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El Regne de Bahrain [1] és un arxipèlag de l'Orient Mitjà. Està situat al Golf Pèrsic, al bell mig d'una estreta i profunda badia amb Aràbia Saudita a l'oest i Qatar a l'est. És força popular entre els viatgers per la seva autèntica cultura Àrab, tot i que no s'hi aplica la llei islàmica amb el fervor d'altres països veïns; un exemple: l'alcohol és legal. Tot i que té una economia fortament basada en el petroli, la seva afinitat amb la cultura consumista occidental l'ha convertit en una mecca comercial; i la seva moderació pel què fa al control social i religiós, ha ajudat a desenvolupar-hi una classe mitjana cosmopolita més fàcilment que en els països veïns, amb relativament poca proporció tant d'elits riques com de masses empobrides.


Aproximadament, de nord a sud trobem:

  • Muharraq - una illa unida per un pas elevat, al nord-est de la capital
  • Manama - l'àrea metropolitana de la capital
  • Bahrain Nord - la zona nord-occidental, principalment urbana
  • Bahrain Central - just al sud de l'àrea de la capital, també força urbana
  • Bahrain Sud - bona part de la resta de l'illa, principalment rural
  • Illes Hawar - un grup d'illes molt a prop de la costa de Qatar



Map of Bahrain

Bahrain és el més petit dels estats independents del Golf Pèrsic, i sovint ha caminat per la corda fluixa diplomàtica en relació amb els seus veïns més grans. El país disposa d'unes quantes reserves importants de petroli, però malgrat això (o com a complement), el país s'ha establert com a un centre important de refinament, així com del sector de la banca internacional.


Oficialment, funciona a 220V, 50Hz. La majoria d'endolls són del tipus estàndard britànic de tres pues (tipus BS-1363). Per tant, els viatgers dels Països Catalans, així com de bona part de la resta del món s'han de proveir d'adaptadors per tal de poder utilitzar aparells elèctrics Bahrain.


La millor època per a visitar Bahrain és entre els mesos de Novembre i Març, tot i que l'Octubre i l'April són també força suportables. Assegureu-vos de portar algun jersei o roba d'abric al període Desembre-Març -les nits poden ser fredes. L'estiu de Bahrain, de Maig a Setembre, és molt calorós i humit, tot i que vents frescos del nord bufen ocasionalment i alleugereixen una mica l'ambient. Més freqüents, però, són els qaws, els vents calents i secs d'estiu que poden dur tempestes de sorra.


Els i les ciutadans dels següents estats poden obtenir un visat de dues setmanes a totes les fronteres i aeroports. El seu preu és de 5 dinars (BHD).

Alemanya, Andorra, Armènia, Austràlia, Àustria, Azerbaidjan, Bielorússia, Bèlgica, Brunei, Canadà, Xina, Dinamarca, Estònia, Finlàndia, França, Geòrgia, Gran Bretanya (3 mesos), Grècia, Hong Kong, Irlanda (3 mesos), Islàndia, Itàlia, Japó, Kazakhstan, Kirguizistan, Letònia, Liechtenstein, Lituània, Luxemburg, Malàisia, Mònaco, Holanda, Nova Zelanda, Noruega, Portugal, Rússia, San Marino, Singapur, Espanya, Suècia, Suïssa, Tadjikistan, Tailàndia, Turquia, Turkmenistan, Ucraïna, USA, Uzbekistan, Vaticà.

Per aire

En cotxe

Un pas elevat connecta Bahrain amb Aràbia Saudita.

En bus

Saudi-Bahraini Transport Company (Sabatco) té un servei de busos regular de Khobar a Manama centre.

En vaixell


Taxis in Manama are negotiable in price. They will ask for as much as 15 dinar (US$30-40) but you should not pay more than 3 dinar for a ride anywhere in the city. Hard negotiation will be necessary to accomplish this.

Taxis are supposed to be metered. The drivers will often say their meter is broken, or cover it. Insist they use their meter, or call Radio Meter Taxi (+973 17 682999) or Speedy Cab for a fair honest price.

There are also public buses that run to many parts of the island. Bus fares are low, but understanding the system can be very confusing for visitors, due to difficulties in obtaining bus schedules and maps.


The languages spoken are Arabic, English, Persian (Farsi), Urdu. Hindi is also understood and even spoken by many on the island.


The Bahraini dinar is pegged at one to ten with the Saudi Riyal to facilitate tourism. Both nation's bank-notes are accepted in Bahrain. Since the Riyal is pegged to the US$, we can say the dinar is also linked to the greenback.

One dinar is equal to ten Saudi Riyals or to US$2.67. US$1 is equal to 0.375 Bahraini dinars.

A visit to the local suk (sook) is a must. There you can negotiate the price on “rolexes”, jewelry, and many other gifts. The suk is also home to many excellent tailors. If you're there for long enough (say a week) then you can take a favourite clothing item in and they will "clone" it precisely in any material you select from the huge range available.


Where food is concerned, a full spectrum of price ranges and cuisines can be found in Bahrain.

For food in the lower price range, the best places to go are the areas around Exhibition Avenue and Adlyia, as well as parts of Manama and the Souq. It should be noted that in Bahrain, low-prices attached to food do not necessarily denote quality or taste, as some of the tastiest meals on the island can be had for under a dinar. Of special note are "Habara Snacks & Fish," "Century Restaurant," and the somewhat pricier "Al-Abraaj." American fast food franchises such as Burger King and McDonalds are ubiquitous as well.

Western (mostly American) style-foods and franchises can be found around the malls and in the city center, offering food for upper mid-range prices. Restaurants carrying international foods can be found in these areas as well.

Higher priced food can end up running quite a bill in Bahrain, though the taste is very often worth it. Most upscale hotels have several restaurants, allowing you to sample things from all over the world. Of special mention are: "Lanterns", an Indian restaurant with great food and lovely decor next to Burgerland Roundabout in Budaiya. "Zahle", a tasty Lebanese place with daily buffets and live entertainment. And "Trader Vic's", a polynesian dining/drinking experience, located on the grounds of the Ritz Carlton


Although Bahrain – which has relatively liberal laws regarding alcohol – has long been popular with tourists from Saudi Arabia and other nearby "dry" countries, in May 2007 the government imposed restrictions that limit sales to bars in five-star hotels, and banned alcohol in restaurants near mosques, schools, or residential areas. It's unclear how strongly this will be enforced.


Mostly public schools, but enough private schools to serve majority of overseas. Modern Knowledge School (MKS), Bahrain School, St Christopher's School ( educates to British GCSE and A-level qualifications and has a very diverse base, with students from many ethnic backgrounds, although most British expats working in Bahrain send their children there. There is also a school mostly frequented by the children of Indian expats.

Also many private universities and Bahrain University located in Sukheer next to Bahrain International Circuit.


Bahrain has a number of expatriates (they make up almost 30% of the population). The predominant industry is the financial sector where over 400 banks are licensed, although only about 30 can accept deposits from retail customers- the rest are basically investment houses. The construction industry is also finding takers in Bahrain. Large building complexes(commercial and residential) are coming up.

For an expat, life is easy. By law, a company must provide:- a) House or housing allowance b) Medical insurance c) Free flights home every year d) A additive salary of a minimum of 15 days for every year worked (there are slabs according to the number of years worked) e) No personal income or sales tax in Bahrain

At present, there is a 1% charge on salary (gosi tax) which goes to subsidize the unemployed, but a lot of employers are taking the bonus of paying it themselves instead of deducting it from the salary.

Most executive positions would have their children's education sponsored.

Working hours differ across different industries. Government offices work from 7:30 to 2:00; banks from 7:00 to 3:00.

Stay safe

Large demonstrations can occur at any time, can sometimes become violent but are typically NOT anti-western. Avoid areas where crowds of personnel appear to be assembling.

Stay healthy

Drink plenty of water. April through November can be very hot (up to 45 ºC) and humid. It is important to stay hydrated, especially if you are outdoors during the day. Bottled water is sold practically everywhere in the city from "Cold Stores" and small restaurants at very reasonable prices. In the souk, walking vendors offer small chilled bottles but you may end up paying more than the bottle is really worth. If you are living in Bahrain for an extended period of time, you can set up an arrangement for a neighborhood Cold Store to delliver bottled water to your flat, or sign up for water delivery through several companies on the island.


Bahrain is a fairly gracious host nation but it is imperative to demonstrate respect and courtesy in reference to their particular cultural practices and religion at all times. When out in places where local Arabs can be found it is advisable to wear long trousers, not shorts, even when it is hot out, and women should wear long sleeves. However, in beach clubs and hotels, swimsuits, bikinis and shorts are okay to wear. Do not show signs of affection to members of the opposite sex in public or risk being mistaken as one with very loose morals and you will be treated accordingly. People of the opposite sex HAVE been arrested for lip kissing in public and it is just not socially accepted. Men will frequently be seen hugging and kissing other men in public and women may hold hands with other women. This does NOT imply that they are homosexual in the Arab world, it is simply their custom. Always avoid any confrontation and never become involved in an argument. In general it is desirable to understand and respect the culture in which you live or enjoy your vacation.