, street entertainment, open-air concerts, and many other world-class entertainment opportunities. Winter is equally exciting, with snow sports for the outdoorsy, extensive indoors shopping in the many malls, and live sports, theater, and music throughout the city.
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Edmonton's climate is "northern continental", with a wide range of weather over all four distinct seasons. Edmonton receives 2,300 hours of sunshine per year, making it one of Canada's sunniest cities. Rainfall is low to moderate, and entire weeks can pass without clouds or precipitation through the late spring and summer.
  
Bright green foliage appearing in May signals spring. As the climate awakens from a winter slumber, cold snaps and the occasional snowfall can still occur. The region's golf courses are generally open by this time, and other summer sports like soccer and softball begin to operate in the city's public sports facilities.
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Bright green foliage appears in May, signaling spring. Even as the city shakes off its winter chill, cold snaps and the occasional snowfall can still occur. The region's golf courses are generally open by this time.
  
Summer days generally bring temperatures up to 21-25°C (70-77°F) in June, July, and August, but you may see temperatures over 30°C (85°F) a few days each summer. Thunderstorms sweep in from time to time during the summer months, usually in the evening. Humidity is relatively low, making warm days much more comfortable than they are in humid climates. At the height of summer, Edmonton enjoys more than 17 hours of daylight, with twilight extending past 2300hrs in June and July.  
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Summer days generally bring temperatures up to 21-25°C (70-77°F) in June, July, and August, though temperatures will often rise over 30°C (85°F) for a few days. Thunderstorms sweep in from time to time during the summer months, usually in the evening. Humidity is relatively low, so warm days are more comfortable than they are in humid climates. At the height of summer, Edmonton enjoys more than 17 hours of daylight, with twilight extending past 11PM in June and July.
  
Fall starts in mid September and is highlighted by bright yellow and orange foliage in Edmonton's extensive river valley parks. This season ushers in cooler temperatures ranging between 10-20°C during the day. Many tourists visit Edmonton and region for fall celebrations. For some, Edmonton acts as the gateway to the fall hunting season.
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Fall starts in mid September, bringing bright yellow and orange foliage to Edmonton's treed neighborhoods and river valley parks. This season ushers in cooler temperatures ranging between 10-20°C during the day.  
  
Edmonton winters are not as harsh as those further east on the Canadian Prairies. Periods of mild temperatures with daytime highs over 0°C (32°F) can occur. Such mild weather makes outdoor winter sports extremely popular with the locals. Stop by a local outdoor ice rink to catch the fever of children and adults alike taking part in community hockey. Colder days in Edmonton are kept reasonably comfortable by the low humidity index, but it's wise to have some lip balm and hand cream with you, as the skin and lips can get cracked and chapped quickly in this dry environment.  
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Winters are long, but not as harsh as those further east on the Canadian Prairies. Periods of mild temperatures with daytime highs over 0°C (32°F) can occur. Such mild weather makes outdoor winter sports extremely popular with the locals. Stop by a local outdoor ice rink to catch the fever of children and adults alike taking part in community hockey. Colder days in Edmonton are kept reasonably comfortable by the low humidity index, but it's wise to have some lip balm and hand cream with you, as the skin and lips can get cracked and chapped quickly in this dry environment.  
  
Edmonton gets much less snowfall than many other Canadian cities and even American cities further south. Usually it's the cold rather than the snow one has to worry about, as high wind chills may become very unpleasant and cold snaps with temperatures down to -40°C/F can occur (but usually do not last more than 2-4 days). Extremely cold temperatures are usually accompanied by the crisp blue skies and bright sunshine of a high-pressure zone.
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Winter walking and driving are not often affected. Cold snaps with temperatures down to and beyond -30°C (-22F) can occur during the winter, although it's unusual for these frigid spells to last more than 1 or 2 days. Extremely cold temperatures are usually accompanied by the crisp blue skies and bright sunshine of a prairie high-pressure zone. Even regular winter temperatures can feel very cold if there is a noticeable wind: if you are visiting between December and March, be prepared.
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===Tourist Centres===
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* <see name="Downtown Business Association of Edmonton" alt="" address="10121 Jasper Avenue" directions="Located on the west side of the Royal Bank building" phone="780-424-4085" url="http://www.edmontondowntown.com" hours="8:30AM-5PM M-F, closed weekends and statutory holidays" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">Every year, the Downtown Business Association publishes Guide to Downtown - a free, pocket-sized resource for everything happening downtown all year round. Download it online, email [email protected] for a copy, or pick it up in person at the DBA office or either of Edmonton Tourism's two visitor information centres.</see>
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* <see name="Edmonton Tourism - Downtown Visitor Information Centre" alt="" address="World Trade Centre, 9990 Jasper Avenue" directions="Corner of Jasper Avenue and 100 Street" phone="1-800-463-4667" url="http://www.edmonton.com/for-visitors.aspx" hours="7AM - 7PM, M-F; Closed weekends" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">Located on the main floor of the historic World Trade Centre building.</see>
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* <see name="Edmonton Tourism - Gateway Park Visitor Information Centre" alt="" address="2404 Gateway Boulevard" directions="South entrance to the city on Highway 2" phone="1-800-463-4667" url="http://www.edmonton.com/for-visitors.aspx" hours="Open year round. 8:30AM - 4:30PM M-F; 9AM - 5PM Sa; Closed Su" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">Excellent for recreational vehicle (RV) owners and visitors coming in to Edmonton from the south.  Not convenient for unless driving.</see>
  
 
==Get in==
 
==Get in==
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===By plane===
 
===By plane===
  
By far, the fastest and most comfortable way to get to Edmonton from outside [[Alberta]] is by flying. Most major airlines service Edmonton. General travel times to Edmonton are 45 minutes from Calgary, 1 1/2 hours from Vancouver, and 4 hours from [[Toronto]]. Edmonton's main Airport is the hub to Northern Canada. To Europe, Edmonton has daily service to [[London]] on Air Canada. To the United States, Edmonton has scheduled departures to 10 United States airports:
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Most major airlines service Edmonton. General travel times to Edmonton are 45 minutes from [[Calgary]], 1 1/2 hours from [[Vancouver]], 4 1/2 hours from [[Montreal]], and 4 hours from [[Toronto]]. Edmonton's main airport is western Canada's hub to the Northwest Territories.
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* '''Edmonton International Airport''' ({{IATA|YEG}}), [http://www.edmontonairports.com]. Edmonton International is located 10 km south of Edmonton in Leduc County. Edmonton International Airport is the fastest growing large airport in Canada-with new parkades, services, terminals, planes, hotels, and shops popping up.  It has two terminals, with a central hall that is the security point for all domestic and international traffic (excluding travel to the US, which uses the South Terminal). Public transit (route 747) begins April 29, 2012. The bus will run every 30 minutes from the airport to Century Park LRT station. Fares will cost $5 one-way, no change will be given and there is nowhere to purchase a ticket. [http://www.flyeia.com/ground-transportation/eia-express-route-747.aspx]. An '''airport shuttle''' travels between the airport and downtown at an affordable cost ($15 one way; $25 return). Taxi service is also available, but can be costly (around $60 to or from downtown as of 2006). The drive between Edmonton International airport and downtown takes about half an hour. Allow extra time during the morning and afternoon rush hours. Car rental companies are located in the parkade directly across for the terminal for easy pick-up and returns.
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:*'''WestJet''', [http://www.westjet.com].  Canada's main discount airline services most western cities out of Edmonton, as well as most major Canadian centers.
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:*'''Air Canada''', [http://www.aircanada.ca]. The national carrier uses Edmonton International as a gateway to the Canadian North.
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To Europe, Edmonton has daily service to [[Amsterdam]] on KLM and [[Reykjavik]] on Icelandair. To the United States, Edmonton has scheduled departures to 11 United States airports:
 
[[Seattle]],
 
[[Seattle]],
 
[[San Francisco]],
 
[[San Francisco]],
 
[[Los Angeles]],
 
[[Los Angeles]],
 
[[Palm Springs]],
 
[[Palm Springs]],
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[[Maui]],
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[[Orlando]],
 
[[Phoenix]],
 
[[Phoenix]],
 
[[Las Vegas]],
 
[[Las Vegas]],
[[Salt Lake City]],
 
 
[[Denver]],
 
[[Denver]],
[[Minneapolis]],
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[[Dallas]],
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[[Houston]],
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[[New York]] via [[Newark Liberty International Airport]],
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[[Minneapolis]], and
 
[[Chicago]].
 
[[Chicago]].
  
 
Edmonton International Airport has seasonal charter service to/from:
 
Edmonton International Airport has seasonal charter service to/from:
[[Amsterdam]],
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[[Frankfurt]],
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[[Acapulco]],
[[London]],
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[[Bahias de Huatulco]],
[[Mexico City]],
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[[Cozumel]],
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[[Holguin]],
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[[La Romana]],
 
[[Las Vegas]],
 
[[Las Vegas]],
 
[[Laughlin]],
 
[[Laughlin]],
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[[Liberia]],
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[[Manzanillo]],
 
[[Mazatlan]],
 
[[Mazatlan]],
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[[Montego Bay]],
 
[[Puerto Vallarta]],
 
[[Puerto Vallarta]],
 
[[Varadero]],
 
[[Varadero]],
 
[[Cancun]],
 
[[Cancun]],
 
[[Punta Cana]],
 
[[Punta Cana]],
[[Puerto Plata]].
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[[Puerto Plata]],
 
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[[Samana]], and
* '''Edmonton International Airport''', [http://www.edmontonairports.com]. Edmonton International is located south of Edmonton in Leduc County. It has two terminals, with a central hall that is the security point for all domestic and international traffic (excluding travel to the US, which uses the South Terminal). Transportation to and from the airport will need to be arranged as there is no public transportation available to the airport. There is an '''airport shuttle''' available at an affordable cost ($15 one way; $25 return). Taxi service is also available, but can be costly (around $40 to or from downtown as of 2006). The drive between Edmonton International airport and downtown is about half an hour, using the Queen Elizabeth Hwy 2. Allow extra time during the morning and afternoon rush hours. Car rental companies are located in the parkade directly across for the terminal for easy pick-up and returns.
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[[San Jose del Cabo]].
 
 
** '''WestJet''', [http://www.westjet.com].  Canada's main discount airline services most western cities out of Edmonton, as well as most major Canadian centers.
 
 
 
** '''Air Canada''',  [http://www.aircanada.ca].  The national carrier uses Edmonton International as a gateway to the Canadian North.
 
  
 
===By car===
 
===By car===
  
Edmonton is 3 hours north of [[Calgary]] on the Queen Elizabeth II highway (formerly Highway 2), and 3 1/2 hours east of [[Jasper]] on highway 16.  
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Edmonton is in Central Alberta east of the Canadian Rockies, with a deep river valley extending from the southwest to the northeast. Known as Gateway to the North, Edmonton is the largest city on the Yellowhead branch (Alberta Highway 16) of the Trans-Canada Highway system. Edmonton is 3 hours north of [[Calgary]] on the divided Queen Elizabeth II Highway (formerly Highway 2) and 3.5 hours east of [[Jasper]] on Highway 16.  
  
From Vancouver, take the Trans-Canada (Highway 1) east to Hope, then the #5 (Coquihalla Highway) from Hope to the Yellowhead (Highway 16) eastbound junction just east of Tete Jaune Cache and north of Valemount. The average travel time in summer is 12-13 hours - assuming you don't plan on staying overnight along the way, which most traveling by road often do anyways. If you do choose to stay overnight along the way, there's no shortage of hotels and motels along the way.
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From Vancouver, Edmonton is best accessed using Highway 1 (the Trans-Canada) east to Hope, then Highway 5 (the Coquihalla) from Hope to the Highway 16 eastbound junction. The average travel time in summer is 12 to 13 hours. Travelers from [[Saskatoon]] will find Edmonton about 5 hours away using the Yellowhead Highway, which is divided for the entire route between the two cities.
  
It is not recommended to take this route in a personal vehicle during the winter months of October to March. Although this major trucking route is well-maintained, severe winter storms can arise suddenly, particularly on the major inclines between Hope and Kamloops in British Columbia. Even regular bad weather can produce impassable roads, and communities are few and far between north of Kamloops. If you do want to make this trip during winter, stick to days without snowfall and try to travel during daylight (roughly 8 AM to 5 PM). Please note that all these travel times are based on good driving conditions, and can vary significantly based on weather and highway conditions.
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From British Columbia, average travel time during winter (November to March) can be much longer. International travelers are advised that while this major trucking route is well-maintained, severe winter storms can arise suddenly, particularly on the major inclines between Hope and Kamloops in British Columbia. Nevertheless, travelers cognizant of road conditions will find winter trips to Edmonton generally safe. The QE II is likewise a generally reliable winter road, though it is occasionally closed at points if winter storms create dangerous road conditions; fortunately there are many towns and cities located along the route from Calgary to Edmonton where one can shelter if necessary.
  
 
===By bus===
 
===By bus===
  
'''Greyhound''' services Edmonton from all major Canadian cities. There is also a premium service between Edmonton and Calgary, Red Deer, and Fort McMurray with '''Red Arrow Motorcoach''', which feature more spacious seating (only three seats to a row) and "workstation" seats with electrical connections for business travelers and their computers.
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'''Greyhound''' buses no longer services Western Canada. There is a premium service between Edmonton and Calgary, Red Deer, and Fort McMurray with '''Red Arrow Motorcoach''' [http://www.redarrow.pwt.ca/home/index.php], which feature spacious seating (only three seats to a row) and workstation seats with electrical connections for business travelers and their computers.
  
Note for Americans: Greyhound Canada is much nicer than Greyhound USA; there are movie services, seats are more comfortable, and your fellow passengers are generally quite interesting people from very differing backgrounds. It's actually quite enjoyable.
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'''Executive Express''', [http://www.executiveexpresscanada.ca] ([email protected]) runs a daily scheduled service from Calgary to Edmonton departing Calgary in the morning and returning to Calgary in the Afternoon.  Seats sell for $129.00 one way and compartments of four seats for $299.00. The vehicle is configured in such a way as to allow groups of commuters or even single individuals who require privacy to work or hold meetings while on the road. Wireless internet amoung other ammenities is included.  Travel time is just under 3 hours.  Morning departures right now are from the Foothills Hospital, Hotel Alma ( U of C), and the Westin Hotel.  Edmonton arrivals are at the U of A, Matrix Hotel and Westin Hotel.
  
 
===By train===
 
===By train===
  
VIA Rail[http://www.viarail.ca/] provides passenger train services for Edmonton, and is linked to several major cities along the Canadian National Railroad. The VIA train station is now located a short distance from downtown. You will find it at  12360-121 Street, which is just a couple of blocks north of the Yellowhead Highway and near the northwest corner of City Centre Airport.
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'''VIA Rail''',  12360-121 Street, [http://www.viarail.ca/] provides passenger train services for Edmonton, and is linked to several major cities along the Canadian National Railroad: west to [[Vancouver]] and east to [[Saskatoon]], [[Winnipeg]], [[Toronto]], Montréal, and onwards. The VIA train station is located a short distance from downtown, near the northwest corner of City Centre Airport. The station has free wifi - ask a staff member for the passkey. 
  
VIA Rail prices are higher than train prices generally in Europe. Passenger trains arrive through Edmonton numerous times during week. Passengers experience leisurely travel through some of the most amazing scenery in the world. Though somewhat more expensive than bus travel, service on a VIA Rail train even in the lowest class is superior to any bus. You can get up and walk around the carriages, dine conveniently, and you will find plenty of legroom in the comfortable seats. If you can afford the extra cost, it is generally worthwhile to take the train rather than the bus.
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[[VIA Rail]] prices are higher than train prices generally in Europe (or even short distances by Amtrak in the States). Their passenger trains arrive through Edmonton numerous times during week. Passengers experience leisurely travel through some of the most amazing scenery in the world. Though somewhat more expensive than bus travel, service on a VIA Rail train even in the lowest class is superior to any bus. You can get up and walk around the carriages, dine conveniently, and you will find plenty of legroom in the comfortable seats. If you can afford the extra cost, it is generally worthwhile to take the train rather than the bus.
  
 
==Get around==
 
==Get around==
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[[Image:JasperEdmonton.JPG|thumb|right|334px|Jasper Avenue is at the heart of downtown Edmonton.]]
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A large part of the city, built before and during the Second World War, is laid out in a grid pattern of straight streets, which makes for easy navigation by car or foot. There are a number of bridges, including the Walterdale Bridge and High Level Bridge, going in and out of the downtown core.
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Edmonton's downtown is fairly eclectic, home to numerous Government of Alberta buildings as well as modern office towers, including the CN Tower near City Hall and the impressive, white marble-clad Bank of Montreal on 101 Street. Edmonton contains some of the most architecturally significant buildings in the province, including the crimson-coloured Citadel Theatre and the church-like spires of Grant MacEwan University.
  
===Taxi===
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===By car===
Edmonton is served by a number of Taxi services small and large.  The major ones are:
 
* '''Alberta Co-op Taxi Line Ltd'''
 
* '''Barrel Taxi'''
 
* '''Yellow Cab'''
 
* '''Capital Taxi'''
 
  
All Edmonton taxi services offer, by law, 24 hours per day, seven days a week service.  There is service also for people with special access requirements.
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Areas of Edmonton built before 1960 are on a convenient grid system. 100th Street and 100th Avenue are in the centre of the city. Increasing street numbers mean that you are travelling west. Increasing avenue numbers mean that you are travelling north. Almost all new neighborhoods are designed with more curves, cul-de-sacs, and named streets. If visiting these newer areas, a current city map or GPS is highly recommended.
  
===Public Transit===
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For better or for worse, pedestrians are provided with a high level of respect in Edmonton. Drivers from larger cities in other countries may be surprised to see that cars stop to allow pedestrians to cross even on busy roadways, regardless of their right to cross at that point. This has emboldened pedestrians, who may not look both ways to cross at an uncontrolled corner during busy times. As such, if you are driving, be wary of pedestrians standing along the side of the road. They may make a move without warning. Bicycles are also treated with an elevated level of respect so give them a wider berth than usual.
  
Edmonton hosts a safe, efficient and inexpensive public transportation system, the Edmonton Transit System [http://www.takeets.com/]. With hundreds of different bus routes, you can get nearly anywhere you need to go with minimal bus transfers, provided that you are traveling into or out of downtown during the morning or evening rush hour. Bus routes are numbered, along with the destination name (often a major bus transfer center or suburb name).
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====Highways====
  
Especially during peak hours, buses will run as frequently as every 15 minutes, otherwise the frequency will drop to once every 30 minutes and sometimes as low as once per hour (usually more the case for buses going into industrial areas and far-flung suburbs, so 30 minutes is the lowest for most bus routes even on weekends and holidays). Although many major bus routes will operate as early as 5 am to as late as 1 am, there are a number which stop running at 8-9 pm or only during peak hours (~6-9 am and 3-6 pm). And some bus routes simply do not run on Sundays. For more information or to plan your bus trip, you can call Transit Information at 496-1611 or check out the Trip Planner in the ETS's website [http://www.edmonton.ca/]. Note that the transit system in the greater metropolitan area is ''not'' unified, so if you wish to visit the suburbs be prepared for transfers and increased fares.
+
Edmonton is less congested than most cities with a population over one million. Full stoppage is rare but traffic jams can occur during rush hour near bridges and major arterial roadways.
  
Edmonton was the first North American city with a population of under 1 million to have developed a Light Rail Transit (LRT) system. It stretches as a single line from the University of Alberta Hospital on the south side of the North Saskatchewan River to the Clareview area in the Northeast section of the city. It is useful if your destination is on or near the LRT route, but otherwise stick to the buses. The LRT line is currently being expanded all the way to Southgate Mall and eventually to Century Park in the far south central area of the city, with an estimated completion date of 2010.  
+
There is an "outer" ring road known as Anthony Henday Drive. It completely circles Edmonton near the city limits, making it a convenient route for commuters and those passing through or from getting between distant destinations along the city's perimeter. There are no traffic lights on Anthony Henday Drive and access is provided almost exclusively from highway overpasses.
  
During peak hours on weekdays, the LRT trains run every 6 minutes. Outside of that and on Saturdays, it's every 10-15 minutes depending on the time of day. On Sundays and holidays, the trains run every 15 minutes throughout the day. The trains also operate generally from about 5:26 am (slightly later on Saturdays) to 1:26 am on weekdays and Saturdays. On Sundays and holidays, the LRT stops running past 12:26 am. There are no turnstiles or mechanical barriers to prevent fare evaders, but be warned: transit officers do patrol the lines, and if you fail to show proof of payment you will be hit with a $110 fine.  
+
An informal "inner" ring road is also situated within Edmonton. This consists of Whitemud Drive (south), 170th Street NW (west), Yellowhead Trail (north), and 75th Street NW/Wayne Gretzky Drive (east). These are the easiest routes through the middle parts of the city, although they can get a little congested during rush hour. Whitemud Drive has no traffic lights and the city is in the process of removing the last traffic lights from Yellowhead Trail, which should be complete by around 2024. 170th Street NW and 75th Street NW are still traffic light controlled.
  
Fares are $2.50 for adults and $2.00 for youths and seniors (as of 2007), with "special events" running you $4 for a round trip. Day passes can be bought for $7.50 regardless of age group. A pack of 10 tickets can be bought for up to $21.50 (adults) at many convenience stores, drug stores or the ETS online store.
+
The main highways into and out of Edmonton include Highway 2 to the south (Calgary Trail/Gateway Boulevard in the city), Highway 16 to the east and west (Yellowhead Trail in the city), and Highway 2 to the north (St. Albert Trail in the city).
  
===Bicycle===
+
===By taxi===
  
Edmonton has fairly good cycling routes which allow for all-year cycling, though winter cycling can be challenging for those unused to Edmonton weather. These marked routes, combined with a lack of freeways to traverse, relatively low traffic compared to other major cities, low snow or rainfall, and a fairly flat terrain, make Edmonton an easy city to travel by bicycle. The City of Edmonton provides free maps [http://www.edmonton.ca/portal/server.pt/gateway/PTARGS_0_0_288_222_0_43/http%3B/CMSServer/COEWeb/roads+and+traffic/cycling+in+the+city/where+to+ride/] of the bike routes.
+
The most prominent cab companies are:
 +
* '''Astro Taxi''', 780-467-2222 , [http://astrotaxi.ca/].
 +
* '''Barrel Taxi''', 780-489-7777, [http://www.edmtaxi.com/].
 +
* '''Capital Taxi''', 780-423-2425, [http://capitaltaxiedmonton.com/]
 +
* '''Co-op Taxi''', 780-425-2525, [http://www.co-optaxi.com/].
 +
* '''Flat Rate Cabs''', 780-469-4222, [http://www.sherwoodparkcabs.ca/].
 +
* '''Prestige Cab / Checker Cab''', 780-484-8888, [http://www.edmtaxi.com/].
 +
* '''Taxi Sherwood Park''', 780-464-1500 , [https://taxisherwoodpark.com/].
 +
* '''Yellow Cab''', 780-462-3456, [http://www.edmtaxi.com/].
  
===City Layout and Navigation===
+
All Edmonton taxi companies offer 24/7 service. From the last weekend in November to New Year's Eve on weekends, Operation Red Nose offers cab rides for drivers who have been partying and prefer not to drive themselves (780-421-4444).
  
In the plains east of the Canadian Rockies, Edmonton is located on flat to rolling parkland with a deep river valley splitting the north and south parts of the city. Edmonton is the gateway to the Canadian North and [[Jasper]] National Park. [[Jasper]] is a 3 1/2 hour drive from Edmonton via the Yellowhead Hwy. Edmonton is the starting point for many outdoors people, and RV'ers on their way to the Canadian Rockies (i.e. Jasper), the Yukon, and Alaska.
+
===By public transit===
 +
[[Image:EdmontonLRT.png|thumb|206px|Edmonton's LRT map, click to enlarge.]]
 +
Edmonton has a safe, efficient and inexpensive public transportation system: the Edmonton Transit System [http://www.takeets.com/]. Hundreds of different bus routes cover the city, traveling nearly anywhere you need to go.
  
A large part of the city, built before and during the Second World War, is laid out in a grid-like system of straight streets, which makes for rather easy navigation by car. Most areas of the city built within the last 30 to 40 years have more chaotically arranged streets with loops and cul-de-sacs. And there are a number of bridges open only to one-way traffic going in and out of the downtown core. For these reasons, it's wise to consult a city map if you're not familiar with the city.
+
During peak hours, buses run as frequently as every 15 minutes.  Outside of peak, the frequency drops to every 30 minutes and on some routes to industrial areas or far-flung suburbs as infrequent as one service per hour. Many major bus routes will operate as early as 5AM to as late as 1AM, but there are a number which stop running at 8PM-9PM or only run only during peak hours (6AM-9AM and 3PM-6PM).  Some bus routes simply do not run on Sundays. For more information or to plan your bus trip, you can call Transit Information at 780-442-5311 or check out the Trip Planner [http://coewebapps.edmonton.ca/external/transit3/TripPlannerAdvanced.aspx], or Google Maps.  For where routes go and their names which is essential, go to [http://www.edmonton.ca/transportation/ets/route-schedules-and-maps.aspx].
  
Major roadways include the Yellowhead Highway (Highway 16 - also known as Yellowhead Trail within the city) on the north side and Whitemud Drive in the south side and west end. The largest north-south roadway is Calgary Trail/Gateway Boulevard, both of which serve as the southern gateway into Edmonton. Even though these are all major divided roadways with at least 2-3 lanes in each direction, there are no large stretches of true freeways in Edmonton. However, there are plans to eventually turn them into such. A major ring road known as Anthony Henday Drive is now open to traffic.
+
Edmonton's transit system is not unified with those of the nearby communities, so if you wish to visit the suburbs be prepared for more transfers and increased fares.
  
Edmonton's downtown core is fairly dense, with many office towers and condominium towers. Inner-city neighbourhoods with low- to medium-density residential areas surround the downtown core for up to a few kilometres in all directions. Beyond the core, the city has developed suburban residential areas with urban sprawl and shopping malls typical of most large North American cities that have experienced high growth during the postwar period.
+
Edmonton was the first North American city with a population of under 1 million to have developed a Light Rail Transit (LRT) [http://www.edmontonslrt.com/] system. (Metro Edmonton population is now over 1 million.) It is a part of the Edmonton Transit System (ETS), which also manages the buses.  The track stretches from Clareview Station in the northeast section of the city to the Century Park Station (formerly known as Heritage), going past the University of Alberta main and South Campuses.
  
===Finding Addresses===
+
During peak hours on weekdays, LRT trains run every 6 minutes. Outside of that and on Saturdays, frequency is every 7 to 12 minutes, depending on the time of day. Sundays and holidays, trains run every 15 minutes throughout the day. Trains operate from about 5:26AM to 1:26AM. On Sundays and holidays, the LRT stops running past 12:26AM.
  
Edmonton is one of the few major cities in North America to have a street system that is mostly numbered rather than named, although it does have named streets: usually major roadways and in the newer residential areas, especially in southwest Edmonton. Streets in Edmonton run north-south, while avenues run east-west. The downtown core of the city is centered near 100 St and 100 Ave, with streets increasing in number as one travels west, and avenues increasing as one heads north.
+
Fares are $3.20 with children under 6 riding free. Day passes can be bought for $8.25 regardless of age group. A pack of 10 tickets can be purchased for $22.00 (adults). Tickets can be purchased at the ETS online store, automated fare vending machines located at all LRT stations, or at the ETS Customer Information Centre located on the pedway level of Churchill Station. Note that Mac's convenience stores in Edmonton no longer sell adult bus tickets. [http://www.takeets.com]
  
Addresses are generally easy to find in Edmonton, since they are logically arranged so that even-numbered building/house numbers are on the north side of avenues and west side of streets. The first two or thee digits of a building or house number will tell you which street it lies just west of, or which particular avenue it lies north of. For example, 10219-101 Street would be located on the east side of 101 Street, just north of 102 Avenue.
+
===By bicycle===
  
The vast majority of the city lies in the NW Quadrant with the counterpoint near the southeast corner of the city proper, it's common to omit the "NW" from street addresses in the NW Quadrant. The grid's official "zeros" are called Meridian Street (what would be 0 St) and Quadrant Avenue (what would be 0 Ave), but they are not important streets for any other reason. Meridian & Quadrant do not even intersect as of yet - Quadrant only exists between 199 St NW/SW and 207 St NW/SW - and if they did, residents would generally consider their intersection to be far outside the city in terms of residences.
+
Edmonton has excellent cycling routes which allow for all-year cycling, though winter cycling can be challenging for those unaccustomed to Edmonton weather. These marked routes, combined with a lack of freeways to traverse and relatively low traffic compared to other major cities, low snow or rainfall, and a fairly flat terrain, make Edmonton an easy city to travel by bicycle. The City of Edmonton provides free maps [http://www.edmonton.ca/portal/server.pt/gateway/PTARGS_0_0_288_222_0_43/http%3B/CMSServer/COEWeb/roads+and+traffic/cycling+in+the+city/where+to+ride/] of the bike routes.
  
==See==
+
===Finding addresses===
  
*'''Alberta Legislature Building''' Beautiful to visit any time of the year at any time of the day.  In December the grounds are lit with thousands of lights and there is a skating pond one can use.  In the summer you can wade in the pools and play in the fountains that are just north of the building.  There is security walking around and it is quite safe even later in the evening. [http://www.assembly.ab.ca/]
+
Edmonton streets are mostly numbered, although there are some named streets: usually major roadways and roads in the newer residential areas. Avenues in Edmonton run east-west, while streets run north-south. The downtown core of the city is centered near 101 St and Jasper Ave (which corresponds to 101 Ave), with streets increasing in number to the west, and avenues increasing to the north.
  
*'''Alberta Railway Museum''', 24215 34 St. [http://www.railwaymuseum.ab.ca/]
+
Addresses follow a regular system throughout Edmonton, with even-numbered address numbers are on the north side of avenues and west side of streets. The first two or three digits of a building or house number identify the street it lies just west of, or the avenue it lies north of. For example, 10219 101 Street NW would be located on the east side of 101 Street NW, just north of 102 Avenue NW.
  
*'''Art Gallery of Alberta''', (formerly the Edmonton Art Gallery) 2 Sir Winston Churchill Square. [http://www.artgalleryalberta.com/]
+
The vast majority of the city lies in the NW quadrant with the center-point near the southeast corner of the city proper. It is common to omit the "NW" from street addresses in the NW quadrant. The grid's official "zeros" are called Meridian Street (at 0 Street) and Quadrant Avenue (at 0 Avenue), but they are not yet important streets for travel. Meridian & Quadrant do not even intersect at this time. Development on the southern edge of the city (especially around Ellerslie Rd SW) is leading to more common usage of the SW quadrant, and there is a small amount of residential development in the NE quadrant. The SE quadrant is virtually unused, mostly due to the area being occupied by Strathcona County.
  
*'''Devonian Botanic Garden'''. About 30 minutes out of downtown. Map to location: [http://www.devonian.ualberta.ca/maps.html]. More information [http://www.devonian.ualberta.ca/].
+
==See==
 +
Here are some of the most popular attractions:
  
*'''Muttart Conservatories''', 9626 96A St. [http://www.edmonton.ca/portal/server.pt/gateway/PTARGS_0_2_261_208_0_43/http%3B/CMSServer/COEWeb/arts+culture+and+attractions/attractions/muttart+conservatory/]
+
*'''Alberta Legislature''' - This beautiful colonial-style building dates back to 1911, built following Edmonton's selection as the provincial capital. Free tours are available. There are wading pools too cool off in during the summer and skating rinks beside walkways light up with tons of Christmas lights during the Christmas season. See [[Edmonton/Central|Central]]. It is a beautiful area to relax in any time of the year and is patrolled at night.
  
*'''TELUS World of Science''' (formerly the Odyssium), 11211 142 St [http://www.odyssium.com/]. Edmonton's largest science museum with an architectural design that is out of this world, with lots of science exhibits, a planeterium, and an IMAX theatre.
+
*'''Art Gallery of Alberta''' (formerly the Edmonton Art Gallery) - This modern facility explores all forms of art. The gallery has a unique selection of Canadian and international pieces and regularly brings in traveling exhibitions. See [[Edmonton/Central|Central]].
  
*'''Royal Alberta Museum''', 12845 102 Ave. [http://www.royalalbertamuseum.ca/]
+
*'''Muttart Conservatory''' - These four glass pyramids rising out of the river valley are a unique Edmonton landmark. Inside, they house three distinct climate zones and a fourth seasonal display, packed with several hundred plant varieties. See [[Edmonton/Old Strathcona-University|South Central]].
 +
 +
*'''TELUS World of Science''' - Edmonton's largest science museum has a unique architectural design and houses many science exhibits, a planetarium, and an IMAX theatre. See [[Edmonton/West End|West End]].
  
*'''River Valley Parks''', Wonderful walking, jogging and cycling paths through the River Valley. One of the most popular being Hawrelak Park which is located just off Groat Road and contains a pond home to various species of ducks and geese in summer along with a paddleboat rentals. The site of a variety of different festivals including Shakespeare in the Park and Symphony Under the Sky. In winter after the ice has frozen thick enough it is a popular venue for outdoor ice skating.
+
*'''Royal Alberta Museum''' presents Alberta's history through paintings, statues, and more. Exhibits include the Syncrude Gallery of Aboriginal Culture, Wild Alberta, and the Natural History Gallery. See [[Edmonton/West End|West End]].
  
*'''Valley Zoo''', 13315 Buena Vista Rd. [http://www.buildingthevalleyzoo.com/]
+
*'''West Edmonton Mall''' is the largest shopping and entertainment complex in the Western Hemisphere (larger than even the Mall of America) and arguably Edmonton's number one tourist destination. It contains copious opportunities for shopping, two hotels, numerous restaurants and bars, two food courts, an amusement park, an indoor hockey rink, a pool with waterslide and wave pool, a casino, a movie theatre with IMAX screen, an indoor lake with a replica of the Santa Maria ship, and over 800 stores and services. See [[Edmonton/West End|West End]].
  
*'''West Edmonton Mall'''[http://www.westedmontonmall.com], 170 Street and 87 Avenue. With the dubious distinction of being the largest indoor shopping and entertainment center in North America, this is definitely one of Edmonton's unique attractions. There are more than 900 stores and services, as well as the Galaxyland amusement park, the World Waterpark, the Fantasyland hotel, the Europa shopping district, Chinatown, an exotic flamingo wading pool, sea lion shows, a realistic replica of the Santa Maria ship, casino, nightclubs, two movie theaters and an IMAX theater, a dinner theater, two mini golf centers, a skating rink, shooting range, many restaurants, and much, much more! It's a bit tacky and tourist-y, but even its detractors can't argue its ability to serve shoppers. Particularly in winter, it provides a comfortable smorgasbord of shops and entertainment well away from the chilly outdoors.
+
*'''Fort Edmonton Park''' is living history at its best! Join the costumed historical interpreters at Fort Edmonton Park - Canada's largest living history museum - and try your hand at living life as an early pioneer. You'll experience life as it was at the 1846 fort and on the streets of 1885, 1905 and 1920. See [[Edmonton/South|South]]
  
===Fort Edmonton Park===
+
*'''[[Elk Island National Park|Elk Island National Park of Canada]]'''. With the exception of the Serengeti Plains of Africa, tiny Elk Island National Park, located less than 20 minutes east of Edmonton on the Yellowhead Highway, has higher densities of hoofed mammals per square kilometer than any other wild area in the world. Visitors can see over 40 species of mammals including plains and wood bison, elk and moose; and over 250 species of birds. Located less than an hour away from Edmonton, Elk Island National Park of Canada protects the wilderness of the aspen parkland, one of the most endangered habitats in Canada. Open year-round, park visitors can enjoy hiking, canoeing, kayaking, sailing, cross-country skiing, snowshoeing, golfing, camping, and more.
  
'''Fort Edmonton Park''' [http://www.ftedmontonpark.com/index.htm] is Canada's largest living historic park, and one of Edmonton's premier tourist attractions. Located in the middle of Edmonton, this reconstructed fort lies five kilometers upstream from its original location, representing it as it stood in 1846.
+
*'''Ukrainian Cultural Heritage Village'''. [http://culture.alberta.ca/museums/historicsiteslisting/ukrainianvillage/default.aspx] The award-winning Ukrainian Cultural Heritage Village is located 25 minutes east of Edmonton along Highway 16, or 3 km east of the Elk Island National Park entrance. This provincial historic site showcases Ukrainian settlement in East Central Alberta. There are over 30 historic buildings including three churches, a fully-functioning grain elevator, blacksmith shop, and sod hut. The idea is that you explore the wide outdoor area going between the buildings in the 'town' while there are costumed workers acting as Ukrainian settlers who re-tell stories based on real accounts of early settlers.  They go about the everyday events like baking bread (you can even taste it if you're lucky!), tending to the gardens, working the blacksmith shop, etc.  There are often special events with performances and agricultural shows.  The weekends are busier however the crowds can be worth it with more interpreters on hand and often more things are going on to see.  The trip can take a good part of a day including travel from Edmonton.  
  
The Fort Edmonton Park represents four distinct time periods, exploring Edmonton's development from a fur trade post in the vast Northwest, to a booming metropolitan center after the First World War.
+
*'''Aurora Borealis'''. The northern lights are harder to see in Edmonton than in Northern Canada and eastern cities of Canada. However if you travel outside the downtown area the lights can slightly be seen from December to late February.
  
*'''1885 Street''' represents the settlement era from 1871 to 1891, with historic buildings and reconstructions of that period. These buildings are from around the greater Edmonton area. The North West Mounted Police outpost building is just that, an outpost, for the main post at that time was downstream at Fort Saskatchewan. A gun shed and jail have also been reconstructed.
+
===North Saskatchewan River Valley===
  
*'''1905 Street''' receives its name from the year that Alberta became a province of the Dominion of Canada. Edmonton itself had became a city the year prior. The buildings are from that period, and include the reconstruction of the Masonic Hall, with the open museum on the second floor.
+
One of Edmonton’s greatest attractions, the North Saskatchewan River Valley park system provides a natural corridor for all-season recreation and relaxation. The river valley is the longest expanse of urban parkland in North America at 7,400 hectares – 22 times the size of New York’s Central Park – with golf courses, 22 major parks and over 160 kilometres of maintained multi-use trails for walking, cross-country skiing, cycling, and more. Several attractions are located along the river valley including Fort Edmonton Park, the Valley Zoo, and the Muttart Conservatory.
  
*'''1920 Street''' is the newest area, both in construction and time period, including the Hotel Selkirk, Blatchford Field Air Hangar, and the 1920's Midway.
+
One of the most popular parks is Hawrelak Park, located just off Groat Road near the University of Alberta. It encircles a large pond, summer home to a variety of ducks and geese. It's the site of several Edmonton festivals, including Shakespeare in the Park and Symphony Under the Sky. In winter it is a popular venue for outdoor ice skating and cross-country skiing.
  
The park features over 75 structures, many of which are the originals. Costumed interpreters operate the site and live the way of the past. Visitors enjoy exploring each building and each room, and talking to the role-playing interpreters.
+
===Architecture===
  
The price of admission includes free steam engine train and streetcar rides, and period rides such as wagon, stagecoach, pony and buggy are also available with a small charge.
+
[[Image:Churchpres.JPG|thumb|right|200px|One of Edmonton's many historic churches.]]
  
Enjoy special events at this venue on occasion like Canada Day (July 1, Canada's independence celebrations) that compare to none across [[Canada]]
+
A young city, Edmonton's historic structures are still relatively new. The City of Edmonton's '''Municipal Historic Resources''' are buildings or structures that have been designated by Bylaw as buildings or structures which are legally protected from demolition and from inappropriate changes and alterations.[http://www.edmonton.ca/city_government/planning_development/historic-resources.aspx].
  
==Do==
+
Built from 1907 to 1912, the province's foremost historic structure - the '''Alberta Legislature''' - is set amidst beautiful gardens and water displays. Inside and out, the Legislature offers a rich experience in exploring Alberta’s past and present as the focal point of the province’s democratic process. Alberta’s premier architectural attraction overlooks Edmonton’s river valley and is steps away from the heart of downtown Edmonton.  Free tours of the building are offered year-round. [http://www.assembly.ab.ca/visitor/index.html]
  
Edmonton is a surprisingly lively city for an area covered in snow 6 months of the year. Called the "Vegas of the North" by some, due to the numerous opportunities for gambling in the area. The summer brings many festivals into the city, and with Canada's most impressive mountain parks a half-day's drive away, Edmonton is fun year-round.
+
The new '''Art Gallery of Alberta''' is an 85,000 square foot state-of-the-art facility and a premiere presentation venue. Designed by Randall Stout Architects, Inc. of Los Angeles, the building itself is a work of art. Located in the heart of Edmonton's Arts District on Sir Winston Churchill Square, the gallery is one of Edmonton's main attractions for visual art. [http://www.youraga.ca].
  
===Places to go===
+
For further reading about Edmonton's architecture from 1940-1969, ''Capital Modern'' is a book available from the Art Gallery of Alberta.
  
The best place to go for general day and night life in Edmonton is '''Whyte (82nd) Avenue'''.  Bounded on one end by the University of Alberta, the section of Whyte Avenue from 99th Street to 112th Street is home to many shops, restaurants, and bars, and is the most concentrated core of the city's social scene.
+
==Do==
  
*'''The Yardbird Suite''', 11 Tommy Banks Way (''corner of 102 Street & 86 Avenue''), [http://www.yardbirdsuite.com/]. Edmonton non-profit jazz club with acts every weekend. The Tuesday jam is $2, and has some good talent. Closed during the summer.
+
Edmonton's summer brings many festivals, and with Canada's most impressive mountain parks 3.5-hr drive away, Edmonton is fun year-round. You can expect to find some kind of festival any weekend during the summer months and they are usually located in the central region either around Whyte Ave or downtown at the Legislature grounds or in front of City Hall. A good web site for weekend events can be found at www.todocanada.ca/things-to-do-in-edmonton-this-weekend.
  
*'''The Citadel Theatre''' 9828 - 101A Ave
+
===Theatre and Music===
  
*'''The Mayfield Dinner Theatre''' 16615 109 Ave
+
Edmonton has a vibrant performing arts community with notable accomplishments in live theatre and live music.  The [[Edmonton/Central|central area]] contains the '''Winspear''' or Francis Winspear Centre for Music, a new concert hall with stellar acoustics, and the '''Citadel Theatre''', which has hosted major live theatre performances for over forty years.
  
*'''The Winspear Theatre''' 4 Sir Winston Churchill Square NW
+
[[Edmonton/South Central|South Central area]] is home to the '''theatre district''' with a number of venues, and the '''Jubilee Auditorium''', a large concert hall. The west end has two dinner theatres, '''Jubilation's''' and '''Mayfield'''.
  
 
===Recreation===
 
===Recreation===
  
Edmonton's river valley has an extensive network of trails, good for '''walking''', '''biking''' and '''cross-country skiing'''.  As you travel through the extensive stretches of linked ravines and forested areas in the river valley, at many points you can't even tell you're in a city.
+
[[Image:Edmonton River Valley.jpg|Edmonton River Valley|thumb|328px|right|Edmonton River Valley.]]
 
+
Edmonton's river valley and Mill Creek area have an extensive network of trails, good for '''walking''', '''biking''', and '''cross-country skiing'''.  At many points in the extensive ravines and forested areas in the river valley, you can't even tell you're in a city. Maps are published by the City of Edmonton [http://www.edmonton.ca/transportation/cycling_walking/cycling-walking-maps.aspx][http://www.edmonton.ca/attractions_recreation/sport_recreation/crosscountry-skiing.aspx] and are available at City Hall, Edmonton Tourism's Visitor Information Centres, and many bicycle and ski shops.
There are a variety of bike shops, including a non-profit bicycle co-op [http://edmontonbicyclecommuters.ca/]. You can drop in on their workshop hours and wrench your own bike for cheap. Mechanics are on hand to help and answer your questions.  
 
  
Bike maps are freely available at many places, such as City Hall and the University, in addition to most bike shops, eg. Revolution Cycle [http://www.revolutioncycle.com/], United Cycle [http://www.unitedcycle.com/], Hardcore Mountain Bike Store [http://www.hardcore.ca/] and others.
+
The Edmonton Bicycle Commuters' Society (EBC), a non-profit bicycle co-op [http://edmontonbikes.ca/], operates a staffed drop-in DIY workshop where rental bicycles are available.  During the summer months, at River Valley Adventures [http://www.rivervalleyadventure.com/our-services/bike-rentals] rents bicycles and operates Segway tours.  Fun group rides occur during the summer, mostly organized by the Edmonton Bicycle and Touring Club (EBTC) [http://www.bikeclub.ca] and EBC.  Most commercial bike shops organize training rides for those road cyclists who are interested in higher intensity workouts.  Larger commercial bike shops include United Cycle, Western Cycle, and Revolution Cycle.  Smaller ones include Velocity Cycle, Redbike, Hardcore Mountain Bikes, PedalHead Bikes, and Transition BMX.
  
===Downhill skiing===
+
Edmonton has small downhill ski hills in or near the city, including Edmonton Ski, Sunridge Ski Area, and Snow Valley. Natural and artificial snow cover their slopes from early winter to early spring, offering city skiers an easy way to learn, amuse families, and tone up for the big Rocky Mountain ski opportunities in Jasper and Banff.
 
 
Edmonton is home to many avid skiers, and as such, several ski hills can be found within the city limits. They help keep locals amused until they can get away to the [[Rocky Mountains (Canada)|Rockies]].  However, if you can't wait that long, '''Rabbit Hill''' is the best ski resorts close by. Situated on the banks of the North Saskatchewan River, it is located about twenty minutes southwest of Edmonton.
 
  
 
===Golf===
 
===Golf===
  
Alberta has a keen fascination with golf, based to a great degree on the province's sunny summers, vast number of developed courses and connecting roadways, and low prices. Edmonton benefits by containing or being within a quick drive of dozens of excellent courses. Most are public, and the few private courses are not spectacular enough that you will feel you're missing much by sticking to the public courses.
+
Albertans are keen golfers, based on the province's sunny summers, large number of developed courses, and relatively low prices. Within city limits, the City of Edmonton operates three public courses, including Canada's oldest municipal golf course: Victoria ([[Edmonton/Central|central]]),  Riverside ([[Edmonton/East|South]]) both of which are located close to downtown (though difficult to access without a vehicle), and the par-three Rundle Park ([[Edmonton/North]]).  
  
====In the city====
+
There are over 70 golf courses located in the Edmonton region.
  
*'''Kinsmen Pitch'n'Putt'''  10661-91st Avenue - behind the Kinsmen Sport Centre, on the south bank of the river valley (Public: par 54, 1222 yards) This is a true pitch-and-putt, with the holes averaging about 65 yards, and none over 100 yards. You can enjoy a pleasant two-hour walk with two or three clubs in your bag. Greens fees are low, club rentals are available, and the course is friendly for families looking for a spot to golf with the kids.
+
===Spectator sports===
  
*'''Lewis Estates Golf Club''' 8700 207 St. (Public: 6220 yards, par 72) This course is embedded in the Lewis Estates housing development, and most of the fairways snake between rows of homes. Some "wild" fairways cut through natural forest still exist in the middle of the first nine holes, and they are a welcome respite from the fences, yards, and all-too-vulnerable windows of the remaining holes.
+
Edmonton is home to a number of professional and amateur sport teams. The '''Edmonton Oilers''' of the National Hockey League are the most recognized team and have won numerous Stanley Cups. They play at Rogers Place, which was completed Downtown in 2016 and has a capacity of 18,347. Minor league hockey is also part of the Edmonton sports scene with the Edmonton Oil Kings of the Western Hockey League.  
  
*'''Riverside''' 8630 Rowland Rd (in the river valley) (Public: 6306 yards, par 71) This delightful club is the most attractive of the three city-owned courses. It is heavily treed, cool on hot summer days and beautiful in any weather. It takes good advantage of its placement in an elbow of the river by setting raised tee boxes and raised greens up on the high banks for several fairways. Riverside is very popular and booking a tee time requires fast fingers (or an auto-dial function on your phone) to book through the City's automated telephone booking system (780-496-8700 - call at 6 PM sharp two or three days in advance to reserve a tee time).
+
Edmonton is also home to the '''Edmonton Eskimos''' of the Canadian Football League. The Eskimos have won 13 Grey Cups and play at the 60,000 seat Commonwealth Stadium. For basketball, the recently formed '''Edmonton Energy''' of the International Basketball League play at Grant MacEwan Gymnasium against smaller American cities and other Canadian cities.  
  
*'''Rundle Park Par Three''', 2909 118th Ave. (Public: 3018 yards, par 54) Another city-owned course, this executive par-three gives a surprisingly good workout. Holes range from around 100 to over 200 yards, greens are fairly small, and your shot-making ability is fairly tested. By the nature of the course, it is busy (although you can walk on almost any time): there will be waiting time on weekends, and the course is not kept to the same level of repair the other city courses are. Nevertheless, it's a great way to warm up in the spring, and a good introduction to golf if you're entertaining non-golfers.
+
Edmonton has a professional soccer team, '''FC Edmonton''' which plays in the North Americal Soccer League (NASL) at the Clarke Stadium. The club may qualify to play home games in Edmonton around May of every year against the Canadian teams in Major League Soccer such as the Vancouver Whitecaps, Montreal Impact and Toronto FC.
  
*'''Victoria''', 12130 River Road (in the river valley) (Public: 6027 yards, par 71) This is another city-owned public course. It's situated in the river valley a couple of minutes from downtown, and has a large driving range on site. The setting is very attractive, although the course is less treed than Riverside with a more-open feel, particularly on the back nine. As with Riverside, tee times are booked by phone starting 6:00 PM sharp two or three days ahead of the date of the reservation (call the automated system at 780-496-4900 to book).
+
The University of Alberta Golden Bears (men's teams) and the University of Alberta Pandas (women's teams) participate in a number of sports including hockey, soccer, football (men), rugby, and track and field. The '''Edmonton Capitals''' of the Golden League of Baseball play at TELUS Field.
  
====Near the city====
+
===Major events and festivals===
  
*'''The Ranch''', 52516 Range Rd., 262 Spruce Grove (Public: 5708 yards from the white tees, 6100 from the blues, 6506 from the golds, par 71) The Ranch is a short drive west of Edmonton, set in a quiet and undeveloped area that combines a number of level "prairie" fairways with some beautiful multi-tiered ravine holes. It's a challenging layout, though by no means unfair, and the course concludes with three attractive water holes cut out of the forest.
+
Edmonton, hailed as "Canada's Festival City" [http://www.edmonton.com/for-visitors/festival-city.aspx], is home to over 30 annual festivals and special events throughout the year.
  
===Spectator Sports===
+
Attracting over 500,000 visitors each year, the '''Edmonton International Fringe Theatre Festival''' is the largest in North America, second largest in the world, offering some 1,000 performances, primarily in venues in Old Strathcona. The '''Works Art & Design Festival''' features new works of painting, drawing, sculpture, and much more.  The '''Whyte Ave Artwalk''' lets viewers stroll the avenue looking at local art.  There is also the '''Canoe Fest''' which tells stories about morals and history.  For music, '''Symphony Under the Sky''' is a nice way to listen to some fine music in the great outdoors.  One of the world’s leading Folk festivals, the '''Edmonton Folk Music Festival''' is a four-day outdoor music extravaganza that attracts more than 80,000 music lovers. Situated in Gallagher Park in Edmonton's scenic river valley, the festival offers an eclectic mix of music for all tastes.
  
* '''Edmonton Oilers''', [http://www.edmontonoilers.com/]The local National Hockey League (NHL) team plays at '''Rexall Place'''. They are, by far, the most popular sports team in the city, and prices to get a ticket reflect this. The Oilers are also the only major Edmonton sports team to regularly sell out their venue, so tickets must sometimes be acquired through unofficial means.
+
For culture, Edmonton rolls out the red carpet.  '''Heritage Days''' puts the spotlight on the food, dance, and local goods from over 60 cultural backgrounds. '''Edmonton Cariwest''' is a Caribbean festival that takes over downtown with colourful dances.  '''Gay Pride''' is a large festival that closes Jasper Ave for people to be proud of gay rights.
  
* '''Edmonton Oil Kings''', [http://www.oilkings.com/]. The Local Western Hockey League (WHL) hockey team plays at '''Rexall Place'''
+
In food, Edmonton has some festivals to keep you salivating. One of the most popular is '''A Taste of Edmonton'''. Purchase tickets and sample culinary delights from 40 of Edmonton’s leading restaurants at Sir Winston Churchill Square.  
  
* '''Edmonton Rush''', [http://www.edmontonrush.com/].  The local National Lacrosse League (NLL) club plays at '''Rexall Place'''.
+
===Casinos===
  
* '''Edmonton Eskimos''', the local Canadian Football League (CFL) team plays at '''Commonwealth Stadium'''.
+
The Edmonton area has seven large casinos: Casino Yellowhead, Casino Edmonton, Bacarrat Casino, Palace Casino, St Albert Casino, Celebration's Casino, and Marriot Enoch Resort & Casino.
  
* '''Edmonton Cracker Cats''', the local Northern League Baseball Team plays minor baseball at '''Telus Field'''
+
==Buy==
 
+
[[Image:Whyte_Avenue.jpg|thumb|323px|right|Trendy Whyte Avenue in Old Strathcona.]]
===Major Events & Festivals===
+
Some of the best shopping opportunities are...
 
 
Edmonton is home to many events and festivals during the spring and summer months.  Highlights include:
 
*'''Capital EX''', [http://www.capitalex.ca/]. July 19-28, 2007. Formerly known as Klondike Days and now renamed as of 2006, this will still be Edmonton's main exhibition event, complete with a parade on the first day and fair at Northlands Park. Other exhibition events such as Global Connections, showcasing wares and foods of other countries, and Ed Fest, the 10-day rock festivals with up to 3 bands per night.
 
 
 
*'''Edmonton International Jazz Festival''', [http://www.edmontonjazz.com]. June 22-July 1, 2007.  A "new" festival taking up where the 25-year summer tradition of the Jazz City festival left off in 2005.  (The Yardbird Jazz Festival (see below) ably filled in for summer 2005 and 2006.)  National and international acts such as Oliver Jones and Madeleine Peyroux will be presented in the city's concert halls and clubs over 10 days.
 
 
 
*'''Grand Prix of Edmonton''', [http://www.grandprixedmonton.com/]. July 21-23 (2006). Edmonton's main car racing event first held in 2005. The first year was a great success and is held at the Finning International Speedway, which is actually a temporary conversion of the runways at City Centre Airport.
 
*'''Edmonton Gay Pride''',Celebrate Edmonton's GLBT Community with Edmonton Pride Every June, Complete with Parade and Festival at Churchill Square
 
*'''Fringe Festival''', [http://www.fringetheatreadventures.ca/]. August 17-27 (2006). North America's largest theatre festival showcases some of the most innovative stagework to be seen anywhere in Canada. In addition to staged events, dozens of street performers mob the festival site to entertain you between shows.  Great for kids and adults alike.
 
*'''River City Shakespeare Festival''', Hawrelak Park, [http://www.freewillplayers.ca/]. June 27-July 23. Another summer theatre festival, this event is put on by the Free Will Players in Hawrelak Park in mid-summer. They usually put on two different plays over the course of 3 weeks. Tickets are usually around $12.
 
*'''Edmonton Labatt's Blues Festival''', [http://www.bluesinternationalltd.com/]. August 25-27 (2006).  Western Canada's Premier Blues Event, every August in Edmonton's scenic River Valley in Hawrelak Park at The Heritage Amphitheatre.  Park ’n’ Ride service is available from the Stadium Parkade at the University of Alberta as parking is limited.  Beer Garden, food vendors and the "Blues Store" are all on site.  3 days of "Blues and Nothin’ but the Blues".
 
 
 
*'''Yardbird Jazz Festival''', [http://www.yardbirdsuite.com/]. Nov. 7-10, 2007. Focusing on Canadian acts as it transitions from the temporary "bridge" between the old summer Jazz City and the new Edmonton International Jazz festivals, this festival will take place in Edmonton's volunteer-run jewel of a jazz club. 
 
 
 
*'''Heritage Festival''', [http://www.heritage-festival.com/]. August 4-6, 2007 (August long weekend). Hundreds of community groups converge on Hawrelak Park to celebrate Canada's diversity with cultural exhibits, dance, and food pavilions.  Definitely go on an empty stomach.
 
 
 
*'''Taste of Edmonton''', Churchill Square. July 19-28, 2007. Several of Edmonton's finest eateries show off their wares. Coincides with Capital EX (formerly the Klondike Days).  Restaurants have a booth and the opportunity to showcase two dishes that can be 'purchsed' with tickets.  These dishes are small portions and require a various number of tickets.  Individual tickets are purchased in one of the ticket booths found at the entrances to Churchill Square. 
 
 
 
*'''Folk Music Festival''', [http://www.efmf.ab.ca/]. August 9-12, 2007. This immensely popular festival sells out long before it opens, even though your ticket buys you nothing but the option to sit on a grassy hillside. World-class acts attend every year, with an emphasis on folk and roots performers but with sufficient variety to satisfy anyone - even the whole family. Hope for good weather, though: all seating is outdoors.
 
 
 
*'''Edmonton International Street Performers Festival''', Churchill Square, [http://www.edmontonstreetfest.com/]. July 6-15 (2007). Canada's best street performers converge on Edmonton to show off their skill.  Great for kids.
 
*'''Cariwest Parade''', [http://www.cariwestfestival.com/]. August 10-12 (2007). Parade route ends in Churchill Square. Caribbean food, and item vendors. Parade has many wonderful costumes. This tradition comes from the Caribbean nations of Trinidad and Tobago.
 
 
 
*'''Symphony Under the Sky''', [http://www.edmontonsymphony.com/content.asp?catid=145&rootid=4]. Aug 31 - Sept 3, 2007. A series of concerts put on by the Edmonton Symphony Orchestra.  The performances take place in Hawrelak park, and consist of both classical and popular music.
 
 
 
==Learn==
 
 
 
Edmonton is home to the '''University of Alberta''', which has consistently ranked in the top five universities in Canada. Annual attendance exceeds 30,000 students, and the campus sprawls over a number of blocks on the south bank of the North Saskatchewan river, a few minutes drive from downtown.
 
 
 
There are a number of major colleges as well:
 
 
 
* '''Northern Alberta Institute of Technology (NAIT)''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NAIT]
 
* '''Grant MacEwan College'''
 
* '''Concordia University College'''
 
* '''King's University College'''
 
* '''Alberta College''' (now part of MacEwan, mostly ESL and upgrading)
 
 
 
Edmonton also attracts a number of ESL students, due to its reasonable cost of living, available homestays, and variety of ESL schools, which include:
 
  
* '''CCI Lex''', 10621 - 100 Ave. Mostly volunteer-operated, low tuitions, and extremely painless visa sponsoring. A bit small though.
+
*'''Whyte Avenue''' (in '''[[Edmonton/South Central|South Central]]''') is the stretch of 82 Avenue west of 75 St. You'll tend to want to focus on the strip between Gateway Boulevard and 109 Street. Whyte Avenue is Edmonton's main retail district on the urban side and certainly should not be missed. It's edgy, funky, mainstream, indie, quirky, and nerdy. Stroll through book stores, clothing shops, and little gift shops while amidst the wonderful crowd of people.
  
==Work==
+
*'''124th Street''' (in '''[[Edmonton/Central|Central]]''') is Edmonton's quieter urban shopping experience. Outside the downtown, this strip has just recently become a good place to stop. The place is mainly home to boutiques and designer shops for stuff like fashion, furniture and home improvement. The area is also home to the Gallery Walk - the first of its kind in Canada. The member galleries are easily accessible within walking distance. There are two self-guided gallery walks organized each spring and fall.
  
==Buy==
+
*'''West Edmonton Mall''' (in '''[[Edmonton/West End|West End]]''') ... few can miss the largest mall in the continent, at 8882 170 St NW. Over 800 shops fill the suburban mega shopping and entertainment centre. Pretty much any style can be found here. Browse the shops for art, books, gifts, lingerie, soaps, groceries, clothing, watches, jewelry and what ever else you can think of!
  
*If it's just shopping you crave, you can head to the premiere temple of consumerism, '''West Edmonton Mall'''[http://www.westedmall.com/home/default.asp], one of the world's largest shopping centres and the biggest in North America.  There, you can find anything your wallet desires, then take a ride on the indoor roller coaster or check out the largest indoor waterpark you've ever seen or eat or drink or . . .
+
*'''Kingsway (Garden) Mall''' (in '''[[Edmonton/North|North]]''') is Edmonton's second-largest mall, and recently completed major renovations.
  
*Don't forget the '''Old Strathcona Farmer's Market''' [http://www.osfm.ca/], open Saturdays 8am-3pm, year round.  You can find it a block north of Whyte Avenue and 104 St.
+
*'''Downtown''' (in '''[[Edmonton/Central|Central]]''') you will find Edmonton City Centre, which transforms three city blocks into a retail destination of more than 170 stores and services. Adjacent to Edmonton City Centre are Commerce Place and Manulife Place, where you’ll find a selection of high-end retailers such as Escada and Holt Renfrew.
 
 
* Whyte Avenue (Whyte Ave) found on 82 Avenue, from 99th street to 109th street offers many independent stores and shops. This area has the greatest concentration of used book stores in the city, and also one of the premiere magazine shops in Alberta (Hub Cigar and Newstand, with above 6000 titles, is just south of Whyte Avenue on 103 Street).
 
 
 
*Downtown city centre offers a quieter, upscale shopping experience, usually catering to the business crowd. '''City Centre Mall east and west''' (east and west being split by 101 St but joined by a new  large skybridge that has a few shops and a Tim Horton's in it) offer the standard food courts, popular clothing chains (e.g. Gap, Club Monaco, Aldo, etc.), and the Hudson Bay Company department store. Connected to the City Centre west building is the swankier '''Manulife Place''' with the posh Holt Renfrew department store, Henry Singer, Alligator Pie (designer labels for children), and gourmet chocolatier Bernard Callebaut. A pedway from Manulife leads to '''Commerce Place''', which offers yet more designer shopping such as Sam Abouhassan, Plaza Escada, and Diamori, not to mention many delicious dining options from quick, healthy lunches at Sunterra market to high-end dining at Lux Steakhouse.
 
  
 
==Eat==  
 
==Eat==  
<!-- Please see [[Wikitravel:Manual of style]] and [[Wikitravel:restaurant listings]]. -->
+
''See the [[#Districts | district articles]] for specific listings of different restaurants and fast food joints.''
  
===Value===
+
There are two major dining centres:
  
These places may not serve the best food or drink of their type, but they suit the economy-minded. If you're traveling on a tight budget, you won't be disappointed.
+
*'''Downtown and Oliver''' - many restaurants from chains to one-of-a-kind restaurants, from high to low prices. 103 St., 102nd Avenue, 100 St. and Jasper Avenue have the highest concentration. Some of the most popular include:  '''Lux Steakhouse, Hundred, Sorrentino's, Famoso Neopolitan, Matahari, Japanese Village, Blue Plate Diner, La Ronde, Sabor Divinio, Niche, Corso 32, Moriartys and La Tapa.'''
  
*'''Commercial Hotel - Blues on Whyte''', 10329 82 Ave. Rock-bottom prices on beer, with a crowd to match. The bar serves all the low-brow beers, and has a surprisingly good selection at the opposite end of the spectrum - at the best prices in town. You can get Guinness on tap at a good price (for Edmonton), as well as Strongbow cider and several of the Big Rock brews. Live blues music on stage weekday evenings, with a locally-famous open stage on Saturday afternoons (arrive early if you want your own seat).
+
*'''Whyte Ave.''' - restaurants that offer gourmet food of every variety. It's easy to just look around and pick a restaurant you'll be satisfied with.
  
*'''The Garage Burger Bar''', 10244-106 Street (downtown). Although aficianados argue about the best burger in town, this little restaurant has been appearing as one of the top two or three in city-wide reviews for years. It has a full liquor license and a good variety of inexpensive, high-quality burger meals. The prices are low and the staff friendly.
+
*'''West Edmonton''' - whether in West Edmonton Mall or nearby, there are lots of familiar and unique restaurants to chose from.
  
*'''Chicken for Lunch''', 10060 Jasper Avenue NW (downtown, lower level Scotia Place). Good cheap chicken stir-fry served with a smile by Amy who will remember your name and your order the next time. Get there AT LEAST by 11:30AM, as the lines easily reach 50 people at peak. There are other empty kiosks if you run out of waiting time.
+
Edmonton is the birthplace of two major Canadian restaurant chains: '''Boston Pizza'''[http://www.bostonpizza.com/] (Italian), and '''earl's'''[http://www.earls.ca/] (''Canadiana''). These two have major locations across Canada. The city is also home to a lot of good quality fast food chains like '''Burger Baron''' and '''Fatburger'''.
  
===Asian===
+
Italian food is very high quality in Edmonton.  '''Chianti's''', '''Sicilian Kitchen''', '''Sorrentino's''', '''Fiore Cantina''', and '''Tony's Pizza''' offer hearty and filling pasta. The best are Whyte Ave, Downtown, or in Little Italy.
  
====Chinese====
+
Edmonton has some excellent ethnic restaurants. "Langano Skies" is a fabulous ethiopian restaurant on Whyte Ave, "Syphay" offers spicy Thai cuisine on Calgary Trail and 62 Ave and "Padmanadi's" is a delicious Indonesian vegan restaurant in downtown.
  
* '''Spicy Garden Restaurant''', 9700 105, Ave. Great Chinese food at great prices.
+
Edmonton has its fair share of cheap Chinese food, most of which is concentrated in '''Chinatown''''''WokBox''' is another Edmonton-based chain, offering fair priced Chinese food in a fast food environment. A very popular Chinese restaurant is Pearl River.
  
* '''Garden Bakery and Restaurant'', 10019-106 Ave. Skip the restaurant but stock up on sweet pork buns and other baked treats. No GST if you buy more than a dozen.
+
For the cheapest, and best tasting, pizza in the city, check out Steel Wheels a block north of Whyte Avenue. $3 for 2 slices, as well as an assortment of Chinese and Asian cuisine, and alcohol.  
  
* '''Together Restaurant''', 10582 100 St. Hole-in-the-wall with great eats. The soups and sizzling platters are highly recommended. Save room for a bubble tea from Tea Cottage next door.
+
For a healthy alternative, check out '''HealthFare'''[http://www.healthfare.ca/], which got its start in Edmonton in 2008. A new location opened downtown on Jasper Avenue in 2009. They display the calorie count of their items, and the restaurants employ green initiatives including: chairs are made of recycled plastic and aluminum; tables are made of reclaimed wood from local sources; eco-friendly take-out materials are made from renewable resources; and more.  
  
 +
Try locally grown and produced food: '''EatLocalFirst.com''' includes a list of all members with information on what they sell and produce and where to find them. [http://www.eatlocalfirst.com/]
  
====Japanese====
+
For a vegan restaurant, check out "Noorish", located on Whyte Ave. All of their food is prepared vegan and/or raw vegan.
  
* '''Furusato''', 10012 82 Ave. The interior of this attractive Japanese restaurant is lined with wooden panels and roofed with thatch. Wooden floors and tasteful Japanese wall decorations round out the decor, which complements the family-run kitchen's fine food. Sample the special Volcano Rolls (a spicy, oven-hot sushi roll), or the Ika Kara-Age (breaded fried squid with a tangy ginger sauce). All dishes are delivered quickly by friendly and competent staff. The restaurant doesn't take reservations, so try to avoid the frequent line-ups by visiting outside of the main dinner hours (5:30 - 7:30 PM).  Visitors from Vancouver claim it's better than most Lower Mainland Japanese restaurants, high praise from people who have a broad choice of Japanese restaurants at home.
+
==Drink==
 +
===Bars and Nightclubs===
 +
Edmonton nightlife is relatively vibrant for a city of its size. For a complete list of live music and nightlife events, pick up a copy of Vue Weekly. This free publication is available from yellow newspaper boxes along Jasper Avenue between 99th Street and 106th Street and from many coffee shops. You can also check out most of the main music listings of all genres online at barsnbands.net. Generally speaking, there are two main nightlife areas in Edmonton including Jasper Avenue (Downtown) and Whyte Avenue (Old Strathcona).
  
* '''Mt Fuji Teppanyaki Japan Ltd''', 9635 167 Ave. This northside secret won't stay hidden for long. The sushi is meticulously prepared, while the beef and chicken dishes satisfy the less adventurous. Try the elegant-looking chirashi, which offers a variety of the freshest fish in the city. Call ahead for take-out, available for any item on their extensive menu. The homemade sesame sauce used on some of the rice dishes is so popular, they now sell it by the bottle. Due to its proximity to the nearby military base, Mt. Fuji is always packed full of uniformed patrons at lunch. Try arriving early, or wait until after 1pm. Open everyday until 9pm (except Sundays, when they're closed).
+
Nightlife in Downtown Edmonton tends to be for a more sophisticated and older (25+) crowd. There are approximately 25 bars and nightclubs in the Downtown area, providing the greatest number of options in the city. It is focused primarily along Jasper Avenue with clusters of bars near 101st Street, 104th Street, and 109th Street. For a partial list of nightlife options in Downtown Edmonton, please see the Drink section in the [[Edmonton/Central | Edmonton/Central]] page.
 +
DD's On Site!™ maintains a phone friendly guide to Downtown pubs here: http://ddsos.ca/pubsandbars/downtown.html
  
* '''Japanese Village''', 10126 100 St. The Japanese Village is located in an unusual vintage three-story building in the heart of downtown. The main floor houses the sushi bar, tables, and a number of tatami rooms. Upstairs, a series of teppan-style cooking tables provide entertaining and tasty full dinners. The food is good and the atmosphere very pleasant.
+
The second nightlife area in Edmonton is known as "Whyte Avenue" or "Old Strathcona". This area, due in large part to its close proximity to the University of Alberta, has a more artsy, youthful, and bohemian feel than its more sophisticated Downtown competition. There are approximately 20 bars and nightclubs in this area plus a wide variety of restaurants and tourist shops. The bulk of the nightlife in this area is located along Whyte Avenue (82nd Avenue NW) between 107th Street NW and 102nd Street NW. See the Drink section of the [[Edmonton/South_Central | Edmonton/South Central]] page for specific listings in Whyte Avenue.
 +
DD's On Site!™ maintains a phone friendly guide to Whyte Ave. pubs here: http://ddsos.ca/pubsandbars/whyteavenue.html
  
* '''Mikado''', 10350 109 St (downtown) and 1903 98 St (South Edmonton Common), [http://www.mikadorestaurant.com]. The original was the first Japanese restaurant in Alberta. Both locations have modern decor, sushi bar, tables and tatami rooms; food style is a mix of traditional Japanese (try the Bento boxes for a sampling) with some offerings of nouveau Japanese cuisine (try the Dragon Eyes, baked oysters or the Red Rose Roll and you won't be disappointed). Reservations are the way to go on key nights, otherwise be prepared to wait quite a while to be seated. Atmosphere is pleasant and food is generally excellent, but quantities are a little smaller and prices a little higher than one would expect. Prices suggest top-notch sushi, but Mikado is on par with other local sushi restaurants.
+
There are also a minor number of West Edmonton, South Edmonton, and North Edmonton bars and nightclubs.
  
* '''Shogun''', 10125 121 Street. Shogun is a comfortable restaurant, low-ceilinged and pleasantly lined with dark panelling. The sushi and teppan-style cooking are as good as anywhere in the city, but Shogun is generally less busy than the restaurants right downtown and can almost always accommodate you without reservations.
+
===Coffee===
  
* '''Osaka'''. More reminiscent of Chinese food than Japanese, and not particularly authentic Chinese food at thatIt's cheap, I guess. Avoid the sushi. More damaging, Sam Wok is just down the street.
+
There are two main areas for good coffee.  The '''Coffee Block''' refers to a block of independent coffee shops between 103 St. and 104 St. on Jasper AvenueAlthough there are only 3 cafés, they are all very good.
 +
'''Three Bananas Cafe''' is another perfect stop; it's on the way to the Churchill LRT station at Churchill Square (102 Avenue between 99 and 100 Street).
 +
Another area is '''Whyte Avenue''' which has more spread out coffee shops but pretty much each one is very good. '''Luzzara Coffee Bar''' is an Italian style espresso bar (100th St & Whyte Ave)
 +
'''Java Jive''' is a local institution, having been around for more than thirty years and locally owned. There are three shops on the University of Alberta campus, and a warehouse on 77th Ave and 99th St.
 +
'''Transcend''' in Argyll is a very classy coffee shop that not only makes coffee, will sell you the beans (if you want to take home). '''Mandolin Books and Coffee Company''' on 112 Avenue is another fantastic find.  Other than that, just do some exploring, you might just find something that is just for you.
  
* '''Wasabi''', 5714 111 Street. Cozy atmosphere, lots of parking. Primarily take-out. Mr. Yoshida makes great sushi.
+
==Sleep==
  
====Korean====
+
===Budget===
 +
Most of the budget hotels in the city are concentrated in and around the [[Edmonton/Southwest|south]] (e.g. Derrick Hotel) end of the city or in the deep [[Edmonton/East Central|east central]] area. There is also a lot in the nearby suburbs, see [[Edmonton Capital Region|Edmonton's area]].
  
*'''Bul-Go-Gi House''', 8813 92 Street. This Korean restaurant was Edmonton's first, and has deservedly outlived several competitors with its consistent good quality and reasonable prices. The dining room's style is no better than functional, but you don't visit for the decor. Try ''bulgogi'', ''bibimbap'', and the homemade ''kimchi'' at a minimum, and feel comfortable that you'll enjoy pretty near anything on the menu - even if you've never heard of it.
+
There are also hostels located downtown, by Jekyll & Hyde's Pub, and just off of Whyte Avenue.
  
*'''Korean Beauty''', 6516 118 Ave.
+
===Mid Range===
 +
Closer to the [[Edmonton/Central|core]], '''Holiday Inn Express Downtown''' and the '''Comfort Inn & Suites''' are good options. These two offer great views along with easy access to the benefits of downtown. In [[Edmonton/North|the north end]], '''the Prospector's Gaming Room''' and '''North Inn and Suites''' are some great examples of some modern and simple good priced hotels at that part of the city. In the [[Edmonton/West End|West End]], with the closeness of West Edmonton Mall, there are a ton of hotels to choose from, most of which are on '''100 Ave.'''
  
*'''Korean Village''', 7729 85 Street. All you can eat Korean BBQ for $20. Secret tip: ask them to change the grill after yours gets black and horrible. This restaurant is run by a small Korean family that take great pride in their food and service. It is the most tasty, authentic Korean food you will find in Edmonton.
+
South of the river, in [[Edmonton/South Central|Old Strathcona-University]] the '''Campus Suites''' is a great option for nice service and its proximity to the University. '''Days Inn Edmonton South''' is a recent addition to Old Strathcona, just a few blocks off Whyte Avenue. Also on '''Gateway Boulevard''' there are a lot of hotels, such as '''Greenwood Inn & Suites''', '''Ramada South''', '''Ramada Edmonton''', '''Mayfield Inn''', '''Travelodge South''', '''Econo Lodge''', '''Sawridge Inn Edmonton South''' and '''Cedar Park Inn'''. In the east, there is a lovely '''Four Points''' hotel with easy access to the city.
  
====Thai, Malaysian, and Indonesian====
+
===Splurge===
 +
Edmonton has a good variety of high end hotels in different locations in the city. Some of the most popular locations are:
  
* '''Ban Thai''', 15726 100 Ave. A local favorite, this family-run restaurant claims to be the oldest Thai kitchen in Edmonton. It has a comfortable, homey atmosphere and boasts well-prepared dishes that emphasize fresh ingredients. The Pad Thai has a good reputation among regular diners. This is one of the more expensive Thai restaurants in town, but the quality of the food and the friendly service make it a worthwhile stop.
+
* <sleep name="Downtown Edmonton" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax=""> This region has the highest number of high end hotels in the city. One can choose from hotels with river valley views including '''Crowne Plaza - Chateau Lacombe''' and the '''Courtyard Marriott''' and ones that have good views of the city such as the '''Sutton Place Hotel''' and the '''Westin Edmonton'''. There are also beautiful boutique hotels like '''Matrix Hotel''' and the '''Union Bank Inn'''. Either way, all of these posh empires have good access to downtown, friendly service, nice architecture, and luxury suites. For the extravagant traveller, the '''Fairmont Hotel Macdonald''' is a classic, château-like building built in 1912 and is the most expensive in the city, overlooking the river valley in elegant style.</sleep>
  
* '''Bua Thai''', 10049 113 Street. Located across the street from St. Joseph's Basilica, Bua Thai serves up high-quality Thai food at competitive prices.  Particularly good is their Beef with Basil, but nothing disappoints.
+
* <sleep name="West Edmonton" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">The area is full of higher-class hotels due to the proximity of West Edmonton Mall. One can choose from '''Fantasyland Hotel''' that's right in the mall or further out ones like '''Hampton Inn & Suites''' and the '''Hilton Garden Inn'''.</sleep>
  
* '''Krua Wilai''', 9940 106 Street. Edmonton's most authentic Thai food. Incredible service at a reasonable price. The value, in terms of large portions, is hard to beat.
+
==Contact==
 +
* Area codes for phones in Edmonton are '''780''' and '''587'''.
 +
* '''Wireless connection''' - most hotels offer wireless connection and for outdoor use-check out City Hall/Churchill Square or most parts of downtown, as they have good internet connection.  Also there are some internet cafés that you can check out.
  
*'''Padmanadi''', 10626 97 Street. Excellent vegetarian Malaysian food.
+
* '''Emergency''' - If you have an emergency, call '''911'''. Non-emergency's may call #377 on their cellular device and the police complaint line is 780-423-4567.
  
*'''The King and I''', 8208 107 Street. A stand-by for good Thai food, it's always been a bit pricey, and often the portions are somewhat small. Those looking for an authentic experience might consider a different Thai restaurant, as this one is known to cater to "cautious" diners. It's a great introduction to Thai food, however, and beginners won't be disappointed by the flavors. It still serves, by far, the best coconut rice in the city.
+
*'''Government''' -The city operates a question/concerns/bylaw complaints line that can be reached by dialing 311
  
*'''Tropika''', 6004 104 Street. and 14921 Stony Plain Road (approx. 101 Avenue) This is authentic Malaysian food done right, with good-sized portions and intense flavors.  Some may find the occasional dish a little oily, but that's authentic.  Located in a strip mall with plenty of parking on Calgary Trail South, or in another strip mall off Stony Plain Road in the west end.  Fridays and Saturdays can be busy, especially around holidays, so phone ahead if you're planning to dine then.
 
  
====Vietnamese====
+
===Police stations===
 +
Edmonton is patrolled by the '''Edmonton Police Service'''. In addition to the Police Headquarters/Downtown Division located east of City Hall, the EPS is separated into five operational Divisions (the name in brackets denotes the neighbourhood in which the Division station is located):
 +
*'''Downtown Division''' (Boyle Street)
 +
*'''North Division''' (Miller)
 +
*'''West Division''' (Glenwood)
 +
*'''Southwest''' (Papachase Industrial)
 +
*'''Southeast''' (Tawa)
  
*'''Calgary Trail Noodle House''', 5730 104 Street. An inexpensive, cozy place to meet for lunch or dinner. Chinese items are served alongside tasty and authentic Vietnamese dishes. The most expensive offerings are all less than $13. Fully licensed. Friendly staff.
+
===Internet cafés===
  
*'''Doan's''', 2 locations - 10130 107 St and 7909 104 St. Doan's runs two establishments in town. The downtown one occupies a fancy space (for a Vietnamese restaurant) and is popular with businesspeople at lunch. The south-side restaurant, a couple blocks south of Whyte (82nd) Avenue, is more conventional in its interior and layout. Both restaurants serve good quality Vietnamese food at good prices, and both are popular. They don't stand ahead of the other restaurants in this section, but they are reliably good.
+
Edmonton has a small number of internet cafés, most being [[Edmonton/Central|downtown]] or in [[Edmonton/South Central|Old Strathcona-University]].
  
*'''Golden Bird''', 10544 97 St. Operated to high standards by a single family, this restaurant prepares some of the best crispy spring rolls in town. Mom runs the kitchen, Dad and son will serve you in this colorful room. The menu has dishes not found at other Vietnamese restaurants in town; notable items include peppered squid and those served with sugar cane. The room is packed at lunchtime during the week - try to come before 11:45 to get a table.
+
==Stay safe==
 +
Edmonton has a low crime rate compared to other North American cities. Pick-pocketing and confidence scams are almost non-existent in the city. Still, there are some areas where increased caution is advised.
  
*'''Lemongrass Cafe''', 10417 51 Ave. This restaurant is newer than many of the others, with a clean, crisp interior design. It's friendly and the food is prepared with care and attention to detail.
+
* The area to the east of Downtown Edmonton is known as the Inner City. This area (approximately between 90th Street NW and and 97th Street NW and between Jasper Avenue NW and 107th Avenue NW) contains lower cost housing plus support services for Edmonton's lesser affluent citizens. Although this area is safe to walk in, it does have a noticeably higher level of homelessness, drunk people, and drug use. Visitors would be wise to travel within this area with a higher level of awareness, particularly at night.
  
*'''Pagolac''', Northside - 10566 97 St and Southside - 9642 54 Ave. With two locations, one on either side of the river, this restaurant serves hundreds of hearty Vietnamese dishes. The fare is a little less fancy than elsewhere, but contributes to a more authentic experience, and the prices are a little lower as well. A bowl of duck soup with noodles, gently spiced and swimming in a rich brown broth, will fill you for the rest of the day. Come early for lunch or be prepared to share a table.
+
* In nightclub oriented areas of the city (Jasper Avenue and Whyte Avenue), it can become a little rowdy between Midnight and 3:00 AM as drunk party-goers travel between bars. Be polite and don't be confrontational if you are approached by drunks late at night in these areas.
  
*'''Thanh Thanh Oriental Noodle House''', 10718 101 St. This cheerful restaurant serves some of the best Vietnamese food in the city (a Vietnamese friend claims it's the "most authentic" in Edmonton). Prices have gone up in recent years, but quantities are still large and two can dine well for $20. The spicy satay beef noodle soup is a terrific cure for winter, and the extensive menu ranges from spice-free to lively curries and satay dishes. Perennial favorites include the lightly-spicy lemon-grass chicken, which arrives in a quantity to feed two or three if you add a bowl of rice to the order. There's a crush most lunch hours, so head over early.
+
There is panhandling, particularly near the commercial areas along Jasper Avenue and Whyte Avenue but it is rarely aggressive. Just decline such solicitations politely and it shouldn't be an issue.
  
===Breakfast and brunch===
+
===Northern driving===
  
*'''High Level Diner''', 10912 88 Ave. (University district) This is a long-time Edmonton favorite, known for its cozy atmosphere and a broad selection of food. It serves breakfast, lunch, and dinner equally well. For breakfast, try the self-branded hot cereal, a bowl brimming with a half-dozen or more types of hot, flavorful grains. The cereal mixture is also available dry for taking home - it's a great gift to out-of-town Edmontonians pining for a taste of home. The main menu's bias is towards simple but hearty Mediterranean cuisine, but it includes robust dishes from other cultures as well. The Diner serves a number of flavorful vegetarian dishes, and the menu also includes sufficient meat meals to amply satisfy the family carnivore. In summer there is a small patio area which gives a nice view of the surrounding area, good for people watching. The best long island iced tea in the city (made from scratch). On Sunday mornings, arrive early or be prepared for a line at the door.
+
Navigation in Edmonton is made easier by city's street grid and relative lack of traffic compared to most other major North American cities. Visitors should note that additional hazards are presented by winter driving in the city, especially during and after the first few snowfalls of the winter. Ice can be a problem, especially on bridges. Ice on roadways can be almost invisible, which is where the commonly used - and dreaded - term "black ice" comes from. Stay tuned to local radio stations, several of which have regular road reports, and be prepared to find alternate routes should weather conditions or accidents shut down some routes.
  
*'''Silk Hat''', 10251 Jasper Ave. This restaurant, one of Edmonton's oldest, was a proud promoter of the almost-vanished "greasy spoon" style of dining: booths down one side, a long bar with stools down the other, and good cheap food. Unfortunately, it closed almost without warning as of June 2007.
+
==Cope==
  
*'''Barb & Ernie's''', 9906 72 Ave. This German restaurant is family-owned and operated by husband and wife duo, Barb and Ernie. It serves hearty portions of delicious breakfasts. Be sure to order the Eggs Benedict, the best in the city!
+
===Newspapers===
  
*'''Cafe De Ville''', 10137 124 Street. They have their own pastry chef. http://www.cafedeville.com
+
*'''Edmonton Journal''' [http://www.edmontonjournal.com/] A traditional journalistic newspaper tied to facts and less opinionated
  
*'''The Harvest Room''', 10065 100 Street NW. Located in the historic Fairmont Hotel MacDonald, this is one of the finest places to dine in Edmonton. Expect orange juice with champagne, and the best brunch you've ever had. Bring big bucks, though - this may be the most expensive restaurant in the city.
+
*'''Edmonton Sun''' [http://www.edmontonsun.com/] A more tabloid style newspaper focused on news reporting but also more opinionated and tilted in views.  
  
===Burgers===
+
*'''Vue Weekly''' [http://www.vueweekly.com] A free, artsy and more controversial newspaper talking about events surrounding the city.
  
*'''Garage Burger Bar''', 10242 106 Street. Located in the downtown core, Garage Burger Bar serves some of the best burgers in Edmonton. Prices are great, too.
+
*'''Metro Edmonton''' [http://www.metronews.ca/edmonton] Free daily newspaper given out at most Light Rail Transit stations and in paper boxes across the city.
  
*'''Burger Baron''' Various locations throughout the city. Locally owned and operated, this longtime favorite serves delicious food at reasonable prices.  
+
===Hospitals and major health centres===
 +
If you are on the north end, central, or in east central, the Royal Alexandra Hospital is the best.  For the west, Misericordia is probably the best due to proximity.  In the south side of the river, you may choose from Grey Nun's or University.  Some people in central might go to University as well.
 +
* <listing name="University of Alberta Hospital" alt="" address="8440 112 Street NW" directions="" phone="(780) 407-8822" url="http://capitalhealth.ca" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">Centrally located with very good, young doctors.  Best for people in South Central or Central. Most comprehensive, doctors will often recommend patients to this location since "they can handle anything there". World renowned facility!</listing>
  
 +
* <listing name="Royal Alexandra Hospital" alt="" address="10240 Kingsway NW" directions="" phone="(780) 735-4111" url="http://capitalhealth.ca" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax=""></listing>
  
===Coffee shops===
+
* <listing name="Misericordia Community Hospital" alt="" address="16940 87 Avenue NW" directions="" phone="(780) 735-2000‎" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax=""></listing>
  
*'''Block 1912''', 10361 82 Ave. Located in the heart of Whyte (82nd) Avenue, this coffee shop is a favourite for late night dates, chatting with old friends, and family gatherings, and offers a variety of home-made desserts, gourmet coffees, and healthy lunch and dinner items. There's even a built-in gelateria for those who crave a delicious taste of Italy. If you've got a sweet tooth, you will find some of the best desserts in the city including chocolate cheesecakes. The excellent chai lattés are made from scratch. You'll love the eclectic décor; you can't miss the enormous desert painting in the back corner.
+
* <listing name="Grey Nun's Hospital" alt="" address="2927 66 Street NW" directions="" phone="" url="http://capitalhealth.ca" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">The most modern looking and fancy of the city's hospitals.</listing>
  
===Eastern European===
+
* <listing name="Edmonton General" alt="" address="11111 Jasper Avenue NW" directions="" phone="(780) 482-8111" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax=""></listing>
  
*'''Bistro Praha''', 10168 100A Street, 424-4218. The Bistro is one of the longest-established restaurants in Edmonton. Its menu and ambience have remained as they were when it opened in the mid-1970's: really - why change? Business people in the lunch hour, and the arts crowd from local theatres and concert spots in the evening, fill this wood-paneled room enjoying crisp wiener schnitzel, roast goose, terrific steak tartare, and other eastern-European treats. The liquor markup is reasonable, beer selection features hard-to-find European brews, service is cool but professional, and food is consistently excellent. $6-$10 (lunch), $12-$20(dinner).
+
* <listing name="Hys Centre" alt="" address="11010 - 101 Street, Edmonton" directions="" phone="" url="http://mic.ca" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax=""> Not a hospital but a major medical center which is located right next to the Royal Alex and provides diagnostic and other private services.</listing>
  
*'''Accent European Lounge''', 8223 104 Street. Located a half-block north of Whyte (82nd) Avenue, this bistro/bar has a warm, wood-paneled main room with a welcoming bar for those awaiting company or a table. There's also a cheerful west-facing (sunny!) four-table patio in the summer. The menu features wiener schnitzel, steak a la tartare, other European dishes, and hearty salads at good prices. An excellent European beer selection and a busy street scene make this the perfect Fringe Festival patio break.
+
==Get out==
 +
[[Image:Etown yeah.jpg|thumb|right|265px|Edmonton skyscrapers from an aerial view.]]
  
*'''Continental Treat''', 10560 Whyte (82) Avenue North West. Top-notch escargot, mussels, dill pickle soup, french onion soup.
+
*'''[[Calgary]]''' Edmonton's sister city is situated approximately 300 kilometers south (three hours) of Edmonton along Highway 2.
  
===Indian===
+
*'''[[Jasper]]''' Jasper is a more natural-oriented, less-commercial national park compared to its southern neighbor Banff. It is approximately 3.5 hours west of the city. Although its visitor demand peaks in summer, skiing and hiking make it also a popular destination in winter. Some of the highest peaks of the Rocky Mountains are along the highway and you are likely to see a variety of wildlife during your bus or car ride there. It has a wide range of accommodation from luxury to spartan.
  
*'''Jewel of Kashmir''', 7219 104 Street.
+
*'''[[Banff]]''' Banff National Park is approximately 5 hours southwest from Edmonton. It is a more touristy destination compared to Jasper and has picturesque mountains, lakes, and shopping districts.
  
*'''Punjab Sweets and Restaurant''', 9393 34 Avenue. This down-to-earth favorite has a twice-daily buffet as well as numerous affordable menu selections. Don't be fooled by the decor in this renovated Arby's restaurant; the food is very tasty. The location also serves as a bakery and take-out restaurant.
+
*'''Elk Island National Park''' is less than an hour's drive east of Edmonton along the Yellowhead Highway (Hwy 16). This national park is one of the last remaining large areas of natural aspen parkland undisturbed by agriculture and other human activities. Elk Island National Park is home to a variety of wildlife indigenous to the region such as moose, wood bison, deer, elk, beaver, muskrat and various waterfowl. Over 250 species of birds make their home here, making it a good place for birdwatching. The Ukrainian Pioneer Home, located in the vicinity of Lake Astotin in Elk Island National Park, is '''Canada's oldest Ukrainian museum'''. There is camping, cross country skiing, hiking and other outdoor activities. As in most Canadian national parks, a fee is required for entry into Elk Island National Park.
  
*'''Khazana''', 10177-107 Street. At one time a few years back (late 90s), Khazana was *the* East Indian tandoori restaurant in the city, but its high-style, high-quality presentation and delivery has been its undoing.  Still competent in many respects, its amazing lunchtime buffet has been replaced by a much more lacklustre offering (sweet-and-sour chicken? are you kidding me?), and there is no menu service at lunchtime.  Prices are fairly high for a-la-carte dishes in the evening, and it generally takes several dishes to satisfy your appetite, as each is quite small. Still, the decor is outstanding and the evening meal, with careful selection, can be quite good.
+
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*'''New Asian Village''', 10143 Saskatchewan Drive. One of the "old men" of East Indian cuisine in Edmonton. The food is excellent and the decor is always a feast for the eyes. Prices for food on the regular menu are quite high. In general à la carte portions are rather meagre for the price. One notable aspect of this restuarant is its incredible beer list, reputedly the largest in Alberta. The lunchtime buffet, while limited in selection, is adequate. The evening buffet, on the other hand, is a real treat. Check with the restaurant for the nights it's available, then go over early (say, by 5:30) to enjoy for a pittance a dinner that would severely lighten your wallet if ordered a la carte. The buffet dishes are flavorful and fresh, including naan bread that's made in front of you by one of the chefs, and the quality is as good as the regular menu. 
+
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| minorr1=Edmonton International Airport - [[Leduc]]
  
*'''Haweli Fine East Indian Cuisine''', 10220 103 Street. This sizeable restaurant is close to Edmonton's downtown office towers, which makes it an easy walk for most downtowners. You get a very good deal on the weekday lunch buffet. Try the butter chicken and the naan bread. Very authentic.
+
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 +
| majorl2=[[Jasper]]
 +
| minorl2=[[Spruce Grove]]
 +
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 +
| majorr2=[[Saskatoon]]
 +
| minorr2=[[Elk Island National Park]]
  
===French===
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| majorl3=[[Grande Prairie]]
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*'''Creperie''', 111, 10220 103 Street. A warm and cozy French-style eatery specializing in crepes. The crepes come with interesting and tasty fillings such as seafood Americane, jambalaya, beef stroganoff, and salmon. Other fine foods can also be had there, such as filet mignon and cedar baked salmon. It also has several vegetarian options on the menu. Popular with couples, it has won several awards for being the most romantic restaurant in Edmonton - though knowledeable diners will also support the Red Ox Inn for this title. http://www.thecreperie.com/
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| minorr4=[[Wainwright]]
  
===Greek and Eastern Mediterranean===
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| majorr5=[[Lamont]]
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| minorr5=[[Fort Saskatchewan]]
 +
}}
  
*'''Koutouki''', 10704 124th Street. Not cheap, but likely the best Greek food and restuarant atmosphere in town.
+
{{isPartOf|Edmonton Capital Region}}
 +
{{geo|53.5455|-113.4902}}
  
*'''Yiannis Taverna''', 10444 82nd(Whyte) Ave. Fun place, especially in the summer when the large garage doors in the front open onto the bustling streets of the funky Old Strathcona neighborhood. Loud and busy.
+
{{usablecity}}
 
+
{{cityguide}}
===Italian===
 
 
 
*'''Chianti's''', 10501 82nd Ave. Chianti's is housed in an attractive space (the recycled shell of the historic former Post Office), and offers cheap and cheerful Italian pasta and meat dishes. Service and ambience are professional enough to impress your boss, but prices are low enough to allow treating your friends to dinner. The patio is very, very pleasant on warm summer evenings.
 
 
 
*'''Il Portico''', 10012 107th Street. Situated downtown, just a block off Jasper Avenue, this restaurant has first-class food, service, and setting. The wine cellar is extensive, as is the menu, and you may be able to celebrity-spot in this popular room.
 
 
 
*'''La Spiga''', 10133 125 Street.  Upscale Italian in a historic Edmonton residence.
 
 
 
*'''Piccolino Bistro''', 9112 142nd Street. The personable staff, headed by the owner/operator Lino, complete the comfortable atmosphere of this restaurant.  The food is awesome, featuring daily specials including risotto.  And the homemade tiramisu is the best to be found anywhere. Reservations on Friday and Saturday are recommended.
 
 
 
*'''Sicilian Pasta Kitchen''', 2 locations - 805 Saddleback Road and 11239 Jasper Ave. Great atmosphere, generous portions, scrumptious appetizers, and to-die-for desserts. For seafood lovers, try the Linguini Granchio or the Penne Alla Diavola. Make reservations well in advance, especially on the weekend.
 
 
 
*'''Sorrentino's Bistro-Bar''', 3 locations - Sorrentino's Downtown 10162 100 St, Sorrentino's west-end 6867 170 St, and  Sorrentino's in little Italy at 10844 95 St., [http://www.sorrentinos.com/]. These local restaurants are an Edmonton tradition. Each of them offers a slightly different variation on comfortable Italian fare. Some are more formal settings than others, but all of the restaurants offer competent cuisine at pretty good prices.
 
 
 
*'''Tony’s Pizza Palace''', 9605 111 Avenue. Tony's makes an art form of the uncommon (in Edmonton) thin-crust pizza in three huge ovens, serving hot and tasty pizzas to a cheerful dining room and lounge. The pizza is thin, crunchy, and decorated with just the right amount of tasty and authentic toppings - no sodden mess of mozzarella here. Try the appetizer "pretzel" as well - it's a sizeable spiral of pizza dough trimmings topped with anchovies and garlic, and baked into a crisp, sparky treat. The wine list is brief but economical, service friendly, and you can order for take-out if you want to enjoy dinner at home.
 
 
 
===Mexican, Latin American===
 
 
 
*'''Acajutla''', 11302 107 Ave. Acajutla is a Salvadorean / Central American eatery with functional decor, good food, and low prices.  If you're expecting a variation on Mexican, you may not recognize the menu -- sausages, for example, play a prominent role, and we're not talking chorizo!  Nevertheless, the food is good and the prices are suitable for the starving-student crowd.
 
 
 
*'''Julio's Barrio''', 2 locations - 10450 82nd (Whyte) Ave and 170th Street at 100 Ave. Julio's serves good Mexican food and lots of it. The menu is extensive, the servings are generous, and the food is the best Mexican fare in town. The restaurant's interior is colorful, although the tables and chairs - authentic equipale furniture made from roswood and palm slat frames with stretched pig skin - are somewhat eccentric. Fresh home-made salsas, in every temperature from mild to "salsa of mass destruction", accompany free bowls of corn chips before dinner. The bar stocks several Mexican beers as well as the usual domestic brands, and has notable automation in place to speed the creation of margueritas. With friendly but professional service, Julio's is one of Whyte Avenue's busiest eateries, and justifiably so.
 
 
 
===Vegetarian===
 
 
 
*'''Padmanadi''', 10626 97 Street Phone: 780-428-8899 Entirely vegan.  Even meat eaters can appreciate the 'fake' meat and veggie dishes.
 
 
 
*'''Café Mosaics''', 10844-82 Ave.
 
 
 
*'''Oriental Veggie House''', 10586-100 St.
 
 
 
===Fancy Food===
 
 
 
*'''The Blue Pear''', 10643 123 street. Fixed tasting menu. [http://www.thebluepear.com/].
 
 
 
*'''Characters''', 10257 105 street. [http://www.characters.ca/].
 
 
 
*'''Gini's''', 10706 142 Street.
 
 
 
*'''Hardware Grill''', 9698 Jasper Ave., [http://www.hardwaregrill.com/]. This restaurant is housed in the refurbished shell of the W. W. Arcade. a venerable Edmonton hardware store, hence the name. The interior is contemporary and tables are well-spaced, enhancing privacy and lending a sense of intimacy to evening dining. The food is among the most expensive in Edmonton, but may not seem so to diners from other large cities. Food quality is high, the wine list is extensive, and service is good, although not as consistent and well-trained as (for example) the Harvest Room's service. It's definitely one of the ten top restaurants in the city, although its exact placement depends - as always - on your tastes and expectations.
 
 
 
*'''Jack's Grill''', 5842 111th St., [http://www.jacksgrill.ca]. Jack's is another "top ten" restaurant, and a long-standing favorite of Edmonton's fancy diners. The menu is creative, and execution is generally faultless. Portions are not large, and prices are high, but in neither case is Jack's much different from other "haute cuisine" in town. The space may seem a little unusual: the Lendrum location is in a strip mall, and the tables are decorated with crayons for your amusement. But in general the dining experience lives up to expectations for Alberta fine dining - perhaps less formal than Toronto or San Francisco, but also more approachable.
 
 
 
*'''La Boheme''', 6427 112th Ave.
 
 
 
*'''La Ronde (Chateau Lacombe Crown Plaza Hotel Restaurant)''' Edmonton's secret version of the Calgary tower. The rotating restaurant features fine dining with "authentic" Alberta cuisine and a view of the river valley and downtown. Dinners $30+
 
 
 
*'''Normand's''', 11639A Jasper Ave., [http://www.normands.com]. This well-established restaurant offers a broad range of exceptional dishes. The menu features wild game of various types, including (with some seasonal variations) bison, ostrich, muskox, wapiti (elk), and other uncommon treats. The food is prepared in what might be called a Canadian - Continental style, with an emphasis on unique flavors from western Canada. Local berries, wild Alberta mushrooms, and a good selection of Canadian wines makes a meal here a uniquely Canadian experience if you wish. The restaurant itself is small and beautifully decorated, and it's a favored destination for Edmonton's power elite - you may see the Premier dining there some evenings. Prices are moderate considering the quality of the restaurant, making Normand's one of the best bargains in the top echelon of Edmonton restaurants.
 
 
 
*'''Red Ox Inn''', 9420 91st Street. This restaurant is one of Edmonton's hidden gems. Situated in a residential neighborhood a few blocks north of Whyte Avenue, it has been quietly developing an enviable reputation, a few customers at a time. The room is small but well-organized, and it's reputed to be one of the most romantic restaurants in town. The menu is fairly brief, but the dishes are original and come in hearty portions.
 
 
 
*'''Ruth's Chris Steakhouse''', 10103 100th St NW (downtown). Ruth's Chris is an upscale chain restaurant originating in New Orleans. As its name indicates, the menu is primarily beefsteak, although it also has a small number of chicken, fish, and other dishes. This location is a converted bank building, with high ceilings that help build atmosphere in a pleasant, dark restaurant and bar. The food is more than adequate in quality and quantity, the service is fawningly professional, and the wine list provides lots of high-quality choices. On the other hand, food prices are very high, the menu lacks variety, and the dishes are unimaginative in flavor and presentation. If you dine out to find new foods and flavors exquisitely presented in posh settings, you may be better off across the street at the Hotel MacDonald's Harvest Room, or visiting one of the other restaurants in this section. If you just want a good steak, there are many Edmonton chefs who can give you one, and few would charge as much for it as Ruth does.
 
 
 
*'''Unheardof''', 9602–82 Ave., [http://www.unheardof.com/]. One of Edmonton's finest food establishments, although be aware that this quality comes at a price. The menu is a prix-fixe style, with one or two choices for each course. The meal costs about $60 per person (as of 2006), but if you are looking for excellent eating, and the price does not faze you, look no no further than Unheardof.
 
 
 
==Drink==
 
 
 
The majority of high-activity drinking establishments and night spots are centered around a few areas in the city.  The best-known is the Whyte Avenue area, on 82 Ave from about 99th Street to 109th Street, but there is also notable activity downtown near Jasper Avenue (roughly equivalent to 101 Avenue) from around 100 Street west, and also out in West Edmonton Mall (a.k.a. 'West Ed'). In addition, the far south of the city sports a number of clubs able to offer large interior spaces and parking not as easily available in the other locations.
 
 
 
===Pubs===
 
 
 
*'''Black Dog''', 10524 82 Ave. Frequently rated Edmonton's best neighborhood pub in city polls, this friendly drinking spot caters to the young and body-modified (pierced and tattoed) crowd as well as any place on Whyte Avenue. It serves a wide selection of imported and micro-brewed beer at middle-of-the-road prices, features live music on Saturday afternoons, and has one of the city's favorite pub "patios" on their roof - a terrific place to waste a summer afternoon.
 
 
 
*'''The Red Baron''', 6108 28 Avenue. With friendly people and great atmosphere, this traditional pub is a perfect place to play billiards or darts, or catch up on Mill Woods gossip. There is a full menu featuring all types of food, as well as all-day breakfast. Saturday nights usually feature karaoke, but don't miss "Wing Wednesdays," when wings are cheap all night. Happy hour goes until 8pm every night, and all day on Sundays.
 
 
 
*'''O’Byrnes''', 10616 82 Ave. An excellent Irish pub, rather roomy inside with two levels, and an outdoor patio open in summer. O'Byrnes is one of 'the' places to be on St. Patrick's Day in Edmonton, although you will want to get there early for that day as there is usually a line out the door from 4pm onwards. O'Byrnes also plays excellent Celtic music on Tuesdays.
 
 
 
*'''The Druid''', 11606 Jasper Ave. This Irish pub comes with a rustic Irish pub-style interior and a wide selection of different beers on tap. The Druid hosts live music on certain days of the week and dance music with DJs on weekends. It can be crowded with partygoers on Fridays and Saturdays, so it's a good idea to come early should you decide to go there on these days.
 
 
 
*'''Ceili's Irish Pub''', 10338 109th Street NW. Another pub in the Irish style, Ceili's is the closest one to downtown. There is ample nearby parking, unlike the Druid a few blocks away, and it's a popular spot for a meal as well as for the usual tap beers and drink specials. Some evenings feature live music, and you may want to look for (or avoid) the unusual "jam-aoke" - would-be singers from the audience in front of a live band.
 
 
 
===Clubs===
 
 
 
*'''Purple Onion''', 8032 104 Street. No one knows exactly where the hordes of people that press the flesh at the "P.O." every weekend come from. But come they do, as they have for close to 15 years now. And for anyone who wasn't already cheerful and dazed courtesy of Happy Hour, the DJ helps out with current dance hits and classic rock. Various drink and shooter specials are available, seemingly all the time. And unlike most of the licensed establishments in the area, you probably stand a better chance of getting your beverage faster from one of the numerous waitresses than you will from going to the bar.
 
 
 
*'''The Roost''', 10345 104th Street. An open mind doesn't hurt when you walk through the doors of this two-storey alternative-lifestyles hangout. Often lauded as the best gay club west of Toronto, it's an eye-opening experience to the uninitiated. Depending on your musical inclination, you can check out the main floor, where DJs allow patrons to sweat to the oldies or open the stage for regular drag shows and karaoke nights. Upstairs, revelers let it all hang out on the checkered dance floor, grooving to the rhythms of everything from Madonna to Dusk to Dawn.
 
 
 
*'''The One on Whyte''', 10544 82nd Ave. Located in the space occupied by the old Roxy club on the second floor of what used to be Old Strathcona¹s favourite bowling alley, the One on Whyte sports an attitude that tones down the nightclub aspect a bit and emphasizes an expanded food menu and more live music. Yes, there are still plenty of opportunities to shake it until closing time, just like the old Roxy, but it seems that the owners are shooting for an entirely new image.
 
 
 
*'''Union Hall''', 9920 62 Ave. Most nightclubs have a feel of snobbery to them - there is a feeling that the patron needs to be "in" to feel comfortable in the club environment. But the owners of the Standard, the successful Calgary Trail operation, decided that a spot was needed that would cater to those who wanted to simply go and have a good time without worrying about trends or fashions. Aimed at the classic-rock loving thirtysomething set, the Union Hall boasts that it is a spot about having an attitude-free good time. The Union Hall advertises itself as a place "where the only labels you'll find are on the bottles."
 
 
 
*'''New City Suburbs''', 10081 Jasper Ave.  If you're looking for respite from the top 40, hip hop or classic rock fare of most clubs in Edmonton, New City Suburbs is the place to be.  The music tends toward the "darker" side, featuring plenty of industrial, goth, metal, electronica, punk, some more recognizable alternative rock, new wave and classic 80s offerings (we're talking Depeche Mode, The Smiths and The Cure as opposed to retro dance party fare here).  This club caters mostly to the pierced, tattooed and black-clad crowd, and it is not uncommon to find people wearing corsets, thigh-high patent leather platform boots, studded collars and leather pants.  The club features an enormous dance floor with a raised stage, and a dancing cage.  Regardless of whether yours is a truly "alternative lifestyle" or you are just interested in an alternative to the Black Eyed Peas and the Pussycat Dolls on the dance floor, this club is inclusive, fun and almost always packed on a Saturday night.  Drink prices are not completely outrageous, commensurate with prices in clubs around the city, though there are not any of those crazy $1 highballs that some other places have.  There is a sit-down lounge with a separate DJ called Likwid Lounge upstairs for taking a breather from the dancing.
 
 
 
===Wine stores===
 
 
 
*'''Cristall’s Wine Market''', 5854 111th Street.
 
*'''deVine Wines & Spirits''', 10111 104th Street, [http://www.devinewines.ca].
 
*'''Grapes and Grains''', 9500 170th St.
 
*'''Wine Cellar''', 12421 102nd Ave.
 
 
 
===Noteworthy liquor stores===
 
 
 
*'''Chateau Louis Liquor Store''', 11727 Kingsway Ave. This liquor store has one of the largest selections of single-malt Scotch in Edmonton. (In fact, it was the site of Canada's only whisky kidnapping - in 1999, a fabulously rare bottle of 1955 Bowmore malt was stolen and offered back for ransom!). The selection is good and the prices are better than many places in the city. The liquor store is now known not just for its Scotches but also for its wide selection of other hard liquors, many of them premium brands ranking well above the regular bar brands in quality and price: it's one of the few stores in town with a choice in Absinthes, as well as high-end tequilas, rums, and non-Scotch whiskys. The wine selection is limited, and while there's a good variety of premium beers, any true beer aficionado would head a few blocks west to the Sherbrooke Liquor Store. Just south of the City Centre Airport attached to the hotel of the same name.
 
 
 
*'''Sherbrooke Liquor Store''', 11819 Saint Albert Trail. This unassuming little liquor store carries a massive inventory of specialty beers. The collection allegedly contains every variety available in Alberta, which would make this the one-stop shopping spot for Edmonton's beer fans. There are beers you've only read about, beers from countries you have never heard of, and all of them can be found in a big walk-in cooler ready for immediate enjoyment.
 
 
 
==Sleep==
 
*'''GO Backpackers Hostel''', 10815 Jasper Avenue (corner of 108 Street and Jasper Avenue), ''+1 780'' 423-4146, toll-free ''+1 877'' 646-7835, [http://www.gohostels.ca]. Located in downtown Edmonton. Beds start at $22 per night, a private rooms are also available.
 
 
 
*'''HI-Edmonton''', 10647-81 Avenue, ''+1 780'' 988-6836, fax ''+1 780'' 988-8698, toll-free reservations ''+1 877'' 467-8336, [http://www.hihostels.ca/alberta/en/index.aspx?sortcode=2.2]. Located near Whyte Avenue in Old Strathcona. Beds start at $22 per night.
 
 
 
*'''Fantasyland Hotel''' in the West Edmonton Mall is perhaps the one of the most unusual hotels in Canada, featuring exotically themed rooms such as Hollywood, African Safari, Polynesian, Trucks, Trains, and so on. It makes for the perfect resting place if you plan to spend several days inside the enormous shopping center.
 
 
 
*'''The Fairmont Hotel MacDonald''' Known as Edmonton's most elegant [[grand old hotels|grand old hotel]], construction for this Chateau-like building began in 1911 and was completed in 1915. Located in the heart of downtown, the breathtaking view of the river valley, fine dining from the Harvest Room, and beautiful suites, makes it the inn-of-choice for the rich and famous. It is also an ideal venue for meetings and banquets.
 
 
 
*'''The Union Bank Inn''', 10053 Jasper Ave (downtown). This lovely boutique hotel inhabits a small converted bank building in the center of Edmonton's downtown. Converted relatively recently, the interior is modern and business-friendly (Internet connections in nearly every room), while keeping an updated "heritage" theme in its comfortable rooms. Its restaurant, the Madison Grill, is one of the city's finer dining establishments, and if it doesn't suffice, you are only a couple of blocks away from any of the major downtown restaurants.
 
 
 
==Stay safe==
 
 
 
===Areas requiring care===
 
 
 
Edmonton, like most Canadian cities, can be considered safe throughout. Nevertheless, there are some areas where increased caution is advised, particularly after dark:
 
 
 
* The "inner city" area to the east of downtown - a square bounded by Jasper Avenue (corresponds to 101 Avenue) on the south, 118 Avenue on the north, 101 Street on the west, and around 85th Street on the east - has parts that are well-traveled and safe, but has other areas that are pretty rough, at least by Edmonton's standards. 118 Avenue features numerous signs asking visitors to report prostitution by calling a 1-800 number.
 
  
* Some will disagree that there's a real safety issue, but in recent years there has been an increase in alcohol-fueled disturbances on weekends near 82nd (Whyte) Avenue between 103 Street and 109 Street (the city's most concentrated party zone). Whyte Avenue is actually a very safe area in all other respects, but be somewhat wary of the closing-time outflow after midnight on Friday and Saturday nights. In recent years, police have vastly increased foot patrols in the area, which has calmed things down a bit.  If you're concerned, try to be out of the bar and on your way home by 1am, or, at the very least, don't linger on the street after closing time.
 
 
===Northern driving===
 
 
Navigation in Edmonton is generally made easier by city's gridded street system (mostly in the areas built before World War II) and relative lack of traffic compared to most other major North American cities. Visitors should also note that additional hazards are presented by winter driving in the city, especially during and after the first few snowfalls of the winter and during any subsequent bad winter weather. Ice can be a problem, especially on bridges. Ice on roadways can be almost invisible, which is where the commonly used - and dreaded - term "black ice" comes from. A lack of effective post-snowfall sanding and snow clearance exacerbates these additional hazards.
 
 
==Get out==
 
 
From Edmonton, you can travel relatively quickly to [[Calgary]], [[Drumheller]], the [[Rocky Mountains (Canada)|Rocky Mountains]] and [[Jasper]].
 
 
Nearby [[Banff]] and [[Jasper]] are both well-known national parks. They include world-class ski areas, hiking, boating, hostels, and many other outdoor attractions. Jasper is roughly 4 hours from Edmonton by the Yellowhead Highway (Hwy 16). Banff is only slightly further away.
 
 
'''Elk Island National Park'''
 
 
Elk Island National Park is less than an hour's drive east of Edmonton along the Yellowhead Highway (Hwy 16). This national park is one of the last remaining large areas of natural aspen parkland undisturbed by man, as much of the aspen parkland in Alberta is now largely gone due to agriculture and other human activities. Elk Island National Park is home to a variety of wildlife indigenous to the region such as moose, wood bison, deer, elk, beaver, muskrat and various waterfowl. Over 250 species of birds make their home in Elk Island National Park, making it a good place for birdwatching. The Ukrainian Pioneer Home, located in the vicinity of Lake Astotin in Elk Island National Park, is Canada's oldest Ukrainian museum.
 
 
Camping, cross country skiing, hiking and other outdoor activities that can be done in Elk Island National Park. As in most Canadian national parks, a fee is required for entry into Elk Island National Park.
 
 
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Latest revision as of 06:10, 11 April 2021

Edmonton is a huge city with several district articles containing sightseeing, restaurant, nightlife and accommodation listings — have a look at each of them.
Taste of Edmonton and the Art Gallery of Alberta.

Edmonton [8] is the capital city of Alberta, Canada and has a metro area of 1,447,143 people.[9] Edmonton is famous for its beautiful river valley park system, the North Saskatchewan River Valley, which offers over 100 kilometers of recreational trails, wildlife viewing, and city views. The river valley also contains many parks, including Fort Edmonton Park, Canada's largest historical park. If the great outdoors is not your target, the city also offers West Edmonton Mall, the largest shopping mall in the Western Hemisphere. On top of that, Edmonton has a vibrant theater community, a busy cycle of annual festivals, national sports teams active year-round, and wonderful winter recreational opportunities.

Districts[edit]

City of Edmonton (click to enlarge).
Central
This is Edmonton's oldest area. Shiny office towers populate the downtown core, just blocks away from well-treed streets and lovely old homes. This is the heart of the city, with much of the city's attractions. Enjoy world class festivals in Churchill Square, hit one of the sunny patios on Rice Howard Way, then shop for some Italian food in Little Italy, and finish the day off walking through the beautiful homes of Glenora.
South Central
Once the community of Strathcona, this in another well-established area. It's just south of the river, with views of downtown and the river valley. It is home to the University of Alberta, bringing a college community's youthfulness and excitement. The city's hottest strip, Whyte Avenue, offers dining, drinking, live music, live theater, and funky shopping.
West End
The west end combines a considerable residential area, light industrial and commercial areas, and shopping destinations like the famous West Edmonton Mall.
South
Another sprawling region of Edmonton. The area just recently got Light Rail Transit, and the eastern parts around Capilano and Ottewell are 50s styled mature neighbourhoods. The area is home to the Fort Edmonton Park as well as Southgate Mall and some beautiful parks in the river valley.
North
This area of the city has many layers. Mature, pre WWII neighbourhoods like Delton and the Highlands, somewhat mature 1950s/1960s neighbourhoods like Rosslyn and Calder, 80s suburbs like Clareview, and modern suburbs like Castle Downs.

In addition, Greater Edmonton also features several large communities outside Edmonton's city limits:

  • St. Albert on the northwest is a French-themed community with a popular city farmers market.
  • Sherwood Park on the southeast is a suburban area that despite having a population approaching 90,000 still retains its status as a hamlet, making it the largest such community in Canada.
  • Fort Saskatchewan on the northeast.
  • Leduc and Beaumont are bedroom communities a few kilometers south of Edmonton; Leduc, a city in its own right, is located next to the Edmonton International Airport.
  • Spruce Grove and Stony Plain are bedroom communities just west of Edmonton, accessible via the Yellowhead Highway.
  • CFB Edmonton. Also known as the "Superbase", this is one of Canada's largest military reservations; it is located immediately north of Edmonton off Highway 28 (97 Street).

Understand[edit]

History[edit]

The area around Edmonton, which sits in the geographic centre of the province, was home to native populations for thousands of years before the arrival of European settlers. In 1795, Edmonton House was constructed and work on Fort Edmonton began. The original site was near Fort Saskatchewan, but was relocated near the present day Legislature in 1830.

The town developed around the fur trade, and in the early days there was little to distinguish it from other such settlements in the area. The first hotel and hospital were built in the 1870s. The latter part of the century saw an influx of wealthy families, and in 1892 the Town of Edmonton was officially founded.

Early developments were centered around the Quarters area. In 1905, Edmonton was declared the capital of the province of Alberta, and a year later was designated a city. The 1907-1914 period saw the city experience an unprecedented boom, with the population rising from around 6,000 to 78,000. During this period, the University of Alberta was founded

In 1947 oil was discovered just outside of Edmonton in Leduc county, which spurred a second period of growth, leading to urban sprawl and the development of US-style malls. The Royal Alberta Museum opened in 1967.

The utilitarian office buildings and condos that dominate that downtown landscape today were mostly constructed in the 1970s.

Today, Edmonton is the hub for energy development & petrochemicals for Alberta. As well, it has become a centre of excellence in research through the University of Alberta and the high technology industries located in the region like the National Institute for Nanotechnology.

Climate[edit]

Climate Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Daily highs (°C) -7.3 -3.6 2.1 11.3 17.6 21 22.8 22.1 16.8 10.9 0 -5.4
Nightly lows (°C) -16 -13.1 -7.3 -0.3 5.7 10 12.1 11.1 5.8 0.3 -8.2 -13.9
Precipitation (mm) 23 15 17 26 49 87 92 69 44 18 18 21

See the Edmonton 7 day forecast at Environment Canada
Rogers Place arena.

Must-haves for winter in Edmonton
Between November and March, pack the following:

  • Thick jacket
  • Sweaters
  • Long sleeve shirts
  • Trousers, jeans, pants

On the colder days you need to maintain your core temperature, but your extremities will be where you feel the cold first. Bring the following:

  • Toque (knit hat)
  • Ear Muffs
  • Scarf
  • Woolen Socks
  • Boots
  • Gloves, Mittens

If you want to spend time outdoors, the summer months offer the most opportunities for recreation and entertainment. In the summer, Edmonton offers great outdoor festivals, street entertainment, open-air concerts, and many other world-class entertainment opportunities. Winter is equally exciting, with snow sports for the outdoorsy, extensive indoors shopping in the many malls, and live sports, theater, and music throughout the city.

Edmonton's climate is "northern continental", with a wide range of weather over all four distinct seasons. Edmonton receives 2,300 hours of sunshine per year, making it one of Canada's sunniest cities. Rainfall is low to moderate, and entire weeks can pass without clouds or precipitation through the late spring and summer.

Bright green foliage appears in May, signaling spring. Even as the city shakes off its winter chill, cold snaps and the occasional snowfall can still occur. The region's golf courses are generally open by this time.

Summer days generally bring temperatures up to 21-25°C (70-77°F) in June, July, and August, though temperatures will often rise over 30°C (85°F) for a few days. Thunderstorms sweep in from time to time during the summer months, usually in the evening. Humidity is relatively low, so warm days are more comfortable than they are in humid climates. At the height of summer, Edmonton enjoys more than 17 hours of daylight, with twilight extending past 11PM in June and July.

Fall starts in mid September, bringing bright yellow and orange foliage to Edmonton's treed neighborhoods and river valley parks. This season ushers in cooler temperatures ranging between 10-20°C during the day.

Winters are long, but not as harsh as those further east on the Canadian Prairies. Periods of mild temperatures with daytime highs over 0°C (32°F) can occur. Such mild weather makes outdoor winter sports extremely popular with the locals. Stop by a local outdoor ice rink to catch the fever of children and adults alike taking part in community hockey. Colder days in Edmonton are kept reasonably comfortable by the low humidity index, but it's wise to have some lip balm and hand cream with you, as the skin and lips can get cracked and chapped quickly in this dry environment.

Winter walking and driving are not often affected. Cold snaps with temperatures down to and beyond -30°C (-22F) can occur during the winter, although it's unusual for these frigid spells to last more than 1 or 2 days. Extremely cold temperatures are usually accompanied by the crisp blue skies and bright sunshine of a prairie high-pressure zone. Even regular winter temperatures can feel very cold if there is a noticeable wind: if you are visiting between December and March, be prepared.

Tourist Centres[edit]

  • Downtown Business Association of Edmonton, 10121 Jasper Avenue (Located on the west side of the Royal Bank building), 780-424-4085, [1]. 8:30AM-5PM M-F, closed weekends and statutory holidays. Every year, the Downtown Business Association publishes Guide to Downtown - a free, pocket-sized resource for everything happening downtown all year round. Download it online, email [email protected] for a copy, or pick it up in person at the DBA office or either of Edmonton Tourism's two visitor information centres.  edit
  • Edmonton Tourism - Downtown Visitor Information Centre, World Trade Centre, 9990 Jasper Avenue (Corner of Jasper Avenue and 100 Street), 1-800-463-4667, [2]. 7AM - 7PM, M-F; Closed weekends. Located on the main floor of the historic World Trade Centre building.  edit
  • Edmonton Tourism - Gateway Park Visitor Information Centre, 2404 Gateway Boulevard (South entrance to the city on Highway 2), 1-800-463-4667, [3]. Open year round. 8:30AM - 4:30PM M-F; 9AM - 5PM Sa; Closed Su. Excellent for recreational vehicle (RV) owners and visitors coming in to Edmonton from the south. Not convenient for unless driving.  edit

Get in[edit]

By plane[edit]

Most major airlines service Edmonton. General travel times to Edmonton are 45 minutes from Calgary, 1 1/2 hours from Vancouver, 4 1/2 hours from Montreal, and 4 hours from Toronto. Edmonton's main airport is western Canada's hub to the Northwest Territories.

  • Edmonton International Airport (IATA: YEG), [10]. Edmonton International is located 10 km south of Edmonton in Leduc County. Edmonton International Airport is the fastest growing large airport in Canada-with new parkades, services, terminals, planes, hotels, and shops popping up. It has two terminals, with a central hall that is the security point for all domestic and international traffic (excluding travel to the US, which uses the South Terminal). Public transit (route 747) begins April 29, 2012. The bus will run every 30 minutes from the airport to Century Park LRT station. Fares will cost $5 one-way, no change will be given and there is nowhere to purchase a ticket. [11]. An airport shuttle travels between the airport and downtown at an affordable cost ($15 one way; $25 return). Taxi service is also available, but can be costly (around $60 to or from downtown as of 2006). The drive between Edmonton International airport and downtown takes about half an hour. Allow extra time during the morning and afternoon rush hours. Car rental companies are located in the parkade directly across for the terminal for easy pick-up and returns.
  • WestJet, [12]. Canada's main discount airline services most western cities out of Edmonton, as well as most major Canadian centers.
  • Air Canada, [13]. The national carrier uses Edmonton International as a gateway to the Canadian North.

To Europe, Edmonton has daily service to Amsterdam on KLM and Reykjavik on Icelandair. To the United States, Edmonton has scheduled departures to 11 United States airports: Seattle, San Francisco, Los Angeles, Palm Springs, Maui, Orlando, Phoenix, Las Vegas, Denver, Dallas, Houston, New York via Newark Liberty International Airport, Minneapolis, and Chicago.

Edmonton International Airport has seasonal charter service to/from:

Acapulco, Bahias de Huatulco, Cozumel, Holguin, La Romana, Las Vegas, Laughlin, Liberia, Manzanillo, Mazatlan, Montego Bay, Puerto Vallarta, Varadero, Cancun, Punta Cana, Puerto Plata, Samana, and San Jose del Cabo.

By car[edit]

Edmonton is in Central Alberta east of the Canadian Rockies, with a deep river valley extending from the southwest to the northeast. Known as Gateway to the North, Edmonton is the largest city on the Yellowhead branch (Alberta Highway 16) of the Trans-Canada Highway system. Edmonton is 3 hours north of Calgary on the divided Queen Elizabeth II Highway (formerly Highway 2) and 3.5 hours east of Jasper on Highway 16.

From Vancouver, Edmonton is best accessed using Highway 1 (the Trans-Canada) east to Hope, then Highway 5 (the Coquihalla) from Hope to the Highway 16 eastbound junction. The average travel time in summer is 12 to 13 hours. Travelers from Saskatoon will find Edmonton about 5 hours away using the Yellowhead Highway, which is divided for the entire route between the two cities.

From British Columbia, average travel time during winter (November to March) can be much longer. International travelers are advised that while this major trucking route is well-maintained, severe winter storms can arise suddenly, particularly on the major inclines between Hope and Kamloops in British Columbia. Nevertheless, travelers cognizant of road conditions will find winter trips to Edmonton generally safe. The QE II is likewise a generally reliable winter road, though it is occasionally closed at points if winter storms create dangerous road conditions; fortunately there are many towns and cities located along the route from Calgary to Edmonton where one can shelter if necessary.

By bus[edit]

Greyhound buses no longer services Western Canada. There is a premium service between Edmonton and Calgary, Red Deer, and Fort McMurray with Red Arrow Motorcoach [14], which feature spacious seating (only three seats to a row) and workstation seats with electrical connections for business travelers and their computers.

Executive Express, [15] ([email protected]) runs a daily scheduled service from Calgary to Edmonton departing Calgary in the morning and returning to Calgary in the Afternoon. Seats sell for $129.00 one way and compartments of four seats for $299.00. The vehicle is configured in such a way as to allow groups of commuters or even single individuals who require privacy to work or hold meetings while on the road. Wireless internet amoung other ammenities is included. Travel time is just under 3 hours. Morning departures right now are from the Foothills Hospital, Hotel Alma ( U of C), and the Westin Hotel. Edmonton arrivals are at the U of A, Matrix Hotel and Westin Hotel.

By train[edit]

VIA Rail, 12360-121 Street, [16] provides passenger train services for Edmonton, and is linked to several major cities along the Canadian National Railroad: west to Vancouver and east to Saskatoon, Winnipeg, Toronto, Montréal, and onwards. The VIA train station is located a short distance from downtown, near the northwest corner of City Centre Airport. The station has free wifi - ask a staff member for the passkey.

VIA Rail prices are higher than train prices generally in Europe (or even short distances by Amtrak in the States). Their passenger trains arrive through Edmonton numerous times during week. Passengers experience leisurely travel through some of the most amazing scenery in the world. Though somewhat more expensive than bus travel, service on a VIA Rail train even in the lowest class is superior to any bus. You can get up and walk around the carriages, dine conveniently, and you will find plenty of legroom in the comfortable seats. If you can afford the extra cost, it is generally worthwhile to take the train rather than the bus.

Get around[edit]

Jasper Avenue is at the heart of downtown Edmonton.

A large part of the city, built before and during the Second World War, is laid out in a grid pattern of straight streets, which makes for easy navigation by car or foot. There are a number of bridges, including the Walterdale Bridge and High Level Bridge, going in and out of the downtown core.

Edmonton's downtown is fairly eclectic, home to numerous Government of Alberta buildings as well as modern office towers, including the CN Tower near City Hall and the impressive, white marble-clad Bank of Montreal on 101 Street. Edmonton contains some of the most architecturally significant buildings in the province, including the crimson-coloured Citadel Theatre and the church-like spires of Grant MacEwan University.

By car[edit]

Areas of Edmonton built before 1960 are on a convenient grid system. 100th Street and 100th Avenue are in the centre of the city. Increasing street numbers mean that you are travelling west. Increasing avenue numbers mean that you are travelling north. Almost all new neighborhoods are designed with more curves, cul-de-sacs, and named streets. If visiting these newer areas, a current city map or GPS is highly recommended.

For better or for worse, pedestrians are provided with a high level of respect in Edmonton. Drivers from larger cities in other countries may be surprised to see that cars stop to allow pedestrians to cross even on busy roadways, regardless of their right to cross at that point. This has emboldened pedestrians, who may not look both ways to cross at an uncontrolled corner during busy times. As such, if you are driving, be wary of pedestrians standing along the side of the road. They may make a move without warning. Bicycles are also treated with an elevated level of respect so give them a wider berth than usual.

Highways[edit]

Edmonton is less congested than most cities with a population over one million. Full stoppage is rare but traffic jams can occur during rush hour near bridges and major arterial roadways.

There is an "outer" ring road known as Anthony Henday Drive. It completely circles Edmonton near the city limits, making it a convenient route for commuters and those passing through or from getting between distant destinations along the city's perimeter. There are no traffic lights on Anthony Henday Drive and access is provided almost exclusively from highway overpasses.

An informal "inner" ring road is also situated within Edmonton. This consists of Whitemud Drive (south), 170th Street NW (west), Yellowhead Trail (north), and 75th Street NW/Wayne Gretzky Drive (east). These are the easiest routes through the middle parts of the city, although they can get a little congested during rush hour. Whitemud Drive has no traffic lights and the city is in the process of removing the last traffic lights from Yellowhead Trail, which should be complete by around 2024. 170th Street NW and 75th Street NW are still traffic light controlled.

The main highways into and out of Edmonton include Highway 2 to the south (Calgary Trail/Gateway Boulevard in the city), Highway 16 to the east and west (Yellowhead Trail in the city), and Highway 2 to the north (St. Albert Trail in the city).

By taxi[edit]

The most prominent cab companies are:

  • Astro Taxi, 780-467-2222 , [17].
  • Barrel Taxi, 780-489-7777, [18].
  • Capital Taxi, 780-423-2425, [19]
  • Co-op Taxi, 780-425-2525, [20].
  • Flat Rate Cabs, 780-469-4222, [21].
  • Prestige Cab / Checker Cab, 780-484-8888, [22].
  • Taxi Sherwood Park, 780-464-1500 , [23].
  • Yellow Cab, 780-462-3456, [24].

All Edmonton taxi companies offer 24/7 service. From the last weekend in November to New Year's Eve on weekends, Operation Red Nose offers cab rides for drivers who have been partying and prefer not to drive themselves (780-421-4444).

By public transit[edit]

Edmonton's LRT map, click to enlarge.

Edmonton has a safe, efficient and inexpensive public transportation system: the Edmonton Transit System [25]. Hundreds of different bus routes cover the city, traveling nearly anywhere you need to go.

During peak hours, buses run as frequently as every 15 minutes. Outside of peak, the frequency drops to every 30 minutes and on some routes to industrial areas or far-flung suburbs as infrequent as one service per hour. Many major bus routes will operate as early as 5AM to as late as 1AM, but there are a number which stop running at 8PM-9PM or only run only during peak hours (6AM-9AM and 3PM-6PM). Some bus routes simply do not run on Sundays. For more information or to plan your bus trip, you can call Transit Information at 780-442-5311 or check out the Trip Planner [26], or Google Maps. For where routes go and their names which is essential, go to [27].

Edmonton's transit system is not unified with those of the nearby communities, so if you wish to visit the suburbs be prepared for more transfers and increased fares.

Edmonton was the first North American city with a population of under 1 million to have developed a Light Rail Transit (LRT) [28] system. (Metro Edmonton population is now over 1 million.) It is a part of the Edmonton Transit System (ETS), which also manages the buses. The track stretches from Clareview Station in the northeast section of the city to the Century Park Station (formerly known as Heritage), going past the University of Alberta main and South Campuses.

During peak hours on weekdays, LRT trains run every 6 minutes. Outside of that and on Saturdays, frequency is every 7 to 12 minutes, depending on the time of day. Sundays and holidays, trains run every 15 minutes throughout the day. Trains operate from about 5:26AM to 1:26AM. On Sundays and holidays, the LRT stops running past 12:26AM.

Fares are $3.20 with children under 6 riding free. Day passes can be bought for $8.25 regardless of age group. A pack of 10 tickets can be purchased for $22.00 (adults). Tickets can be purchased at the ETS online store, automated fare vending machines located at all LRT stations, or at the ETS Customer Information Centre located on the pedway level of Churchill Station. Note that Mac's convenience stores in Edmonton no longer sell adult bus tickets. [29]

By bicycle[edit]

Edmonton has excellent cycling routes which allow for all-year cycling, though winter cycling can be challenging for those unaccustomed to Edmonton weather. These marked routes, combined with a lack of freeways to traverse and relatively low traffic compared to other major cities, low snow or rainfall, and a fairly flat terrain, make Edmonton an easy city to travel by bicycle. The City of Edmonton provides free maps [30] of the bike routes.

Finding addresses[edit]

Edmonton streets are mostly numbered, although there are some named streets: usually major roadways and roads in the newer residential areas. Avenues in Edmonton run east-west, while streets run north-south. The downtown core of the city is centered near 101 St and Jasper Ave (which corresponds to 101 Ave), with streets increasing in number to the west, and avenues increasing to the north.

Addresses follow a regular system throughout Edmonton, with even-numbered address numbers are on the north side of avenues and west side of streets. The first two or three digits of a building or house number identify the street it lies just west of, or the avenue it lies north of. For example, 10219 101 Street NW would be located on the east side of 101 Street NW, just north of 102 Avenue NW.

The vast majority of the city lies in the NW quadrant with the center-point near the southeast corner of the city proper. It is common to omit the "NW" from street addresses in the NW quadrant. The grid's official "zeros" are called Meridian Street (at 0 Street) and Quadrant Avenue (at 0 Avenue), but they are not yet important streets for travel. Meridian & Quadrant do not even intersect at this time. Development on the southern edge of the city (especially around Ellerslie Rd SW) is leading to more common usage of the SW quadrant, and there is a small amount of residential development in the NE quadrant. The SE quadrant is virtually unused, mostly due to the area being occupied by Strathcona County.

See[edit][add listing]

Here are some of the most popular attractions:

  • Alberta Legislature - This beautiful colonial-style building dates back to 1911, built following Edmonton's selection as the provincial capital. Free tours are available. There are wading pools too cool off in during the summer and skating rinks beside walkways light up with tons of Christmas lights during the Christmas season. See Central. It is a beautiful area to relax in any time of the year and is patrolled at night.
  • Art Gallery of Alberta (formerly the Edmonton Art Gallery) - This modern facility explores all forms of art. The gallery has a unique selection of Canadian and international pieces and regularly brings in traveling exhibitions. See Central.
  • Muttart Conservatory - These four glass pyramids rising out of the river valley are a unique Edmonton landmark. Inside, they house three distinct climate zones and a fourth seasonal display, packed with several hundred plant varieties. See South Central.
  • TELUS World of Science - Edmonton's largest science museum has a unique architectural design and houses many science exhibits, a planetarium, and an IMAX theatre. See West End.
  • Royal Alberta Museum presents Alberta's history through paintings, statues, and more. Exhibits include the Syncrude Gallery of Aboriginal Culture, Wild Alberta, and the Natural History Gallery. See West End.
  • West Edmonton Mall is the largest shopping and entertainment complex in the Western Hemisphere (larger than even the Mall of America) and arguably Edmonton's number one tourist destination. It contains copious opportunities for shopping, two hotels, numerous restaurants and bars, two food courts, an amusement park, an indoor hockey rink, a pool with waterslide and wave pool, a casino, a movie theatre with IMAX screen, an indoor lake with a replica of the Santa Maria ship, and over 800 stores and services. See West End.
  • Fort Edmonton Park is living history at its best! Join the costumed historical interpreters at Fort Edmonton Park - Canada's largest living history museum - and try your hand at living life as an early pioneer. You'll experience life as it was at the 1846 fort and on the streets of 1885, 1905 and 1920. See South
  • Elk Island National Park of Canada. With the exception of the Serengeti Plains of Africa, tiny Elk Island National Park, located less than 20 minutes east of Edmonton on the Yellowhead Highway, has higher densities of hoofed mammals per square kilometer than any other wild area in the world. Visitors can see over 40 species of mammals including plains and wood bison, elk and moose; and over 250 species of birds. Located less than an hour away from Edmonton, Elk Island National Park of Canada protects the wilderness of the aspen parkland, one of the most endangered habitats in Canada. Open year-round, park visitors can enjoy hiking, canoeing, kayaking, sailing, cross-country skiing, snowshoeing, golfing, camping, and more.
  • Ukrainian Cultural Heritage Village. [31] The award-winning Ukrainian Cultural Heritage Village is located 25 minutes east of Edmonton along Highway 16, or 3 km east of the Elk Island National Park entrance. This provincial historic site showcases Ukrainian settlement in East Central Alberta. There are over 30 historic buildings including three churches, a fully-functioning grain elevator, blacksmith shop, and sod hut. The idea is that you explore the wide outdoor area going between the buildings in the 'town' while there are costumed workers acting as Ukrainian settlers who re-tell stories based on real accounts of early settlers. They go about the everyday events like baking bread (you can even taste it if you're lucky!), tending to the gardens, working the blacksmith shop, etc. There are often special events with performances and agricultural shows. The weekends are busier however the crowds can be worth it with more interpreters on hand and often more things are going on to see. The trip can take a good part of a day including travel from Edmonton.
  • Aurora Borealis. The northern lights are harder to see in Edmonton than in Northern Canada and eastern cities of Canada. However if you travel outside the downtown area the lights can slightly be seen from December to late February.

North Saskatchewan River Valley[edit]

One of Edmonton’s greatest attractions, the North Saskatchewan River Valley park system provides a natural corridor for all-season recreation and relaxation. The river valley is the longest expanse of urban parkland in North America at 7,400 hectares – 22 times the size of New York’s Central Park – with golf courses, 22 major parks and over 160 kilometres of maintained multi-use trails for walking, cross-country skiing, cycling, and more. Several attractions are located along the river valley including Fort Edmonton Park, the Valley Zoo, and the Muttart Conservatory.

One of the most popular parks is Hawrelak Park, located just off Groat Road near the University of Alberta. It encircles a large pond, summer home to a variety of ducks and geese. It's the site of several Edmonton festivals, including Shakespeare in the Park and Symphony Under the Sky. In winter it is a popular venue for outdoor ice skating and cross-country skiing.

Architecture[edit]

One of Edmonton's many historic churches.

A young city, Edmonton's historic structures are still relatively new. The City of Edmonton's Municipal Historic Resources are buildings or structures that have been designated by Bylaw as buildings or structures which are legally protected from demolition and from inappropriate changes and alterations.[32].

Built from 1907 to 1912, the province's foremost historic structure - the Alberta Legislature - is set amidst beautiful gardens and water displays. Inside and out, the Legislature offers a rich experience in exploring Alberta’s past and present as the focal point of the province’s democratic process. Alberta’s premier architectural attraction overlooks Edmonton’s river valley and is steps away from the heart of downtown Edmonton. Free tours of the building are offered year-round. [33]

The new Art Gallery of Alberta is an 85,000 square foot state-of-the-art facility and a premiere presentation venue. Designed by Randall Stout Architects, Inc. of Los Angeles, the building itself is a work of art. Located in the heart of Edmonton's Arts District on Sir Winston Churchill Square, the gallery is one of Edmonton's main attractions for visual art. [34].

For further reading about Edmonton's architecture from 1940-1969, Capital Modern is a book available from the Art Gallery of Alberta.

Do[edit][add listing]

Edmonton's summer brings many festivals, and with Canada's most impressive mountain parks 3.5-hr drive away, Edmonton is fun year-round. You can expect to find some kind of festival any weekend during the summer months and they are usually located in the central region either around Whyte Ave or downtown at the Legislature grounds or in front of City Hall. A good web site for weekend events can be found at www.todocanada.ca/things-to-do-in-edmonton-this-weekend.

Theatre and Music[edit]

Edmonton has a vibrant performing arts community with notable accomplishments in live theatre and live music. The central area contains the Winspear or Francis Winspear Centre for Music, a new concert hall with stellar acoustics, and the Citadel Theatre, which has hosted major live theatre performances for over forty years.

South Central area is home to the theatre district with a number of venues, and the Jubilee Auditorium, a large concert hall. The west end has two dinner theatres, Jubilation's and Mayfield.

Recreation[edit]

Edmonton River Valley.

Edmonton's river valley and Mill Creek area have an extensive network of trails, good for walking, biking, and cross-country skiing. At many points in the extensive ravines and forested areas in the river valley, you can't even tell you're in a city. Maps are published by the City of Edmonton [35][36] and are available at City Hall, Edmonton Tourism's Visitor Information Centres, and many bicycle and ski shops.

The Edmonton Bicycle Commuters' Society (EBC), a non-profit bicycle co-op [37], operates a staffed drop-in DIY workshop where rental bicycles are available. During the summer months, at River Valley Adventures [38] rents bicycles and operates Segway tours. Fun group rides occur during the summer, mostly organized by the Edmonton Bicycle and Touring Club (EBTC) [39] and EBC. Most commercial bike shops organize training rides for those road cyclists who are interested in higher intensity workouts. Larger commercial bike shops include United Cycle, Western Cycle, and Revolution Cycle. Smaller ones include Velocity Cycle, Redbike, Hardcore Mountain Bikes, PedalHead Bikes, and Transition BMX.

Edmonton has small downhill ski hills in or near the city, including Edmonton Ski, Sunridge Ski Area, and Snow Valley. Natural and artificial snow cover their slopes from early winter to early spring, offering city skiers an easy way to learn, amuse families, and tone up for the big Rocky Mountain ski opportunities in Jasper and Banff.

Golf[edit]

Albertans are keen golfers, based on the province's sunny summers, large number of developed courses, and relatively low prices. Within city limits, the City of Edmonton operates three public courses, including Canada's oldest municipal golf course: Victoria (central), Riverside (South) both of which are located close to downtown (though difficult to access without a vehicle), and the par-three Rundle Park (Edmonton/North).

There are over 70 golf courses located in the Edmonton region.

Spectator sports[edit]

Edmonton is home to a number of professional and amateur sport teams. The Edmonton Oilers of the National Hockey League are the most recognized team and have won numerous Stanley Cups. They play at Rogers Place, which was completed Downtown in 2016 and has a capacity of 18,347. Minor league hockey is also part of the Edmonton sports scene with the Edmonton Oil Kings of the Western Hockey League.

Edmonton is also home to the Edmonton Eskimos of the Canadian Football League. The Eskimos have won 13 Grey Cups and play at the 60,000 seat Commonwealth Stadium. For basketball, the recently formed Edmonton Energy of the International Basketball League play at Grant MacEwan Gymnasium against smaller American cities and other Canadian cities.

Edmonton has a professional soccer team, FC Edmonton which plays in the North Americal Soccer League (NASL) at the Clarke Stadium. The club may qualify to play home games in Edmonton around May of every year against the Canadian teams in Major League Soccer such as the Vancouver Whitecaps, Montreal Impact and Toronto FC.

The University of Alberta Golden Bears (men's teams) and the University of Alberta Pandas (women's teams) participate in a number of sports including hockey, soccer, football (men), rugby, and track and field. The Edmonton Capitals of the Golden League of Baseball play at TELUS Field.

Major events and festivals[edit]

Edmonton, hailed as "Canada's Festival City" [40], is home to over 30 annual festivals and special events throughout the year.

Attracting over 500,000 visitors each year, the Edmonton International Fringe Theatre Festival is the largest in North America, second largest in the world, offering some 1,000 performances, primarily in venues in Old Strathcona. The Works Art & Design Festival features new works of painting, drawing, sculpture, and much more. The Whyte Ave Artwalk lets viewers stroll the avenue looking at local art. There is also the Canoe Fest which tells stories about morals and history. For music, Symphony Under the Sky is a nice way to listen to some fine music in the great outdoors. One of the world’s leading Folk festivals, the Edmonton Folk Music Festival is a four-day outdoor music extravaganza that attracts more than 80,000 music lovers. Situated in Gallagher Park in Edmonton's scenic river valley, the festival offers an eclectic mix of music for all tastes.

For culture, Edmonton rolls out the red carpet. Heritage Days puts the spotlight on the food, dance, and local goods from over 60 cultural backgrounds. Edmonton Cariwest is a Caribbean festival that takes over downtown with colourful dances. Gay Pride is a large festival that closes Jasper Ave for people to be proud of gay rights.

In food, Edmonton has some festivals to keep you salivating. One of the most popular is A Taste of Edmonton. Purchase tickets and sample culinary delights from 40 of Edmonton’s leading restaurants at Sir Winston Churchill Square.

Casinos[edit]

The Edmonton area has seven large casinos: Casino Yellowhead, Casino Edmonton, Bacarrat Casino, Palace Casino, St Albert Casino, Celebration's Casino, and Marriot Enoch Resort & Casino.

Buy[edit][add listing]

Trendy Whyte Avenue in Old Strathcona.

Some of the best shopping opportunities are...

  • Whyte Avenue (in South Central) is the stretch of 82 Avenue west of 75 St. You'll tend to want to focus on the strip between Gateway Boulevard and 109 Street. Whyte Avenue is Edmonton's main retail district on the urban side and certainly should not be missed. It's edgy, funky, mainstream, indie, quirky, and nerdy. Stroll through book stores, clothing shops, and little gift shops while amidst the wonderful crowd of people.
  • 124th Street (in Central) is Edmonton's quieter urban shopping experience. Outside the downtown, this strip has just recently become a good place to stop. The place is mainly home to boutiques and designer shops for stuff like fashion, furniture and home improvement. The area is also home to the Gallery Walk - the first of its kind in Canada. The member galleries are easily accessible within walking distance. There are two self-guided gallery walks organized each spring and fall.
  • West Edmonton Mall (in West End) ... few can miss the largest mall in the continent, at 8882 170 St NW. Over 800 shops fill the suburban mega shopping and entertainment centre. Pretty much any style can be found here. Browse the shops for art, books, gifts, lingerie, soaps, groceries, clothing, watches, jewelry and what ever else you can think of!
  • Kingsway (Garden) Mall (in North) is Edmonton's second-largest mall, and recently completed major renovations.
  • Downtown (in Central) you will find Edmonton City Centre, which transforms three city blocks into a retail destination of more than 170 stores and services. Adjacent to Edmonton City Centre are Commerce Place and Manulife Place, where you’ll find a selection of high-end retailers such as Escada and Holt Renfrew.

Eat[edit][add listing]

See the district articles for specific listings of different restaurants and fast food joints.

There are two major dining centres:

  • Downtown and Oliver - many restaurants from chains to one-of-a-kind restaurants, from high to low prices. 103 St., 102nd Avenue, 100 St. and Jasper Avenue have the highest concentration. Some of the most popular include: Lux Steakhouse, Hundred, Sorrentino's, Famoso Neopolitan, Matahari, Japanese Village, Blue Plate Diner, La Ronde, Sabor Divinio, Niche, Corso 32, Moriartys and La Tapa.
  • Whyte Ave. - restaurants that offer gourmet food of every variety. It's easy to just look around and pick a restaurant you'll be satisfied with.
  • West Edmonton - whether in West Edmonton Mall or nearby, there are lots of familiar and unique restaurants to chose from.

Edmonton is the birthplace of two major Canadian restaurant chains: Boston Pizza[41] (Italian), and earl's[42] (Canadiana). These two have major locations across Canada. The city is also home to a lot of good quality fast food chains like Burger Baron and Fatburger.

Italian food is very high quality in Edmonton. Chianti's, Sicilian Kitchen, Sorrentino's, Fiore Cantina, and Tony's Pizza offer hearty and filling pasta. The best are Whyte Ave, Downtown, or in Little Italy.

Edmonton has some excellent ethnic restaurants. "Langano Skies" is a fabulous ethiopian restaurant on Whyte Ave, "Syphay" offers spicy Thai cuisine on Calgary Trail and 62 Ave and "Padmanadi's" is a delicious Indonesian vegan restaurant in downtown.

Edmonton has its fair share of cheap Chinese food, most of which is concentrated in Chinatown. WokBox is another Edmonton-based chain, offering fair priced Chinese food in a fast food environment. A very popular Chinese restaurant is Pearl River.

For the cheapest, and best tasting, pizza in the city, check out Steel Wheels a block north of Whyte Avenue. $3 for 2 slices, as well as an assortment of Chinese and Asian cuisine, and alcohol.

For a healthy alternative, check out HealthFare[43], which got its start in Edmonton in 2008. A new location opened downtown on Jasper Avenue in 2009. They display the calorie count of their items, and the restaurants employ green initiatives including: chairs are made of recycled plastic and aluminum; tables are made of reclaimed wood from local sources; eco-friendly take-out materials are made from renewable resources; and more.

Try locally grown and produced food: EatLocalFirst.com includes a list of all members with information on what they sell and produce and where to find them. [44]

For a vegan restaurant, check out "Noorish", located on Whyte Ave. All of their food is prepared vegan and/or raw vegan.

Drink[edit][add listing]

Bars and Nightclubs[edit]

Edmonton nightlife is relatively vibrant for a city of its size. For a complete list of live music and nightlife events, pick up a copy of Vue Weekly. This free publication is available from yellow newspaper boxes along Jasper Avenue between 99th Street and 106th Street and from many coffee shops. You can also check out most of the main music listings of all genres online at barsnbands.net. Generally speaking, there are two main nightlife areas in Edmonton including Jasper Avenue (Downtown) and Whyte Avenue (Old Strathcona).

Nightlife in Downtown Edmonton tends to be for a more sophisticated and older (25+) crowd. There are approximately 25 bars and nightclubs in the Downtown area, providing the greatest number of options in the city. It is focused primarily along Jasper Avenue with clusters of bars near 101st Street, 104th Street, and 109th Street. For a partial list of nightlife options in Downtown Edmonton, please see the Drink section in the Edmonton/Central page. DD's On Site!™ maintains a phone friendly guide to Downtown pubs here: http://ddsos.ca/pubsandbars/downtown.html

The second nightlife area in Edmonton is known as "Whyte Avenue" or "Old Strathcona". This area, due in large part to its close proximity to the University of Alberta, has a more artsy, youthful, and bohemian feel than its more sophisticated Downtown competition. There are approximately 20 bars and nightclubs in this area plus a wide variety of restaurants and tourist shops. The bulk of the nightlife in this area is located along Whyte Avenue (82nd Avenue NW) between 107th Street NW and 102nd Street NW. See the Drink section of the Edmonton/South Central page for specific listings in Whyte Avenue. DD's On Site!™ maintains a phone friendly guide to Whyte Ave. pubs here: http://ddsos.ca/pubsandbars/whyteavenue.html

There are also a minor number of West Edmonton, South Edmonton, and North Edmonton bars and nightclubs.

Coffee[edit]

There are two main areas for good coffee. The Coffee Block refers to a block of independent coffee shops between 103 St. and 104 St. on Jasper Avenue. Although there are only 3 cafés, they are all very good. Three Bananas Cafe is another perfect stop; it's on the way to the Churchill LRT station at Churchill Square (102 Avenue between 99 and 100 Street). Another area is Whyte Avenue which has more spread out coffee shops but pretty much each one is very good. Luzzara Coffee Bar is an Italian style espresso bar (100th St & Whyte Ave) Java Jive is a local institution, having been around for more than thirty years and locally owned. There are three shops on the University of Alberta campus, and a warehouse on 77th Ave and 99th St. Transcend in Argyll is a very classy coffee shop that not only makes coffee, will sell you the beans (if you want to take home). Mandolin Books and Coffee Company on 112 Avenue is another fantastic find. Other than that, just do some exploring, you might just find something that is just for you.

Sleep[edit][add listing]

Budget[edit]

Most of the budget hotels in the city are concentrated in and around the south (e.g. Derrick Hotel) end of the city or in the deep east central area. There is also a lot in the nearby suburbs, see Edmonton's area.

There are also hostels located downtown, by Jekyll & Hyde's Pub, and just off of Whyte Avenue.

Mid Range[edit]

Closer to the core, Holiday Inn Express Downtown and the Comfort Inn & Suites are good options. These two offer great views along with easy access to the benefits of downtown. In the north end, the Prospector's Gaming Room and North Inn and Suites are some great examples of some modern and simple good priced hotels at that part of the city. In the West End, with the closeness of West Edmonton Mall, there are a ton of hotels to choose from, most of which are on 100 Ave.

South of the river, in Old Strathcona-University the Campus Suites is a great option for nice service and its proximity to the University. Days Inn Edmonton South is a recent addition to Old Strathcona, just a few blocks off Whyte Avenue. Also on Gateway Boulevard there are a lot of hotels, such as Greenwood Inn & Suites, Ramada South, Ramada Edmonton, Mayfield Inn, Travelodge South, Econo Lodge, Sawridge Inn Edmonton South and Cedar Park Inn. In the east, there is a lovely Four Points hotel with easy access to the city.

Splurge[edit]

Edmonton has a good variety of high end hotels in different locations in the city. Some of the most popular locations are:

  • Downtown Edmonton. This region has the highest number of high end hotels in the city. One can choose from hotels with river valley views including Crowne Plaza - Chateau Lacombe and the Courtyard Marriott and ones that have good views of the city such as the Sutton Place Hotel and the Westin Edmonton. There are also beautiful boutique hotels like Matrix Hotel and the Union Bank Inn. Either way, all of these posh empires have good access to downtown, friendly service, nice architecture, and luxury suites. For the extravagant traveller, the Fairmont Hotel Macdonald is a classic, château-like building built in 1912 and is the most expensive in the city, overlooking the river valley in elegant style.  edit
  • West Edmonton. The area is full of higher-class hotels due to the proximity of West Edmonton Mall. One can choose from Fantasyland Hotel that's right in the mall or further out ones like Hampton Inn & Suites and the Hilton Garden Inn.  edit

Contact[edit]

  • Area codes for phones in Edmonton are 780 and 587.
  • Wireless connection - most hotels offer wireless connection and for outdoor use-check out City Hall/Churchill Square or most parts of downtown, as they have good internet connection. Also there are some internet cafés that you can check out.
  • Emergency - If you have an emergency, call 911. Non-emergency's may call #377 on their cellular device and the police complaint line is 780-423-4567.
  • Government -The city operates a question/concerns/bylaw complaints line that can be reached by dialing 311


Police stations[edit]

Edmonton is patrolled by the Edmonton Police Service. In addition to the Police Headquarters/Downtown Division located east of City Hall, the EPS is separated into five operational Divisions (the name in brackets denotes the neighbourhood in which the Division station is located):

  • Downtown Division (Boyle Street)
  • North Division (Miller)
  • West Division (Glenwood)
  • Southwest (Papachase Industrial)
  • Southeast (Tawa)

Internet cafés[edit]

Edmonton has a small number of internet cafés, most being downtown or in Old Strathcona-University.

Stay safe[edit]

Edmonton has a low crime rate compared to other North American cities. Pick-pocketing and confidence scams are almost non-existent in the city. Still, there are some areas where increased caution is advised.

  • The area to the east of Downtown Edmonton is known as the Inner City. This area (approximately between 90th Street NW and and 97th Street NW and between Jasper Avenue NW and 107th Avenue NW) contains lower cost housing plus support services for Edmonton's lesser affluent citizens. Although this area is safe to walk in, it does have a noticeably higher level of homelessness, drunk people, and drug use. Visitors would be wise to travel within this area with a higher level of awareness, particularly at night.
  • In nightclub oriented areas of the city (Jasper Avenue and Whyte Avenue), it can become a little rowdy between Midnight and 3:00 AM as drunk party-goers travel between bars. Be polite and don't be confrontational if you are approached by drunks late at night in these areas.

There is panhandling, particularly near the commercial areas along Jasper Avenue and Whyte Avenue but it is rarely aggressive. Just decline such solicitations politely and it shouldn't be an issue.

Northern driving[edit]

Navigation in Edmonton is made easier by city's street grid and relative lack of traffic compared to most other major North American cities. Visitors should note that additional hazards are presented by winter driving in the city, especially during and after the first few snowfalls of the winter. Ice can be a problem, especially on bridges. Ice on roadways can be almost invisible, which is where the commonly used - and dreaded - term "black ice" comes from. Stay tuned to local radio stations, several of which have regular road reports, and be prepared to find alternate routes should weather conditions or accidents shut down some routes.

Cope[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

  • Edmonton Journal [45] A traditional journalistic newspaper tied to facts and less opinionated
  • Edmonton Sun [46] A more tabloid style newspaper focused on news reporting but also more opinionated and tilted in views.
  • Vue Weekly [47] A free, artsy and more controversial newspaper talking about events surrounding the city.
  • Metro Edmonton [48] Free daily newspaper given out at most Light Rail Transit stations and in paper boxes across the city.

Hospitals and major health centres[edit]

If you are on the north end, central, or in east central, the Royal Alexandra Hospital is the best. For the west, Misericordia is probably the best due to proximity. In the south side of the river, you may choose from Grey Nun's or University. Some people in central might go to University as well.

  • University of Alberta Hospital, 8440 112 Street NW, (780) 407-8822, [4]. Centrally located with very good, young doctors. Best for people in South Central or Central. Most comprehensive, doctors will often recommend patients to this location since "they can handle anything there". World renowned facility!  edit
  • Royal Alexandra Hospital, 10240 Kingsway NW, (780) 735-4111, [5].  edit
  • Misericordia Community Hospital, 16940 87 Avenue NW, (780) 735-2000‎.  edit
  • Grey Nun's Hospital, 2927 66 Street NW, [6]. The most modern looking and fancy of the city's hospitals.  edit
  • Edmonton General, 11111 Jasper Avenue NW, (780) 482-8111.  edit
  • Hys Centre, 11010 - 101 Street, Edmonton, [7]. Not a hospital but a major medical center which is located right next to the Royal Alex and provides diagnostic and other private services.  edit

Get out[edit]

Edmonton skyscrapers from an aerial view.
  • Calgary Edmonton's sister city is situated approximately 300 kilometers south (three hours) of Edmonton along Highway 2.
  • Jasper Jasper is a more natural-oriented, less-commercial national park compared to its southern neighbor Banff. It is approximately 3.5 hours west of the city. Although its visitor demand peaks in summer, skiing and hiking make it also a popular destination in winter. Some of the highest peaks of the Rocky Mountains are along the highway and you are likely to see a variety of wildlife during your bus or car ride there. It has a wide range of accommodation from luxury to spartan.
  • Banff Banff National Park is approximately 5 hours southwest from Edmonton. It is a more touristy destination compared to Jasper and has picturesque mountains, lakes, and shopping districts.
  • Elk Island National Park is less than an hour's drive east of Edmonton along the Yellowhead Highway (Hwy 16). This national park is one of the last remaining large areas of natural aspen parkland undisturbed by agriculture and other human activities. Elk Island National Park is home to a variety of wildlife indigenous to the region such as moose, wood bison, deer, elk, beaver, muskrat and various waterfowl. Over 250 species of birds make their home here, making it a good place for birdwatching. The Ukrainian Pioneer Home, located in the vicinity of Lake Astotin in Elk Island National Park, is Canada's oldest Ukrainian museum. There is camping, cross country skiing, hiking and other outdoor activities. As in most Canadian national parks, a fee is required for entry into Elk Island National Park.


Routes through Edmonton
Turns into city road/Merges with 2-AB.png  N noframe S  → Edmonton International Airport - LeducCalgary&#13;
JasperSpruce Grove  W noframe E  Elk Island National ParkSaskatoon&#13;
Grande PrairieSaint Albert  W/N noframe SE/S  Change into MU qeii.png&#13;
ENDS at 2-AB.png  NW/N noframe SE/E  WainwrightNorth Battleford&#13;
END  SW noframe NE  Fort SaskatchewanLamont


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