Bali, the famed Island of the Gods, with its varied landscape of hills and mountains, rugged coastlines and sandy beaches, lush rice terraces and barren volcanic hillsides all providing a picturesque backdrop to its colourful, deeply spiritual and unique culture, stakes a serious claim to be paradise on earth. With world-class surfing and diving, a large number of cultural, historical and archaeological attractions, and an enormous range of accommodations, this is one of the world's most popular island destinations and one which consistently wins travel awards. Bali has something to offer a very broad market of visitors from young back-packers right through to the super-rich.
| South Bali (Kuta, Bukit Peninsula, Canggu, Denpasar, Jimbaran, Legian, Nusa Dua, Sanur, Seminyak, Tanah Lot)|
The most visited part of the island by far, with Kuta Beach and chic Seminyak.
| Central Bali (Ubud, Bedugul, Tabanan)|
The cultural heart of Bali and the central mountain range.
| West Bali (Negara, Gilimanuk, Medewi Beach, Pemuteran, West Bali National Park)|
Ferries to Java and the West Bali National Park.
| North Bali (Lovina, Munduk, Singaraja)|
Quiet black sand beaches and the old capital city.
| East Bali (Amed, Besakih, Candidasa, Kintamani, Klungkung, Mount Agung, Padang Bai, Tirta Gangga)|
Laid back coastal villages, an active volcano and the mighty Mount Agung.
| Southeastern Islands (Nusa Lembongan, Nusa Penida, Nusa Ceningan)|
Quiet offshore islands in the southeast, popular for diving activities.
- Denpasar — a bustling city, the administrative centre and transport hub of the island but not a major tourist destination
- Candidasa — a quiet coastal town, the Bali Aga and gateway to the east coast
- Kuta — surfer central, by far the most heavily developed area in Bali. Lots of shopping and night-life and the centre of lower-end party culture on Bali
- Jimbaran — sea-side resorts, a nice sheltered beach and seafood restaurants south of Kuta
- Legian — located between Kuta and Seminyak; also the name of Kuta´s main street
- Lovina — beautiful black volcanic sand beaches and coral reefs
- Padang Bai — a relaxed traditional fishing village with some touristic options. Great place to enjoy the beach, snorkelling, diving and eating fish.
- Sanur — sea-side resorts and beaches popular with older families
- Seminyak — quieter, more upscale beachside resorts and villas just to the north of Legian, with some fashionable upscale restaurants and trendy designer bars and dance clubs
- Ubud — the centre of art and dance in the foothills, with several museums, the monkey forest and lots of arts and crafts shops
- Amed — an area of peaceful, traditional fishing villages featuring black sand beaches, coral reefs, and excellent freediving or scuba diving
- Bedugul — nice lakes in the mountains, a golf course, the botanical gardens, and the famous Ulun Danu Bratan Temple
- Bukit Peninsula — the southernmost tip of Bali, with world class surfing, great beaches, and the can't-miss cliff-hanging Uluwatu Temple
- Kintamani — active volcano Mount Batur, great mountain scenery, largest Lake in Bali, cooler temperatures vegetable and fruit growing
- Mount Agung — highest mountain in Bali and the mother temple of Besakih
- Nusa Dua — an enclave of high-end resorts and a long, golden sand beach
- Nusa Lembongan — good diving, snorkeling and surfing and a great place to relax
- Nusa Penida — wild, rugged and untamed and as off-the-beaten-path as you will get in Bali
- West Bali National Park — trekking, bird watching and diving in Bali's only substantial natural protected area
Bali is one of more than 17,000 islands in the Indonesian archipelago and is located just over 2 kilometres (almost 1.5 miles) from the eastern tip of the island of Java and west of the island of Lombok. The island, home to about 4 million people, is approximately 144 kilometres (90 mi.) from east to west and 80 kilometres (50 mi.) north to south.
The word "paradise" is used a lot in Bali and not without reason. The combination of friendly, hospitable people, a magnificently visual culture infused with spirituality and (not least) spectacular beaches with great surfing and diving have made Bali Indonesia's unrivaled number one tourist attraction. Eighty percent of international visitors to Indonesia visit Bali and Bali alone.
The popularity is not without its flip side— like many places in the island's South, once paradisiacal Kuta has degenerated into a congested warren of concrete with touts and scammers extracting a living by overcharging tourists. The island's visibility has also drawn the unwanted attention of terrorists in 2002 and 2005; however Bali has managed to retain its magic. Bali is a wonderful destination with something for everyone, and though heavily travelled, it is still easy to find some peace and quiet if you like. Avoid the South of the island if you want a more traditional and genuine Balinese experience.
A consideration is the tourist season and Bali can get very crowded in August and September and again at Christmas and New Year. Australians also visit during school holidays in early April, late June and late September, while domestic tourists from elsewhere in Indonesia visit during national holidays. Outside these peak seasons, Bali can be surprisingly quiet and good discounts on accommodation are often available.
Modest dress is expected in Bali. Although bikinis are fine on the beaches and in hotel swimming pools, they are not appropriate while shopping, eating in restaurants.
The first Hindus arrived in Bali as early as 100 BC, but the unique culture which is so apparent to any current day visitor to Bali hails largely from neighbouring Java, with some influence from Bali's distant animist past. The Javanese Majapahit Empire's rule over Bali became complete in the 14th century when Gajah Mada, Prime Minister of the Javanese king, defeated the Balinese king at Bedulu.
The rule of the Majapahit Empire resulted in the initial influx of Javanese culture, most of all in architecture, dance, painting, sculpture and the wayang puppet theatre. All of this is still very apparent today. The very few Balinese who did not adopt this Javanese Hindu culture are known today as the Bali Aga ("original Balinese") and still live in the isolated villages of Tenganan near Candidasa and Trunyan on the remote eastern shore of Lake Batur at Kintamani.
With the rise of Islam in the Indonesian archipelago, the Majapahit Empire in Java fell and Bali became independent near the turn of the 16th century. The Javanese aristocracy found refuge in Bali, bringing an even stronger influx of Hindu arts, literature and religion.
Divided among a number of ruling rajas, occasionally battling off invaders from now Islamic Java to the west and making forays to conquer Lombok to the east, the north of the island was finally captured by the Dutch colonialists in a series of brutal wars from 1846 to 1849. Southern Bali was not conquered until 1906, and eastern Bali did not surrender until 1908. In both 1906 and 1908, many Balinese chose death over disgrace and fought en-masse until the bitter end, often walking straight into Dutch cannons and gunfire. This manner of suicidal fighting to the death is known as puputan. Victory was bittersweet, as the images of the puputan highly tarnished the Dutch in the international community. Perhaps to make up for this, the Dutch did not make the Balinese enter into a forced cultivation system, as had happened in Java, and instead tried to promote Balinese culture through their policy of Baliseering or the "Balinisation of Bali".
Bali became part of the newly independent Republic of Indonesia in 1945. In 1965, the military seized power in a CIA-backed coup, and state-sanctioned anti-communist violence spread across Indonesia. In Bali, it has been said that the rivers ran red with the reprisal killings of suspected communists—most estimates of the death toll say 80,000, or about five percent of the population of Bali at the time.
The current chapter in Bali's history began in the seventies when intrepid hippies and surfers discovered Bali's beaches and waves, and tourism soon became the biggest income earner. Despite the shocks of the terrorist attacks in 2002 and 2005, the magical island continues to draw crowds, and Bali's culture remains as spectacular as ever.
Unlike any other island in largely Muslim Indonesia, Bali is a pocket of Hindu religion and culture. Every aspect of Balinese life is suffused with religion, but the most visible signs are the tiny offerings (canang sari, or sesajen) found in every Balinese house, work place, restaurant, souvenir stall and airport check-in desk. These leaf trays are made daily and can contain an enormous range of offering items: flowers, glutinous rice, cookies, salt, and even cigarettes and coffee! They are set out with burning incense sticks and sprinkled with holy water no less than three times a day, before every meal. Don't worry if you step on one, as they are placed on the ground for this very purpose and will be swept away anyway (But you better not step on one on purpose, because - as Balinese believe - it'll give you bad luck!).
Balinese Hinduism diverged from the mainstream well over 500 years ago and is quite radically different from what you would see in India. The primary deity is Sanghyang Widi Wasa (Acintya), the "all-in-one god" for which other gods like Vishnu (Wisnu) and Shiva (Civa) are merely manifestations, and instead of being shown directly, he is depicted by an empty throne wrapped in the distinctive poleng black-and-white chessboard pattern and protected by a ceremonial tedung umbrella.
The Balinese are master sculptors, and temples and courtyards are replete with statues of gods and goddesses like Dewi Sri, the goddess of rice and fertility, as well as guardians and protecting demons like toothy Rakasa, armed with a club. These days, though, entire villages like Batubulan have twigged onto the tourist potential and churn out everything imaginable from Buddhas to couples entwined in acrobatic poses for the export market.
Balinese dance and music are also justly famous and a major attraction for visitors to the island. As on neighbouring Java, the gamelan orchestra and wayang kulit shadow puppet theatre predominate. Dances are extremely visual and dramatic, and the most famous include:
- Barong or "lion dance" — a ritual dance depicting the fight between good and evil, with performers wearing fearsome lion-like masks. This dance is often staged specifically for tourists as it is one of the most visually spectacular and the storyline is relatively easy to follow. Barong dance performances are not hard to find.
- Calonarang — a spectacular dance which is a tale of combating dark magic and exorcising the evil spirits aligned with the witch-queen Rangda. The story has many variations and rarely are two calonarang plays the same. If you can find an authentic Calonarang performance, then you are in for a truly magical experience.
- Kecak or "monkey dance" — actually invented in the 1930s by resident German artist Walter Spies for a movie but a spectacle nonetheless, with up to 250 dancers in concentric circles chanting "kecak kecak", while a performer in the centre acts out a spiritual dance. An especially popular Kecak dance performance is staged daily at Uluwatu Temple.
- Legong Keraton — perhaps the most famous and feted of all Balinese dances. Performed by young girls, this is a dance of divine nymphs hailing from 12th century Java. Try to find an authentic Legong Keraton with a full-length performance. The short dance performances often found in tourist restaurants and hotels are usually extracts from the Legong Keraton.
The culture of Bali is one of slow pace, the people are very tolerant and welcoming to visitors, however, they are also very modest and polite people so dress modestly and behave modestly. Public displays of affection are frowned upon in Indonesia, Balinese are more tolerant than the mainland of Indonesia but partners kissing and public nudity is not acceptable and 60% of tourists to Bali are from the mainland.
Balinese culture is not to complain and not to get angry in public, you may find they giggle if they are uncomfortable if you confront them.
The Day of Absolute Silence
Nyepi also serves to remind the Balinese of the need for tolerance and understanding in their everyday life. In fact, Hinduism on Bali is unique because it is woven into and around the original Balinese animistic religion. The two now have become one for the Balinese - a true sign of tolerance and acceptance.
Upcoming Nyepi Dates:
There are an estimated 20,000 temples (pura) on the island, each of which holds ceremonies (odalan) at least twice yearly. With many other auspicious days throughout the year there are always festivities going on.
The large island-wide festivals are determined by two local calendars. The 210 day wuku or Pawukon calendar is completely out of sync with the western calendar, meaning that it rotates wildly throughout the year. The lunar saka (caka) calendar roughly follows the western year.
- Funerals (pitra yadnya) are another occasion of pomp and ceremony, when the deceased (often several at a time) are ritually cremated in extravagantly colorful rituals (ngaben).
- Galungan is a 10 day ceremony which comes around every 210 days and celebrates the death of the tyrant Mayadenawa. Gods and ancestors visit earth and are greeted with gift-laden bamboo poles called penjor lining the streets. The last day of the festival is known as Kuningan.
- Nyepi, or the Hindu New Year, also known as the day of absolute silence, is usually in March or April (next on March 17, 2018). If you are in Bali in the days preceding Nyepi, you will see the Melasti processions as well as amazing colorful giants (ogoh ogoh) being created by every banjar. On the eve of Nyepi, the ogoh ogoh are paraded through the streets, an amazing sight which is not to be missed. For some there may be reasons to avoid Nyepi, but for many visitors these will be outweighed by the privilege of experiencing such a unique religious holiday and festivities. On Nyepi absolutely everything on the island is shut down between 6AM on the day of the new year and 6AM the following morning. All people as well as tourists must stay indoors and asked to be as quiet as possible for the day. After dark, light must be kept to a bare minimum. No one is allowed onto the beaches or streets. The only exceptions granted are for real emergency cases. The airport remains closed for the entire day, which means no flights into or out of Bali for 24 hr. Ferry harbours are closed as well. As the precise date of Nyepi changes every year, and isn’t finally set until later in the year before, flights will be booked by airlines for this day in case you book early. When the date is set, and as it gets closer, the airlines will alter their bookings accordingly. This may mean that you have to alter your accommodation bookings if your flight has been brought forward or back to cater for Nyepi day.
All national public holidays in Indonesia apply in Bali, although Ramadan is naturally a much smaller event here than in the country's Muslim regions.
With its truly unique culture, Bali has inevitably been the subject of much attention from anthropologists, both amateur and professional. At a more informal level, much has been written about the island by interested visitors and artists in particular, some of whom made Bali their home. The following is a short list of some reading that would benefit any visitor before and during their visit to the island.
- Island of Bali (Periplus Classics Series), first published in 1937, Miguel Covarrubias (author), Adrian Vickers (editor). When the Mexican artist Miguel Covarrubias wrote his outsider's impression of Balinese life and culture based on his visits in 1930 and 1933,, he surely could not have imagined that well into the next century his work would still be considered the most authoritative text on the subject. More on Covarrubias' time in Bali, including his wonderful paintings, can be found in the coffee table book Covarrubias in Bali (EDM Books) by Adrian Williams and Yu-Chee Chong.
- A Short History of Bali: Indonesia's Hindu Realm (A Short History of Asia series), Robert Pringle. The history of Bali from pre-Bronze Age times to the start of the current millennium, and an examination of Bali's importance and relevance to modern-day Indonesia.
- Secrets of Bali, Fresh Light on the Morning of the World" (Orchid Press) Jonathan Copeland and Ni Wayan Murni. An easy-to-read and wide-ranging description of the history and culture of Bali. One of the few, maybe the only, book written by a local Balinese on these subjects.
- Bali Raw: An Expose of the Underbelly of Bali, Indonesia (Monsoon Books), Malcolm Scott. An Australian author, who lived in Bali for almost a decade, reveals the darker side of the island - the sometimes violent nightclub scene, rampant prostitution, the prevalence of AIDS and drug and alcohol-induced Western hooliganism.
- " Bali, Sekala and Niskala by Fred B. Eiseman. A series of detailed essays on unique aspects of Balinese Culture. A classic read in 3 volumes.
- The House of Our Ancestors (KITLV press), Thomas Reuter. Probably the most thorough (and readable) study of the Bali Aga, the pre-Majapahit indigenous Balinese.
- A House in Bali (Tuttle), Colin McPhee. A classically trained musician who was spellbound when he heard a recording of Balinese gamelan music, McPhee traveled to Bali in the 1930s and wrote this superb insight into local music, life and culture. Still very relevant reading.
Daytime temperatures are pleasant, varying between 20-33⁰ C (68-93⁰ F) year-round. From December to March, the west monsoon can bring heavy showers and high humidity, but days are still often sunny with the rains starting in the late afternoon or evening and passing quickly. From June to September, the humidity is low and it can be quite cool in the evenings. At this time of the year there is hardly any rain in the lowland coastal areas.
But be aware of flood along the beach from Tuban to Melasti (Kuta) because the drainage is not sufficient anymore in line with the development of occupying the land. The flood does not occur every year, but please don't stay in the ground floor, because the one to two hours flood can reach your knee on the road in front of your hotel.
Even when it is raining across most of Bali, you can often enjoy sunny, dry days on the Bukit Peninsula which receives far less rain than any other part of the island. On the other hand, in central Bali and in the mountains, you should not be surprised by cloudy skies and showers at any time of the year. North Bali is also drier than other parts of the island.
Electricity is supplied at 220V 50Hz. Outlets are the European standard CEE-7/7 "Schukostecker" or "Schuko" or the compatible, but non-grounded, CEE-7/16 "Europlug" types. American and Canadian travellers should pack a voltage-changing adapter for these outlets if they plan to use North American electrical equipment (although a lot of electronics with power adapters will work on 220 volts, check your equipment first).
Tourism information centresEdit
- ☎ 166 from a landline in Bali only. From a handphone in Bali ☎ 0361 166.
- Bali Tourism Board: Jl Raya Puputan No41, Denpasar. ☎ +62 361 235600, (fax:+62 361 239200).
- Shuttle Services (Check in & Checkout): Perum GTT, Jln Cendana III no 13 Dalung - North Kuta. ☎ +62 81999248536
- Bali adventure tours SMS/call / WhatsApp ☎+6281916763216 for detail information about Bali destination, tour, ticket, activities and transfer
Some major destinations in Bali have their own tourism offices; contact details are given in the relevant destination articles.
Balinese is linguistically very different from Bahasa Indonesia, although the latter is the lingua franca in Indonesia and is spoken by practically everyone in Bali. In tourist regions, English and some other foreign languages are widely spoken. Balinese is a difficult language, and any visitor who makes an effort to speak a few words will be especially warmly received by the local people.
Most visitors will arrive at Ngurah Rai International Airport (IATA: DPS), also known as Bali International Airport or Denpasar International Airport. Despite the misleading names, the airport is actually located in Tuban between Kuta and Jimbaran, roughly 30 mins away from Denpasar. Ngurah Rai is Indonesia's 3rd busiest international airport (after Jakarta and Surabaya) and a major hub well-connected to Australia, South-East Asia, and the rest of Indonesia.
A number of domestic airlines operate as LCC - low cost or budget carriers. It is a difficult distinction for some operators as they may be using a low cost model but not promoting or identifying themselves as doing this. Lion Air is an "LCC" and so does Citilink which is an LCC of Garuda Airlines. Some are smaller regional operators REG or feeder airlines.
- Citilink LCC  from Jakarta
- Garuda Indonesia  from Jakarta, Mataram, Surabaya, Semarang, Ujung Pandang (Makassar), Yogyakarta
- Indonesia Air Asia LCC  from Bandung, Jakarta, Yogyakarta
- IAT (Indonesia Air Transport)  from Mataram, Labuan Bajo
- Lion Air LCC  from Jakarta, Jogyakarta (Yogyakarta), Menado, Ujung Pandang (Makassar), Surabaya
- Tiger Air LCC  from Jakarta
- Pelita Air Service Charter 
- Sky Aviation REG [] from Banywangi, Labuan Bajo, Mataram
- Sriwijaya Air LCC  from Jakarta
- Travira Air Charter  from Benete/Sumbawa
- Trigana REG  from Mataram
- Trans Nusa REG  from Bima, Ende, Kupang, Labuanbajo, Mataram, Ruteng, Sumbawa, Tambolaka
- Wings Air REG LCC  (code share Lion AIr) Bima, Kupang, Labuhanbajo, Mataram, Maumere, Semarang, Surabaya, Malang, Tambolaka
A number of International airlines serve this airport including several LCC - low cost or budget carriers
- AirAsia LCC  from Kuala Lumpur (operated by (AK) AirAsia Malaysia and (QZ) Indonesia AIrAsia), Singapore, Perth, Darwin (operated by (QZ) Indonesia AIrAsia), Bangkok (operated by (FD) Thai AIrAsia)
- Cathay Pacific  from Hong Kong
- Cebu Pacific Air LCC  from Manila
- China Airlines  (code share Garuda Airlines) from Taipei
- Eva Air  from Taipei-Taoyuan
- Emirates  from Dubai - United Arab Emirates
- Garuda Indonesia , The major national carrier serving Indonesia from Beijing, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Melbourne, Osaka, Perth, Seoul, Shanghai, Singapore, Sydney and Tokyo
- Hong Kong Airlines  from Hong Kong
- Jetstar LCC  from Australia - Brisbane, Darwin, Melbourne, Perth, Sydney
- Jetstar Asia LCC  (code share Qantas Airlines, operated by Valuair) from Singapore
- KLM  from Amsterdam via Singapore
- Korean Airlines  (code share Garuda Airlines) from Seoul (Incheon)
- Malaysia Airlines  (code share Garuda Airlines, KLM) from Kuala Lumpur
- Philippine Airlines  from Manila
- Qantas Airlines  from Sydney
- Qatar Airways  from Doha
- Scoot  from Singapore
- Shanghai Airlines  from Shanghai
- Singapore Airlines  from Singapore
- Thai AirAsia  from Bangkok - Don Mueang International Airport
- Thai Airways International  from Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
- Virgin Australia  from Australia - Brisbane, Port Hedland, Sydney
- Air New Zealand from Auckland, Wellington, Christchurch and Queenstown
International Arrival ProceduresEdit
Once inside the terminal building passengers should proceed to the immigration counters as quickly as possible (as lines can be long during peak periods). International visitors enter queues designated ‘foreigners only' and form a line to present their passport,,and secure a visa from Immigration Officials. There are two immigration sections; Visa-on-Arrival (VoA) and Non VoA. All passports must be valid for a minimum of 6 months from the date of entry into Indonesia and have at least 2 blank pages available for stamps.
There are typically two ways to enter Indonesia as a Tourist:
- 'Visa on Arrival (VoA'). Nationals of certain countries (currently 62 Nations in 2017) can apply for Visa on Arrival at a number of designated Airports/Seaports in Indonesia for a maximum visit of 30 days, which can be extended for another 30 days at the Immigration Office. Most foreign visitors can apply for a Visa on Arrival (VoA) for a maximum visit of 30 days. This can be extended for an additional 30 days by visiting the Immigration Office. Onward return tickets are compulsory. No vaccinations are required*' Foreign Nationals who wish to apply for a multiple entry visa or to have their visa extended, or those who are ineligible for Visa-Free Short Visit entry or Visa on Arrival (VoA) will need to apply for a visa at an Indonesian embassy or consulate in their home country. Nationals from following countries will require an approval from Immigration Office in Indonesia prior to travelling for Business, Tourist and Social Visits purposes (this policy is referred to as the "Indonesian Calling Visa".)
- North Korea
- Visa Free Short Visit For Tourists'. Since 2016 visitors to Indonesia who hold passports from 169 countries are able to visit Indonesia without a visa (no payment required) for a period of up to 30 days. The exemption is limited to those entering Indonesia to undertake activities including tourism. Visitors utilising the visa-free facility are not allowed to extend their stay or convert it into any other type of visa. This visa is only valid for the following types of activity.'
- Art and Cultural.
- Government Visit
- Giving a Lecture or Attending a Seminar.
- Attend a meeting held by Head Office or Representative Office in Indonesia.
- Continue journey to another Country.
"Requirements for Visa-Free Short Visits". Passport must be valid for a minimum of 6 (six) months as from the date of entry into Indonesia. Onward or return tickets are compulsory. Important: If you enter on a visa free entry you cannot extend your visit and must exit the country. If you purchase the usd $35 visa that is extendable.
Visitors on Visa-Free Short Visits must enter and exit from certain airports and seaports in Indonesia. Refer to the current list of immigration checkpoints provided by the Indonesian Immigration Department. Visa waiver (for eligible nationalities) and a separate channel for Indonesian passport holders is displayed on signage above Immigration Processing counters.
Once passengers have cleared Immigration and checked luggage has been collected from the carousel, passengers proceed to the customs clearance area. Passengers with goods to declare including items above the allowable limits and/or prohibited items (according to the completed Customs Declaration Card) should proceed through the Red Channel. Passengers with nothing to declare or those carrying goods within the permitted customs limits (and not carrying prohibited items) proceed through the green channel. Duty Free limits do apply for passengers entering Indonesia, including Bali.
Entry by passengers into either the Red or Green Customs channel constitutes a legal declaration. Consequently if a passenger enters the green channel and is found to be carrying goods above the customs limits or prohibited items, he or she may be prosecuted for making a false declaration by virtue of having gone through the green channel. Each channel is a point of no return, meaning once a passenger has entered a particular channel they cannot go back.
Once passengers have cleared immigration and Customs the arrival hall and meeting point pick-up zone awaits those who have arranged vehicle transfers onward to their accommodation or to meet up with family and friends.
If you plan to stay in a private Balinese residence rather than a hotel, you must register with the local Rukun Tetangga (RT) Office and police, upon arrival. If you will be in Bali or Indonesia for greater than 90 days, registration with the local immigration office is required. The correct visa must also be held for a stay of this length.
General aviation offers additional options for direct flights to Bali, especially from regions that do not offer commercial airline service to the island. ExecuJet Indonesia offers access to planes based at DPS, and companies including Air Charter Advisors offer charter flights to Bali International using a variety of aircraft rentals around the world.
Ngurah Rai International Airport is one of the busiest airports in Indonesia. To compensate for the growing amount of visitors to the island, it has recently been largely revamped. A new international terminal was opened in 2013, and domestic service transferred to the old international terminal. It now features fairly modern decor, much-improved signage and is generally up to par with Indonesia's other international airports.
The domestic terminal's arrival area has all check-in counters on the first floor (before any security checks, unlike Jakarta's airport), with Garuda Indonesia on the left and other airlines on the right. After a single security check, which serves as the limit for non-passengers, escalators lead to a short section of shops on the second floor before opening up to the main departure area. Restaurants and cafes are also spread out here, with lounges near the ends. There is generally ample space, even during busy hours, especially in the restaurants.
Shopping and Dining DirectoryEdit
The is a multitude of shopping and dining options for arriving and departing passengers at the International and Domestic airport terminal buildings and can be found within the Departure Hall, Arrivals Hall and Public Hall.
Keep in mind that this is a public and unsecured wifi, so be absolutely sure that any private browsing is encrypted or simply play it safe and avoid sensitive activity. Lounges may offer their own, encrypted wifi networks.
ATMs which accept Cirrus and Plus cards for withdrawals are available in airport departure and arrival areas and a range money changing kiosks including some operated by Indonesian banks such as BNI, BCA and Mandiri are available at the airport. Most ATMs for international arriving passengers are available right after exiting customs. Tourist information, along with car rentals and other services are lined up along the exiting hallway upon arrival in both terminals.
Security protocols including passenger and baggage screening are similar to other large international airports in the region. Limitations similar to those in the EU and US are placed upon the carrying of fluids and other so- called security items in hand luggage. International passengers should be prepared for scrutiny of their baggage, including all carry-on items. When departing, you will likely pass through a total of three security checkpoints, and possibly a further one at the boarding gate, so be patient, particularly when things are busy. The staff do not generally require the removal of belts, laptops and jackets like other large airports - signage may indicate this, but they are not always enforced. Belts that set off the metal detector will need to be sent through, however.
Security protocols at the domestic terminal are similar to those applied at other Indonesian domestic hub airports, with baggage and carry-on screening, x-ray, metal detection, hand inspections and other security measures in place for departing passengers.
Porters now usually will not take control of your luggage unless they either ask you or you request their assistance (depending on which one comes first). If you do utilize them; tipping is based on size of your baggage and the time spent helping you get through customs. In most cases, your baggage will be off of the conveyor belt and lined up on the side by the time you make your way to the baggage claim area.
When departing from Bali, the airport departure tax is already included in the ticket price and you do not have to pay a separate departure fee. Customs examination on exit: Be aware of items that require declaration and make sure they are appropriately reported. Baggage does 'not' need to be wrapped to be checked in - the wrapping stalls are an optional measure.
Immigration procedures for Indonesia require six months remaining validity and several empty pages in the passports of arriving foreign tourists.
The adjacent island of Lombok also has a new international airport and in the near future it is likely to be able to assist in balancing the incoming traffic load by reducing some of the onward destination traffic currently arriving in Bali. The new airport in Lombok also provides a nearby safe alternative landing site for wide-bodied aircraft in case of any emergency.
Get from the airportEdit
Prepaid Taxi Fares from Ngurah Rai Airport to main Bali Destinations (prices listed in rupiah)
--Subject to change--
- Amed / Alamanda / Tulamben 750,000
- Amanusa/Tanjung Benoa/Mulia 175,000
- Amlapura 510,000
- Ayana Resort 150,000
- Bangu 300,000
- Batu Bulan Station 175,000
- Bedugul 400,000
- Blah Batuh 270,000
- Blahkiuh/Sangeh 230,000
- Candidasa 425,000
- Canggu 225,000
- Celukan Bawang 750,000
- Dyana Pura / Abimanyu/ Royal Seminyak 120,000
- Denpasar (Tuku Umar) 125,000
- Denpasar (Renon/Tanjung Bungkak/Kreneng) 135,000
- Denpasar (Nangka Selatan/Ratna/Kesiman) 150,000
- Denpasar (Sekar Tunjung/Tohpati/Penatih) 175,000
- Gatsu / Ubung Station 165,000
- Gatsu Timor 175,000
- Gianyar 280,000
- Gilimanuk 750,000
- Jimbaran 1 (Intercontinental) 100,000
- Jimbaran 11 (Four Seasons) 125,000
- Jimbaran (Harris Hotel) 150,000
- Kapal/Sibang/Darmasaba 175,000
- Kediri 250,000
- Kedonganan 85,000
- Kerobokan/ Oberoi 150,000
- Kintamani 450,000
- Klungkung 300,000
- Kuta (Discovery/Kuta Square/Bakungsari)) 70,000
- Kuta (Batus Utara/Melasti/Pelasa) 80,000
- Legian (Jl Padma, Jayakarta Hotel) 95,000
- Lovina 650,000
- Mambal 180,000
- Medewi 500,000
- Mengwi / Taman Ayun 185,000
- Negara 600,000
- Nusa Dua (BTDC) 150,000
- Nusa Dua (Nikko) 185,000
- Oberoi / Kerobokan 150,000
- Padang Bai 400,000
- Payangan 350,000
- Pecatu / Jimbaran Hill 225,000
- Pemuteran / Matahari Resort 850,000
- Sanur 150,000
- Seminyak (66/ Bintang) 110,000
- Sangeh / Blahkiuh 230,000
- Sempidi / Dalung 170,000
- Singaraja 550,000
- Sukawati 175,000
- Tabanan 300,000
- Tanah Lot / Le Meridien 300,000
- Taro / Sebatu 400,000
- Tegalalang 350,000
- Tulamben / Amed / Alamanda 750,000
- Tanjung Benoa 175,000
- Tuban 55,000
- Ubud Centre 300,000
- Umalas /Semur / Kuwun 135,000
- Uluwatu / Ungasan 200,000
In terms of transportation from the airport, Ngurah Rai is not too bad, but is also far from being perfect. Some hotels organise free transfers from the airport, but plenty of public taxis are also available: go to the ticketing booth. Just after you x-ray your bag, you'll enter a concourse. You can go left or right and all the waiting hotel drivers will on the other side of a wall from you. Head left and the (tiny) ticketing booth will be on your right, just before the air-conditioned duty free area. Here you can buy a fixed-fare ticket and a driver will be assigned to you trouble-free. However, the ticketing booth closes after the last flight arrival for the day and re-opens at 8 am, so anyone wanting an airport taxi during this period should be prepared to haggle or seek the alternatives described below. Beware being overcharged by the staff behind the counter, citing reasons such as new rates. This commonly happens to travelers who appear new to Bali and unsure of the pricing, and can be as much as 100% more. It is best to determine your destination's locality and prepare the exact amount for a trip to that area. At the counter, hand that amount over while confidently stating your destination. If necessary, mention the pricing on the board behind the counter to reinforce the amount you give. Note that the price is per car, not per person.
If you are travelling on a restricted budget, you can flag down a motorbike from outside the airport gate (3-5 minutes walk from both terminals). If you walk outside the airport to the street, you can also flag down a bemo (local minivan). Most of the bemos in this area will be heading to Kuta (road to Kuta heads to the left if looking out from the airport gate), but don't absolutely bank on it, and be prepared for a hot, crowded journey. It should cost no more than a few thousand rupiah per person (ask the driver beforehand).
There's also an air conditioned bus service called Trans Sarbagita that runs following route Term. Batu Bulan (Gianyar) - Tohpati (DPS) - Sanur (DPS) - Kuta Central Park (Badung) - Jimbaran (Badung) - Nusa Dua (Badung), occasionally the bus heading to and from Nusa Dua will stop at the airport. There is no marked Trans Sarbagita bus stop at the airport. Bus stops at the roundabout at the left side from the airport exit. The bus fare is 3.500 RP for adults and 2.500 for students.
If you are heading for a real adventure in Bali, you can also rent a car on the airport. There is plenty of international car rental companies such as Avis, Trac or Europcar, where the price of car is around 30 to 50 us$ a day for Toyota Avanza. If you are traveling with budget, you can try several online car rental operators such as Balicarfinder, Tripbase or Baliguider where the prices start on 15us$ day. All the car renters deliver their cars to airport as well as to hotels. Make sure your car is insured and check the condition of car before signing the contract. Most of travellers prefer to make few photos before signing.
Tip : 1- Trans SARBAGITA bus company (https://www.facebook.com/pages/Trans-SARBAGITA/114451925323386) operates a fully airconditioned buses all coloured in blue. One way adult fare to any destination on the bus route will only cost you Rp3,500 per person. If you want to take the bus, exit left and continue walking until you are outside of the airport building (about 200 metres) until you reach a roundabout. Wait at the opposite end of the roundabout (the bus stop yet to be built but is is planned by the authorities). If you are not sure please ask around. Tell the bus driver that you want to go to Central Parkir Kuta. You can continue your journey to your hotel in nearby Kuta or Legian by taking a cab at a much lower fare.
2- redBus Indonesia (https://www.redbus.id/) is popular brand for bus tickets booking. they offer bus tickets to different location in indonesia.
Ferries cross from Ketapang on the island of Java to Gilimanuk in western Bali every 15 min, 24 hr every day. These are very cheap, and the crossing takes just 30 min (plus sometimes considerable waiting around for loading and unloading).
A number of speedboats, catamarans and day cruises operate into Benoa Harbour near Kuta (~2 hr) and Padangbai (80 min) from Nusa Lembongan and the Gili Islands of Lombok. These are convenient for some travellers but are frequently priced much higher than the equivalent air crossing. Crossing times are subject to weather and other operational conditions and trip times can longer than those publicised.
Caution should be used in selecting a suitable operator and craft for a fast boat crossing to Lombok or Nusa Lembongan. Some of the operators on these routes use inappropriate equipment and have inadequate levels of crew training, personnel and safety equipment. The Lombok Strait fast boat crossing can be subject to inclement weather and equipment breakdowns. Boarding an overloaded craft or departing in adverse weather conditions may lead to serious disappointment. Currently there are no operators offering craft suitable for open water all-weather crossings. Rather they are operating light duty hulled craft of fibreglass or aluminium construction powered by outboard petrol engines. One of the current operators plans to introduce a more suitably specified and equipped craft sometime in the 1st or 2nd quarter of 2011. The new boat will be powered by diesel inboard engines and have a more robust hull construction appropriate to open water use. A previous craft of similar specification was withdrawn from this route as operations could not be sustained in competition with the lower cost base alternatives. Two of the light duty craft have already sunk whilst carrying passengers, fortunately they had not yet entered open waters at the time, fortunately nearby assistance was available and there were no fatalities.
There are also public ferries from Lembar, Lombok, to Padang Bai every few hours, with the trip taking around 3 to 4 hours. This service has a notable safety, operational and equipment standards issues, some ferries are better than others, or worse depending upon your perspective. Delays are commonplace due to loading and unloading issues and services may be cancelled or postponed during periods of inclement weather. It may be prudent to avoid sea crossings during the monsoonal period when sea conditions may lead to deteriorated comfort levels or a dangerous crossing.
Cruise ships occasionally stop so that passengers can tour or shop. Some ships still anchor off-shore toward the southeast side of the island and tender guests to shore. Modest-sized ships can choose to dock at the port of Benoa not far from Denpasar, Kuta and Sanur. The dock area is basically industrial, with few amenities and no ATMs, but masses of taxis are usually ready to whisk you to nearby destinations at a moderate cost.
Bali is a fairly large island and you will need a method to get around if you plan on exploring more than the hotel pool. Rapid, seemingly uncontrolled development and an aging infrastructure, mean that the roads struggle to cope. In major tourist areas the traffic is chaotic, and there are daily jams. Particular blackspots are Ubud, Kuta, Seminyak and Denpasar.
For different excursions around the island, it is common to join a tour via your hotel or at one of the many street agencies which are found everywhere in booths normally marked "Tourist Information".
Once you arrive at your destination you may encounter difficult walking conditions as sidewalks in most parts of Bali are simply the covered tops of storm-water drains and in many places only 60cm (2 ft) wide. This makes for uncomfortable single-file walking next to traffic. Often sidewalks are blocked by a motorbike or a caved-in section, necessitating dangerous darting into traffic. Many of the island's conventional streets are simply not pedestrian-friendly. Beach areas and major tourist areas are easier to walk around and Sanur in particular has a wide beachfront pathway with many cafes and bars. But although the walking conditions are difficult, they are by no means impossible. Lots of tourists and locals travel the roads by foot and even the traffic is generally very accommodating to pedestrians if it is given time to react.
The Perama bus company serves the budget traveller well in Bali and beyond, and they have offices in several major tourist destinations on the island.
There are other scheduled shuttle buses between many of Bali's most popular destinations, such as Kura Kura bus, and these are cheap and reliable. Check locally advertised services (you cannot miss them) and book one day in advance.
A new Trans Sarbagita government bus service operates on Bali since August 2011. The buses are comfortable, air-conditioned (similar to Transjakarta Busway but even more spacious), and the fare is only Rp 3,500. These buses stop only at permanent elevated bus stops built on the road curb. As of June 2012, only Route 2 was operating (Route 1 and Route 3 are planned to be open soon).
The buses serving Route 2 start from Batubulan bemo terminal, go via Jalan Bypass Ngurah Rai (stopping in Sanur on the way) and Dewa Ruci statue (Kuta roundabout, also known as Simpang Siur roundabout) to Central Parkir Kuta (near Giant supermarket on Jalan Raya Kuta, a kilometer or so inland from the main tourist areas of Kuta), make a loop via Sunset Road back to Kuta roundabout, and go south all the way to Nusa Dua, then go back. For visitors, the main advantage is there's no need now to change bemos and to deal with 2-3 bemo drivers to get to Batubulan terminal (from where direct bemos to Ubud, Kintamani and other north and north-eastern destinations are available) or to Sanur. Those going to Nusa Dua or Benoa may find the southern part of the route useful. The bus stop nearest to the airport is Central Parkir Kuta, a Blue Bird taxi caught outside of the airport gate will cost you around Rp 25,000. If boarding at Central Parkir Kuta, beware that both southbound (Nusa Dua) and northbound (Batubulan) buses seem to use the same stop - if no signs on the bus, ask the conductor or other people waiting for the bus.
Taxi mafias have a strong presence in Bali. In the main urban areas competition between companies means prices are reasonable, but away from the towns you will likely be reliant on the car and driver arranged by the guesthouse, at a considerably higher cost. There are several reliable taxi companies but these are not always easy to identify. If entering a taxi with no working meter, you can negotiate a price if you know how to bargain. Alternatively, always insist on the meter being turned on, and leave the taxi if that request is not met. Due to the traffic, the taxis may refuse to use the meter in traffic jams, and you need to negotiate a price.
Bali also offers Grab and Uber, which are both ride-sharing services. Uber drivers in Bali will try to haggle for more money than what Uber says it will charge you. They will either do this by saying they will not pick you up or they will haggle once you are already in the vehicle.
Getting a Grab or Uber from the airport may prove impossible as the taxi mafia there set up fake drivers to accept requests, who then don't show up. Go to departures dropoff and flag a taxi there.
If day-tripping (eg to a temple), it is often cheaper and more convenient to arrange for your taxi to wait and take you back. You will likely find it impossible to find a (non-mafia) taxi for the return trip.
Bemos are minivans which serve as a flexible bus service (also known as "Shuttle Bus") and are Bali's "traditional" form of transportation. However they have largely given way to metered taxis in the south. Fares on shared bemos can be very cheap, but drivers will often insist that foreign tourists charter the entire vehicle, in which case they will usually ask for a price equivalent to a taxi or even more.
By self-drive car or motorbikeEdit
Driving in Bali is on the left-hand side. Car and motorbike rentals are widely available but you should think very carefully about your ability to handle driving in Bali with its lack of formal traffic rules. Consider hiring a car and driver as you can relax, be safe and not get lost. If you rent a car to drive yourself, a modern four door Toyota Avanza or Daihatsu Xenia should cost Rp 200,000-250,000 per day. If on a tighter budget, you should be able to get an old, rough Suzuki Jimny from about Rp 90,000 to 110,000 per day.
Driving in Bali requires an International Driving Permit (IDP), plus your own home country of residence's drivers licence
Both these documents must correctly match the type and class of vehicle being driven or they are invalid. Both must be carried and are often required to be presented in roadside police stops. This requirement is actively enforced by the police throughout Bali.
If riding a motorbike then a full motor bike endorsement appropriate to that class of motorbike is required on both the IDP and the home country issued drivers licence. Do not under any circumstances ride a motorbike or drive a car without a proper licence. A car licence alone is not sufficient to ride a motorbike; the licence must clearly permit you to ride a motorbike in the country of issue and the appropriate section of the IDP must be endorsed as well.
Insurance is not provided by the motorbike renters so you are responsible for any damage. If you do hit a local person, either on foot, on motorcycle, or in a car, you can expect to pay a very large sum of money to make restitution. Street signs are infrequent and ambiguous. If you are not familiar with the road system and comfortable riding a motorbike at home then this may be ill advised and dangerous to learn.
Thoroughly check your travel insurance policy to ensure that your cover is still in place whilst operating or riding upon a motor bike or scooter or driving a car.
Helmets and headlights
The road traffic regulations were amended in 2009 to require the illumination of head lamp and rear lamp on a motorbike during daylight hours. Police in Bali have initiated a long running information campaign to road users informing them of the requirement. Signs have been placed upon roadways advising of the regulations and the intention to enforce them. These signs are only provided in Bahasa Indonesian. This is a safety initiative and means that lights must be on at all times when riding a motorbike on any roadway in Bali. Despite the apparent disregard by local road users the use of turn signals is also required.
Renting motorcycles or scooters can be a frightening yet fascinating experience. They are typically 125cc, some with automatic transmissions, and rent for between Rp 40,000 and 100,000 per day (for a week or more, cheaper price can be bargained). In areas outside of the tourist enclaves of south Bali, a motorbike is a wonderful way to see the island, but in south Bali, with its crush of traffic, the chances of an accident are greatly increased. Bali is no place to learn to ride a motorbike.
An International Driving Permit (IDP) is required for vehicle rental, with a motorcycle endorsement if renting a motorbike. The IDP is seldom requested by the person renting you the vehicle but will be required (along with the vehicle's registration papers) if stopped by the police (typically a Rp 50,000 "fine" will allow you to keep driving and if they ask more write his name down to stop it). An IDP is easily available from motoring clubs in your home country (e.g., AAA and the American Automobile Touring Alliance in the United States provides them for around US$15) and it is valid for one year.
You can rent your car or bike before your arrival at Bali on plenty of websites with competitive prices and communicative staff with online assistance.
By rental car with a driverEdit
Rental car services owned by individuals or companies are easy to find in Bali and this is the best option for first-time visitors. Using a rental car with a driver is certainly cheaper than taxis and far more efficient than using other public transportation. The drivers are usually English-speaking and they can also act as informal tourist guides recommending good destinations and restaurants. Choosing to rent from a large car company is naturally more expensive than sourcing from a private individual. Ask the hotel staff to recommend a good individually owned rental car with a knowledgeable driver.
Price varies between Rp 300,000 to 600,000 per day (usually defined as 10 hr) depending on your negotiation skills and the class/age of the car. Make sure the price includes petrol and driver for the day. Petrol costs, after the removal of some government subsidies in recent years, have escalated dramatically (although still very cheap by international standards) and the distance traveled is a factor if you have not fixed a daily price. The day price usually includes any parking fees. There are differing views on whether to offer to buy lunch for your driver. For those on a tight schedule, visiting most of the major tourist destinations in Bali will need about 3 days with a rental car and driver. Commonly driver could accompany you to the tourist destinations in Bali. The places are not well recognized by the public or written down by the tourism guiding book.
- Car hire Driveinbali, (located near Ngurah Rai airport Kuta, Denpasar), ☎ +6281999111975, . car hire rates start from IDR 210.000 / 24 Hrs, all rates include insurance. edit
- car hire Drive at bali, (located near of airport kuta), ☎ +6281916763216. edit
- Bali tour and Things To Do in Bali (Bali tour and Things To Do in Bali), (We serve all destination in Bali for your holiday), ☎ +62 8133 700 3796 ([email protected]), . $50. edit
- Gotravela Indonesia Transport (Bali Promo Transport Rent), Denpasar Sanur Bali, ☎ +623614457739 ([email protected]), . Tour Duration 10 Hours,Extra Time 2 hour. Provide bali sightseeing tour around Bali until nusa penida. Price : USD 30. edit
Also, if you want a Chauffeur Service, you can find Ground Transportation through Bali with a luxury and comfort fleet, reserve via App mobile is the fast way to organize tour transportations.
Travel by bicycle is quite possible and provides a very different experience than other means of transport. You should bring your own touring bike, or buy locally—there is at least one well stocked bike shop in Denpasar, but with a racing/mountain bike focus. Bicycles are also widely available for rent and some of the better hotels will even provide them free of charge. While traffic conditions may appear challenging at first, you will acclimatise after a few days, especially once you escape the chaotic heavy traffic of southern Bali.
Bali's best-known attractions are its countless Hindu temples. Each village is required by adat (customary law) to construct and maintain at least three temples: the pura puseh (temple of origin) located at the kaja (pure) side of the village, the pura desa (village temple) at the centre for everyday community activities and the pura dalem (temple of the dead) at the kelod (unclean) end. Wealthy villages may well have more than these three obligatory temples, and additionally all family compounds have a temple of some nature.
The nine directional temples (kayangan jagat) are the largest and most prominent. These are located at strategic points across Bali and are designed to protect the island and its inhabitants from dark forces. Pura Luhur Uluwatu (Uluwatu Temple), at the southern tip of Bali, is easily accessed and hence very popular, as is Tanah Lot. For the Balinese, the "mother temple" of Besakih on the slopes of Mount Agung is the most important of all and sits above the nine. The other seven directional temples are Pura Ulun Danu Bratan, Pura Ulun Danu Batur, Pura Pasar Agung, Pura Lempuyang Luhur, Goa Lawah, Pura Masceti and Pura Luhur Batukaru. All of these are located on either rugged high ground or at the water's edge, and this is a clear indication of the likely source of dark forces as far as the Balinese are concerned.
Balinese temple design is an involved subject and one which baffles many visitors. Local geography has a fundamental effect on design, and two temples are rarely the same. Everything you see, be it decorative or structural, has a specific, well-considered function which may be of an earthly or spiritual nature. There are, though, general elements which are common to the vast majority of temples, which are always split into three courtyards: jaba (outer courtyard) , jaba tengah (middle courtyard) and jeroan (inner courtyard). Each of these courtyards contains various structures and/or shrines of differing levels of importance.
The tiered, black-thatched roofs that you see on temples are made from a palm fibre, and this material is not permitted to be used for any roof other than those on temples. The elegant, pagoda-like tiered structure is itself called a meru (named after sacred Mount Meru (Mahameru), the home of the gods), and the most dramatic of them can consist of as many as 11 tiers. The number of tiers, though, is always an odd number.
The temple entrance is always on the kelod axis point (facing away from Mount Agung) of the compound and is usually a gateway of some nature. This leads into the jaba which is the domain of humans and all things earthly. The jaba contains only minor shrines, is where some celebratory dance performances take place, and during special ceremonies is where the foods stalls are set up. Non-Hindu tourists are nearly always allowed to visit this part of a temple.
A gateway called a candi bentar leads into the central courtyard which is called the jaba tengah. This is the intermediary point between our earthly domain and the realm of the Gods, and this is where daily offerings are prepared in an open pavilion called a paon. The jaba tengah also usually contains a large pavilion called a wantilan, which is used for special dance performances.
The kori agung gate leads into the jeroan—the inner sacred area. This houses the most important shrines to different Hindu gods and deities and is where serious rituals and prayers take place. Shrines are many and varied but usually include a padmasana, the throne of the supreme deity Sanghyang Widi Wasa. The large pavilion in this section is called a gedong pariman, which is always left completely empty to allow the gods to visit during ceremonies. Sometimes properly dressed visitors will be allowed into the jeroan and at other times not; it depends on the individual temple and the ceremonies that have been, or are about to be, performed.
The most common and practical architectural features to be found in virtually all temples are gazebo pavilions called bales. Each has a raised seating section and either an alang-alang (grass-thatched) or tali duk (black palm fibre-thatched) roof and has a myriad of social functions. Bales can serve as a place for the gamelan orchestra to sit, as a village meeting point, host dance performances or simply be a place of rest for worshipers. This part of traditional Balinese temple architecture has been copied by hotels all over the island and in the wider world. The open grass-roofed pavilions you see everywhere in Bali are all derived from this original piece of temple design.
To enter any temple you must be appropriately dressed with a sarong and sash. These are always available for rental at the large temples which attract a lot of tourists (usually included if you're paying to enter, else a few thousand rupiah per set), but it's better to buy one of each when you arrive and use them throughout your visit.
Temples are a place of worship, it is strictly forbidden to enter a temple, the grounds of a temple or stand on the steps of a Temple unless appropriateley dressed.
Most of the coastline of Bali is fringed by beaches of some type, with the exceptions being some important areas of mangrove forest in the southeast, and certain parts of the Bukit Peninsula where high cliffs drop straight to the crashing waves of the Indian Ocean.
Unsurprisingly, given the volcanic nature of the island, black sand is the norm, but there are also some beaches in the south which have fine-grained white sand. Beaches that are especially safe for swimming include Jimbaran Bay and virtually all of the north coast. At all times though, visitors should be aware of and obey local swimming safety markers—far too many visitors to Bali drown each year after ignoring these. Bali's popular southern beaches are sometimes not the cleanest you will find. This is particularly true during the height of the wet season (December to January), when the heavy rains cause extensive agricultural run-off and garbage to be washed onto the beaches.
Away from the coast, Bali is largely lush, green and fertile, and rice paddies are the dominant agricultural feature of the island. In some areas, paddies take the form of dramatic sculpted terraces which efficiently utilise every available acre of land for cultivation. Especially beautiful examples of terraced paddies can be found in the centre of the island north of Ubud and in east Bali around Tirta Gangga. Elsewhere, gently rolling rice fields make for very pleasing rural scenery.
All of Bali's mountains are volcanoes, some long dormant and some still active. At 3,142 metres (10,308 ft), magnificent Mount Agung dominates the landscape of East Bali and has not erupted since 1963. Much more active is Mount Batur, which permanently smolders and periodically produces a large bang and plumes of ashy smoke as pressure is released from within. Taking only two hours to climb, Batur is one of the most accessible active volcanoes in the whole of Indonesia.
Art, both traditional and modern, is everywhere in Bali and impossible to miss. Ubud is the artistic capital of the island with several museums and a variety of informal workshops and retail outlets. Ubud's museums showcase the works of local artists, both living and dead, as well as works by many foreign artists, who either have a strong affinity to Bali or have made the island their permanent home.
A sad reminder of the modern world is the Bali Bomb Memorial on Jalan Legian in Kuta, which commemorates the 202 victims of the first Bali Bomb attack in October 2002. The site of the former Sari Club, obliterated in one of the blasts, lies adjacent to the monument and has not been redeveloped.
There are several monuments commemorating the puputan (suicidal fight to the death) of the Balinese against the Dutch colonialists in the early 20th century. The two most famous are in the town centre of Klungkung in East Bali and in Puputan Park, Denpasar.
Bali's Hindu culture and history is both extraordinary and unique. Many visitors get so wrapped up in shopping, partying and beach life to miss the opportunity to understand and absorb at least some of this. You cannot fail to see temples, come across ceremonies and witness daily offerings, and those who take the time and effort to understand what is going on around them will find their visit very rewarding.
There are several hot springs to be discovered in Bali. One of them, on the north coast of the island near Lovina, is Air Banjar, where stone mouth carvings allow hot water to pass between the pools, which are set in lush gardens. Another good choice is at Toya Bungkah on the shores of Lake Batur, high in the north eastern mountains. Last but not least, there is also a Bali dive safari which includes both shore and boat diving, and encompasses a wide variety of dives: walls, muck, reefs as well as Tulamben’s world famous 120m USAT Liberty shipwreck, with opportunities for macro and wide-angle photography.
Bali is a paradise for spa lovers, and all sorts of treatments are widely available. The Balinese lulur body scrub with herbs and spices—traditionally performed before a wedding ceremony—is particularly popular. Balinese massage is usually done with oil and involves long, Swedish-style strokes. In steep contrast to exorbitant western massage fees, Balinese massage is an incredible value, and visitors should definitely avail themselves of this luxury. In local salons, a one-hour full body massage will cost between Rp 70,000 and 100,000, and the 2 hr mandi lulur, which incorporates a body scrub and hydrating yogurt body mask in addition to the massage, will cost about Rp 150,000. The curiously named creambath is a relaxing scalp and shoulder massage, usually lasting 45 min, in which a thick conditioning cream is worked through the hair and into the scalp. A creambath typically costs about Rp 60,000. Note that these same services in an upscale hotel will cost many times more. Fish spa, where small fish will nibble dead skin off your feet and hands, is an unusual spa treatment that is recommended for the adventurous and is available for around Rp 35,000 for 15 minutes (December 2012 prices).
Bali is host to some of the finest yoga and well-being centres and retreats in the world. You can find an abundance of amazing yoga classes to suit all levels in most of the tourist areas. Look for the best yoga centres in Ubud and Seminyak. Bali is also now home to a number of renowned yoga teacher training centres.
Weddings in Bali have become very popular in recent years. Many couples who are already legally married choose Bali as the place to renew their vows. Full wedding-organising services are widely available: ceremony arrangements, photography, videography, flowers, musicians, dancers and catering. There are several wedding chapels available that are usually attached to luxury hotels, and the number is growing all the time. There are many professional organisers to handle your wedding in Bali, and these are easily found through the Internet. Destination weddings, featuring all types of religious and presentation arrangements, are becoming increasingly popular, with large private villas being one of the island's many offerings for venues.
An excellent way to get to know and understand more of the country is to do some volunteer work. There are organisations that arrange work for international volunteers in Bali and other places in the region. Volunteers can for example teach English at some non-profit organizations.
There are many interesting scuba diving sites around Bali. Particularly popular are the wreck of USAT Liberty at Tulamben in the east, the chilled out coral bommies in Padang Bai, the serene reefs around Menjangan Island in the northwest, and dramatic drift diving off Nusa Penida in the south. Bali is a major teaching centre, and there are numerous reputable dive centres around the island affiliated with PADI and SSI. Choose a dive centre operating their own boats on dive sites where strong currents are present in order to increase safety. For those who want their diving to make a difference as well, dive voluntourism has gain a foothold in Bali, such as in Sea Communities in Les Village, Tejakula, where divers could help rebuild coral reefs and learn to catch ornamental fish in a sustainable way.
- Ubud River Rafting (Ayung River Rafting), Jl Ray Kedewatan, ([email protected]), . 8 hours. ubud river rafting trying to do amazing experience rafting explore ayung river see waterfall, beautiful cliff carving with ramayana story and natural ubud village with green rice fields view. Start from USD$ 25/person. edit
- Bali Water Rafting (White Water Rafting), Jl Raya Ubud Gianyar Bali, ([email protected]), . 8 hours. Bali White Water Rafting Tours is one activity that you must to do while your vacation in Bali. Offer fun, exciting, challenging and unforgettable experience of white water river rafting in paradise island of Bali. Start from USD$ 25/person (guarantee lowest prices). edit
- Ayung River Rafting (Bali White Water Rafting), Jl Raya Ubud Gianyar Bali, . 6 hours. Ayung River Rafting is one activity that you must to do while your vacation in Bali. Offer fun, exciting, challenging and unforgettable experience of white water river rafting in paradise island of Bali. Start from USD$ 30/person (guarantee lowest prices). edit
Warm waters, crowds of young backpackers, cheap living and reliable waves keep Bali near the top of world surfing destinations. The southern coast at Kuta, Legian and Canggu, the Bukit Peninsula and Nusa Lembongan are the primary draws. Expert surfers usually head for the big breaks off the Bukit Peninsula, whilst beginners will find the gentler, sandy areas between Kuta and Legian to be ideal for learning. All Bali's surf beaches are described in the "Indo Surf and Lingo" surfing guidebook, together with Free Bali Tide Charts on their website . There are formal surf schools on Legian beach and Kuta beach. The more adventurous might like to to try informal lessons from one of the many local self-styled surf teachers to be found hanging on any beach in South Bali. Regular surf reports are provided by Baliwaves .
The waters of Serangan harbour are protected from big waves and swells by a reef, but open to the winds. It is an excellent location for the sport of sailing. You can easily drive onto Serangan island as it is connected to Bali by a bridge. When driving to the island you will see a spectacular view of the bay on your left. Many private yachts and magnificent traditional Indonesian Phinisi schooners are moored in the smooth waters of the bay. On the beach front of Serangan you may meet other sailors who come to learn or practice their skills and share their knowledge and experience of yachting in Indonesia.
There are a number of reputable white-water rafting operators in the Ubud area, and the rafting is of good quality, especially in the wet season. If you want to go in non commercial area and feel more sensations you can also do canyoning. The rafting companies usually include pick up and drop off in the ticket price, and include lunch.
Sport fishing is an increasingly popular activity with visitors to the island. Trolling, jigging and bottom fishing can all be very rewarding, with large game far from unusual. Charters are available from many coastal areas but the most popular points with a competitive range of options are Benoa Harbour and nearby Serangan close to Kuta, just to the north in Sanur and Padang Bai on the east coast.
Canoeing is available on Lake Batur (The Holy Lake).
Waterbom Park is located At the main street of Kuta, close to several shopping centers, it takes only 5 minutes from Ngurah Rai International Airport and 15 minutes from main tourism destinations of Sanur, Nusa Dua, Seminyak and Jimbaran. Exciting water slides slice through 3.8 hectares of landscaped tropical parks providing hours of fun and entertainment for the young and the young at heart! The park operates daily from 9am – 6pm.
Bali, Indonesia is an unique island with a rich of Hinduism cultural and friendly people. It is probably the best island in Indonesia when you come as a tourist. Bali has beautiful varied of landscape of hills and mountains, rugged coastlines and sandy beaches, lush rice terraces and barren volcanic hillsides all providing the best and colorful cultural, in deep spiritual that visitors claim as island of paradise. Bali is paradise for surfing and diving lovers, family travelers, honeymooners including back-packers.
Other sports, adventure and family activitiesEdit
Bali has become a famous destination for golfers and there are 5 Golf Courses: "Bali Handara Kosaido Country Club" in the mountains near Bedugul, the "Bali Golf & Country Club" in Nusa Dua, a 9-hole course at the Grand Bali Beach Hotel in Sanur, the "Nirwana Bali Golf Club" near Tanah Lot, and the New Kuta Golf Course at Pecatu on the Bukit Peninsula.
Many companies also provide adventure activities such as Paragliding at Nusa Dua, Mountain Cycling in the hills of Ubud or downhill cycling from Bedugul and Kintamani, Jungle Trekking, Bungy Jumping on the beach in Seminyak, Horse Riding in Seminyak and Umalas, and Hiking in the rice fields near Ubud and many other places in the hills.
Nature can be observed while trekking in West Bali National Park, at the Butterfly Park (Taman Kupu Kupu) in Wanasari, or at the Bali Botanical Gardens in Bedugul. Inside the Botanical Gardens, visitors can also get a bird's-eye view of nature from the Bali Treetop Adventure Park.
Cultural and family activitiesEdit
Many companies run bike tours in the mountains as adventure tours but some will offer more than just a ride, they offer a Cultural experience, visiting traditional villages, school visits etc.
Balinese Food Cooking ClassesEdit
Popular and run by local families around Ubud and include a trip to the local market. These make great rainy day activities when you can't get to the beach or hike in the hills.
- Nia Cooking Class (Balinese Cooking Class & Market Tour in Seminyak), Kayu Aya Village, Seminyak, ☎ 087761556688, . 8:30am. You will learn how to cook authentic Balinese dishes in the comfort of our kitchens. Our hands-on cooking classes are taught by friendly and experienced local chefs. We are here to provide you with fun cooking courses and with Balinese recipes and newly acquired skills that you can bring back home with you. Spend half a day in the morning or afternoon with us and you will be creating memorable dishes for your friends and family in no time! Rp 620,000 US$46. edit
- Cookly Chef Bagus Balinese Cooking Class, ([email protected]), . Chef Bagus has been working at the hotel and restaurant for almost 28 years. He started his career in 1989 with Grand Hyatt Bali, then 2 years with Grand Hyatt Dubai and 10 years traveling around the World promoting Balinese food: GUAM, Australia, Switzerland, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, India and back to Dubai to Fairmount Hotel and Burj Al Arab Hotel. Enjoy this Balinese Cooking Class with Market Tour with Chef Bagus in the Kuta Beach Area. US$ 40. edit
- Romantic Bali Wedding (Wedding in Bali), ([email protected]), . Romantic Bali Wedding will arrange, organize your wedding dream comes true, exactly as you ask and would expect. US$ 600. edit
- Tour in Bali (Bali Things To Do and Bali Tour), ☎ +62 8133 700 3796 ([email protected]), . Big Bali Tours will guide you while you are in Bali, we have more than 100+ Bali tour activities and things to do in Bali during your vacation, as well as places to visit in Bali. US$ 60. edit
Scooter Hire (motorbikes)Edit
It is a requirment in Bali to carry an international drivers license to ride a motorbike over 125cc (there are no 500cc motorbikes in Bali). However, it is not a requirment to rent one, so don't be tempted to rent one unless you have a license as the police do regular checks and the fine is $25 for no license, however if you are not wearing a helmet etc the fine will increase with every small thing they can find you are doing wrong. The death toll for foreigners in 2016 for the first 4 months was 95, so be careful on the roads.
In addition to various private institutions, there are four public universities in Bali: Udayana University, the largest institute of higher education on the island, Indonesia Institute of Arts in Denpasar, Bali State Polytechnic and Ganesha University of Education.
Study Abroad in BaliEdit
Originally established as a cultural think tank in 1962, Udayana University has become one of the foremost higher education institutions in Indonesia. The university has approximately 22,000 students attending 12 undergraduate and 12 postgraduate degree programs. Most of the international students come from China, Japan, German-speaking countries, Nordic countries and the United States.
Udayana University offers study abroad semester for international students in its Bali International Program on Asian Studies (BIPAS). The program includes courses in Business, Economics, Law, Tourism, Culture and Languages. The interdisciplinary approach complements most degrees.
Whether it is simple trinkets, a nice statue or high fashion boutiques that turn you on, Bali is a shopper's paradise. A huge range of very affordable products are offered to the point where shopping can overwhelm a visit if you allow it to!
Clothing is a real draw. Popular sportswear brands are available in a multitude of stores in Kuta and Legian for prices approximately thirty to fifty per cent lower than you would pay at home. If the mass market is not your thing, try the ever-increasing number of chic boutiques in Seminyak and support young local designers. Jalan Laksmana is a good starting point.
Bali is an island of artisans, so arts and crafts are always popular. Try to head to the source if you can rather than buying from identikit shops in Kuta or Sanur. You will gain more satisfaction from buying an article direct from the maker and seeing the craftsman in action. Bali has a huge range of locally produced paintings, basketware, stone and wood carvings, silver and shell jewellery, ceramics, natural paper gifts, glassware and much, much more.
Dried spices and coffee are very popular items to take home. Most supermarkets have specially designed gift packages aimed at tourists, or, if you are visiting Bedugul, buy at the Bukit Mungsu traditional market.
Whatever you are buying, make sure you are in your best bargaining mode, as these skills will be required except in the higher-end stores that specifically state that their prices are fixed. And of course, bargaining is a lot of fun.
For more general shopping, Bali is home to a myriad of small stores and supermarkets and you will not be short of options. In recent years, 24-hour convenience stores have mushroomed in South Bali with the CircleK and 7/11 franchise chains being especially prominent. The staff at these always speak English and the product lines they stock are very much aimed at visitors; everything from beer and magazines to western foodstuffs and sun lotion are available around the clock.
Bali has a huge variety of cafes and restaurants, serving both Indonesian and international food (see Indonesia for a menu reader). You could also find American fast-food chains here, although almost exclusively confined to the southern tourist areas. You can enjoy KFC, McDonald's, Pizza Hut and Starbucks. Interestingly, the menus are often highly adapted to the local tastes, e.g the menu at Pizza Hut looks nothing like the one you find in western countries.
Try the smaller local restaurants rather than touristy ones; the food is better and cheaper. Be sure to try the ubiquitous Indonesian dishes nasi goreng (fried rice), nasi campur (pronounced nasi champur, steamed rice with various vegetables and meats), and mie goreng (fried noodles). These dishes should rarely cost more than Rp 25,000 and are often considerably cheaper. Balinese Nasi Campur is on a must-try list. The food is consist of Indonesian food staple: white rice, served with babi guling, fried peanut, sambal matah, deep fried pork skin crackers, lawar (vegetables with grated coconut and base bali seasoning), sate lilit and sambal goreng. The other Balinese delicacies would be Nasi Ayam. It's chicken and rice with Balinese taste. You can also find the other Indonesian food in most of local restaurants: Nasi goreng (sauteed rice with various toppings), Mie Goreng (sauteed noodles). The price range for local food is no more than Rp50,000,- with iced tea or mineral water.
Some of the most authentic food can be found from roving vendors called kaki lima, which literally means "five legs". This comprises the three legs of the food cart and the vendor's own two legs. Go to the beaches of Kuta, Legian and Seminyak at sunset and find steaming hot bakso(pronounced ba-so), a delightful meatball and noodle soup, served up fresh for a very inexpensive Rp 5,000. You can season it yourself but be forewarned: Indonesian spices can be ferociously hot. Go easy until you find your heat tolerance level!
Padang restaurants are a good choice for both the budget-conscious and those visitors wishing to experience authentic Indonesian (but not Balinese) cuisine. These are usually marked with a prominent masakan padang sign and serve food from Padang, Sumatra. The options are usually stacked on plates in the window, you choose what you want and it is served with steamed rice. The most famous Padang speciality is rendang sapi (spicy beef coconut curry) but there are always a number of chicken, fish, egg and vegetable options. Padang food is always halal
Actual Balinese food is common on the island but it has made few inroads in the rest of the country due to its emphasis on pork, which is anathema to the largely Muslim population in the rest of the country. Notable dishes include:
- Babi guling — roast suckling pig. A large ceremonial dish served with rice that is usually ordered several days in advance, but also often available at night market stalls and selected restaurants. A very notable outlet for babi guling is Ibu Oka's in Ubud. A pilgrimage that needs to be made by many, thanks to Anthony Bourdain, but the numerous stalls around the island also offer an equally delightful experience for half the price of Ibu Oka's.
- Bebek betutu — literally "darkened duck", topped with a herb paste and roasted in banana leaves over charcoal. The same method can also be used for chicken, resulting in ayam betutu.
- Lawar — covers a range of Balinese salads, usually involving thinly chopped vegetables, minced meat, coconut and spices. Traditionally, blood is mixed into this dish but it is often omitted for the more delicate constitutions of visitors. Green beans and chicken are a particularly common combination.
- Sate lilit — minced seafood satay, served wrapped around a twig of lemongrass.
- Urutan — Balinese spicy sausage, made from pork.
Other local Balinese specialities include:
- ayam panggang bumbu bawang mentah — Grilled chicken with sliced shallots, chillies and lime
- ayam panggang bumbu merah — Grilled chicken with red chili and shrimp paste sauce
- ayam tutu — Steamed chicken cooked with Balinese herbs and spices
- tum ayam/ketopot — Sliced chicken mixed with herbs and spices and steamed in banana Leaves
- ikan kakap bakar bumbu terasi — Grilled snapper in local hot spices
- sudang lepet — Salted dry fish
- pepes ikan laut — Sliced fish mixed with herbs and spices grilled and served in a banana leaf
- pelecing kangkung — Water convolvus with shrimp paste and lime
- pelecing paku — Fern tips with shrimp paste and lime
Unlike Indian Hindus, virtually all Balinese eat meat, and vegetarianism has traditionally been limited to part-time fasts for some priests. It's thus best to assume that all local food is non-vegetarian unless assurances are given to the contrary. In particular, the Indonesian spice paste sambal is a hot paste of ground red chillies, spices and usually shrimp paste. Always check to see if the sambal being served to you contains shrimp paste—you can find it without at a few places. Additionally, kerupuk crackers with a spongy appearance contain shrimp or fish. Instead, ask for emping which is a delicious cracker made from a bean paste and is totally meat free—it resembles a fried potato chip in appearance. However, restaurants catering to tourists do nearly always provide some vegetarian options, and in places like Seminyak and Ubud there are even dedicated vegetarian restaurants.
Halal eateries catering to the Muslim minority exist, but may require a little searching for and tend to be downmarket. Padang restaurants (mentioned above) are a good option. Kosher food is virtually unknown.
A meal in a basic tourist-oriented restaurant will be around Rp 20,000-50,000/person. In a local restoran or warung the same meal might be about Rp 15,000 or less. Simple warungs sell nasi bungkus (a pyramid shaped paper-wrapped parcel of about 400 g of rice with several tasty extras-to take away) for as little as Rp 3,000-5,000. One very reliable option is nasi campur (rice with several options, chosen by the purchaser) for about Rp 10,000-15,000. Note that rice is often served at ambient temperature with the accompanying food much hotter, this is common practice in Indonesia.
At the other end of the scale, Bali is home to number of truly world-class fine-dining restaurants. Seminyak is home to many of the trendy independent options, and elsewhere on the island, the better five-star resorts have their own very high quality in-house restaurants with prices to match.
At all but the cheapest local restaurants, it is normal for 10% government sales tax and 5% service charge to be added to your bill. Some restaurants include this in the price, but most expressly state these plus plus terms.
The Balinese have nothing against a drink, and alcohol is widely available. However this doesn't mean that drunken behaviour is entirely acceptable.
Indonesia's most popular beer is the ubiquitous Bintang, but the cheaper Bali Hai is nearly as widespread. Bintang is a fairly highly regarded classic light Asian beer, Bali Hai is a lager, and despite the name it's actually brewed in a suburb of Jakarta. The Bali-based microbrew Storm is available in several different flavors, and the pale ale is especially good. The Storm beer is more expensive though. The other local beer is Anker. Both Carlsberg and San Miguel are brewed locally under license. A wide range of more expensive imported beers are also available. Beer is relatively expensive in local terms, though still cheap by western standards; at Rp 15,000 and up a small bottle costs the same as a full meal in a local eatery. In tourist centres, happy hours are widely publicised before and after sunset, with regular (stubbie) bottles of beer going for Rp 10,000 to 20,000 and the large bottles for Rp 18,000 to 30,000.
Bali produces its own wines, with Hatten  being the oldest and most popular brand, available in white, red, rose (most popular) and sparkling varieties. Quality is inconsistent, but the rose is usually OK and much cheaper than imported wines, which can easily top Rp 300,000 per bottle. Wine aficionados are better off bringing their own bottle in with them. Most restaurants will let you bring your own bottle and some will charge a modest corkage fee. Smaller establishments may not have a corkscrew, so bring your own!
Bali also produces its own liqueurs and spirits, with Bali Moon being the most popular. They offer a wide range of flavoured liqueurs: banana, blackcurrant, butterscotch, coconut, hazelnut, lychee, melon, peppermint, orange, blue curaçao, pineapple and coffee. Vodka and other spirits are also produced locally, with Mansion House being the most popular brand. Be aware, though, that many of these local spirits are little more than flavoured rice liquor. Cocktails in Bali range from Rp 30,000 in small bars to Rp 100,000 in high end establishments. Bali Moon cocktails are available in almost every bar, restaurant and hotel in Bali. Liqueurs are available in many retail outlets; just enquire within if you wish to have fun making your own cocktails!
Bali's traditional hooches are arak, a clear distilled spirit that packs a 40° punch; brem, a fermented rice wine sold in gift shops in attractive clay bottles that are much nicer than the taste of the stuff inside; and tuak, a palm 'wine' which is often served at traditional festivities. Visitors should be extremely careful about where they purchase arak, as there have been a number of serious poisoning cases and even some deaths involving tainted arak.
Tap water in Bali is not drinkable, but bottled water is universally available and extremely inexpensive (Rp 5,000 or so for a 1.5 litre bottle); restaurants usually use commercially purified water for cooking. The most popular brand is Aqua and that name is often used generically for bottled water. Filtered water shops are also common, providing on-site treatment of the mains water to a potable standard. This is known as air putih (literally "white water"). These shops are much cheaper than retail outlets, selling water for about Rp 5,000 per 11-litre reusable container, and they avoid the waste created by plastic bottles.
Very cheap (about Rp 15,000) are fresh fruit juices and their mixes (it can be watermelon, melon, papaya, orange, lime, banana or almost any other fruit you can think of). In Bali, avocado (alpukat) is used as a dessert fruit. Blended with sugar, a little water and ice—and sometimes chocolate syrup—this is a beverage you will rarely find elsewhere! If you do not drink alcohol, Bali's fresh juices in various creative combinations will please you no end. Almost all restaurant menus have a section devoted to various non-alcoholic fruit-based drinks.
Bali has, without a doubt, the best range of accommodation in Indonesia, from Rp60,000 per night ($6) losmens to US$4,000 per night super-homes.
The backpackers tend to head for Kuta, which has the cheapest digs on the island. However, if the accommodation is located near a night club they can be noisy at night. One quiet and clean place in the cheaper category is Hotel Oka in Jalan Padma in Legian, only a kilometre from the night clubs of Kuta and walking distance from the beach.
Many of the numerous five-star resorts are clustered in Nusa Dua, Seminyak and Ubud. Sanur and Jimbaran offer a fairly happy compromise if you want beaches and some quiet. Ubud's hotels and resorts cater to those who prefer spas and cultural pursuits over surfing and booze. Legian is situated between Kuta and Seminyak and offers a good range of accommodation. The newest area to start offering a wide range of accommodation is Uluwatu which now boasts everything from surfer bungalows to the opulent Bulgari Hotel. Further north on the west coast is the district of Canggu, which offers many traditional villages set among undulating rice fields and a good range of accommodation. For rest and revitalisation, visit Amed, an area of peaceful fishing villages on the east coast with some good hotels and restaurants, or head for the sparsely populated areas of West Bali.
Thanks to Bali's balmy climate, many hotels, bungalows and villas offer open-air bathrooms, often set in a lush garden. They look amazing and are definitely a very Balinese experience, but they may also shelter little uninvited guests and are best avoided if you have a low tolerance for critters.
Bali hotel prices may be given in three different currencies. Prices in U.S. dollars are most common, particularly away from the budget sector. Euros are sometimes used, particularly at hotels owned by European nationals. Lower-end places usually (but not always) price in Indonesian Rupiah. If you pay your bill by credit card, then the amount in the currency you agreed to when making the booking is converted to Indonesian Rupiah on the day you pay and your account is charged with that amount of Rupiah. This is because Indonesian banking law does not permit credit card transactions in any other currency. If you pay by cash, you can settle with the currency in which you were quoted the room rate.
It is important to understand the tax and service charge that hotels are obliged to levy by Indonesian law. All high-end and mid-range (and a fair proportion of budget) hotels will levy a 21% tax and service charge on the room rate (the so-called "plus plus"). When you make a booking, you should always ask whether the rate quoted includes or excludes this. Simple budget homestays/losmen and informal accommodation are not obliged to levy these charges. The 21% consists of 11% sales tax which goes to the government and a 10% service charge which goes into a pool shared between the staff.
Bali has become famous for its large collection of private villas for rent, complete with staff and top-class levels of service. Low labour costs result in single villas boasting staff teams of up to 30 people at the really high end. A private villa rental can be a great option for a visit to Bali, but it pays to be aware of the potential pitfalls.
Not every place sold as a villa actually fits the bill. Prices vary widely and some operators claim to go as low as US$30 per night (which usually means a standalone bungalow on hotel grounds with little actual privacy). Realistically, you will be looking at upwards of US$200 per night for anything with a decent location and a private pool. At the top of the range, nightly rents can easily go north of US$1,000. The general rule of you get what you pay for applies here. There are, of course, exceptions, but a 4 bedroom villa offered for US$400 and one for US$800 per night will be different in many ways—the standard of maintenance, the number of staff and their English ability, and the overall quality of furnishings and fittings in the property.
Look carefully as to who is running the villa. Is it run by the owner, a local company, a western company or by local staff who answer to an absent overseas owner? And who you are renting through—directly from the owner, a management company, an established villa agent or one who just opened a month ago after his friend Nyoman told him how easy it was? Each path has its pros and cons. If it is an agency, see if there are press reviews. Ask how long the villa has been taking commercial guests, as villas normally take a year or so to get to best service levels. In the first six to 12 months of operation, great villas may offer introductory rates that are well below market value to gain awareness. In all circumstances thoroughly examine and query the security arrangements, especially if dealing with an apparently inexperienced or opportunistic operator to ensure you are not exposing yourself or your belongings to any unnecessary risks.
Private villas are found mostly in the greater Seminyak area (Seminyak, Umalas, Canggu), in the south around Jimbaran and Uluwatu, in Sanur and around the hill town of Ubud as well as Lovina in north Bali . They are rare in heavily built-up areas like Kuta, Legian and Denpasar.
For an extended stay, it is worth considering a long-term rental , which can be as low as US$2,500 per year. Restaurants, shops and bars frequented by Bali's sizable expatriate community, particularly in Canggu, Seminyak, Sanur and Ubud, are good places to find information about long-term rentals. Look for a bulletin board with property advertisements tacked up or pick up a copy of the local expat biweekly publication, The Bali Advertiser . You can also join several Facebook group about Bali, usually agents or house owner will post long term rental accommodation there. Remember that with a year-round tourism trade, villas that have everything right are usually available for more lucrative short-term rental only. Long-term rental houses tend to be older and not as well maintained. If you are willing to be flexible, though, you can find nice house options over a wide range of budgets.
Bali is, in general, a safe destination, and few visitors encounter any real problems. However female travelers must take care and avoid carrying handbags or riding motobikes, especially in the Canggu - Seminyak area, in 2016 there have been many reports of female expats, tourists and local girls being pulled from motorbikes (scooters).
Bali was the scene of lethal terrorist bombings in 2002 and 2005, with both waves of attacks targeting nightclubs and restaurants popular among foreign visitors. Security is consequently tight at obvious targets, but it is of course impossible to protect oneself fully against terrorism. If it is any reassurance, the Balinese themselves—who depend on tourism for their livelihood—deplored the bombings and the terrorists behind them for the terrible suffering they have caused on this peaceful island. As a visitor, it is important to put the risk in perspective: the sad fact is that Bali's roads are, statistically, far more dangerous than even the deadliest bomb. It may still be prudent to avoid high-profile western hang-outs, especially those without security measures. The paranoid or just security-conscious may wish to head out of the tourist enclaves of South Bali to elsewhere on the island.
Bali enforces the death penalty against the import, export, trafficking and possession of illegal drugs, including marijuana, ecstasy, cocaine and heroin. Several high profile arrests of foreigners have taken place in Bali since 2004, and a number have been executed recently. Even the possession of a small amount of drugs for personal use puts you at risk of a trial and prison sentence. Watch out for seemingly harmless street boys looking to sell you drugs (marijuana, ecstasy, cocaine, etc.). More often than not, they are working with undercover police and will try to sell you drugs so that they can then get uniformed officers onto you. The police officers will (if you are lucky) demand a bribe for your release, or, more likely, look for a far larger payday by taking you into custody. Just avoid Bali's drug scene at all costs.
The unfortunate people who are caught and processed will find there is little distinction between personal use and dealing in the eyes of the Indonesian legal system. 'Expedition fees', monies paid to shorten jail or prison time, can easily run to US$20,000 and are often a lot more.
There is a fair chance that you will be offered magic mushrooms, especially if you are young and find yourself in Kuta. It is not worth taking the risk.
If you see a red flag planted in the sand, do not swim there, as they are a warning of dangerous rip currents. These currents can pull you out to sea with alarming speed and even the strongest swimmers cannot swim against them. The thing to do is to stay calm and swim sideways (along the shore) until out of the rip and only then head for the shore. The ocean is not to be trifled with in Bali, and dozens of people, some experienced some not, die by drowning every year.
Petty scams are not uncommon, although they can usually be avoided with a modicum of common sense. If approached on the street by anybody offering a deal on souvenirs, transport, etc., you can rest assured that you will pay more if you follow your new found friend. Guard your bags, especially at transport terminals and ferry terminals. In addition to the risk of them being stolen, self-appointed porters like to grab them without warning and then insist on ridiculous prices for their "services".
Timeshare scams are common in Bali with several high profile, apparently legitimate operators. If you are approached by a very friendly street canvasser asking you to complete a survey and then attend a holiday resort presentation to claim your 'prize' (this is inevitably a 'free' holiday which you end up paying for anyway), politely refuse and walk away. You may also be cold-called at your hotel to be told you have 'won a holiday' - the caller may even know your name and nationality thanks to a tip-off from someone who has already seen your data. If you fall for this scam, you will be subjected to a very long, high-pressure sales presentation and if you actually buy the 'holiday club' product, you will certainly regret it. Timeshare is a completely unregulated industry in Indonesia, and you have no recourse.
When leaving Bali, if you have anything glass in your baggage (such as duty-free alcohol) the security guards may put some pressure on you to have it wrapped to keep it safe, and it can seem like its a requirement rather than a suggestion (it is Rp 60,000 a bag). Similarly, when arriving in Bali, some airport officials may offer to take your bags for you and walk you through customs, be generally friendly and helpful, and then demand a tip.
The money changing rule is simple: use only authorised money changers with proper offices and always ask for a receipt. The largest is called PT Central Kuta and they have several outlets. If you are especially nervous, then use a formal bank. You may get a better rate at an authorised money changer though.
Avoid changing money in smaller currency exchange offices located within shops, as they more often than not will try to steal money by using very creative and "magician"-like methods. Often the rate advertised on the street is nowhere near the rate that they will give you in the end. Many times the rate is set higher to lure you in so that they can con you out of a banknote or two, and when this is not possible, they will give you a shoddy rate and state that the difference is due to commission. This even applies to the places which clearly state that there is no commission. If you do get your money changed, always be the last person to count and touch it before you leave the shop. Do not rely on the money changer to count it even if they do it in front of you.
When withdrawing money from ATM, avoid card-skimming by using ATM inside the bank lobby, or get your cash from the bank teller. Tourists have had their debit cards skimmed and lost all their money in their bank accounts. The notorious ATMs to avoid (don't use) are the Mandiri Bank ATM: with reported card skims in the Mandiri ATM near Bintang in Ubud and Mandiri Bank ATM in Canggu, the ATM on Jalan Hanoman near Coco Supermarket in Ubud.
Be sure to get the receipt from the cashier when shopping at convenience stores. It is very common for them to charge you more while not giving the receipt. When you ask them for it, they may tell you that cash register is not working. More often than not, it is not true, just be persistent and eventually they give you back what they tried to steal from you. Don't expect apologies though, they will make blank faces as if they don't understand what happened.
Also always pay attention to the face value of banknotes you are giving to any seller. They may try to switch your 100,000 rupiah to 10,000 and convince you, that you gave them the wrong banknote.
For many, the largest irritant will be the hawkers and peddlers who linger around temples, malls, beaches, and anywhere tourists congregate. It may feel difficult or rude to ignore the constant come-ons to buy souvenirs, food, and assorted junk, but it can be necessary in order to enjoy your holiday in semi-peace.
Last but not least be wary around the monkeys that occupy many temples (most notably Uluwatu and Ubud's Monkey Forest). They are experts at stealing possessions like glasses, cameras and even handbags, and have been known to attack people carrying food. Feeding them is just asking for trouble.
Rabies is present in Bali and several deaths arising from rabies infections have been recorded in early 2011. Visitors to the island should avoid contact with dogs, cats, monkeys and other animals that carry the disease. If bitten seek medical attention.
Although the standards of healthcare and emergency facilities have improved greatly in recent years, they remain below what most visitors would be accustomed to in their home country. Whilst minor illness and injury can be adequately treated in the ubiquitous local clinics most overseas visitors would not be comfortable having serious problems dealt with in a local hospital, and insurance coverage for emergency medical evacuation is therefore a wise precaution. If a medical evacuation is required then patients are normally moved to Singapore or Perth in Australia. Jakarta, Indonesia's capital, does however have some high standard medical care facilities if seeking medical attention at a closer location.
Be aware that the purchase of travel insurance still means that most clinics and hospitals may require payment in advance, or sometimes by incremental payment as various services are rendered. This may require access to a quite significant amount of cash to keep things moving. Any claim is then made to the insurance company upon your return home. This is almost always the case if the problem is one that can be dealt with on an outpatient basis. Make sure that your insurance company has an agreement with the provider or immediately establishes one, otherwise you will also be landed with a bill for an inpatient stay. I would not recommend Bali International Medical Centre (BIMC)which is a relatively expensive option and even they ask for payment for outpatient treatments (for example: remove stitches cost 1200000 IDR).
Siloam hospitals are very reliable and provide fair healthcare and emergency facilities. You can find them in Kuta, Bali (6 km far from the airport), Manado, Sulawesi and even Labuan Bajo, Flores...
The major travel insurance companies may be slow to respond with appropriate assistance and equally slow to refer a claimant to a suitable medical service. Delays may also be experienced if the insurer is slow or indecisive in authorising treatment. Difficulties may arise from an insurer not authorising a payment guarantee to the local medical services provider. Delays in rendering appropriate treatment are a common outcome. Try to gain an understanding of the policy terms and limitations of your travel insurance cover prior to departing your home country. Trying to gain an understanding of the limitations of cover whilst amidst a crisis is not recommended. Some insurance companies and their emergency response centres may not live up to your own expectations of regional knowledge, appropriate case management and speedy response. Your best insurance is always common-sense, some basic pre-departure research on your destination and the application of good situational awareness whilst travelling. Try to have your own plan in place to deal with any crisis you may encounter when travelling rather than relying solely upon a possibly inadequately skilled and under-qualified person sitting in a distant call centre who may have their own role complicated by problems with language, communication and access to the insurers decision makers. You may wish to consider carrying the names and contact numbers of one or two of the major local medical and evacuation providers in your wallet or purse so that you know how to quickly obtain medical assistance should an emergency arise. Always ensure that you contact your insurer as soon as possible should an emergency arise otherwise you may find they are later unwilling to accept liability for payment for any expenses that arise. Always keep a thorough record of all expenditures and communications with your insurer and obtain full and detailed invoices and receipts for all services provided and any incidental costs. If you do not understand the detail of anything that you are billed for ask for an explanation; if information is not forthcoming withhold payment or authorisation until such time as an acceptable explanation is given.
International SOS Indonesia (AEA SOS Medika)  was founded in Indonesia in 1984 and has grown into an international organisation handling a round 9 million cases per year. It has a professionally staffed and operated clinic in Bali. They offer clinic services, hospital referral and emergency medical evacuation services. They have agreements or associations in place with many of the major travel insurers and are a principal medical service supplier in the SE Asian region, including Indonesia.
The midday sun in Bali will fry the unwary traveller to a crisp, so slap on plenty of high-factor sun-protection and drink lots of fluids. However there is no need to carry litres of water as you can buy a bottle virtually anywhere. The locals tend to stay away from the beaches until about two hours before sunset, when most of the ferocity has gone out of the sun.
Surfers often experience coral cuts or more serious injuries on the sharp reefs, so it is highly recommended to get Travel Insurance with full Emergency Medevac cover. "Indo Surf Travel Insurance" is now available which is the only company to cover damage to surfboards even while in use surfing (Australian residents, or non-residents traveling to Australia and Indonesia on the same trip) 
Travelling to Bali may expose you to some risks in contracting one of many tropical diseases that are present in the region. Bali is officially a malaria-free zone but dengue fever is a problem and all sensible precautions should be taken against being bitten by mosquitoes.
Take care in restaurants and bars; although it is very rare nowadays, some may use untreated/unsafe tap water to make ice for drinks otherwise made with clean ingredients. Tap water in hotels should not be used for drinking or brushing teeth unless explicitly labelled as safe.
Both drink adulteration with methyl alcohol (methanol) and drink spiking in bars and clubs is not uncommon in Bali. Sensible precautions should be taken when buying and consuming beverages. From 2009 until now (2012) a number of Indonesians and visiting tourists in Java, Bali and Lombok/Gilli Islands have been poisoned by consuming drinks containing methyl alcohol resulting in fatalities. Methyl alcohol (wood alcohol) and other contaminants are highly dangerous and have been found in some locally produced alcoholic drinks including locally made Arak although precautions must also be taken when buying any mixed drink. The initial symptoms of methyl alcohol/methanol intoxication include central nervous system depression, headache, dizziness, nausea, lack of co-ordination and confusion. If methyl alcohol poisoning is suspected seek medical assistance immediately.
The HIV infection rate in Bali is increasing, mainly amongst sex workers of both genders and intravenous drug users. If you engage in any risky activity, always protect yourself.
Unfortunately, it is very unlikely you will find a working public telephone on the street, which can be very frustrating in emergency situations. Depending on your circumstances, you may have to rely on mobile phones (local SIM cards may be used in unlocked phones with economical local and international calling rates) or phone/internet shops.
Purchasing a local SIM card is recommended if you foresee that you will have to make multiple calls during your stay. There are several cellular operators In Bali: Telkomsel (simPATI) and Indosat (IM3) have the largest coverage area. In addition to the GSM standard, you can find CDMA (operator Smart).
Local calls from hotel rooms are charged an expensive flagfall and per minute rate. Budget accommodation options are unlikely to offer telephone services to guests.
International phone operators: ☎ 101. International Direct Dialling prefix: 001, 007, or 008.
Directory inquires: ☎ 108 (if using a cell phone locally dial the area code you are in (eg 0361) and then 108)
- Niti Mandala, Renon, Denpasar. ☎ +62 361 227828.
- I Gusti Ngurah Rai Airport. ☎ +62 361 751038.
Bali has six area codes.
- 0361: all of South Bali (Bukit Peninsula, Canggu, Denpasar, Jimbaran, Legian, Nusa Dua, Sanur, Seminyak, Tanah Lot) plus Gianyar, Tabanan and Ubud)
- 0362: Lovina, Pemuteran and Singaraja
- 0363: Amed, Candidasa, Karangasem, Kintamani, Padang Bai, Tirta Gangga
- 0365: Negara, Gilimanuk, Medewi Beach, West Bali National Park
- 0366: Bangli, Besakih, Kintamani, Klungkung, Mount Agung, Nusa Ceningan, Nusa Lembongan, Nusa Penida
- 0368: Bedugul
- Ambulance: ☎ 118.
- Indonesian Red Cross (PMI), free ambulance service. ☎ +62 361 480282.
- Police: ☎ 110.
- Search & Rescue team: ☎ 115 or 151, +62 361 751111.
- Tourist Police: ☎ +62 361 754599 or +62 361 763753
- Bali Police HQ: Jl WR Supratman, Denpasar. ☎ +62 361 227711 .
- Badung Police HQ: Jl Gunung Sanghyang, Denpasar. ☎ +62 361 424245.
- Police stations:
- Denpasar: Jl Ahmad Yani. ☎ +62 361 225456.
- Sanur: Jl By Pass Ngurah Rai. ☎ +62 361 288597.
- Kuta: Jl Raya Tuban. ☎ +62 361 751598.
- Nusa Dua: Jl By Pass Nusa Dua. ☎ +62 361 772110.
Hospitals with 24 hours emergency room (ER):
- RS Umum Sanglah, Jl Kesehatan 1, Denpasar. ☎ +62 361 243307, 227911, 225483, 265064.
- RS Umum Badung, Jl Raya Kapal Mengwi, Denpasar. ☎ +62 361 7421880.
- RS Umum Dharma Usadha, Jl Jend Sudirman 50, Denpasar. ☎ +62 361 227560, 233786, 233787.
- RS Umum Manuaba, Jl HOS Cokroaminoto 28, Denpasar. ☎ +62 361 426393, 226393.
- RS Umum Surya Husadha , Jl Pulau Serangan 1-3, Denpasar. ☎ +62 361 233787.
- RS Umum Wangaya, Jl RA Kartini 133, Denpasar. ☎ +62 361 222141.
Selected medical clinics with English language abilities:
- Bali International Medical Centre (BIMC), Jl By Pass Ngurah Rai 100 X, Kuta. , ☎ +62 361 761263.
- Manuaba, Jl Raya Kuta Nusa Indah Plaza Bl IX, Kuta. ☎ +62 361 754748.
- Nusa Dua Medical, Nusa Dua Beach Hotel, Nuas Dua. ☎ +62 361 772118.
- Surya Husadha, Jl Danau Buyan 47, Sanur. , ☎+62 361 285236. Jl. Kartika Plaza 9-X. ☎ +62 361 752947.
- SOS, Jl By Pass Ngurah Rai 505X, Kuta. , ☎ +62 361 710505.
- Ubud Clinic, Jl Raya Ubud 36, Ubud. , ☎ +62 361 974911.
- Klungkung Hospital, Jl Flamboyan 40-42, Klungkung. ☎ +62 366-21172
- Prodia Clinic, Jl RA Kartini 12, Singaraja. ☎ +62 362 24516.
- Kerta Yasa Clinic, Jl Ngurah Rai 143, Negara. ☎ +62 365 41248.
Initial one month tourist visas can be extended by a further one month. There are many visa / travel agencies that can do this for you and it takes about a week or 5 working days. Costs vary but surprisingly they seem more expensive in south Bali than it is in more rural locations further away from the immigration passport office. In south Bali expect to pay between Rp 600,000 to 750,000 or even more. Elsewhere it can be as low as Rp 500,000 such as in Amed. A good place to find cheaper visa agents is at scuba diving centres. They often have divers wishing to stay longer and therefore know where to get visa extensions done cheaply for their customers.
It seems that one month visa extensions can be repeatedly applied for up to a maximum of a 6 month stay.
Some countries have set up consulates in Bali and these are their contact details, the nations capital Jakarta has a number of embassies representing a wide range of nationalities.
- Australia, Jalan Tantular, No. 32, Renon, Denpasar, ☎ +62 361 241118 ([email protected], fax: +62 361 221195), . For emergency contact: Call +62 361 241118. Follow the instructions (press 4, wait for the information recording to begin and then press 6), this will connect you to the 24 hour Consular Emergency Centre in Canberra. edit The Australian consular service in Bali also provides a limited range of consular services to Canadian and New Zealand citizens.
- Austria, Jalan Ganetri 9 D, Gatot Subroto Timur, Denpasar 80235, ☎ +62 361 878 4343; Fax +62 361 878 4466. 09:00 - 13:00. edit
- Czech Republic (Honorary), Jl Pengembak 17, Sanur, ☎ +62 361 286465; Fax +62 361 286408. edit
- Denmark (Honorary), Mimpi Resorts Jimbaran, Kawasan Bukit Permai Jimbaran, Jimbaran, ☎ +62 361 701070. edit
- Finland (Honorary), Segara Village Hotel, Jl Segara, Sanur, ☎ +8re83484r848407, 288231. edit
- France, Jl Mertasari Gang 2 No 8, Banjang Tanjung, Sanur, ☎ +62 361 285485. edit
- Germany, Jl Pantai Karang No 17, Batujimbar, Sanur, ☎ +62 361 288535. edit
- Hungary (Honorary), c/o Marintur, Jl Raya Kuta 88, Kuta, ☎ +62 361 757557. edit
- Iran, khiabane motahari balatar az beheshti apartmane 7, ☎ +989364395303. edit
- Italy (Honorary), c/o Lotus E. Building - Jl. By-Pass Ngurah Rai, Jimbaran Bali Indonesia, ☎ +62-361-701005 ([email protected]), . edit
- Japan, Jl Raya Puputan No 170, Renon, Denpasar, ☎ +62 361 227628. edit
- Malaysia (Honorary), Alam Kulkul Boutique Resort, Jl Pantai Kuta, Legian, ☎ +62 361 752520. edit
- Netherlands (Honorary), Jl Raya Kuta 127, Kuta, ☎ +62 361 751517. edit
- Norway (Honorary), Mimpi Resort Jimbaran, Kawasan Bukit Permai, Jimbaran, ☎ +62 361 701070. edit
- Sweden (Honorary), Segara Village Hotel, Jl Segara, Sanur, ☎ +62 361 288407, 288231. edit
- Switzerland (Honorary), Jalan Ganetri 9 D, Gatot Subroto Timur, Denpasar 80235, ☎ +62 361 878 4343; Fax +62 361 878 4466. edit
- United Kingdom (Honorary), Jl Mertasari No 2, Sanur, ☎ +62 361 270601. edit
- United States, Jl. Hayam Wuruk 310, Denpasar, ☎ +62 361 233605. After hours emergencies +62 81 133-4183 (e-mail: [email protected], fax: +62 361 222-426), . M-F 09:00-12:00 and 13:00-15:30. Closed on American and Indonesian holidays. edit
- The Gili Islands are three tiny islands off Lombok. A backpacker favourite fast going upmarket and easily accessed by direct boat services.
- Komodo is an island and national park in East Nusa Tenggara. The island is famous for the Komodo dragon. Accessible most easily by air via Labuan Bajo on Flores. Flight time 80-90 min.
- Lombok is an unspoiled island east of Bali with beaches, waterfalls and volcanoes. Direct boat services or 20 min by air.
- Surabaya in East Java can be reached via executive bus from Ubung bus terminal for as little as 150,000 IDR. The busses also stops on the way if desired, for example at Probolinggo as a starting point for Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park. These busses leave all day, taking an over-night bus in the evening is likely the most convenient.
- Yogyakarta has convenient air service from Bali with scheduled service early in the morning and late in the evening, making it possible to have a full day of sightseeing in Prambanan and Borobudur and still make it back to your hotel in Bali in time for bed.
- Bandung is near Jakarta but conveniently served from Bali (flight time around 1+ hour), it is a popular tourist destination for Malaysian visitors and day visitors from Jakarta. Bandung is the centre of garment and textile industry in Indonesia, people go to Bandung looking for bargain clothes and textile in its factory outlets and trade centres. Bandung also famous for its art deco architectural buildings, nice cafes, laid-back lifestyle and cooler air since it is located 700 m above the sea level. It also has some outdoor activities like visits to the nearby semi-active volcano crater and hot spring. Day trips to Bandung are not recommended, better to stay one or two nights in Bandung.
- DPS has an exit tax or airport tax currently (July 2014) of 75,000 IDR for domestic flights and 200,000 IDR for international flights.
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- For other places with the same name, see Bali (disambiguation).