Civitavecchia is a city in the province of Rome, region of Lazio, in central Italy.
Civitavecchia is located 80 kilometres west-north-west of Rome, across the Mignone river. The harbor is formed by two piers and a breakwater, on which is a lighthouse. The name Civitavecchia means "ancient town".
The harbor was constructed by the Emperor Trajan at the beginning of the 2nd century. The first occurrence of the name Centum Cellae is from a letter by Pliny the Younger (AD 107). The origin of the name is disputed: it has been suggested that it could refer to the centum ("hundred") halls of the villa of the emperor.
In the high Middle Ages, Centumcellae was a Byzantine stronghold. Raided by the Saracens in 828, it was later acquired by the Papal States.
The place became a free port under Pope Innocent XII in 1696 and by the modern era was the main port of Rome. The French occupied it in 1849. On 16 April 1859 the Rome and Civitavecchia Rail Road was opened for service. The Papal troops opened the gates of the fortress to the Italian general Nino Bixio in 1870.
During World War II, Allied bombings severely damaged Civitavecchia, and caused civilian casualties.
From any departure point, reach the A12 Genova – Rome highway and exit at Civitavecchia. Follow the signs for Civitavecchia centro / Sardegna on S.S. 1 Aurelia for about three kilometers.
From any departure point, arrive at the Rome Termini train station. From here, take the regional FR5 trains or Intercity train to Grosseto and get off at the Civitavecchia station.
See "Get Out" below for using trains to reach Rome.
Civitavecchia is the ferry port of Rome with daily ferries departure to Sardinia Olbia and Porto Torres, Barcelona, Palermo, Toulon, Tunis and Porto Vecchio. For timetable and itinerary have a look at TraghettiWeb .
The port also affords docking facilities for cruise ships traversing the Mediterranean. Cruise passengers often have use of a free shuttle to the port entrance (and return), within easy walking distance of stores and a train station for economical travel to Rome. (See same section for Rome.)
Civitavecchia, the port of Rome, is the point of arrival and departure of hundreds of ships, cruises, ferries travelling all around the Mediterranean. From here it is possible to reach Sardinia, Corsica, Sicily, Spain, France, some other small islands, and even north Africa. A good transportation system links the port to the Eternal City.
- National Archeological Museum Preserves exciting finds from the Roman port and Taurine spas (just outside Civitavecchia), and the 845 inscription that celebrates the city's reconstruction after being destroyed by the Saracen.
- Michelangelo stronghold The impressive fortress built in the sixteenth century with the assistance of the great Michelangelo Buonarroti.
- Terme Taurine The thermal complex built by the Roman Emperor Trajan is still nowadays well preserved. The rests of the Terme Taurine are situated north, around 1 hour walking from the harbour. Civitavecchia Pro Loco provides free buses from the harbour. For information +393382707567 - 0766 20299
- Ficoncella Thermal Bath North of the city close to the Terme Taurine there is the Ficoncella bath frequented by Romans and still popular with the Civitavecchiesi. The modern name stems from the fig plants among the various pools.
- La Cattedrale The cathedral of San Francesco d'Assisi was built by the Franciscans over a pre-existing small church built from 1610. The current edifice, with Baroque-Neoclassical lines, was erected in the eighteenth century. It's situated between the historical centre of the city and Viale Garibaldi.
The main street between the train station and the harbor has a lot of resturants, pizzarias, bars, ect for some good food that can be found relatively cheap. Many people hang out here at night and sit around and have a bite to eat and some vino. Great place to people watch in this small town.
- Pizzeria al Ghetto. Only open at night and worth the wait! Locals love this place. Outside tables fill up fast so get there early. Only two kinds of pizza, margarita or anchovy. Get it with a cold beer and enjoy the food and atmosphere.
- Ristorante Stuzzichino, Via Pietro Manzi, 30, ☎ 0766 32945. Open at night and at lunch, it's situated in the historical city centre of Civitavecchia. You can taste the local seafood cuisine, in a cozy atmosphere. The restaurant is not very big, so it's reccomended to make a reservation
- Hotel San Giorgio , Viale Garibaldi, 34. Tel +39.0766.5991, Fax +39.0766.599230. A 4 star hotel in downtown Civitavecchia, overlooking the sea.
- Bed and Breakfast Casamica , Via Alcide De Gasperi, 1. Tel +39.0766.31182. Clean cozy rooms with bathroom in a Tuscan style home with seaview. The host family offers pickup service and first-hand tips to discover the hidden beauty of the Italian way of life. Free transfer to the port.
- Bed & Breakfast Civitavecchia : Via Rodi, 20 - Civitavecchia 00053 - Italy. Tel: +39 0766.547131 - Independent rooms with bathroom and shower inside, Free WiFi Internet, Breakfast included, Air conditioning, TV 26 inch, Free transport from/to Railway Station and Ferry-Cruise Port.
- Sunbay Park Hotel : Via Aurelia Sud, Riva di Traiano - Civitavecchia. Tel +39 0766 22801. Rooms, Restaurant, Meeting halls, Holidays.
- Phone center, Via Dalmazia 3 (also internet)
- Calamatta Phone, Piazza Calamatta 11/A -12 (also internet)
- Via Gian Lorenzo Bernini (300 to 400 meters straight behind the train station)
the Castle at Santa Severa
- Santa Severa Castle. This castle is on the sea a few miles in the direction of Rome along the Via Aurelia. It was first mentioned in 1068 and is built on the site of a Roman fortress. The courtyard is a pleasant place to stroll around and at weekends there is always something going on. If it gets too hot the beach is right next door. The castle of Santa Severa can be visited from Tuesday to Sunday: 9:30 - 12:30 and 14:30 - 18:00. For information, tel. 0766/570077
From Civitavecchia you can go almost anywhere in Europe. Train travel offers many benefits.
- As the primary seaport for Rome, Civitavecchia has trains that frequently take commuters and cruisers into the city. Commuter trains take about 80-90 minutes to reach the main station in Roma...the Termini...and to return from there. With fairly-early departures, the service makes effective day-trips possible...though rush-hour times find them rather full.
- Tickets cost about 4.5 euros each way. Or you can purchase round trip B.I.R.G. tickets for roughly twice that. As of Summer 2009, the latter tickets allowed you unlimited us of Rome city buses and the Metro.
- Cruisers are usually provided shuttles from their ship to and from the port pedestrian entrance. From there, you'll find the train station about a 10 minute walk along the seashore.
- Take care with your belongings...few needed for a day-trip. Thieves like to grab items and jump off trains just as the doors close.
- Drinks are allowed on the train.