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Denmark

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Revision as of 04:52, 5 July 2005 by 210.214.88.153 (talk) (External Links)
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Denmark

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Flag
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Quick Facts
CapitalCopenhagen
Areatotal: 43,094 sq km
water: 700 sq km
land: 42,394 sq km
note: excludes the Faroe Islands and Greenland
Population5,411,405 (Fourth quarter, 2004)
ReligionEvangelical Lutheran 95%, other Protestant and Roman Catholic 3%, Muslim 2%
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
CurrencyDanish krone (DKK)
Time ZoneUTC+1
Country Calling Code+45
Internet TLD.dk
LocationDenmark.png

Denmark is a country in Nordic Europe. Part of it, Jutland, lies on a peninsula north of Germany while a number of islands, including two major ones, Zealand and Funen, are spread across the Baltic Sea between Jutland and Sweden.

Once the seat of Viking raiders and later a major north European power, Denmark has evolved into a modern, prosperous nation that is participating in the general political and economic integration of Europe. However, the country has opted out of European Union's Maastricht Treaty, the European monetary system (EMU), and issues concerning certain internal affairs.

Map of Denmark

Regions

Denmark is made up of the following regions:

Denmark also has two overseas dependencies:

Cities

These are the three major cities in Denmark:

Other destinations

  • Legoland - Lego Brick theme park, everything is made by Lego's bricks. A must for children. Just 1 Km from Billund Airport in Jylland.
  • Ribe - Denmark's oldest town
  • Roskilde - Viking ship museum and cathedral.
  • Hornbæk, Gilleleje, Tisvildeleje, and Liseleje - Popular beach towns in north Zealand
  • Skagen - On the top of Jutland
  • Elsinore (Helsingør) - famous for Kronborg Castle, the setting for Shakespeare's Hamlet, located north of Copenhagen. Within the castle there's a museum about Shakespeare.
  • Fanø - cosy holiday island located in Vadehavet near Esbjerg.
  • Bornholm - famous sites include Hammershus, one of Denmarks best-kept castle ruins.

Understand

Get In

By plane

Denmark is served by two major and several minor airports.

By train

Map of train lines in Denmark

From Germany

There are five direct trains per day from Hamburg to Copenhagen, approximately every two to three hours. These trains are loaded onto a ferry for the sea passage from Puttgarten to Rødby, and the total journey time is around 4.5 hours.

There are also two train lines to Jutland from Hamburg, one via Padborg and the other via Tønder.

From Sweden

Trains run every twenty minutes from Malmo to Copenhagen. The total journey time is 35 minutes.

By boat

From Germany

  • Scandlines run ferries from Puttgarden to Rødby on Lolland and from Rostock to Gedser on Falster, as well as a ferry from Sassnitz to Rønne on Bornholm.

From Iceland, Faroe Islands and Shetland Islands

  • Smyril Line run a ferry from Seyðisfjörður (Iceland) via Tórshavn (Faroe Islands), Lerwick (Shetland Islands) and Bergen (Norway) to Hanstholm in Northern Jutland.

From Norway

From Sweden

From the United Kingdom

Get Around

By bus, train and ferry

For public transportation (trains, buses and ferries) use the online travel planner Rejseplanen.

By car or bicycle

There are no toll-roads except the two big bridges: Storebæltbroen between Zealand and Funen (DKK 200 one way), and Øresundbroen between Copenhagen and Malmo (DKK 235 one way).

Marguirte Route sign

Margueritruten is one 3500 Km long connected route of small scenic roads passing 100 important Danish attractions. It is marked by brown signs with the white Marguerite Daisy flower. Is is marked on most roadmaps.

By air

Scandinavian Airlines and Cimber Air have domestic airline routes. But unless you have to be somewhere early in the morning, the trains are easier and almost as fast.

Talk

Denmark's national language is Danish, a member of the Germanic branch of the group of Indo-European languages. It is very similar to Norwegian and Swedish, and is to some extent intelligible to speakers of those languages.

English is widely spoken in Denmark, especially in the larger cities. German is spoken in areas that attract tourists from Germany, i.e. mainly the Jutland West Coast, the southern part of Funen and nearby islands (e.g. Langeland and Ærø), and also in Southern Jutland (Sønderjylland / Northern Schleswig).

Buy

The national currency is the Danish krone (DKK, plural "kroner"). In the more "touristy" shops in Copenhagen, and at the traditional beach resorts along the Jutland West Coast and Bornholm Island it will often be possible to pay in Euro. The Danish krone is pegged to the Euro to an accuracy of 2.25%. The exchange rate is around 1 EUR = 7.45 DKK.

Automatic teller machines are widely available.

You should note that almost everything in Denmark is expensive; particularly if you're not from Northern Europe. All consumer sales include a 25% sales tax but displayed prices are legally required to include this, so they are always exact. If you are from outside the EU/Scandinavia you can have some of your sales tax refunded when leaving the country.

Eat

Apart from the kabob shops and pizza stands, dining in Denmark can be fairly expensive, but a worthwhile cost. Traditional Danish fare includes items as pickled herring, fried sanddab, and other assorted seafood items. Hearty meats are also prevalent, as seen in items such as frikadeller (pork and beef meat balls) and "stegt flæsk og persillesovs" (thick pork bacon slices topped by a cream sauce). Many meals are also accompanied by a beer, and shots of aquavit or schnaps, though these are mainly enjoyed when guests are over. Drinking along with meals is encouraged as the foods are enhanced by the drinks, and vice versa. For dessert, try either "ris a la mande" (rice pudding with cherries) or æbleskiver (fried apple dumplings).


Smørrebrød

The traditional danish lunch is smørrebrød, open sandwiches usually on rye bread-fish are served on white bread, and many restaurants give you a choice of bread. Smørrebrød served on special occasions, in lunch restaurants, or bought in lunch take-away stores, are piled higher than the daily fare.

Some of the most popular and traditional choices are:

  • Pickled herring, normal, curry, or with red spices.
  • Liver Paté Sandwich, probably the most popular
  • Stjerneskud, salad, plaice, scrimps, etc.
  • Røget ål og røræg, smoked eel and scrambled eggs
  • Pariserbøf, patty cooked rare with capers, horseradish, raw onions, and a raw egg yolk on top.
  • Dyrlægens Natmad, liver pate, slices of salty meat, onion rings, jellied meat sauce.
  • Beef tatar
  • Flæskesteg, Slices of pork roast with pickled red cabbage.
  • Roastbeef, with remoulade, fried onion, horseradish.
  • Kartoffel, sliced potatoes, tomatoes, and mayonnaise.
  • Hakkebøf, patty with soft fried onions, a fried egg, pickles.
  • Schrimps, you get a generous portion of just schrimps with a little mayonnaise.
  • Ost, Cheese. Try a very old cheese served with raw onions, egg-yolks, and rum.

Drink

Danish beer is a treat for a beer enthusiast. The largest brewery, Carlsberg (which also owns the Tuborg brand), offers a few choices, as well as a delicious "Christmas beer" in the 6 weeks leading up to the holidays. Other tasty beverages include the aforementioned aquavit, gløgg, a hot wine drink popular in December. Danish beer is mostly limited to pilseners which are good, but not very diverse. However in the last few years Danes have become interested in a wider range of beers.

The Danish Beer Enthusiasts maintain a list of bars and restaurants with a good selection of beers as well as a list of stores with a good selection

Sleep

Stay Safe

  • Generally: Denmark is very safe. No risk of natural disaster or animal attack. Crime and traffic are only minor risks.
  • In the traffic: Danes generally drive by the rules (except for the bicycles) but may not be very helpful to other drivers in ceding right of way etc. Watch out for the bicycles in the cities, especially when turning across bicycle lanes; they have right of way.
  • On the beach: Don't bathe alone. Don't get too far away from land. Don't jump head first in shallow water. Swim along the coast rather than away from it.
  • In the city: A few districts in major cities should be avoided at night by the unwary, or by lone women.

In an emergency dial 112 (police/medical help/fire brigade). This is toll free, and will work even from cell phones with no SIM card.

Stay Healthy

Tap water is potable unless indicated. Restaurants and other places selling food are visited regularly by health inspectors and are awarded points on a 1-4 "smiley scale". The ratings must be prominently displayed, so look out for the happy face when in doubt. While pollution in the major cities can be annoying it doesn't pose any risk to non-residents. Nearly all beaches are fine for bathing - even parts of the Copenhagen harbor recently opened for bathing.

Smoking

Smoking is not allowed in government buildings with public access (hospitals, universities, etc). It is allowed in restaurants and bars, but they have to use an official sign to tell if the place is smoking, non-smoking, or non-smoking in a separate area. There have been made propositions in the parliament for a complete smoking ban in all public areas; including restaurants and bars. The majority of politicians and Danes are for a ban.

Sign for non-smoking in separate area

Respect

Contact

Embassies and Consulates

This is a list of embassies and consular posts in Denmark, as of February 2005. The list is far from all-extensive, it includes only the big countries. The embassy addresses themselves are limited to only the main cities, and other places of interest for the particular nation. Full list can be viewed here (.pdf file).

Australia

Copenhagen
Consular Section of Embassy
Dampfærgevej 26
2100 Copenhagen Ø
Tel 70 26 36 76

France

Copenhagen
Consular Section of Embassy
Ny Østergade 3, 2nd fl.
1101 Copenhagen K
Tel 33 67 01 64

Århus
Consul Thorkild Rydahl, 1996
Frederiksgade 34
8000 Århus C
Tel 86 18 35 00

Germany

Copenhagen
Consular Section of Embassy
Stockholmsgade 57, Box 2712
2100 Copenhagen Ø
Tel 35 45 99 00, 35 45 99 11

Middelfart
Consul Torben Østergaard-Nielsen, 1988
c/o A/S Dan-Bunkering Ltd. Strandvejen 5
Postbox 71
5500 Middelfart
Tel 64 41 54 01

Odense
Consul Knud Thybo, 1984
c/o Fehr & Co. A/S
Svendborgvej 90
5260 Odense S
Tel 66 14 14 14

Århus
Consul Finn Prang-Andersen, 1998
Havnegade 4
8000 Århus C
Tel 86 18 25 88

Italy

Copenhagen
Consular Chancery of Embassy
Engskiftevej 4
2100 Copenhagen Ø
Tel 39 18 34 44

Århus
Consul Henning Holmen Møller, 1996
c/o Rådgivningsfirmaet Holmen Møller ApS
Lille Torv 6
8000 Århus C
Tel 86 12 14 00

Japan

Copenhagen
Consular Section of Embassy
Pilestræde 61
1112 Copenhagen K
Tel 33 11 33 44

Århus
Consul-General Jørgen E. Handberg, 1991
Dalgas Avenue 57
8000 Århus C
Tel 86 18 03 22

The Netherlands

Copenhagen
Consular Section of Embassy
Toldbodgade 33
1253 Copenhagen K
Tel 33 70 72 00

Esbjerg
Consul Ernst Moth Nielsen, 1987
Kvaglundvej 82
6705 Esbjerg Ø
Tel 76 14 55 30

Odense
Consul Robert Rasmussen, 1998
Christiansgade 70
5000 Odense C
Tel 66 11 27 77

Norway

Copenhagen
Consular Section of Embassy
Vice-Consul Eli Strøm, 1996
Consul Erling H.C. Korch, 1984
Amaliegade 39
1256 Copenhagen K
Tel 33 14 01 24

Odense
Consul Steen Haustrup, 1989
Energivej 40
Postboks 151
5260 Odense S
Tel 65 95 70 02

Århus
Consul Heine Bach, 2004
St. Torv 1
8000 Århus C
Tel 89 33 36 19

Spain

Copenhagen
Consular Section of Embassy
Kristianiagade 21
2100 Copenhagen Ø
Tel 35 42 22 66

Århus
Vice-Consul Jens Otto Kjær Hansen, 1994
c/o CFJE
Olof Palmes Allé 11
8200 Århus N
Tel 86 19 02 22

Sweden

Copenhagen
Consular Section of Embassy
Sankt Annæ Plads 15 A
1250 Copenhagen K
Tel 33 36 03 75

Odense
Consul Hans Erik Hempel-Hansen, 1983
Vestergade 97-101
Postbox 927
5100 Odense C
Tel 63 12 82 00

Skagen
Consul Aksel Groth, 1999
Sct. Laurentiivej 26
9990 Skagen
Tel 70 15 10 00

Århus
Consul Søren Lund, 1990
Sct. Clemens Stræde 7, 1
Postbox 623
8100 Århus C
Tel 86 12 50 00

United Kingdom

Copenhagen
Consular Section of Embassy
*Consul David Stanley Thomas Morton, 2002
Vice-Consul Jeanette Christoffersen, 1990
Vice-Consul Susan Jane Oxfeldt Jensen, 1996
Kastelsvej 38
2100 Copenhagen Ø
Tel 35 44 52 00

Odense
Consul Frits Niegel, 1980
Albanitorv 4
5000 Odense
Tel 66 14 47 14

Århus
Consul Claus Herluf, 1988
Skolegade 19 B
8100 Århus C
Tel 87 30 77 77

United States of America

Copenhagen
Consular Section of Embassy
Dag Hammarskjölds Allé 24
2100 Copenhagen Ø
Tel 35 55 31 44
Url www.usembassy.dk

External Links

Official travel guide to Denmark
Denmark's official website
List of embassies in Denmark (pdf)

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