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| region2description=The 12th largest metropolitan area in the United States has artsy urban communities, ritzy resorts, the country's largest university and resulting college town, beautiful desert wilderness on the outskirts and miles upon miles of suburban sprawl.
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| region2description=The Fourteenth Biggest metropolitan area in the United States has artsy urban communities, ritzy resorts, the country's largest university and resulting college town, beautiful desert wilderness on the outskirts and miles upon miles of suburban sprawl.
  
 
| region3name=[[Northern Arizona]]
 
| region3name=[[Northern Arizona]]
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| region5description= The southwestern corner of Arizona is arid (low desert) yet fed by the lush Colorado River Valley. Yuma is the largest town and has its roots as an old western city with a rich history. In between Yuma and Ajo is one of the most remote and beautiful parts of the Sonoran Desert.
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| region5description= The southwestern corner of Arizona is arid (low desert) yet fed by the lush Colorado River Valley. Yuma is the largest town and has its roots as an old western city with a rich history. Inbetween Yuma and Ajo is one of the most remote and beautiful parts of the Sonoran Desert.
  
 
}}
 
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==Cities==
 
==Cities==
 
<!--This list is kept to the nine major cities. Add new cities and towns in their regions -->
 
<!--This list is kept to the nine major cities. Add new cities and towns in their regions -->
* [[Flagstaff]] - Home of the Northern Arizona University Lumberjacks, Flagstaff is the gateway to the northern reaches of the state with most people headed to the Grand Canyon's South Rim passing through Flagstaff.
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* [[Flagstaff]] - Home of the Northern Arizona University Lumberjacks, Flagstaff is the gateway to the Northern reaches of the state with most people headed to the Grand Canyon's South Rim passing through Flagstaff.
 
* [[Mesa]] - The third largest city in the state of Arizona and offers a limitless array of activities for both the business and leisure traveler.  
 
* [[Mesa]] - The third largest city in the state of Arizona and offers a limitless array of activities for both the business and leisure traveler.  
 
* [[Phoenix]]- The capital of Arizona has a vibrant downtown, active Latino communities in South Phoenix, artsy and young Roosevelt Street and the upscale Biltmore area.
 
* [[Phoenix]]- The capital of Arizona has a vibrant downtown, active Latino communities in South Phoenix, artsy and young Roosevelt Street and the upscale Biltmore area.
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===National Monuments===
 
===National Monuments===
* [[Agua Fria National Monument]]
 
 
* [[Canyon de Chelly National Monument]]
 
* [[Canyon de Chelly National Monument]]
 
* [[Casa Grande Ruins National Monument]]
 
* [[Casa Grande Ruins National Monument]]
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Arizona covers 113,909 square miles, with about 350 square miles of water surface including '''Lake Havasu''', '''Lake Powell''', '''Lake Mead''' and the '''Colorado River'''. The state consists of three primary topographical features: a high plateau in the northeast of the state, averaging between 5,000 and 7,000 feet in elevation; a mountainous region which runs from the southeast to the northwest with peak elevations between 9,000 and 12,000 feet; and low mountain ranges and desert valleys in the southwestern of the state.
 
Arizona covers 113,909 square miles, with about 350 square miles of water surface including '''Lake Havasu''', '''Lake Powell''', '''Lake Mead''' and the '''Colorado River'''. The state consists of three primary topographical features: a high plateau in the northeast of the state, averaging between 5,000 and 7,000 feet in elevation; a mountainous region which runs from the southeast to the northwest with peak elevations between 9,000 and 12,000 feet; and low mountain ranges and desert valleys in the southwestern of the state.
  
The state is defined by the [[Grand Canyon]] in the north, the '''Mogollon''' (pronounced MO-gee-yon) '''Rim''' in the central mountainous region and the Sonoran Desert to the south.  Scattered among these regions, features such as the red rocks of '''[[Sedona]]''', the tall, wind-swept towers of '''[[Monument Valley]]''' and the saguaro-filled desert valleys around [[Phoenix]] and [[Tucson]] add depth and character to the landscape of Arizona.
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The state is defined by the [[Grand Canyon]] in the north, the '''Mogollon''' (pronounced MUG-ee-own) '''Rim''' in the central mountainous region and the Sonoran Desert to the south.  Scattered among these regions, features such as the red rocks of '''[[Sedona]]''', the tall, wind-swept towers of '''[[Monument Valley]]''' and the saguaro-filled desert valleys around [[Phoenix]] and [[Tucson]] add depth and character to the landscape of Arizona.
  
 
Another prominent feature of the Arizona landscape, a Ponderosa Pine forest stretches across the state from the White Mountain region around Greer and Alpine across the Mogollon Rim to the San Francisco Peaks north of Flagstaff.  This strip of pine also extends beyond the Grand Canyon onto the Kaibab Plateau and into Southern Utah.
 
Another prominent feature of the Arizona landscape, a Ponderosa Pine forest stretches across the state from the White Mountain region around Greer and Alpine across the Mogollon Rim to the San Francisco Peaks north of Flagstaff.  This strip of pine also extends beyond the Grand Canyon onto the Kaibab Plateau and into Southern Utah.
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===Time Zone===
 
===Time Zone===
Arizona has it's own time zone and does not observe daylight saving time, except for the Navajo Nation.  This means that during the summer months, Arizona is a hour behind the rest of the Mountain Time Zone (or equivalent to the Pacific Time Zone).  During the winter months Arizona has the same time as the rest of the Mountain Time Zone. An easy way to remember this rule is: Colorado in wintertime, California in summertime. It is one of two states that does not observe daylight time, the other being Hawaii.
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Arizona is always on '''Mountain Standard Time''' and does not observe daylight saving time, except for the Navajo Nation.  This means that during the summer months, Arizona is a hour behind the rest of the Mountain Time Zone (or equivalent to the Pacific Time Zone).  During the winter months Arizona has the same time as the rest of the Mountain Time Zone. An easy way to remember this rule is: Colorado in wintertime, California in summertime. It is one of two states that does not observe daylight time, the other being Hawaii.
  
 
==Talk==
 
==Talk==
As with all states in the U.S., the primary spoken language in Arizona is English.  However, due to the state's history and its proximity to Mexico, Arizona is home to a large population of Mexicans & Mexican Americans as well as populations from several other Latin American countries who typically speak Spanish, in addition to English.  Most of the 22 Native American Tribes also have their own distinct language, however it is usually spoken between tribal members.
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As with all states in the U.S., the primary spoken language in Arizona is English.  However, due to the state's history and its proximity to Mexico, Arizona is home to a large population of Mexican-Americans as well as populations from several other Hispanic countries who typically speak the Spanish language (with some Hispanic cultures using a country-specific dialect) in addition to English.  Most of the 22 Native American Tribes also have their own distinct language, however it is usually spoken between tribal members.
  
 
==Get in==
 
==Get in==
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* '''Interstate 10''' (I-10) runs east to west across southern Arizona and connects travelers with the major cities of [[Tucson]] and [[Phoenix]].  I-10 originates out of the east from [[Las Cruces]], [[New Mexico]] and out of the west, from [[Palm Springs]], [[California]] and [[Los Angeles]].  I-10 is a major interstate and does carry a large amount of car and truck traffic.  During the week, portions of I-10 can experience very heavy traffic, usually around the Tucson and Phoenix metropolitan areas.
 
* '''Interstate 10''' (I-10) runs east to west across southern Arizona and connects travelers with the major cities of [[Tucson]] and [[Phoenix]].  I-10 originates out of the east from [[Las Cruces]], [[New Mexico]] and out of the west, from [[Palm Springs]], [[California]] and [[Los Angeles]].  I-10 is a major interstate and does carry a large amount of car and truck traffic.  During the week, portions of I-10 can experience very heavy traffic, usually around the Tucson and Phoenix metropolitan areas.
  
* '''Interstate 17''' (I-17) runs north and south, connecting I-10  in [[Phoenix]] at it southern margin and I-40 in [[Flagstaff]] at it's northern margin. The northern drive from [[Phoenix]] to [[Flagstaff]] (through tortuous but BEAUTIFUL terrain) is the fastest route between the two cities. Please note (as stated below) that I-40, and thus northern Arizona, is positioned above the Mogollon Rim and is affected by heavy snowfall during winter months, which can potentially last until late May.
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* '''Interstate 17''' (I-17) runs north and south, connecting I-10  in [[Phoenix]] at it southern margin and I-40 in [[Flagstaff]] at it's northern margin. The northern drive from [[Phoenix]] to [[Flagstaff]] (through tortuous but BEAUTIFUL terrain) is the fastest route between the two cities. Please note (as stated below) that I-40, and thus northern Arizona, is positioned above the Mollogon Rim and is affected by heavy snowfall during winter months, which can potentially last until late May.
  
 
* '''Interstate 8''' (I-8) runs east to west, running from I-10 to [[Yuma]].  I-8 splits from I-10 south of Phoenix and provides the quickest access to Yuma as well as [[San Diego]], [[California]].  However, in the other direction, it does not go to Phoenix directly.  At Gila Bend, Hwy 85 connects I-8 with I-10, for travel to the west side of Phoenix and downtown (or Phoenix to San Diego).  For the eastern suburbs, I-8 merges with I-10, and it's possible to reverse direction going from I-8 east to I-10 west (exit #178B) or vice versa (I-10 exit #199).  Despite the signs, I-10 goes mostly north-south east of Phoenix, and backtracking is very minimal.  
 
* '''Interstate 8''' (I-8) runs east to west, running from I-10 to [[Yuma]].  I-8 splits from I-10 south of Phoenix and provides the quickest access to Yuma as well as [[San Diego]], [[California]].  However, in the other direction, it does not go to Phoenix directly.  At Gila Bend, Hwy 85 connects I-8 with I-10, for travel to the west side of Phoenix and downtown (or Phoenix to San Diego).  For the eastern suburbs, I-8 merges with I-10, and it's possible to reverse direction going from I-8 east to I-10 west (exit #178B) or vice versa (I-10 exit #199).  Despite the signs, I-10 goes mostly north-south east of Phoenix, and backtracking is very minimal.  
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==Eat==
 
==Eat==
Arizona is known for its fantastic Sonoran food, including everything from Mexican fusion dishes to street-side burrito stands. The chimichanga, a deep fried burrito was first created here. Cactus (nopales in Spanish) is also edible and can be eaten fried or in salads.
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Arizona is known for its great Southwestern style food, including everything from Mexican fusion dishes to street-side burrito stands. The chimichanga, a deep fried burrito was first created here. Cactus (nopales in Spanish) is also edible and can be eaten fried or in salads.
  
 
==Drink==
 
==Drink==
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===Driving===
 
===Driving===
Drivers in Arizona should follow the same rules and regulations that apply throughout the U.S. Drivers in Southern Arizona are notoriously bad, especially in the Phoenix and Tucson areas, which were recently ranked among the worst in the country for aggressive driving. Most of the year, however, visitors will experience little problem. The worst time to drive in southern Arizona is the winter, when colleges are in session, and all the snowbirds (older part-time residents who often don't know the roads as well as they should) are in the cities. [http://www.autotoursusa.com]
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Drivers in Arizona should follow the same rules and regulations that apply throughout the U.S. Auto Tours USA can provide you with all the information you need and more for your next road trip to Arizona. Drivers in Southern Arizona are notoriously bad, especially in the Phoenix and Tucson areas, which were recently ranked among the worst in the county for aggressive driving. Most of the year, however, visitors will experience little problem. The worst time to drive in southern Arizona is the winter, when colleges are in session, and all the snowbirds (older part-time residents who often don't know the roads as well as they should) are in the cities. [http://www.autotoursusa.com]
  
 
====Road Conditions====
 
====Road Conditions====
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====Dust Storms====
 
====Dust Storms====
Dust storms (locally known as haboobs) are caused by high winds blowing dust onto highways. Usually brief, dust storms should be taken seriously because they can quickly decrease visibility. If you see a dust storm while driving:
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Dust storms are caused by high winds blowing dust onto highways. Usually brief, dust storms should be taken seriously because they can quickly decrease visibility. If you see a dust storm while driving:
  
 
* Turn on your headlights and slow to an appropriate speed.
 
* Turn on your headlights and slow to an appropriate speed.
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===Guns===
 
===Guns===
Arizona is the only state in the US where any one (with no felonies) can conceal a firearm.  
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Residents of Arizona are allowed to carry a conceal firearm after extensive training and a background check.
 
Bringing guns or ammunition into the country of Mexico is illegal. Doing so will result in being detained by the Mexican Authorities and going to jail.
 
Bringing guns or ammunition into the country of Mexico is illegal. Doing so will result in being detained by the Mexican Authorities and going to jail.
  

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