Alamogordo  is a town in southeastern New Mexico, in the USA. The population was 35,582 at the 2000 census. The city name is a Spanish word meaning "fat cottonwood".
Alamogordo began as a small hamlet for ranchers and farmers due to the railroad passing through the city. The first nuclear bomb was detonated outside Alamogordo at the Whitesands Missle Range in 1945. It currently exists as the county seat for Otero County and to support Holloman Airforce Base and White Sands Missile Range.
U.S. Route 54, 70 and 82 all go through Alamogordo. U.S. 54 meet El Paso about 90 miles to the south. U.S. 70 & 84 meet Las Cruces and I-25 about 70 miles to the southwest. U.S. 54 North goes through Tularosa and Carrizozo where it meets U.S. 380. U.S. 380 west will meet up with San Antonio, NM and I-25. U.S. 70 will head northeast to Ruidoso. Finally, 82 east will meet Artesia and U.S. 285 after 110 miles. From there it is 40 miles north to Roswell and 35 miles south to Carlsbad, two popular tourist attractions.
Alamogordo-White Sands Regional Airport (IATA: ALM, ICAO: KALM), is located just outside of Alamogordo. Mesa Airlines provides service from Alamogordo to Albuquerque and Roswell on a Beechcraft 1900 twice a day. The closest major airport is El Paso International Airport 90 miles to the south.
Greyhound provides bus service to Alamagordo.
Depsite the railroad going through Alamogordo, no commuter service is available and Union Pacific ceased stopping there at the beginning of 2006.
Alamogordo is a small city and one could easily walk most of the city.
There are two taxi services available:
- Dollar Cab, 505-434-8294
- T-N-T Taxi Service, (505) 437-2292
Public transportation is provided by Z-Tranz (505) 439-4900.
- New Mexico Museum of Space History, off US 54, +1 877 333-6589, . A surprisingly large complex of museums and displays including the International Space Hall of Fame and a piece of moon rock. The museum hosts a well-regarded youth camp in the summer. The parking lot contains the grave of Ham, the first chimp in space. 7 days, 9-5 except Christmas; fee $2.50 (some discounts apply), with additional $6 fees (discounts) for the Imax theater.
- Alamogordo Park and Zoo, 1321 N White Sands Blvd, +1 505 439-4290, . The oldest zoo in the Southwest. It was established in 1898 by the railroad. The zoo contains about 300 animals of 90 different species. The zoo has a playground area and shaded picnic tables that are included in the entry fee. Hours 9 am to 5 pm every day except Christmas & New Years Day. Under 2, Free, Age 3 to 11 and 60+, $1.1a, Age 12 to 59, $2.20.
- The Toy Train Depot, +1 505 437-2855, . The Toy Train Depot has a small-scale train ride departing every 30 minutes from the depot, circling Alameda Park. Hundreds of model train and toy trains are on display inside the 100-year-old depot, including a 1,000 square foot HO layout depicting Alamogordo in the 1940’s. The Toy Train Depot houses the smallest scaled working train in the world. Hours are noon to 5 pm Wednesday through Sunday.
- Tularosa Basin Historical Museum, 1301 North White Sands Blvd, +1 505 434-4438, . It is adjacent to the Alameda Park & Zoo and has a large display of articles and photos of the history and early days of the area. Open 10 am to 4 pm Monday - Friday; 10 am to 3 pm on Saturday. Closed Sundays. Free.
- Trinity Site Tour - +1 800 826-0294, departs from Tularosa High School Athletic Field. The trinity site (where the first nuclear bomb was detonated) is open twice a year for tours. The tours begin at 6:30 am and cost $35. They happen on the first saturday of April and October.
- Desert Lake Golf Course - 2351 Hamilton Rd, +1 505 437-0290, . Desert Lakes Golf Course is a true “desert” beauty with the Sacramento Mountains in the background. This is quickly emerging as one of the finest 18-hole golf courses in southern New Mexico. It recently was renovated to make it a more challenging and beautiful course. Open 7- days per week weather permitting.
- Holloman Airforce Base - Hwy 70 just west of Alamogordo, . Holloman is home to the F-117 Stealth Fighter and will soon be home to the F-22 Raptor.
- It has static displays of the F-117 Steal on the third thursday of each month.
- Every two years they put on a large air show. The next airshow will be Friday, October 26th - Sunday, October 28th 2007.
- The Northrop Grumman Lunar Lander Challenge occurs at Holloman. Put on by X-Prize, teams compete for a chance to will $2 million for completing a series of challenges in a competition designed to find technology for the next generation of lunar landers. This year it will coincide with the airshow, Friday, October 26th - Sunday, October 28th 2007.
Carolina's (s. White Sands ave) has good Mexican food. Don't let the "atmosphere" scare you off.