Constanţa (prounounced Constantza) is a coastal Black Sea town in southern Dobrogea, Romania, the second most important city in the country and, during summer, a beautiful touristic city. It is the capital of the Constanta county and Romania's largest seaport, a great city to begin to explore the wonders of the sea.
Constanta,being founded as a city almost 2600 years ago,it is the oldest attested city in Romania,the biggest port at the black sea(third largest in europe) and and also the third largest city in romania with its 400,000 inhabitants, was founded by the Greeks as a port on the Black Sea Coast for trading with inland people and called Tomis (VIth C. BC). The city was renamed later after Constantina, niece of Constantine the Great (274-337). It was still a flourishing port city in the Xth and XIth centuries trading with the Byzantine Empire and the city of Genoa.
You can get to Constanta by land, air and water.
The most popular route is the Bucharest-Constanta A2 highway. The highway currently ends at the city of Cernavoda but it should be completed by 2011. There is a tax of 10 lei (2.5 EUR) to cross the bridge over Danube.
The roads are good in Constanta compared to the rest of the country. But beware of speed bumps and speed traps in the center which are meant for reducing the cars speed.
There are daily buses that connect Constanta with the rest of the country. There is a bus to Bucharest leaving every 45 minutes from the Railway Station (also called Autogara) that takes up to 3,5 hours and is less expensive than the train and faster than the trains (see the section below).
There are also several daily buses leaving from Constanta to Istanbul from the Railway Station. The duration is less than 12 hours and the prices for 2009 are 250 RON (60 Euros) a return ticket, including 1 night accommodation in Istanbul.
There are as well buses to Thessaloniki in Greece, Chisinau in Moldova and some buses to Varna in Bulgaria. One can also take a bus to Ostrov-Vama (5 Euros), which is a village near the border with Bulgaria, cross the border and you are in Silistra, a town in Bulgaria. From there there are several connections to other Bulgarian cities such as Ruse, Dobrich, Sofia etc.
Constanta's train station has connections with the rest of the country. The Intercity is usually recommended. In the summer there are some modern looking Siemens trains which look nice, but are very uncomfortable even at First class. Be aware that due to the modernization work at the railways, the 225 km distance from Constanta to Bucharest can take more than 5 hours. This will end in early 2010, when the work will be completed.
New Train Bucharest-Varna - Bucharest: Valid from 15.06.2009 to 06.09.2009
Bucuresti Nord: 06:25 23:59
Medgidia: 09:34 09:49 20:27 20:42
Negru Voda: 10:52 11:15 19:05 19:20
Kardam: 11:40 12:02 18:20 18:40
Dobric: 13:03 13:09 17:09 17:12
Varna: 14:45 15:30
Constanta has an international airport called Mihail Kogalniceanu Intl. Airport  which is about 20 km north-west of the city. Ryanair flies to Constanta from Pisa 3 times a week.Starting with April 2009, there will also be flights to Bologna 2 times a week.
Romanian low cost carrier Blue Air began it's first flight to Brussels in July 2008 with a frequency of 1 flight per week.
Romanian carrier Carpatair offers flights to many European destinations from Constanta through Timisoara.
Constanta is one the largest commercial port in the Black Sea and the third largest in Europe.
There are ships connecting Constanta with Varna and Odessa managed by Navlomar: http://www.navlomar.com/Constanta-Odessa/ (€45 one-way, €60 return, summer only). There are also routes to Istambul and Greece.
You can use the public transport system (buses, trams, trolleybuses and maxi-taxis) or cabs. To get to Mamaia you can take the 301 mini van called maxi-taxi but it's very crowded.You can also take the special bus which takes you to mamaia and has regular stops around the city and resort,it is a double decker buss and you can find it as you exit the train station in the bus station. The best option is a taxi; a legal taxi must be painted yellow and must have the fee written with green characters on the driver's door . Always insist on starting the meter and try to avoid the cabs with red tariffs right next to the train station who ,as in every major city try to take advantage of tourists. Walk 100 meters from the station and only then wave to a cab. The typical fee from the train station to Mamaia is between 5-10 euros. You can also get to Mamaia by taking the 40 or 100 bus.
Constanta has been continuously inhabited for 2500 years so there is a lot to see:
- The old Casino and the surrounding promenade was opened in 1911. It was built in the Art Nouveau style and conceived by two architects, Petre Antonescu and Daniel Renard (of Swiss extraction but born in Romania).
- The statue of Ovid (Born 43 BC in Sulmona, died in AD 17 in Tomis/ Constanta). The statue by Ettore Ferrari was erected in 1887 after a public subscription (the same statue can be seen in Sulmona). In AD 09 Ovid was sent in exile by Augustus for obscure reasons. He wrote his Tristia in Tomis.
The history museum is an interesting place with foreign language guides available. It houses a great deal of unique Greek and Roman statues and glassware which is very rare; also outside the museum there are some marble tombs and artifacts.
- The Archaeological Park right in the center of the city is a nice place for a walk if you're in the area
- The National Museum of History and Archeology displays an impressive collection of pieces from the Greek and Roman antiquity (for example, the Glykon Snake, Fortuna and Pontos, Two-faced Nemesis and countless amphoras).
- The Popular Art Museum
- The Navy's Museum (under reconstruction, 2007)
- The Sea's Museum with the Genoese Lighthouse, behind the statue of Eminescu, on the sea front
- The Harbor's Museum
- The Ion Jalea Sculpture Museum
- The Great Mosque, a stone's throw from Ovidiu Square, was the first public building made of concrete in Romania (1910), a gift from King Carol I to the local Muslim community.
- You can do sunbathing or you can swim in the Black Sea. There is a large beach called Modern right in the middle of the city, which is favored by locals and is near the marina. Very very shallow waters (you can walk for 20-30 meters and the water won't pass your knees) so it's suited if you want to take your kids there and let them play safely in the water. The most significant beaches are in the Mamaia resort which is in the north part of Constanta. It consists of about 6-7 kilometers of sandy beaches with absolutely no rocks; the width of the beaches vary from 20 to 150 meters. It's also full of hotels, clubs and bars and extremely popular and fashionable in the summer. Moreover in the off season (September-April) they are a great place for taking pictures walks, or rides with the atv or enduro motorcycle and there are some centers for renting atv-s near the Cleopatra bar at the beginning of the resort. If you arrive by car not registered in the county of Constanta from May/June to September expect to pay an entrance fee of 3 Lei (1 dollar or 0,7 euros) at the entrance ticket booth for your car, although in 2006 the tax was off. The ratio of free parking/paid parking is around 25%/75% and the parking lots with the fee are guarded and not that expensive (3 Lei per hour) and a good alternative especially if you are on a motorcycle because people will climb your bike to take pictures on it. The paid parking places are marked with a white P on a blue background. The unpaid parking lots are on the sides of the main boulevard.
- You can stroll the city's streets, the historical peninsular area which has a special charm, the sea coast, the Tomis marina or one of the many parks, on the lake-side or through the ruins of the ancient Greek colony Tomis.
- You can shop downtown, on the Ştefan cel Mare street where most big shopping centers are situated, including Tomis Mall (http://www.tomis.ro/), but also in the new, modern and bigger City Park Mall (http://www.city-park.ro/) - in Tabacarie Park. Another shopping center is TOM (Carrefour).
- Bars and clubs
- Teatrul Naţional Constanţa, B-dul Ferdinand, Nr.11, Tel. +40-241-488-612
- Teatrul de Opera si Balet Oleg Danovski, Str. Mircea cel Batran, Nr. 97, Tel. +40-241-480-300; Web - www.opera-balet-constanta.ro
- Elpis, Str. Alexandru Karatzali, Nr. 16, Tel. +40-241-618-992
- Sea Tours
- You can get aboard a tour boat from the Tomis marina which will take you on a trip to the open seas and back.
You can do your shopping at one of the following shopping centers:
- Tomis Mall www.tomis.ro
- Centrul Comercial TOM ( Carrefour + BricoStore )
- City Park Mall of Constanta City Park Mall of Constanta
- Metro Cash & Carry I
- Metro Cash & Carry II (as you exit Constanţa for Agigea on the right)
- Real Hypermarket (as you exit Constanţa for Agigea on the right)
- Praktiker (as you exit Constanţa for Agigea on the right)
- Selgros Cash & Carry (Rewe) (north of Agigea) or if you are coming from Constanţa just before the bridge over the canal)
- Penny Market
- Kaufland (intersection Bratianu and Lapusneanu boulevard)
- Mega Image I (Delhaize Group)
- Mega Image II
- Prestige Center
- Casa Modei
- Doraly Mall
- Pizza in Constanta Pizza Constanta
A typical meal at a restaurant is around 8-10 euro per person including drinks. Waiters usually know some English and menus are usually written in English. International cuisine is present, you should try the wines which are very good and not that expensive.
You will find a lot of fast food places selling kebab and shawarma (a nice mixture of grilled chicken, salads, french fries and sauces wrapped in a lipia (a sort of thin pancake used as a substitute for bread by Turks), very good and not that expensive (around 8 lei /3 euro for a big one)
- International fast-food
- McDonald's (Tomis Mall: ground floor, 3rd floor, Delfinariu Area, City Park Mall: Park Level)
- KFC (Tomis Mall: 3rd floor; TOM; City Park Mall: Park Level)
- Pizza Hut (Str. Rascoalei; TOM; City Park Mall: Lake Level)
- Spring Time (TOM)
- Acropolis, Str. General Manu, Nr. 1; Tel. - +40-742-692-234;
- Adris, Str. Lct. Economu, Nr. 30; Tel. - +40-241-550-611;
- Albatros, Str. Traian, Nr. 52; Tel. - +40-241-615-717;
- Amarilis, Str. I.C. Brătianu; Tel. - +40-241-511-185; Fax - +40-241-692-679;
- Ambient, B-dul Mamaia, Nr. 191; Tel. - +40-241-614-401;
- Aristocrat, B-dul Tomis, Nr. 279; Tel. - +40-241-692-021;
- Aspendos, B-dul Tomis, Nr. 48; Tel. - +40-241-617-612;
- Astoria, P-ţa Ovidiu, Nr. 5; Tel. - +40-241-611-285;
- Au Coq Simpa, Str. Ştefan cel Mare, Nr. 19; Tel. - +40-241-614-797;
- Avanti, B-dul Tomis, Nr. 334; Tel. - +40-241-693-992;
- Bad Rock, Str. Călăraşi, Nr. 1; Tel. - +40-721-204-000;
- Balada, B-dul 1 Decembrie 1918, Nr. 12; Tel. - +40-241-625-327;
- Bel Ami, Str. Poporului, Nr. 24; Tel. - +40-241-609-522;
- Beta Steak House, Str. Ştefan cel Mare, Nr. 6; Tel. - +40-241-673-763;
- Bianco, Str. Cişmelei, Nr. 8; Tel. - +40-241-551-391;
- Big Foot, B-dul Mamaia, Nr. 155; Tel. - +40-723-954-491;
- Bonjour, B-dul Tomis, Nr. 114;
- Bulevard, B-dul Mamaia, Nr. 294; Tel. - +40-241-831-533; Fax - +40-241-831-606;
- Can, Str. Theodor Burada, Nr. 1; Tel. - +40-724-978-822;
- Capitol, B-dul Mamaia, Nr. 69; Tel. - +40-241-520-522;
- Capriccio, B-dul Alexandru Lăpuşneanu, Nr. 89; Tel. - +40-241-542-151;
- Casa Ana, B-dul Tomis, Nr. 17; Tel. - +40-241-553-999;
- Casa Tomis, Str. Remus Opreanu, Nr. 8; Tel. - +40-241-619-486;
- Cazino Constanţa, Str. Carpaţi, Nr. 1; Tel. - +40-241-617-416; Fax - +40-421-617-416;
- China Town, Str. Zorelelor, Nr. 67; Tel. - +40-241-609-660; Mobil - +40-721-776-699;
- Chinese Garden, Str. Mircea cel Bătrân, Nr. 148; Tel. - +40-241-670-717;
- Pizza Damizzo Pizza Constanta
- mindfluid breeze (mindfluid breeze), Str. Mircea cel Batran, Nr. 49 (above Modern Beach), ☎ +40 747 897 518, . Mindfluid Breeze is a bar, lounge bar. Nice to make a visit while in Constanta. Relax while sipping your favourite drink, cocktail, tea or espresso. The music will add to the atmosphere. The hotspot(free wireless) will keep you connected. Oh, you can enjoy the view of the Black Sea, too. +40 747 897 518. (44°10'41N,28°39'15E)
- mindfluid (mindfluid), Str. Mihaileanu, Nr. 36 (1 km from center), ☎ +40 747 897 518, . 10 a.m to 1 a.m.. Cool place especially if you want to enjoy a proper drink and choose from a wide selection, have fun with your friends or relax on the comfortable sofas with your girlfriend. (44°10'45N,28°38'32E)
There are many bars in the city especially during summer-time.
- Dobrogea, B-dul Alexandru Lăpuşneanu, Nr. 194; Tel. - +40-241-666-615; Fax - +40-241-655-503
- Florentina, B-dul I.C. Brătianu, Nr. 21 (near trainstation); Tel. +40-241-512-535; Fax - +40-241-510-202 (in springtime 35€/night 2p-room w breakfeast)
- Jolie, Str. Murgescu, Nr. 42; Tel. +40-241-697-638; Fax. +40-241-697-638
- Neco Metropol, B-dul Mamaia, Nr. 114; Tel. +40-241-831-883; Fax +40-241-831-584
- New Safari, Str. Karatzali, Nr. 1; Tel. +40-722-322-461
- Sport, Str. Cuza Vodă, Nr. 2; Tel. +40-241-617-558
- Tineretului, B-dul Tomis, Nr. 20; Tel. +40-241-613-590; +40-241-611-290
- Turist, B-dul Mamaia, Nr. 288; Tel. - +40-241-831-006; Fax - +40-241-831-006
Some hotels in Mamaia are open in the winter and you can get very good deals on accommodation in the off season.
- Adris, Str. Lct. Economu, Nr. 30; Tel. - +40-241-550-611; Fax - +40-241-550-611
- Amarilis, B-dul I.C. Brătianu; Tel. - +40-241-511-185; Fax - +40-241-692-679
- Capri, Str. Mircea cel Bătrân, Nr. 109; Tel. - +40-241-553-090; Fax - +40-241-553-090
- Cora, B-dul Mamaia, Nr. 201; Tel. - +40-241-555-575; Fax - +40-241-613-179
- Guci, Str. Răscoalei din 1907, Nr. 23; Tel. - +40-241-695-500; Fax - +40-241-638-426
- Hotel Europa, Republicii str. No 13, 905350, Eforie Nord, ☎ +40 241 702801 ([email protected], fax: +40 241 741720), . Hotel Europa is located at Eforie Nord resort on the Black Sea coast, between the Black Sea and Techirghiol Lake in a natural park, just a few minutes from the center of Eforie Nord.
- Intim, Str. N. Titulescu, Nr. 7-9; Tel. - +40-241-617-814; Fax - +40-241-618-285
- Maria, B-dul 1 Decembrie 1918, Nr. 2D; Tel. - +40-241-611-711; Fax - +40-241-616-852
- Millennium, B-dul Mamaia, Nr. 135; Tel. - +40-241-607-317; Fax - +40-241-607-341
- Minihotel Adry'S, Str. Lct. Economu, Nr. 30; Tel. +40-241-550-611; Fax. +40-241-550-661
- Oxford, B-dul Alexandru Lăpuşneanu intersecţie cu B-dul Aurel Vlaicu
- Palace, Str. Remus Opreanu, Nr. 5-7; Tel. - +40-241-614-696
- Bulevard, B-dul Mamaia, Nr. 294; Tel. +40-241-831-533; Fax. +40-241-831-606
- Dali, Str. Smârdan, Nr. 6A; Tel. - +40-241-619-717; Fax - +40-241-616-114
- Royal, B-dul Mamaia, Nr. 191; Tel. - +40-241-542-690; Fax - +40-241-545-882; www.hotelroyal.ro
Private Accommodation and Services
Constanţa is a pretty safe city even by european standards, but as a precaution avoid taking taxis near the train station and insist that they turn the meter on. Avoid groups of gypsies and if you visit the historical peninsular area at night, try to do this in a group. Unlike some other cities in Romania, people from Constanţa are well used to foreigners and are generally pretty helpful. Walking at night is ok even alone, though you should avoid walking with your camera around your neck and be mindful of pick pockets when using public transportation. Your religion is not of concern since a lot of locals come from very different ethnic and religious backgrounds (especially christian and muslim).
Stay away from dodgy small casinos and avoid exchange offices that have hidden commission (written small, or with letters) or separate exchange rates for travel checks and cash. Use only trusted exchange offices, like Balkan Exchange. If you are unsure go to a bank, though banks don't have good exchange rates (but they are better than the rip-offs).
to the south there are a string of summer resorts,Eforie Nord/sud,Costinesti,Neptun,Olimp ..neptun is recomended for it's more relaxed atmosphere and for it's lush forests that end near the sea,During the latest Nato summit president bush visited the resort for talks with President basescu
- Vama Veche to the south, close to the Bulgarian border is a former hippie/bohemian beach village turned into a commercial venture over the years but still one of the few places on the Romanian coast where camping is still hip (although in recent years there have been agents patrolling the beaches asking for a 10 lei fee from people they find at the tent. Just say it's not your tent and you'll go look for the person who's tent you are watching. They'll go bother someone else.).
- Limanu cave near Mangalia is an unique, in Romania, 3 200 m long cave. Only way to reach it at the moment is by personal car. Entrance to the cave is closed of but there are some phone numbers on the door that will get you in touch with a guide. A good measure to keep the bat population happy and to keep the vandals out. Guide and entrance fee is 3 lei.