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British Indian Ocean Territory

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Island nations : Islands of the Indian Ocean : British Indian Ocean Territory
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Diego Garcia
British Indian Ocean Territory in its region.svg
Flag of the Commissioner of the British Indian Ocean Territory.svg
Quick Facts
Capital administered from London
Government overseas territory of the United Kingdom
Area 60km²
Population approx. 4,000 UK and US military personnel and civilian contractors on Diego Garcia (July 2006 estimate)
Country code +246 (Diego Garcia)
Internet TLD .io
Time Zone UTC +6

British Indian Ocean Territory is unsurprisingly among the islands of the Indian Ocean, south of India, about halfway between Madagascar and Indonesia.



Established as a territory of the UK in 1965, a number of the British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT) islands were transferred to the Seychelles when it attained independence in 1976, leaving only the six main island groups comprising the Chagos Archipelago of 2,300 islands. The largest and most southerly of the islands, Diego Garcia, contains a joint UK-US naval support facility. All of the remaining islands are uninhabited. Approximately 3,000 indigenous residents in the islands (often referred to as Chagossians or Ilois) were expelled, primarily to Mauritius but also to the Seychelles, between 1967 and 1973. In 2000, a British High Court ruling invalidated the local immigration order which had excluded them from the archipelago, but upheld the special military status of Diego Garcia. No timetable has been set for the Ilois return, but when they do they plan to re-establish copra production and fishing.


Tropical marine; hot, humid, moderated by trade winds.


Flat and low (most areas do not exceed four meters in elevation).


Get in[edit]

Entry to Diego Garcia is extremely limited due to the large American and British military presence on the island.

By plane[edit]

There is a military airport on Diego Garcia.

By boat[edit]

There is a harbour on Diego Garcia.

Get around[edit]

There is paved road between the airport and the harbour on Diego Garcia.

Buy[edit][add listing]

There are a couple of shops on Diego Garcia.


The prices of most things here is low.

Eat[edit][add listing]

There are only a couple of restaurants in Diego Garcia. The main source of food is fish.

Drink[edit][add listing]

There are no bars on Diego Garcia, but you have to get your water from wells.

Sleep[edit][add listing]

There is one hotel

Stay safe[edit]

Crimes such as theft and pickpocketing are extremely extremely rare. Do not worry about crime. It is very safe!

Stay healthy[edit]

It is recommended to pack malaria medication and bug spray. Also do not forget sunscreen!



British Embassies

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Create category British Embassy 3100 Massachusetts Avenue Northwest Washington, D.C., 20008