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Diving the Cape Peninsula and False Bay : Mushroom Pinnacle
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Diving the Cape Peninsula and False Bay/Mushroom Pinnacle

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Back to [[Dive_sites_of_the_Cape_Peninsula_and_False_Bay|Dive sites of the Cape Peninsula and False Bay]]
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Revision as of 08:26, 31 August 2009

The Dive site Mushroom Pinnacle is a small area of the reef in the Oudekraal area on the Atlantic seaboard of the Cape Peninsula, near Cape Town in the Western Cape province of South Africa. Information is provided which may assist in planning Recreational and Research Scuba diving at this site, and links to photographs of marine organisms that have been found there.

The pinnacle is a submerged granite tor (group of large corestones) between Geldkis and Justin’s Caves. Access is relatively easy, and this is a good site for macro photography.

Name "Mushroom Pinnacle"

The name was given by one of the first divers to popularise the site, and refers to the spreading overhangs reminiscent of fungal growths (admittedly requiring a bit of imagination, or not very good visibility).

Sketch of the Mushroom pinnacle showing position of features.


S34°58.781’ E018°21.521’


74° magnetic to Geldkis near end

155° magnetic to NW edge of Sandy Cove point rocks

246° magnetic to back edge of Justin’s group

216° magnetic to shoreward edge of Justin’s group

This site is in a Marine Protected Area (2009)


Generally a shore dive. Park at side of road on outside of bend on City side of Twelve Apostles Hotel. An entry and exit point which is protected from the South West swell is at Sandy Cove. Alternatively the entry point for Justin’s Caves can be used – the distance to swim is shorter, but there may be more kelp to negotiate, particularly at low tide, and the path to the entry point for Justins is more rocky and slippery.

If done as a boat dive, the distance is slightly less from Oceana Power Boat Club slipway than from Hout Bay.


There are no facilities provided. Security of parked vehicles is no better than at other roadside sites.


Usually at its best after south easterly winds in summer but there are also occasional opportunities in autumn and early winter on windless days when the swell is low and short. Strong south easterly winds (offshore) can make it difficult to swim back to shore on the surface.

The site is exposed to westerly swells, which may produce strong surge and poor visibility

This is an area which sometimes has upwellings following a strong south easte wind, whch can produce clear but cold water


Maximum on the adjacent reef about 16m, top of pinnacle about 3m, 17m at sand patch nearby.


The reef is granite of the late Pre-Cambrian Peninsula pluton, and is surrounded by fine white quartz sand.


Granite corestone boulders and outcrops. Spectacular pinnacle rising to within 3m of surface, with fairly flat top. The main rock is probably more than 10m high and about the same in other dimensions. The pinnacle rock rock lies on a lowish outcrop and a higher one , with a low and fairly cramped swim-through between. There are a number of smaller boulders and outcrops around the pinnacle group, which would be an amazing sight on a really clear day. There is a big overhang near the top and even bigger overhang about 5m x 3m with an air trap below it at about 9m which shelters a vertical face with a rich encrustation of sponges, corals and other invertebrates, both on north side. There is a fairly big cave/tunnel with 5 openings under the top rock from south to north, but lots of fragile organisms live in it, so do not go through as openings on the north side are quite low and you are likely to damage the corals, sponges and bryozoans. The pinnacle is surrounded by other granite reef of lower profile, which extends to Justin's caves to the south west.


Cold water, Sea urchins, Strong offshore winds may develop over a short time.

Skill level

No special skills are required, other than the ability to find a position using compass bearings. For a shore dive a fair level of fitness is required as there is a long swim to and from the site. Ability to navigate back by compass is recommended, particularly if there is offshore wind forecast


A good site for macro photography.


A light is recommended for looking into caves and overhangs, and because of the loss of colour at depth. A compass is strongly recommended for shore dives and the return should be done underwater if the wind picks up during the dive.

Marine life

Very colourful growth of invertebrates under the lower overhang, on vertical sides and in swimthroughs. A small kelp forest on top of the pinnacle helps with finding it, as the kelp is visible from the surface. Bobtails (a variety of tiny squid-like cephalopod) are sometimes seen over the sandy patches between the point and the pinnacle.

Suggested Routes

Use the entry at Sandy Cove. Swim out between Geldkis and Justin’s to top of the pinnacle. Find it by using GPS or bearings from Geldkis, Justins and shore rocks. Confirm that you are over a large rock at about 2 to 3m depth with kelp on top, and dive. The site is compact, and it is not important in what order you visit the features, as it is not particularly deep, and nost of the interesting areas are at much the same depth anyway. Be sure to visit the deep overhang and the cave, which are on opposite sides of the pinnacle.

Return to Sandy Cove on bearing 155° magnetic , and when you reach the point rocks, keep them to your right on the way back to the cove.

If you have a lot of time over, you can continue the dive at Justins Caves, on bearing between 216° and 246° magnetic.


Views of the site from the shore.



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