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Coronavirus

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Revision as of 12:10, 17 October 2020 by Adzas (talk | contribs) (update restrictions)
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    This article is a travel topic
With the increase in numbers of the coronavirus (officially known as "COVID-19" and "Coronavirus disease 2019") worldwide, and the fast changing information about the virus, we will share the most current information with you, so you can take this into consideration when making your travel plans. Always consult the information provided by the local authorities in case you have trips booked already to locations with confirmed cases of this virus.

What is the Coronavirus

Coronavirus disease 2019 or COVID-19 is caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, or severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. A coronavirus belongs to the same family as SARS and MERS, which originated in bats. The virus was first reported in Wuhan, Hubei province in China, in December 2019 and is thought to have been first transmitted by possibly a bat, but it has since spread from person to person.

Transmission

It appears that the virus is spread through respiratory droplets from a person's coughs and sneezes in a range of approx. 6 feet (1.80 meters). Traces of the virus have also been found in the stools of infected patients.

You also have to be cautious of surfaces that can be contaminated, although it is not sure yet if and how long the virus will survive on such surfaces. Current estimates are based on SARS CoV-2, which is very similar to COVID-19.

Surface Virus Survival
Air or Aerosol 3 hours
Copper 4 hours
Cardboard 24 hours
Stainless Steel 2-3 days
Plastic 3 days

The primary infections of the virus are believed to be through transmission via persons who are displaying symptoms. However, medical experts have voiced increasing suspicions that asymptomatic carriers have played a large part in the rapid spread of the virus.

Symptoms

Symptoms of the coronavirus
  • Fever
  • Dry cough
  • Fatigue
  • Sputum production
  • Shortness of breath
  • Sore throat
  • Headache
  • Muscle pain or joint pain
  • Chills
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Nasal congestion
  • Diarrhoea
  • Haemoptysis
  • Conjunctival congestion

When the virus develops further, it could lead to:

  • severe pneumonia
  • acute respiratory distress syndrome
  • sepsis
  • septic shock
  • death

Some people who are infected may not have any symptoms, but can infect others as asymptomatic carriers. Recent developments suggest that asymptomatic individuals may experience a complete loss of smell, or ansomia. This symptom appears before any others and may indicate a person is infected. Doctors advise that individuals who have close contact with confirmed patients should be monitored and exams should be done so that infection can be ruled out.

Treatment

There is no vaccine at the moment, but around the world organisations are working hard in order to develop such vaccine. People with COVID-19 receive care to relieve symptoms, in severe cases treatment include support of vital organs functions including artificial respiration. Since there is no specific treatment, some patients receive generic antivirals.

Prevention

Advice from the WHO:

  • Wash your hands frequently
  • Regularly disinfect frequently-touched surfaces, such as doorknobs
  • Maintain social distancing
  • Avoid touching nose, mouth and eyes
  • Practice respiratory hygiene
  • If you have a fever, cough, and difficulty breathing, seek medical advice immediately

If you have visited or live in an area where COVID-19 is spreading, you need to follow these directions and stay home, away from others. Do not visit a hospital or clinic in person. Instead, call and inform them of your symptoms and if you have traveled so that they can start the proper protocol that is in place at that time.

Outbreak situation

There have been confirmed numbers of infected patients in the following locations:

2019–20 coronavirus outbreak

by country and territory

Country or Territory Confirmed Deaths Recoveries Restrictions/Closed venues
Ch-flag.png China Mainland Over 82,830 4633 77663 All foreigners are barred from entering China unless they have been issued a visa after 28 March 2020. Foreigners with valid visas issued prior to 28 March 2020 are barred from entry as well.
Ks-flag.png South Korea Over 10.738 243 Over 7447 1. Visitors who have been in Hubei Province (China People's Rep.) in the past 14 days are not allowed to transit or enter Korea (Rep.).

2. Nationals of China (People's Rep) with a passport issued in the Hubei Province are not allowed to enter Korea (Rep.).

3. Korean visas issued by the Wuhan Consulate in the Hubei Province are invalidated.

4. A visa is required to transit through Korea (Rep.) for:

- nationals of China (People's Rep.) arriving from China (People's Rep); and

- visa required nationals arriving from China (People's Rep.).

5. Visitors arriving from Japan who have been in the cruise ship 'Diamond Princess' are not allowed to transit or enter (Korea Rep.).

6. Visas issued to nationals of Japan (at Korean Diplomatic Missions in Japan) before 9 March 2020 are invalidated.

- This does not apply to visas issued outside Japan. Such visas remain valid.

- This does not apply to airline crew.

7. Nationals of Japan who do not hold a Korean visa issued on or after 9 March 2020 will not be allowed entry.

Ir-flag.png Iran Over 90,000 5710 Over 69.000 1. Nationals of China (People's Rep.) with a normal passport, passengers with a Hong Kong (SAR China) passport and passengers with a Macao (SAR China) passport are no longer visa exempt. However, they can obtain a visa on arrival.

They are required to clear the medical and health check upon arrival. After that they will be given a certificate. 2. Based on the travel advisory restriction issued by United Arab Emirates Government, nationals of United Arab Emirates are not allowed to travel to Iran.

It-flag.png Italy over 333,000 over 36,000 over 235,000 As of October 8th numbers are rising again though not as much as other european countries. Government is planning to extend the emergency until January 31st 2021. Shops, malls, hotels, bars and restaurants are open as well as museums though they may have limited hours/services and advance booking is required in many places. You still need to wear mask in shops and malls, and with increasing numbers also when outdoors if you're not alone. You need to keep social distancing as much as possible, and there may be limitations in local travel services. Borders are open for people coming from the Schengen Area and the UK.
De-flag.png Germany Over 183.000 over 8600 over 165.000
Ja-flag.png Japan Over 13585 383 2905 Both Tokyo Disneyland and DisneySea are closed and tentatively set to reopen in April 2020.
  • The Tokyo 2020 Olympics have been postponed until 2021.
  • Several major cherry blossom festivals have also been canceled, including Tokyo's Nakameguro Cherry Blossom Festival.
Fr-flag.png France Over 188,000 over 28700 Over 68.000 Tomorrowland Winter in the French Alps (Huez, March 14-21) has been cancelled.
Sp-flag.png Spain Over 286,000 Over 196.000 Spain has declared the 'State of alarm' in the evening of March 13.
Us-flag.png United States Over 1,800,000 Over 105,400 Over 535.000 South by Southwest Music Festival (Austin, March 16-22) has been cancelled
  • Disneyland California will be closed until the end of March.
  • Starting Friday March 13, the US will not allow entry to flights from Europe.
  • Several states have instated nightly curfews and have begun restricting gathering of people.
Sn-flag.png Singapore 14423 12 1060
Hk-flag.png Hong Kong 1005 4 360
Sz-flag.png Switzerland over 28.000 1.641 21.800 Switzerland's Federal Council announced an immediate ban on all public and private events involving more than 1000 participants
Uk-flag.png UK Over 272.000 over 38.000 140
Nl-flag.png Netherlands Over 46.000 5951 3
Be-flag.png Belgium over 46.500 7207 10878
Lu-flag.png Luxembourg 3723 88 3104
Sw-flag.png Sweden 18.926 2274 550
As-flag.png Australia 6713 83 3496 From 21:00 AEDT 20 March 2020, only Australian citizens, residents and immediate family members can travel to Australia. From 23:59 AEDT on 28 March 2020, all travellers arriving in Australia (including Australian Citizens and Permanent residents) will be required to undertake a mandatory 14-day quarantine at designated facilities (for example, a hotel), in their port of arrival.​ Seriously, Don't come.
Ku-flag.png Kuwait 3075 20 806 Authorities have suspended all flights to and from Kuwait until further notice
Ca-flag.png Canada Over 46.000 2500 17000
My-flag.png Malaysia 5820 99 3957
Th-flag.png Thailand 2931 52 2609
Id-flag.png Indonesia 4557 399 380
Iq-flag.png Iraq 1352 640
Gr-flag.png Greece 2114 99 269 All schools have been closed from March 10, for 2 weeks.
Tu-flag.png Turkey Over 163.000 over 4500 over 126,000
Tw-flag.PNG Taiwan 388 6 109
Ae-flag.png UAE 4123 22 680
Ic-flag.png Iceland 1701 8 889
In-flag.png India Over 182,000 over 5100 over87000
Sm-flag.png San Marino 356 35 53
Da-flag.png Denmark Over 6318 285 2235
No-flag.png Norway Over 6547 131 6
Au-flag.png Austria 13999 350 6987 Citizens of Italy are not allowed to enter Austria without valid medical fitness certificate (tested negative on ncov19)
Le-flag.png Lebanon 630 20 80
Flag of Palestine.svg Palestine 271 2 58
Is-flag.png Israel Over 11.235 110 1689
Vm-flag.png Vietnam 262 0 144 *If you’ve transited through or travelled from the 26 Schengen countries or the UK within the past 14 days, you’ll not be issued a visa, and you’ll be denied entry into Vietnam even if you have a valid visa or visa letter.
  • Vietnam has suspended visas on arrival for all foreign travellers.
  • Expect to complete a mandatory health declaration on arrival. You may be required to undergo intensive health screening or quarantine if symptoms are found.
  • From 16 March, masks are mandatory for all passengers on flights to and from Vietnam, including at airports and in all public places in Vietnam.
Ag-flag.png Algeria 1914 293 591
Ez-flag.png Czech Republic Over 5991 139 467 The parliament of Czechia announced an immediate ban on all public and private events involving more than 100 participants.
  • All schools (elementary, high schools and universities) and cultural facilities (including cinemas, theatres, galleries, libraries and museums) have to remain closed until further notice.
  • Passengers who have transited through or have been in China or Italy in the past 14 days have to stay in quarantine at home for at least 2 weeks.
Fi-flag.png Finland 3064 59 10
Ie-flag.png Ireland Over 9655 334 25 Ireland is closing all schools, starting March 12, 6pm local time, until March 29.
Mu-flag.png Oman 727 4 124
Eg-flag.png Egypt 2065 159 589
Br-flag.png Brazil Over 499,900 28800 205,000
Ec-flag.png Ecuador Over 7466 333 501
Po-flag.png Portugal 32,500 1410 19409 100.000 persons have been put in social isolation in the district of Porto, where 19 of the infected persons in Portugal are located.(source:RTP1)
  • All schools will remain closed starting monday March 16, until March 29. Further restrictions about public services, bars, restaurants etc will be announced soon.
  • Starting March 16 the borders between Spain and Portugal will be closed.
  • Portugal declared State of Emergency starting 00.00 March 19. Restrictions will be announced.
Ru-flag.png Russia over 405,000 over 4600 over 171,000
Hr-flag.png Croatia 56 0 4
Si-flag.png Slovenia 319 1 0 Slovenia has declared a state of epidemic and a temporary ban on the sale of goods and services to consumers.
  • All persons on the territory of Slovenia are advised to limit public exposure and display maximum prudence in day-to-day activities.
  • All non-essential services and shops are closed until further notice. This includes, but is not limited to, accomodation, wellness, sports and other recreational, cinematic, cultural, hairdressing & cosmetic & pedicure and gambling services.
  • Grocery stores, pharmacies and other medically & orthopedically oriented stores, petrol stations, banks, postal offices, delivery services, gardening and other agriculturally related stores, newspaper & magazines kiosks and other emergency services needed to ensure public safety and health remain open.
  • The government of Slovenia has issued an immediate ban on all private and public social events involving more than 100 participants in closed space.
  • All educational institutions (kindergarten, elementary & high schools, universities) and cultural facilities (including cinemas, theatres, mass, libraries and museums) are closed until further notice.
  • Public transport is temporarily offline (emergency assistance services and prearranged taxi services are exempted from government ban)
  • Crossing from Italian border is now limited exclusively to freight transport and persons with special permits. All others are turned away.
Rp-flag.png Philippines 245,143 3,986 185,543 Most of the venues in Philippines are already in GCQ. Even though, we don’t have any vaccines yet to prevent this kind of virus. Workers are allowed to work again due to that our economy is shifting down slowly. Ages 20 below are not allowed to go outside. Schools are not allowed to have face-to-face sessions. You need to wear a mask and face shield wherever you go, even if you use public transportation. Hospitals are still using the protocol of having social distancing. Loitering is not allowed inside of malls. Every time you go outside, you still need your quarantine pass. Also, there’s still a checkpoint in every boundary of each cities.
Ro-flag.png Romania 277 0 25
Gg-flag.png Georgia 33 0 1
Qa-flag.png Qatar 460 0 10 MotoGP opening race March 8 canceled
En-flag.png Estonia 267 0 1
Sa-flag.png Saudi Arabia Over 1,000 3 29 Mount Safa and Mount Marwa inside the Great Mosque in Mecca are closed until a ban on Umrah pilgrimages is lifted.

1. Passengers who have transited through or have been in Bahrain, China (People's Rep.), Chinese Taipei, Egypt, France, Germany, Hong Kong (SAR China), Iran, Italy, Korea (Rep.), Kuwait, Lebanon, Macao (SAR China), Oman, Spain, Syria, Turkey or United Arab Emirates in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter Saudi Arabia. - This does not apply to nationals of Saudi Arabia. 2. Nationals of the GCC countries are no longer allowed to enter Saudi Arabia with a national ID card. They must travel with their passport. - This does not apply to nationals of Saudi Arabia who are allowed to enter with a national ID card if they used the card when they departed from Saudi Arabia. 3. Tourist visas issued to passengers traveling to Madinah (MED) are no longer accepted. 4. Tourist visas issued to passengers arriving from Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China (People's Rep.), Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong (SAR China), India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea (Rep.), Lebanon, Macao (SAR China), Malaysia, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, Somalia, Syria, Thailand, Uzbekistan, Vietnam or Yemen and traveling to Dammam (DMM), Jeddah (JED) or Riyadh (RUH) are no longer accepted. 5. Passengers traveling for the purpose of Umrah or visiting the Prophet's mosque are not allowed to enter Saudi Arabia. - This does not apply to nationals of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar and United Arab Emirates with Hajj and Umrah permit, obtained through the website of the Ministry of Hajj and Umrah. 6.Passengers who have transited through or are arriving from Bahrain, Kuwait and United Arab Emirates are allowed to enter Saudi Arabia in one of the following airports: Dammam (DMM), Jeddah (JED) and Riyadh (RUH). 7.Passengers who have transited through or are arriving from Egypt, must have a complete medical examination (PCR) confirming that they are free of the Coronavirus (COVID-19). It must be issued within 24 hours before boarding by one of the laboratories specified and approved by the embassy of Saudi Arabia in Cairo. -This does not apply to nationals of Saudi Arabia. 8. Airline crew will be subject to medical examination, if required. 9. Passengers must fill-in a "Health Declaration Form" before arriving in Saudi Arabia. 10. Based on the travel advisory restriction issued by Saudi Arabia Government, nationals of Saudi Arabia are not allowed to travel to Bahrain, Egypt, France, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Korea (Rep.), Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Spain, Syria, Turkey or United Arab Emirates. 11. Border crossing on the causeway has been temporarily suspended due to coronavirus (COVID-19).

Ba-flag.png Bahrain 279 1 110 1. Passengers and airline crew who have been in China (People's Rep.), Iran, Iraq or Korea (Rep.) in the past 14 days are not allowed to transit and enter Bahrain.

- This does not apply to nationals of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates.

- This does not apply to passengers who reside in Bahrain.

- This does not apply to military personnel.

- This does not apply to passengers with a special approval from Nationality, Passport Residence Affairs Directorate of Bahrain.

- This does not apply to passengers with a valid letter of Prior Permission Granted which is presented prior to boarding.

2. Passengers and airline crew who have been in Hong Kong (SAR China), Italy, Japan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Singapore or Thailand in the past 14 days must have a valid visa prior to arrival.

- This does not apply to nationals of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates.

- This does not apply to passengers who reside in Bahrain.

- This does not apply to passengers with a valid letter of Prior Permission Granted which is presented prior to boarding.

3. Nationals of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates who have transited through or have been in China (People's Rep.), Hong Kong (SAR China), Iran, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Korea (Rep.), Malaysia, Singapore or Thailand in the past 14 days will be subject to quarantine and enhanced testing procedures recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO).

4. Passengers who reside in Bahrain and who have transited through or have been in China (People's Rep.), Egypt, Hong Kong (SAR China), Iran, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Korea (Rep.), Lebanon, Malaysia, Singapore or Thailand will be subject to quarantine and enhanced testing procedures recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). 5. Border crossing on the causeway has been temporarily suspended due to Coronavirus (COVID-19).

Pl-flag.png Poland 367 5 1 All schools (elementary, high schools and universities) have closed down for 14 days.

1. Passengers and airline crew arriving directly or indirectly from China (People’s Rep), Hong Kong (SAR China), Italy, Korea (Rep.) or Macao (SAR China) must fill-in the "health part" of the general declaration form provided by the cabin crew. The forms must be submitted to the Public Health Authorities at point of entry. 2. Passengers and airline crew on board of a flight where even one passenger is traveling directly or indirectly from China (People's Rep.), Hong Kong (SAR China), Italy, Korea (Rep.) or Macao (SAR China) must fill-in the "health part" of the general declaration form provided by the cabin crew. The forms must be submitted to the Public Health Authorities at point of entry.

Ar-flag.png Argentina 502 8 52
Pk-flag.png Pakistan Over 1,200 9 21
Ci-flag.png Chile Over 1,300 4 22
Cs-flag.png Costa Rica 35 0 0
Flag of Serbia (state).png Serbia 55 0 1
Sf-flag.png South Africa 927 0 12
Pm-flag.png Panama 55 1 0
Jm-flag.png Jamaica 25 1 2
Flag of Macau.svg Macau 11 0 10
Dr-flag.png Dominican Republic 11 0 0
Bl-flag.png Bolivia 11 0 0
Jo-flag.png Jordan 12 0 1
Cb-flag.png Cambodia 12 0 1

More Information

Be careful which sources you check with regards to the virus, here are some reliable ones:

The cruise industry has also been hit big time due to the Coronavirus. If you are booked on a cruise, closely monitor your cruiselines's website for possible cancellations, changes in itinerary, updates about coronavirus numbers on board, etc.

Travel restrictions

Governments have been placing travel restrictions on citizens of Covid-19 hotspots since early January.

Many countries and regions including most of the Schengen area, Armenia, Australia, India, Iraq, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Vietnam, and the United States have imposed temporary entry bans on Chinese citizens or recent visitors to China, or have stopped issuing visas and reimposed visa requirements on Chinese citizens.

IATA website has a decent and updated list about current restrictions and entry requirements globally found at IATA travel centre

Opening up and closing down phases

2019–20 coronavirus outbreak

returning to business

Country or Territory Date Changes Notes
China Mainland April 8 The lockdown in Wuhan, epicenter of the COVID-19 outbreak, has been lifted today after 11 weeks. The city is now open for business and people can now travel across its borders.
Portugal May 4 - June 1 Portugal has been opening up in phases, starting on May 4th with small shops and public services, on May 18 larger shops, terraces, coffeeshops and restaurants, with restricted rules in place (like 50% capacity, facial masks in all closed public spaces and public transport), on June 1st (phase 3) the shopping malls will open again, cinemas, theatres etc, all with limited seating. All beaches have been allocated total number of occupants, plus specific rules have to be followed. Note: Due to increased numbers in the Lisbon area, here phase 3 will not start yet. From June 4th flights are scheduled to come in to Faro airport again from various European destinations. October 15, 2020 Portugal raised its level again to 'Calamity', with stricter rules again.
Spain 1st of July
Italy 1st of June
United States 22nd of July Coronavirus cases are primarily concentrated in the southern parts of the country, including Florida and California, where re-openings have been paused and in some places masks have become mandatory.
Albania 1st June The country opened its borders in June.
Croatia 28th May Croatia opened its borders , to enter the country you have to fill a special questionary.
Montenegro 1st June Despite of opened borders, people from some countries can enter it with organised groups/trips only.
Bulgaria 1st of June
Germany
Sweden You can enter Sweden with no problems.
Greece 15th of June
Slovakia
Austria 16th of June
Czech Republic
Switzerland
France 15th of June
Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia 15th of June
Turkey 1st of July Turkey opened its borders 1st of July.
Denmark Denmark's going to open its borders for Germany, Norway and Iceland only. Borders for other countries will be probably opened in the end of summer time.
Georgia 1st of July This country opened its borders 1st of July.
Poland mid-June Poland opened its borders in mid of June.
North Macedonia 1st of July The country opened its borders in beginning of July.
Serbia 22nd May Serbia have their borders opened again
Bosnia and Herzegovina 16 of July There's obliged to show negative COVID test on the border.
Norway 15 of July The border is opened to such countries as Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Greece, Spain, The Netherlands, Ireland, Iceland, Cyprus, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Latvia, Malta, Germany, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland, Italy, United Kingdom and some regions of Sweden.
Netherlands 1 June From June 1st restaurants allowed to open again. June 15 moved from code orange to code yellow. Oct. 14 partial lockdown again, with bars and restaurants closed

Current and upcoming Events

Events
Country or Territory Date Event Notes
Saudi Arabia July 28 - Aug 2nd This year the Haij Pilgrimage is taking place without the presence of international pilgrimages. Initially only around 1.0000 pilgrims residing in Saudi Arabia are allowed to attend, but most likely this will go up to around 10.000. All with restrictions in place, like the wearing of masks.