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Biertan

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'''Biertan''' (German: Birthälm, Romani: Biyertan, Hungarian: Berethalom) is a comune in central [[Romania]], in the north of the [[Sibiu County]], 80 km north of [[Sibiu]] (formerly ''Hermannstadt'' in German) and 15 km east of [[Mediaş]]. Biertan is one of the most important [[Saxon villages with fortified churches in Transylvania]], having been on the list of [[UNESCO]] [[World Heritage Sites]] since 1993. It was the see of the Lutheran Evangelical Bishop in [[Transylvania]] between 1572 and 1867.
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[[Image:Kirchenburg Birthälm.jpg|thumb|350px|The fortified Church in Biertan]]
  
The commune is composed of three villages: Biertan, Copşa Mare (''Gross-Kopisch''; ''Nagykapus'') and Richiş (''Reichesdorf''; ''Riomfalva''), each of which has a [[fortified church]].
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'''Biertan''' (German: Birthälm, Romani: Biyertan, Hungarian: Berethalom) is a comune in central [[Romania]], in the north of the [[Sibiu County]], 80 km north of [[Sibiu]] (formerly ''Hermannstadt'' in German) and 15 km east of [[Mediaş]].
  
 
==History==
 
==History==
The first documentary testimony about the village dates from 1283 in a document about the taxes paid by the inhabitants of 7 villages and so it is believed to have been founded sometime between 1224 to 1283 by [[Transylvanian Saxons]]. The village settlement quickly developed into an important market town and by 1510 Biertan supported a population of about 5,000 people. Between 1468 and the 16th century a small [[fortified church]] (''die Kirchenburg'') was constructed and developed. After the medieval period the town declined in importance with the rise of neighbouring [[Sighişoara]] (formerly ''Schäßburg'' in German), [[Sibiu]] (''Hermannstadt'') and [[Mediaş]] (''Mediasch'').
 
  
In the census of 1930 Biertan had 2331 inhabitants, of whom 1228 were [[Transylvanian Saxons]]. During [[World War II]] many men were conscripted into the [[Romania]]n army and later the [[Waffen-SS]]. After the war many [[Transylvanian Saxons]] were [[Deportation of Germans from Romania after World War II|expelled from the region]]. Following the collapse of [[Communism]] in 1990 many more left for [[Germany]].
 
 
Today the whole commune has a population of about 2,500 and the village of Biertan alone has about 1,600 people. It is one of the most visited villages in [[Transylvania]], being the historically important place of the annual reunion of the [[Transylvanian Saxons]], many of whom now live in [[Germany]].
 
  
 
==Understand==
 
==Understand==

Latest revision as of 21:02, 4 February 2013

The fortified Church in Biertan

Biertan (German: Birthälm, Romani: Biyertan, Hungarian: Berethalom) is a comune in central Romania, in the north of the Sibiu County, 80 km north of Sibiu (formerly Hermannstadt in German) and 15 km east of Mediaş.

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