Called Pengcheng in ancient times, Xuzhou is the most ancient city in Jiangsu and presently the center of the Huaihai economic development zone. Xuzhou was the second-largest political center of Jiangsu in the Han Dynasty, though it was destroyed by an earthquake in 1688. It was also the location of the Battle of Xuzhou and the Huaihai Campaign in the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Civil War, respectively.
Xuzhou is a major rail hub - very easy to get to by train. It is three hours from Nanjing on a high-speed train. Most importantly, it's the halfway point between Beijing and Shanghai on the Shanghai-Beijing High Speed Railway. (On average, it's 3 hrs to China's political capital and 3 hrs to China's fashion and enterprise capital via high-speed rail). Xuzhou is easily accessible by rail from Guangzhou, Xiamen, and Hangzhou as well.
Please note that many foreigners wanting to travel to Xuzhou have accidently bought tickets to Suzhou (near Shanghai) instead of Xuzhou because the names sound so similar - and possibly because so few foreigners go to Xuzhou by train. So, it is highly useful to show the Chinese characters of Xuzhou (徐州) in order to convince the ticket officer and to overcome the phonetic confusion.
Once you arrive at Xuzhou East Railway Station, located just east of downtown, head downstairs from the platform and exit through the automated ticket check. Follow the signs to find taxis and buses into the city.
Xuzhou Guanyin Airport is 45 kilometres southeast of the city, with direct flights to/from Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Chengdu, Dalian, Xiamen, and Guilin. You can access the city by shuttle bus, which costs around ￥20.
Though the CBD is small enough to explore on foot, the buses are cheap (￥1 ordinary, ￥2 air-conditioned), regular, and easy to figure out within the city. You can buy tickets on the bus, but you must have exact change. Announcements are only in Chinese, but bus stop signs and maps have pinyin transliterations.
Taxis are abundant and quite cheap. You'll find many types - green/white VWs, black Citroëns, or red/yellow Hyundais. The fares run quite cheap, starting at ￥7 for the first 3 kilometres and ￥1.6 for every additional kilometre within 3-6km. Pay with cash or WeChat Pay.
Xuzhou is currently constructing a three line metro system, due to open in September 2019 (Line 1) and September 2020 (Lines 2, 3). You will be able to take a subway train directly from Xuzhou East Railway Station into the CBD and the eastern part of the city on Line 1.
Dog meat tacos on Heqing Lu, between Pengcheng Lu and Jie Fang Lu. There are two alleys leading off from Heqing Lu and you want the one closest to Pengcheng Lu. Quite easy to find. Look for a collection of skinned dog carcasses hung up on the corner, usually having the last bits of fur cleaned from them with a propane torch. The bread is amazing, cooked in a stone oven, a bit salty, a bit sweet, coated in sesame seeds. The dog meat is tender and flavorful and stringy, torn from a pile of bones in a big metal tray (you can't dog meat with a knife).
Sha tang. Everyone in Xuzhou knows the cute little story about the Emperor tasting this soup and asking what the name was. The chef thought the emperor was calling it "What? soup," so he changed the name to that. It's a thick, mucus-y soup full of eel, chicken meat (originally pheasant or other game meat), beans, and a ton of black pepper. The best place to cop it is Ma Shi Jie (马市街), a joint on Jie Fang Lu that's the city's recognized favorite sha tang place (there's also a branch on Heping Lu, near the church but popular opinion says it's just not as good). The soup here comes from a massive pot, as tall as the man ladeling it out. Outside, you buy your dipping items: fried dumplings, salty fried dough, etc. The clientele is mainly ancient men that have been eating it for breakfast every day for fifty years and come equipped with their own bowls and spoons.
In this city, the people that go to nightclubs are crewcut and corrupt businessmen and massage parlor owners that hotbox the joint with fake Marlboros and drink Chivas by the gallon, while a pretty little prostitute perches on either side of them.
Armani is the classiest, the closest thing to a genuine nightclub. Beer for ¥30 (fake Corona for the same price), then bottles of Chivas whiskey. You've got the usual provincial Chinese city nightclub fare. Dance mixes of Mando-pop songs, men dirty dancing with each other, a few boys that dance in a glass cube behind the bar, lots of smoke, lots of fun. You will be encouraged to dance on top of things, remove your shirt, and join in, but watch out for prostitutes and gangsters. (Really, just the prostitutes of gangsters. You don't want to get a bottle of Heineken in the back of the head for being too friendly with one of the girls.)
All other clubs are near Armani. Check out Red Bar, S.O.S., Catwoman Bar and Virgin Bar. Those five are reasonably safe and alright and legit.
Taiwan Bar is near the downtown, at the intersection of Huai Hai Lu and Jie Fang Lu. It's dirty as hell and the most ideal place in the city to be offered drugs with your fruit platter. (Really, you are offered drugs from the moment you enter to the moment you leave). The clientele is sweaty, shirtless kids with a ton of tattoos and facial scars. You can sing karaoke in front of a crowd and buy cheap vodka, though. And the boss is always happy to see new people and the waitresses are effective in discouraging local thugs from offering you the powder-encrusted straw too many times.
Cheap hotels are everywhere. Most hotels in the city only run about ¥200 but they don't offer much more than the ¥80 joints near the train station. Remember, ask to look at the room before you agree to stay. Please, just say, "kan kan" and smile and check to see that you can really stay there.
If you really, really care about comfortable living, there's Golden Kue downtown at the intersection of Huai Hai Lu and Jie Fang Lu. Ask your taxi driver and give him a price and he'll take you somewhere decent, as a rule.