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Coronavirus

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Revision as of 15:27, 25 March 2020 by IBJoel (talk | contribs) (Outbreak situation)
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    This article is a travel topic
With the increase in numbers of the coronavirus worldwide, and the fast changing information about the virus, we will share the most current information with you, so you can take this into consideration when making your travel plans. Always consult the information provided by the local authorities in case you have trips booked already to locations with confirmed cases of this virus.

What is the Coronavirus

Coronavirus disease 2019 or COVID-19 is caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, or severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. A coronavirus belongs to the same family as SARS and MERS, which originated in bats. The virus was first reported in Wuhan, Hubei province in China, in December 2019 and is thought to be first transmitted by possibly a bat as well, but it is now spreading from person to person.

Transmission

It appears that the virus is spread through respiratory droplets from a person's coughs and sneezes in a range of approx. 6 feet (1.80 meters). Traces of the virus have also been found in the stools of infected patients.

You also have to be cautious of surfaces that can be contaminated, although it is not sure yet if and how long the virus will survive on such surfaces. Current estimates are based on SARS CoV-2, which is very similar to COVID-19.

Surface Virus Survival
Air or Aerosol 3 hours
Copper 4 hours
Cardboard 24 hours
Stainless Steel 2-3 days
Plastic 3 days

The primary infections of the virus are believed to be through transmission via persons who are displaying symptoms. However, medical experts have voiced increasing suspicions that asymptomatic carriers have played a large part in the rapid spread of the virus.

Symptoms

Symptoms Coronavirus
  • Fever
  • Dry cough
  • Fatigue
  • Sputum production
  • Shortness of breath
  • Sore throat
  • Headache
  • Muscle pain or joint pain
  • Chills
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Nasal congestion
  • Diarrhoea
  • Haemoptysis
  • Conjunctival congestion

When the virus develops further, it could lead to:

  • severe pneumonia
  • acute respiratory distress syndrome
  • sepsis
  • septic shock
  • death

Some people who are infected may not have any symptoms, but can infect others as asymptomatic carriers. Recent developments suggest that asymptomatic individuals may experience a complete loss of smell, or ansomia. This symptom appears before any others and may indicate a person is infected. Doctors advise that individuals who have close contact with confirmed patients should be monitored and exams should be done so that infection can be ruled out.

Treatment

There is no vaccine at the moment, but around the world organisations are working hard in order to develop such vaccine. People with COVID-19 receive care to relieve symptoms, in severe cases treatment include support of vital organs functions including artificial respiration. Since there is no vaccine, some patients receive generic antivirals.

Prevention

Advise from the WHO

  • Wash your hands frequently
  • Regularly disinfect frequently-touched surfaces, such as doorknobs
  • Maintain social distancing
  • Avoid touching nose, mouth and eyes
  • Practice respiratory hygiene
  • If you have a fever, cough, and difficulty breathing, seek medical advice immediately

If you have visited or live in an area where COVID-19 is spreading, you need to follow these directions and stay home, away from others. Do not visit a hospital or clinic in person. Instead, call and inform them of your symptoms and if you have traveled so that they can start the proper protocol that is in place at that time.

Outbreak situation

There have been confirmed numbers of infected patients in the following locations:

2019–20 coronavirus outbreak

by country and territory

Country or Territory Confirmed Deaths Recoveries Restrictions/Closed venues
Ch-flag.png China Mainland 81218 3281 73650 Passengers arriving from Iran, Italy, Japan or Korea (Rep.) and traveling to Beijing (PEK), Guangzhou (CAN) or Shanghai (PVG) are subject to quarantine for 14 days.
Ks-flag.png South Korea 9137 126 3730 1. Visitors who have been in the Hubei Province (China People's Rep.) in the past 14 days are not allowed to transit or enter Korea (Rep.).

2. Nationals of China (People's Rep) with a passport issued in the Hubei Province are not allowed to enter Korea (Rep.).

3. Korean visas issued by the Wuhan Consulate in the Hubei Province are invalidated.

4. A visa is required to transit through Korea (Rep.) for:

- nationals of China (People's Rep.) arriving from China (People's Rep); and

- visa required nationals arriving from China (People's Rep.).

5. Visitors arriving from Japan who have been in the cruise ship 'Diamond Princess' are not allowed to transit or enter (Korea Rep.).

6. Visas issued to nationals of Japan (at Korean Diplomatic Missions in Japan) before 9 March 2020 are invalidated.

- This does not apply to visas issued outside Japan. Such visas remain valid.

- This does not apply to airline crew.

7. Nationals of Japan who do not hold a Korean visa issued on or after 9 March 2020 will not be allowed entry.

Ir-flag.png Iran 27017 2077 9625 1. Nationals of China (People's Rep.) with a normal passport, passengers with a Hong Kong (SAR China) passport and passengers with a Macao (SAR China) passport are no longer visa exempt. However, they can obtain a visa on arrival.

They are required to clear the medical and health check upon arrival. After that they will be given a certificate. 2. Based on the travel advisory restriction issued by United Arab Emirates Government, nationals of United Arab Emirates are not allowed to travel to Iran.

It-flag.png Italy 69176 6820 8326 The whole country is under lockdown conditions until April 3rd. Private and public events such as Serie A football league and all sports events, concerts and exhibitions are cancelled/postponed. Schools and universities are closed. Ski facilities are closed. Public gathering is prohibited. All shops are closed except for groceries, pharmacies and newsstands. Postal services and banks are working. Transfers from town to town are prohibited unless you can demonstrate a valid reason. Public transport is working, however there may be limitations. People are recommended to stay home as much as possible and get out only for valid reasons (that is, buy food). These extraordinary measures are due to a rise in the numbers of people infected/hospitalized expected in the next days/weeks.
De-flag.png Germany 35704 181 3540
Ja-flag.png Japan 1128 42 289 Both Tokyo Disneyland and DisneySea are closed and set to reopen March 16.
  • Several major cherry blossom festivals have also been canceled, including Tokyo's Nakameguro Cherry Blossom Festival.
Fr-flag.png France 22304 1100 3281 Tomorrowland Winter in the French Alps (Huez, March 14-21) has been cancelled.
Sp-flag.png Spain 47610 3434 5367 Spain has declared the 'State of alarm' in the evening of March 13.
Us-flag.png United States 55081 785 379 South by Southwest Music Festival (Austin, March 16-22) has been cancelled
  • Disneyland California will be closed until the end of March.
  • Starting Friday March 13, the US will not allow entry to flights from Europe.
  • Several states have instated nightly curfews and have begun restricting gathering of people.
Sn-flag.png Singapore 509 2 152
Hk-flag.png Hong Kong 356 4 101
Sz-flag.png Switzerland 8795 120 131 Switzerland's Federal Council announced an immediate ban on all public and private events involving more than 1000 participants
Uk-flag.png UK 8227 433 140
Nl-flag.png Netherlands 6412 356 3
Be-flag.png Belgium 3743 88 350
20px Luxembourg 875 8 6
Sw-flag.png Sweden 2526 44 16
As-flag.png Australia 1973 8 118 *All passengers must self-quarantine in a home or hotel for 14 days after entering Australia.
  • Foreign nationals (excluding permanent residents of Australia) will not be allowed to enter Australia for 14 days from the time they have left or transited through: mainland China, Iran, Republic of Korea and Italy. Australian citizens and permanent residents will still be able to enter, as will their immediate family members (spouses, legal guardians or dependants only). They will be required to self-isolate at home.
Ku-flag.png Kuwait 191 0 39 Authorities have suspended all flights to and from Kuwait until further notice
Ca-flag.png Canada 2792 26 185
My-flag.png Malaysia 1796 19 199
Th-flag.png Thailand 827 4 57
20px Indonesia 790 58 31
Iq-flag.png Iraq 266 23 62
Gr-flag.png Greece 695 17 19 All schools have been closed from March 10, for 2 weeks.
20px Turkey 1529 37 0
Tw-flag.PNG Taiwan 215 2 29
Ae-flag.png UAE 198 2 41
Ic-flag.png Iceland 588 1 51
In-flag.png India 606 10 42
Sm-flag.png San Marino 185 20 4
Da-flag.png Denmark 1572 24 0
No-flag.png Norway 2728 14 6
Au-flag.png Austria 4474 21 9 Citizens of Italy are not allowed to enter Austria without valid medical fitness certificate (tested negative on ncov19)
Le-flag.png Lebanon 267 4 8
Flag of Palestine.svg Palestine 59 0 17
Is-flag.png Israel 1442 1 41
Vm-flag.png Vietnam 141 0 17 *If you’ve transited through or travelled from the 26 Schengen countries or the UK within the past 14 days, you’ll not be issued a visa, and you’ll be denied entry into Vietnam even if you have a valid visa or visa letter.
  • Vietnam has suspended visas on arrival for all foreign travellers.
  • Expect to complete a mandatory health declaration on arrival. You may be required to undergo intensive health screening or quarantine if symptoms are found.
  • From 16 March, masks are mandatory for all passengers on flights to and from Vietnam, including at airports and in all public places in Vietnam.
Ag-flag.png Algeria 230 17 65
Ez-flag.png Czech Republic 1289 1 7 The parliament of Czechia announced an immediate ban on all public and private events involving more than 100 participants.
  • All schools (elementary, high schools and universities) and cultural facilities (including cinemas, theatres, galleries, libraries and museums) have to remain closed until further notice.
  • Passengers who have transited through or have been in China or Italy in the past 14 days have to stay in quarantine at home for at least 2 weeks.
Fi-flag.png Finland 700 1 10
Ie-flag.png Ireland 1325 7 5 Ireland is closing all schools, starting March 12, 6pm local time, until March 29.
Mu-flag.png Oman 66 0 17
Eg-flag.png Egypt 442 21 80
Br-flag.png Brazil 2274 47 2
Ec-flag.png Ecuador 1081 27 3
Po-flag.png Portugal 2994 43 22 100.000 persons have been put in social isolation in the district of Porto, where 19 of the infected persons in Portugal are located.(source:RTP1)
  • All schools will remain closed starting monday March 16, until March 29. Further restrictions about public services, bars, restaurants etc will be announced soon.
  • Starting March 16 the borders between Spain and Portugal will be closed.
  • Portugal declared State of Emergency starting 00.00 March 19. Restrictions will be announced.
Ru-flag.png Russia 658 1 29
Hr-flag.png Croatia 56 0 4
Si-flag.png Slovenia 319 1 0 Slovenia has declared a state of epidemic and a temporary ban on the sale of goods and services to consumers.
  • All persons on the territory of Slovenia are advised to limit public exposure and display maximum prudence in day-to-day activities.
  • All non-essential services and shops are closed until further notice. This includes, but is not limited to, accomodation, wellness, sports and other recreational, cinematic, cultural, hairdressing & cosmetic & pedicure and gambling services.
  • Grocery stores, pharmacies and other medically & orthopedically oriented stores, petrol stations, banks, postal offices, delivery services, gardening and other agriculturally related stores, newspaper & magazines kiosks and other emergency services needed to ensure public safety and health remain open.
  • The government of Slovenia has issued an immediate ban on all private and public social events involving more than 100 participants in closed space.
  • All educational institutions (kindergarten, elementary & high schools, universities) and cultural facilities (including cinemas, theatres, mass, libraries and museums) are closed until further notice.
  • Public transport is temporarily offline (emergency assistance services and prearranged taxi services are exempted from government ban)
  • Crossing from Italian border is now limited exclusively to freight transport and persons with special permits. All others are turned away.
Rp-flag.png Philippines 636 38 26
Ro-flag.png Romania 277 0 25
Gg-flag.png Georgia 33 0 1
Qa-flag.png Qatar 460 0 10 MotoGP opening race March 8 canceled
En-flag.png Estonia 267 0 1
Sa-flag.png Saudi Arabia 900 2 29 Mount Safa and Mount Marwa inside the Great Mosque in Mecca are closed until a ban on Umrah pilgrimages is lifted.

1. Passengers who have transited through or have been in Bahrain, China (People's Rep.), Chinese Taipei, Egypt, France, Germany, Hong Kong (SAR China), Iran, Italy, Korea (Rep.), Kuwait, Lebanon, Macao (SAR China), Oman, Spain, Syria, Turkey or United Arab Emirates in the past 14 days are not allowed to enter Saudi Arabia. - This does not apply to nationals of Saudi Arabia. 2. Nationals of the GCC countries are no longer allowed to enter Saudi Arabia with a national ID card. They must travel with their passport. - This does not apply to nationals of Saudi Arabia who are allowed to enter with a national ID card if they used the card when they departed from Saudi Arabia. 3. Tourist visas issued to passengers traveling to Madinah (MED) are no longer accepted. 4. Tourist visas issued to passengers arriving from Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China (People's Rep.), Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong (SAR China), India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea (Rep.), Lebanon, Macao (SAR China), Malaysia, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, Somalia, Syria, Thailand, Uzbekistan, Vietnam or Yemen and traveling to Dammam (DMM), Jeddah (JED) or Riyadh (RUH) are no longer accepted. 5. Passengers traveling for the purpose of Umrah or visiting the Prophet's mosque are not allowed to enter Saudi Arabia. - This does not apply to nationals of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar and United Arab Emirates with Hajj and Umrah permit, obtained through the website of the Ministry of Hajj and Umrah. 6.Passengers who have transited through or are arriving from Bahrain, Kuwait and United Arab Emirates are allowed to enter Saudi Arabia in one of the following airports: Dammam (DMM), Jeddah (JED) and Riyadh (RUH). 7.Passengers who have transited through or are arriving from Egypt, must have a complete medical examination (PCR) confirming that they are free of the Coronavirus (COVID-19). It must be issued within 24 hours before boarding by one of the laboratories specified and approved by the embassy of Saudi Arabia in Cairo. -This does not apply to nationals of Saudi Arabia. 8. Airline crew will be subject to medical examination, if required. 9. Passengers must fill-in a "Health Declaration Form" before arriving in Saudi Arabia. 10. Based on the travel advisory restriction issued by Saudi Arabia Government, nationals of Saudi Arabia are not allowed to travel to Bahrain, Egypt, France, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Korea (Rep.), Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Spain, Syria, Turkey or United Arab Emirates. 11. Border crossing on the causeway has been temporarily suspended due to coronavirus (COVID-19).

Ba-flag.png Bahrain 279 1 110 1. Passengers and airline crew who have been in China (People's Rep.), Iran, Iraq or Korea (Rep.) in the past 14 days are not allowed to transit and enter Bahrain.

- This does not apply to nationals of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates.

- This does not apply to passengers who reside in Bahrain.

- This does not apply to military personnel.

- This does not apply to passengers with a special approval from Nationality, Passport Residence Affairs Directorate of Bahrain.

- This does not apply to passengers with a valid letter of Prior Permission Granted which is presented prior to boarding.

2. Passengers and airline crew who have been in Hong Kong (SAR China), Italy, Japan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Singapore or Thailand in the past 14 days must have a valid visa prior to arrival.

- This does not apply to nationals of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates.

- This does not apply to passengers who reside in Bahrain.

- This does not apply to passengers with a valid letter of Prior Permission Granted which is presented prior to boarding.

3. Nationals of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates who have transited through or have been in China (People's Rep.), Hong Kong (SAR China), Iran, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Korea (Rep.), Malaysia, Singapore or Thailand in the past 14 days will be subject to quarantine and enhanced testing procedures recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO).

4. Passengers who reside in Bahrain and who have transited through or have been in China (People's Rep.), Egypt, Hong Kong (SAR China), Iran, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Korea (Rep.), Lebanon, Malaysia, Singapore or Thailand will be subject to quarantine and enhanced testing procedures recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). 5. Border crossing on the causeway has been temporarily suspended due to Coronavirus (COVID-19).

Pl-flag.png Poland 367 5 1 All schools (elementary, high schools and universities) have closed down for 14 days.

1. Passengers and airline crew arriving directly or indirectly from China (People’s Rep), Hong Kong (SAR China), Italy, Korea (Rep.) or Macao (SAR China) must fill-in the "health part" of the general declaration form provided by the cabin crew. The forms must be submitted to the Public Health Authorities at point of entry. 2. Passengers and airline crew on board of a flight where even one passenger is traveling directly or indirectly from China (People's Rep.), Hong Kong (SAR China), Italy, Korea (Rep.) or Macao (SAR China) must fill-in the "health part" of the general declaration form provided by the cabin crew. The forms must be submitted to the Public Health Authorities at point of entry.

Ar-flag.png Argentina 387 7 52
Pk-flag.png Pakistan 1022 8 21
20px Chile 1142 3 22
20px Costa Rica 35 0 0
20px Serbia 55 0 1
20px South Africa 709 0 12
20px Panama 55 1 0
20px Jamaica 25 1 2
20px Macau 11 0 10
20px Dominican Republic 11 0 0
20px Bolivia 11 0 0
20px Jordan 12 0 1
20px Cambodia 12 0 1

More Information

Be careful which sources you check with regards to the virus, here are some reliable ones:

The cruise industry has also been hit big time due to the Coronavirus. If you are booked on a cruise, closely monitor your cruiselines's website for possible, cancellations, changes in itinerary, updates about Corona numbers on board etc.

Travel restrictions

Governments have been placing travel restrictions on citizens of Covid-19 hotspots since early January.

Many countries and regions including most of the Schengen area, Armenia, Australia, India, Iraq, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Vietnam,the United States have imposed temporary entry bans on Chinese citizens or recent visitors to China, or have stopped issuing visas and reimposed visa requirements on Chinese citizens.