Difference between revisions of "Dubuque"
Revision as of 17:26, 9 January 2008
JUSTICE FOR MIKE METTE!!!! , founded in 1833, is the oldest city in Iowa. A port on the upper Mississippi River, it is situated along scenic bluffs facing the river, and has its roots in a mining and trading settlement established in the area by Quebec-born entrepreneur Julien Dubuque in 1788. The city's population is 57,686 (2000 Census).
Dubuque grew rapidly during the 19th century, due to its lead-mining, lumber-milling, brewing, metal-working, and river-trade-related industries. It was Iowa's largest city for most of the 1800s, and as a result contains many historically significant structures, many of which have been carefully maintained or restored.
Much of the city's character was established by heavy German and Irish immigration from the 1840s to the 1890s, with the Germans tending to settle in the "North End" and the Irish in the "South End." Large Catholic parishes associated with each group were established, and large, impressive 19th-century church buildings remain to this day. The large Catholic presence caused Dubuque to be elevated to the status of a Catholic archdiocese in 1893, and it is still the smallest US city to hold this distinction.
Noteworthy church buildings include St. Raphael Cathedral, St. Mary (with its jewel-like Bavarian stained-glass windows), Sacred Heart, Holy Ghost, St. Columbkille, and the Basilica of St. Francis in nearby Dyersville. St. Luke's Methodist Church contains a significant collection of Tiffany-designed stained-glass windows in a striking Romanesque Revival structure.
Beer drinking, fishing, euchre-playing (card game), and the Chicago Cubs are especially esteemed in Dubuque.
Dubuque, as a small industrial center, saw its economy falter in the 1980s as industries downsized or relocated. The city has made a concerted effort to attract tourists, with the establishment of historic districts, museums, a greyhound racing park, a casino, a riverside hotel and conference center, and a new (2003) Smithsonian-affiliated museum devoted to the history and biology of the Mississippi River.
Dubuque is served by the Dubuque Regional Airport, located 7 miles south of Downtown Dubuque. Air service is provided by American Airlines' American Eagle carrier. All flights connect to and from Chicago's O'Hare International Airport hub. There are 4 flights per day to and from the city. Departures from Dubuque (to Chicago) are: 6:15 AM, 9:45 AM, 12:55 PM, 5:40 PM. Arrivals in Dubuque (from Chicago) are: 9:20 AM, 12:25 PM, 5:15 PM, 10:25 PM. Travel to the city center is easy: just stay on U.S. Hwy 61 all the way in (a 15 minute trip). There are 2 car rental agencies (Avis, National) with offices in the airport terminal.
Dubuque is connected to most of the surrounding cities by 4-lane highways.
Dubuque is 183 miles west of Chicago via I-90 and US 20, 90 miles southwest of Madison, Wisconsin, via US 151, 70 miles north of the Quad Cities via US 61, and 189 miles northeast of Des Moines via US 65, US 30, and US 151. Although Dubuque is not on the Interstate Highway System, US Highways 20, 61, and 151 are modern, four-lane, divided highways which connect the city to the interstate web.
Dubuque is served by American Airlines' American Eagle service at the Dubuque Regional Airport 
Once in Dubuque, most people travel by car. Car rental can vary widely depending on size of vechile and booking time. Most run between $20-70, some have weekend specials. There are several major car rental offices in the city:
The City of Dubuque also operates a public bus system. KeyLine Transit operates 4 bus routes in the city, and a trolley route (in the summer) in Downtown Dubuque. The buses generally operate in a east-west orientation, with major transfer stations in Downtown Dubuque (W. 9th & Main Sts.), in Midtown (N. Grandview & University Aves.), and in the West Side (Kennedy Cir./John F. Kennedy Rd.). Most buses operate on 45 minute-hour long loops (example: departing downtown at 10:00 A.M., arriving in West Side at 10:45-11:00).
Bus fares are between 50¢-$1.00. Discount tickets are available for students, elderly, and the handicapped, available at (563) 589-4196 or KeyLine office, 2401 Central Ave.
When driving in Downtown Dubuque remember to watch for one-ways because they are poorly marked and at times can be empty causing you to not know which way traffic flow is going. Also many turn lanes in downtown can become confusing with lanes just ending or turning into turn lanes with no warning.
There are thousands of students who attend colleges in Dubuque. The largest are the city's 3 "liberal arts" colleges: Clarke College, Loras College, and the University of Dubuque. Collectively, the schools are known as the "Tri Colleges" and enjoy a friendly rivalry with one another. Other students attend the various religious institutions in the city, or Northeast Iowa Community College, which has campuses in Peosta, Iowa, and Downtown Dubuque.
B & B's
Dubuque is a very safe city with a below-average crime rate. By and large, all areas of the city can be enjoyed day or night without fear of robbery or attack. Visitors are very common to the area, with the high number of tourist attractions and the presence of multiple colleges, and attacks on tourists are rare. The main tourist destinations and hotel locations are well-traveled and safe. However, as with any city of a certain size, there are some pockets of crime and a few predatory individuals are present.
Trips along the Great River Road afford an appreciation of the upper Mississippi River valley's natural splendor, as you travel through dairy and corn country, down into tree-lined valleys, along limestone bluffs, all the while getting glimpses of the majestic river itself. This is not prairie Iowa - there's a great deal of scenic variety and interest. The drive north of Dubuque to McGregor, Iowa, via Sherrill, Balltown, and North Buena Vista, and the drive south through St. Catherine's, St. Donatus, Bellevue, and Sabula, are especially commendable.
Heading 19 miles east on US Highway 20 to Illinois takes the traveler to Galena, the "town that time forgot" and worth at least a day to soak up the atmosphere of a small town that attracts thousands of visitors each year. The historic former lead-mining and commercial center features numerous antique shops and restaurants, and the Ulysses S. Grant Home.