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{{pagebanner|Dzukija Banner.jpg}}
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'''Dzūkija''' is a region in [[Lithuania]].
  
[http://www3.lrs.lt/pls/inter/w5_show?p_r=7039&p_k=1&p_d=95438 '''Dzūkija'''] is a region in [[Lithuania]].
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==Cities==
  
==Cities==
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* [[Vilnius]] {{-}} the capital of the country
[[Image:Cottage in Veisiejai, Dzukija region, Lithuania.jpeg|300px|thumb|Winter serenity in Dzūkija. A cottage near Veisiejai town.]]
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* [[Alytus]]
* [[Vilnius]] {{-}} the capital of the country; one of the four cities that are not assigned to any ethnographic region
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* [[Druskininkai]]
* [[Alytus]] {{-}} centre and unofficial capital of the region
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* [[Purnuskes]] {{-}} according to some measures the center of Europe
* [http://www.aukstadvaris.lt/ Aukštadvaris] {{-}} a town in Trakai district, popular recreation and outdoor activities destination
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* [[Trakai]]
* [[Druskininkai]] {{-}} SPA resort
 
* [[Trakai]] {{-}} small town 28km away from capital. A former capital of the country with a residence of medieval rulers. Centre of the Historical National Park and resort area
 
* [https://www.facebook.com/veisiejai Veisiejai] {{-}} a town in Lazdijai district, popular recreation and outdoor activities destination
 
  
 
==Other destinations==
 
==Other destinations==
* [http://www.cepkeliai-dzukija.lt/ Dzūkija National Park] {{-}} is composed of the Čepkeliai State Nature Reserve and the Dzūkija National Park and is one of 13 [https://www.facebook.com/panparks PAN parks] in Europe. Largest forest in the country with old unique villages scattered in the middle
 
* [http://www.viewoftherockies.com/RepublicofPaulava.html Pawłow Republic ''(Paulavos respublika)''] {{-}} remains of the "republic within a republic" which flourished 1769-1795
 
* [http://perloja.weebly.com/ Perloja] {{-}} a village not far from Druskininkai, famous for its history and the monument to Grand Duke Vytautas, the only monument related to national hero which wasn't demolished during soviet years and remains authentic to date
 
* [[Purnuskes|Purnuškės]] {{-}} small village 26km north of Vilnius where according to measures of the French ''Institut géographique national'' is the geographical centre of Europe
 
  
[[Image:Ula river flows past Manchagire village, Lithuania.jpeg|thumb|''Ūla'' river flows past ''Mančiagirė'' village in Dzūkija National Park.]]
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* [[Dzūkija National Park]] {{-}} the biggest forest (Dainavos) and swamp (Čepkelių) in the country, and some old unique villages in the middle of the forests
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* [[Kernavė]] {{-}} former Lithuanian capital at the bank of the river Neris and now a well-preserved archaeological site
  
 
==Understand==
 
==Understand==
Dzūkija is a cultural region in south-eastern Lithuania. Most of the region is sparsely populated and covered by forests, stretching north-east from the border with the [[Poland|Polish]] region of [[Podlaskie]]. The northern part of the region, however, is the cradle of Lithuanian statehood and includes the current capital [[Vilnius]] and previous medieval capital [[Trakai]]. Two of Lithuania's five national parks can be found here, as well as two of country's four [[UNESCO World Heritage List|UNESCO World heritage sites]]. Eight regional parks are also established in the region and serve to protect both the natural environment and cultural heritage.
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Dzūkija is a cultural region in south-eastern Lithuania. Most of the region is sparsely populated and covered by forests, stretching north-east from the border with the [[Poland|Polish]] region of [[Podlaskie]]. The northern part of the region, however, is the cradle of Lithuanian statehood and includes the current capital [[Vilnius]] and two medieval capitals - [[Kernavė]] and [[Trakai]]. Two of Lithuania's five national parks can be found here as well as three of country's four [[UNESCO World heritage sites]]. Eight regional parks are also established in the region and serve to protect both the natural environment and cultural heritage.
  
 
==Talk==
 
==Talk==
Official language is Standard Lithuanian, the local tongue is a Dzūkian dialect. Due to proximity of areas populated by Slavs (Belarus, Poland) it has many Slavic loanwords and barbarisms; in everyday life Dzūkian can be replaced with lithuanized [[Belarusian phrasebook|Belarusian]] or [[Polish phrasebook|Polish]]. Historically the narrow elongated area between [[Vilnius]] and [[Hrodna]], and between Vilnius and [[Daugavpils]], which mark the ancient connection between both capitals of Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth with subsequent extension north to Livonia, experienced a significant impact of Polish culture. Local people used to hear and used to speak several different languages, including Yddish, hence in this area a distinctive local dialect developed. It's called a ''Tuteisza'', or Local in English, and it is equally understood by local Lithuanians, Russians, Poles, Belarusians, Tatars and Karaites. Formerly this dialect was also called "Lithuanian", that is, a "Polish of Lithuania", and now usually is referred to as "Polish". Geographically the area is called ''Vilnija'' (in Lithuanian) and ''Wileńszczyzna'' (in Polish), that is, a [http://www.pogon.lt/ Vilnius Region] in English, and compiles some sort of a cultural subregion of Dzūkija region.
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As in the rest of Lithuania, the official language is Lithuanian. However, in some parts of the region Polish is widely used due to the significant number of ethnic Poles living in the area.
 
 
[[Image:Inland dune in southern Lithuania.jpeg|thumb|Inland dunes covered with large pine forests in Dzūkija National Park.]]
 
[[Image:Entrance to Soviet anti-aircraft base north of Vilnius, Lithuania.jpeg|thumb|Entrance to abandoned Soviet anti-aircraft base north of Vilnius, ''Verkiai'' Regional Park, coordinates 54°49'3.43"N, 25°17'42.28"E.]]
 
  
 
==Get in==
 
==Get in==
If you fly by plane to [[Vilnius]] - you are in the region as soon as you land there.
 
 
If you fly by plane to [[Kaunas]] - go SE direction, cross the A1 motorway, and soon you'll be in the region. Or drive towards Vilnius, you enter the region when some 50km are left to Vilnius.
 
 
By car or bus from [[Poland]] (south and south-west) - as soon as you enter the country via E67 highway, turn to the right (east) and soon you'll be in the region. If you enter the country any south, e.g. via ''Lazdijai'', ''Pazapsiai'' or ''Kapčiamiestis'' - it already ''is'' Dzūkija region.
 
 
By car or bus from [[Belarus]] (south and east) - as soon as you enter the country via any of three border crossing points, you are in the region, and even before you cross the border, you are in Belarusian side of it.
 
 
By car or bus from [[Riga]] ([[Latvia]]) (north)  - go via the A2 motorway, you reach the region past ''Širvintos'' and just before ''Maišiagala''.  If coming from [[Daugavpils]] ([[Latvia]]) (north) south direction along Belarus border via the road No 102 - you enter the region at [http://www.svencionys.lt/ ''Švenčionys'' town].
 
  
 
==Get around==
 
==Get around==
  
 
==See==
 
==See==
* '''Historical and ethnographic sites and objects'''
 
* '''Mythological sites and objects'''
 
* '''Nature sites and objects'''
 
* '''Recreation areas'''
 
  
 
===Itineraries===
 
===Itineraries===
  
 
==Do==
 
==Do==
===Festivals===
 
*[http://www.medininkaipilis.lt/ '''''Medininkai'' Castle living history festival'''] <do name="" alt="(Medininkų pilies gyvosios istorijos festivalis)" address="Šv. Kazimiero St 2, LT-13192 Medininkai village, Vilnius district" directions="East of Vilnius near Belarus border, south of the A3 highway in the actual Medininkai village by the local road No&nbsp;5213" lat="54.5398" long="25.65006" phone="Info: +370 5 250-5595" tollfree="" email="[email protected]" fax="" url="" hours="10:00-18:00" price="For visitors: ~€2, photography ~€1.50">Festivals of historical reenactment that take place on February and September weekends, for the specific date check the news on the website.</do>
 
 
*<do name="Subatėlės vakarėly..." alt="On a Saturday evening..." address="Miškininkų St 61, Marcinkonys village, LT-65301 Varėna district" directions="get the guidance from Tourist Office first - walk for 1.4km NW direction from the train station" lat="54.061246" long="24.398271" phone="+370 310 44466" tollfree="" email="[email protected]" fax="" url="" hours="Second half - the end of July" price="">International folklore festival, annually organized by ''Marcinkonys'' Ethnography Museum. Takes place in ''Marcinkonys'' village itself and in several other ethnographic localities in vicinity, that is, within Dzūkija National Park, therefore all general rules of visiting the Park applies. Apart the folk music and songs, features a fair of local goods and various ancient craft workshops by ''Kastinis'' lake at 54°3'32.61"N, 24°25'25.81"E .</do>
 
 
*[http://yaga.lt/ '''Yaga Gathering'''] <do name="" alt="" address="Pamerkiai Forest, Valkininkai elderate, Varėna district" directions="between the lake Spengla and rivulet Spengla at 54°20'18.61''N, 24°46'32.62''E in the woods south of the A4 highway, about 62km from Vilnius centre and 75km from Druskininkai centre" lat="54.3385" long="24.77573" phone="Questions (call during working hours) +370 674 86781" tollfree="" email="[email protected]" fax="" url="" hours="Lasts for four days during long weekend at the end of July or the beginning of August" price="Ticket about €60, may vary slightly. The ticket must be printed on white paper or saved at the mobile device. Parking fee €10 per vehicle">Alternative lifestyle and art open-air festival. Known for its pagan and new-age oriented international crowd, esoteric teachings, rich decorations and a complete absence of advertisements. Musically dominated mostly by psychedelic trance, dance and chill-out electronic music. The festival started in 2003 as Shambala Festival, and changed the name into Yaga Gathering since 2007. Good connection by bus or train from both [[Vilnius]] and Varėna, also by bus from [[Druskininkai]]. Pets not allowed. Persons under 18 y.a. are only allowed with parents. The festival site is divided into a few thematic and service areas: Main stage, Chill-Out stage, Healing area, Workshop area, Children Area, Cinema, Camping and parking. Details on everything are available on the map that you get on arrival. You must have a tent, sleeping bag, all needful camping gear. Limited amound of gear can be rented at the site. The fresh drinkable water spring is near the camping site. Glass containers are not allowed, as well as strong alcohol, drugs, weapons and bonfires. Organizers always try to make the festival as environmentally friendly as possible, so dont expect urban amenities in the forest.</do>
 
 
*[http://www.pdr.lt/ '''Poetinis Druskininkų Ruduo'''] <do name="" alt="(Druskininkai Poetic Autumn)" address="Druskininkai" directions="South of region near the Belarusian border" lat="" long="" phone="+370 650 25237" tollfree="" email="[email protected]" fax="" url="" hours="Annually on the 1st half of October, entire week throughout" price="">The traditional international literary festival organized by public organization "Druskininkai Poetic Fall" with co-organizers. Typically, foreign guests are met at Lithuanian Writers' Union HQ in [[Vilnius]], K. Sirvydo St 6, in the very centre of the city. From there, next day at 16:30, all guests are transported to [[Druskininkai]]. Event takes place in various cafes and bookstores, everything is arranged and scheduled well in advance.</do>
 
 
===Other===
 
* '''Bicycling'''
 
* '''Canoeing'''
 
* '''Car''' trips
 
* '''Hiking'''
 
* '''Mushroom/berry picking''' during the season.
 
*[https://www.facebook.com/pages/Piva%C5%A1i%C5%ABn%C5%B3-amat%C5%B3-centras/506417149454041 '''Pivashiūnai Crafts Centre'''] <do name="" alt="(Pivašiūnų amatų centras)" address="Trakų St 33, Pivašiūnai village, Alytus district" directions="village centre; between Alytus and Trakai on the regional road No&nbsp;220" lat="54.46068" long=" 24.37457" phone="+370 315 90009" tollfree="" email="[email protected]" fax="" url="" hours="T-Th 09:00–18:00, F-Sa 09:00–15:00" price="Price of 1 program per 1 person in a group of at least 10 persons: child ~€1.50, adult ~€2.50. Expositions and exhibitions attendance for 1 person: child ~€0.50, adult up to ~€1">Offers various educational programs about Dzūkian crafts, lets try them and gain new experience, allows you to familiarize with the Dzukian culinary heritage. That is, you are able to craft objects from wood or ceramics yourself, and take them home as a souvenir. In Centre's shop one can purchase traditional Dzukian items, such like dishes, textile, wood, various ceramic works and other items crafted by local folk artists. Some of the Educational programs offered by the Centre: baking of rye bread, baking and tasting of buckwheat cakes, Christmas treats, traditional ''Dainava'' potato rolls; learning traditional carving and pottery; weaving; felting; traditional Shrove Tuesday mask making. Duration of one session c. 1–2h.</do>
 
  
 
==Eat==
 
==Eat==
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==Get out==
 
==Get out==
'''Dzūkija''' borders two other Lithuanian regions:
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* [[Aukštaitija]] and [[Suvalkija]].
 
Neighbouring countries:
 
* [[Belarus]] - cities of [[Brest (Belarus)|Brest]], [[Hrodna]], [[Minsk]].
 
* [[Podlachia]] - region of [[Poland]].
 
  
 
{{IsPartOf|Lithuania}}
 
{{IsPartOf|Lithuania}}
 
{{outline}}
 
{{outline}}
 
{{regionguide}}
 
{{regionguide}}

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