YOU CAN EDIT THIS PAGE! Just click any blue "Edit" link and start writing!


From Wikitravel
Revision as of 21:29, 24 June 2012 by (talk) (Leaving Tana)

Earth : Africa : East Africa : Madagascar : Antananarivo Province : Antananarivo
Jump to: navigation, search

Default Banner.jpg

Antananarivo (AN-tan-AN-ah-REEV-oo) (City of a Thousand), also known as Tana, is the capital of Madagascar.

Get in

Antananarivo is the main entry point for Madagascar and travel to the capital is covered in the main Madagascar page.

By plane

Ivato Airport is the Antananarivo's major airport and it is serviced by Air France, Air Austral, Air Mauritius, Interair South Africa, and Air Madagascar. Arrival at the Ivato Airport in Tana is fairly scary for those used to US or European airports. First, you need to buy a visa using Euros or US dollars, and dealing with immigration folks, wherever they are, is always stressful. Once you get past baggage claim, the fun really starts as you are descended upon by a mass of "entrepreneurs" offering assistance with your luggage to the waiting taxis, in return for a gratuity of course. This may be helpful to some, but others may find the presence of the "Skycaps a la Tana" a little distracting as they try to change money at the airport bank (which you have to do, since the Madagascar Ariary is not a convertible currency).

Get around

There are three main methods of navigating the capital: taxi, bus and on foot. Most tourists tend to use taxis as they are very practical. Make sure you agree the rate with the driver before entering the taxi. Also, be aware that traffic tends to be heavy in Analakely (Antananrivo's center and busiest area) during typical rush hour times. If you are comfortable being squeezed onto a van with other people, the buses, or 'taxi be', are the most affordable form of transportation, with prices usually ranging from 1,000 fmg to 2,000 fmg (Compared to 25,000 fmg or more for a typical taxi ride). However, tourists are not usually familiar with taxi be routes. While the city is quite large, Analakely is fairly navigable on foot.

Leaving Tana

To travel on from Tana there is only one real form of public transport, the taxi brousse or bush taxi. These link up the capital to most larger towns and depart from four major bus stations, which roughly correspond to the points of the compass, i.e. the northern bus station includes destinations such as Nosy Be and Diego Suarez, while the Western one has destinations such as Andasibe. If you don't know which one you need ask a taxi driver to take you to the right one for your location. On arrival to the station you will be mobbed by touts trying to sell the services of every destination and route, don't be intimidated they do this to all arrivals to the station, local and tourist alike. Most stations are lined with ticket kioks with signs overhead advertising their locations. On the wall inside there should be a price list advertising locations, so make sure you don't pay more than this (and remember luggage is included). You can also ask to be dropped off on route before the final destination. Another thing to note is that the quoted leaving time may in fact be hours after this, but you have choice but to wait!

Andasibe-Mantadia National Park - get a bus to Moramanga (12,000 ariary as of January 2012) then catch a connecting one to Andasibe (3000 ariary). Buses at least every hour, and the total travel time is around 6 hours.

Ranomafana National Park - one way to do this is to catch a bus with an end destination of Mananjary or one of the other cities south of here. Journey time is about 14 hours (~60,000 ariary in Jan 2012.) These run less frequently with some services leaving in the afternoon. Don't worry if you get dropped off in the village in the middle of the night, at least one hotels should have staff awake.

Ankarana National Park - catch one to Antsiranana (Diego Suarez)and you can get dropped off at the main entrance. A very painful 20 or so hour journey (~85,000 ariary in Jan 2012. You will likely stop over in Ambanja (~15 hours away) also the destination you need if you want to change for Nosy Be.



Antananarivo has a temperate climate, despite being situated in the Tropics, due to its high elevation of 1,300 to 1,400 metres (4,265 to 4,593 ft) above sea level. Antananarivo receives practically all of its average annual 1,400 mm (55.1 in) of rainfall between November and April. The dry season between May and October is pleasant and sunny, although somewhat chilly, especially during the nights, and in the mornings and evenings. Although frosts are rare in Antananarivo, they are common at higher elevations.

The daily and monthly temperature variations are quite small. Means range from 22.2 °C (72.0 °F) to 15.3 °C (59.5 °F).


There's no point being kind about this - there really is no tourist infrastructure to speak of in Antananarivo - for some folks that is part of the attraction!

  • Rova (Queen's palace). A cab ride (or very long walk) from the hotel district, but be warned that it has been severely fire damaged by suspected arson in the late 1990s, and only the stone shell remains, together with some outbuildings, statues and a Chapel (the latter rebuilt with American money). As of 2011 a semi-official fee of 10,000 ariary was being charged to access the site and then native Tana guides (usually University students with good English or French) may give a good account of the Rova's features in return for a gratuity. The site offers good panoramic views of the city.
  • Prime Minister's Palace ,near the Rova. In 2005, the situation here was even more uncertain, the Palace appeared to be closed, but a freelance guide let visitors in and gave a comprehensive account of the historical artifacts which were on show, again in return for a gratuity.


Go to the open air markets for all of the crafts.


  • La Table de Mariette, 11 rue George-V-Faravohitra, + 261 20 22 216 02. This is a good choice for high quality Malagasy food. More expensive than many other restaurants.
  • Hotel Colbert, 29 Rue Prince Ratsimamanga, + 261 20-222-0202 ().
  • Ile Bourbon.
  • La Brasserie at the France Hotel, 34 Ave de l'Independence. Very good and inexpensive. Try the calamari. Also vegetarian (non vegan) dishes, a very cheesy veg lasagne for 13,000 Ar
  • Grill De Rova, Near Palace de Rova. Small Menu. Great Zebu!
  • Ku de Ta, 16 rue de la Reunion, + 261 20 22 281 54. A relatively new and a slick setting for excellent French influenced Malagasy food.
  • Cookie Soph. French and English is spoken here. Good cappucino, milkshakes, and bagels.

Eat Vegetarian. The many chinese restaurants serve excellent chinese vegetarian and vegan food

  • Jasmin, Palace Analakely 101 Antananarivo (Behind BNI bank), [1]. €7 for two courses and drink. Lovely veg meal with tofu. Perhaps a bit pricey,


  • Lots of bottled water (no tap water!), the main brand is Pura Vida, relatively expensive, with a 1.5l bottle costs about 3000 ariary (~£1)
  • THB (Three Horses Beer). Multi-awarded beer.
  • Madagascar wine - variable but so much cheaper than the alternative (imported French wine).
  • Bonbon Anglais - very sweet, bubble gum tasting soft drink, similar to South American Inka Cola. Excellent if you mix it with a little bit of THB. You may be presented with this when asking for limonade.
  • betsa-betsa - alcohol made from coconut water. Stronger than beer but not quite as potent as hard liquor.
  • Litchel (or Vin Litchi in French) - lychee wine. Some brands are off-dry and quite nice, others are sickeningly sweet.
  • Saint Claude - a local brand of rum with a hint of vanilla.


  • Irianja Guest House. A Malagasy owned and managed hotel. Excellant value, 7 course Royal Traditional Malagasy Dinner, well appointed rooms. Very friendly.


There are many cheaper hotels.and scrapas


  • Radama Hotel [4] A charming hotel in the heart of Antananarivo.
  • Sakamanga, [5]. A good mid-range option. Very popular, so book ahead.
  • Karibotel (boulevard independence) good alternative for Sakamange. More locals than tourists (€40,00 for double)
  • La Ribaudière, [6]. A good mid-range option. Very popular, good restaurant.
  • Le Logis, [7]. Résidence Hôtel. new
  • Le Saint-Laurent, [8]. Simple and cheap. Near historical monument. Free Wi-Fi.


The two best known accommodations in the capital are the Colbert (pronounced like the Comedy Central show!) and the Carlton (formerly Hilton). However, in addition to being well known, these hotels are quite expensive, especially relative to other accommodations.

  • Hotel Colbert, [9]. French run, and situated close to the government ministries. Aid workers and French government folks will customarily stay there. There are old and new wings, the old wing is certainly inferior to the Carlton, the new wing on a par or better. The Colbert has a lovely spa, two restaurants and a coffee shop/patisserie. The efficient and knowledgeable staff will help you navigate the challenges of the city. 140 rooms.
  • Hotel Carlton, [10]. This hotel was formerly the Hilton Madagascar, and is now a member hotel within Summit Hotels & Resorts. It is not known whether the new affiliation has caused significant changes. The Carlton boasts 2 restaurants, 2 bars and an internet cafe, some rooms have nice views of the lake, and it is near the football (meaning soccer) stadium. 170 rooms.

- Best hotel in town - WESTERN STANDARDS - felt secure and comfortable - hotel Cafe Charly is SO good!

Stay safe

  • Beware of dogs! Tana is loaded with stray dogs, some of whom will occasionally harass passers-by for scraps or bark, growl and chase humans off their territory. If accosted by a stray dog, look for a rock or bottle or something to throw at it, then let fly. If nothing is available start screaming and clapping your hands. If this doesn't work, run. These animals also leave their marks behind...many locals refer to Tana as "Antaybe" (place of much poop).
  • Beggars can also be a nuisance, especially groups of children. A polite but firm "Non, merci" or "Tsy misy (tsee meesh)" (add "Tompoko (toom-pook)" when speaking to anyone older than you) should do the trick. If not, shout "Mandehana! (man-day-han)" (Go Away!). Try to avoid handing out cash, candy or trinkets to simply encourages more begging.
  • Be wary of groups of older children begging in the centre, they may try and snatch exposed jewellery or bags.
  • Don't be alarmed by taxis or vehicles with holes in the floor, springs poking out of the seats, missing mirrors or broken windows. Malagasy motor vehicles may not be much to look at and not much fun to ride in, but for the most part they run well and the engines are well-maintained.
  • The Malagasy currency was devalued recently. The former Malagasy Franc (Franc Malgache) is now obsolete. The new currency is called the Ariary (Ar-ee-ar) and is worth 5 Francs. For example, 10,000 Francs = 2000 Ariary. When negotiating a price, ALWAYS CONFIRM THE AMOUNT IN ARIARY. Many locals take advantage of tourists by simply stating the amount due without specifying the currency, so many tourists are duped into paying 5 times the actual amount due because of Franc/Ariary confusion.
  • It is generally not advisable for non French speaking tourists to wander around the city unaccompanied by a guide or local. There have been incidents in which gangs have robbed tourists when it was clear that they are not familiar with their surroundings. There have also been incidents of kidnappings of tourists for ransom money.


Embassies & Consulates

  • Gr-flag.png Greece, Β.P. 1442, Antananarivo, Madagascar, +261 0 20-22-394-40 (fax: +261 0 20-22-394-44).
  • Ja-flag.png Japan, Villa Chrysantheme III, Ambohijatovo-Analamahitsy, +261 0 20-22-493-57 (fax: +261), [2].
  • Us-flag.png United States, Lot 207 A, Point Liberty, Andranoro, Antehiroka, +261 20-22-212-57 (fax: +261), [3].

Get out

There is a lot of hustle and bustle but not really much for the casual tourist to do, and you run the gauntlet of aggressive beggars if you frequent the central shopping area. Also, due to the altitude, the capital is significantly colder than the coastal areas. Probably sensible to allocate no more than a couple of days to Tana. There are actually a number of things to do in Tana and, if you can see beyond the poverty, the city is really attractive and a photographers dream. The architecture is a mix of French Countryside and Indonesia. Rice paddies scattered all over the city add a brilliant green to the pastel terracotta of the buildings. The market is wonderful offering many unique souvenirs and if you do not want to barter then try Lisy, a collection of shops with similar produce to the market at excellant prices. The Lemur Park, 45 minutes out of Tana, is well worth a visit and for gourmets there are some surprisingly good restaurants. Travel out of the capital is by two modes: road or air. Contrary to the main Madagascar article, as of 2005 there was no passenger rail service from the capital. Road transport is by bus to limited destinations, taxi-brousse (shared taxi) to a variety of destinations or by car rental (usually with driver). Although travel by taxi-brousse is guaranteed to try one's patience and sanity, there is quite possibly no better way to meet and interact with the locals and experience Madagascar as the Malagasy do. Air travel is the recommended method, due to the poor state of many roads, and Antananarivo is the hub city for the national carrier Air Madagascar. But of course air is more expensive. Recommended next stops are Morondava and/or Nosy Be.

This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

Create category