Bay of Kotor
Earth : Europe : Balkans : Montenegro : Bay of Kotor
The bay is composed of 4 smallers gulfs - gulf of Herceg Novi, gulf of Tivat, gulf of Risan and gulf of Kotor. The first 2 are connected via the Kumbor strait, while the Verige strait connects the gulf of Tivat with the gulfs of Risan and Kotor. The total area equals 88 square kilometres.
Due to its unusual look, the bay is often called Europe's southernmost fjord, but infact it's a submerged river canyon.
The territory of the bay of Boka Kotorska is divided into 3 municipalities: Kotor, Herceg Novi and Tivat. It's a multiethnic region, with a Serb majority in the municipalities of Herceg Novi and Tivat, a Montenegrin majority in Kotor, and a sizeable Croat minority in Kotor and Tivat.
The Montenegrins', Serbs' and Croats' languages are all mutually intelligible and derived from Serbo-Croat. The dialect and the vocabulary of the local people are heavily influenced by Italian. Locals usually speak and understand Italian, Russian and English.
Boka Kotorska has an international airport located in Tivat, with regular flights to several European cities, such as Moscow, Belgrade, Paris, London and Kyiv. The other Montenegrin international airport is in Podgorica, some 80 km from Tivat and it offers flights to several other European destinations - Vienna, Zürich, Frankfurt, Rome, Copenhagen, Skopje, Zagreb... Buses are very frequent in the area, and are the most popular terms of transport, being usually very cheap and very comfortable. Boka Kotorska has 2 international passenger sea ports: in Kotor and in Zelenika. Port of Kotor hosts cruisers on a daily basis during the summer.
Tourist boats operate on several destinations in the area, they vary from luxury Bateau Mouche-styled boats that offer excursions through the whole bay to small fishing boats that transport tourists from coastal towns to some near, but hardly reacheable places (for example: Perast - the island of Gospa od Škrpjela; Herceg Novi - Žanjice beach etc.).
There's a plenty of local bus lines, both inter- and intra-municipal. Taxi service is fairly safe and comfortable, but on the other side also quite expensive.
A ferry line operates between the villages of Lepetane and Kamenari in the narrowest part of the bay - the Verige strait. A one-way ticket for an automobile is 4€, but pedestrians can cross the strait free of charge.
Boka Kotorska offers a wide variety of restaurants serving both local and international food. For some great Mediterranean cuisine, visit Ćatovića Mlini in Morinj, or Stari Mlini in Ljuta, near Kotor. As far as international cuisine is concerned, the old towns of Kotor and Herceg Novi are packed with Italian restaurants. There are also restaurants serving Dalmatian, Russian, Greek food... Herceg Novi even has a Georgian restaurant. Dishes from Eastern Asia are hard to find in this area.
You've got a wide choice between open summer bars along the coast or cafés at the old towns' squares. Prices vary greatly, but usually a bottle of water is around 1€, an espresso or a cup of cold Nescafé cost 1€ - 1.5€, Coca-Cola and similar non-alcoholic juices cost 1.5-2€.
All open bars have to close at 1AM, and that's when the party moves to some of the closed nightclubs and discotheques. The best clubs and discos are:
Montenegro is generally a safe country, and this region is no exception to that. Still, be aware of beggars and pickpockets in resort towns.