Wulingyuan is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Hunan, China.
Wulingyuan Scenic Area is comprised of several national parks, the most famous of which is Zhangjiajie National Forest Park, a 243 square mile park full of stunning karst pillars of sandstone, covered with sub-tropical rainforest. The park is often covered in fog, adding to the mystery but obscuring views.
Wulingyuan was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1992.
Flora and fauna
Wulingyuan covers 3 natural reserves, and contains over 500 tree species, including dawn redwood, believed extinct until it was re-identified in 1948. There are also giant salamanders, rhesus monkeys, and many bird types
There is extensive fog in the park at times, and summers are very humid. Temperatures vary greatly between early morning and late afternoon. In May, mornings can be a temperate 18°C but rapidly reaching 30°C by noon.
Wulingyuan is 155 miles northwest of Changsha. The best way to get in is to take transit from Zhangjiajie city. The closest domestic airport is Zhangjiajie Hehua Airport (IATA airport code DYG; formerly named Dayong Airport). A taxi from Zhangjiajie city to Wulingyuan entrance should cost about 100RMB. A 1 hour minibus (20 yuan) goes from the main bus station in Zhangjiajie City to the village of Zhangjiajie Cun, at the entrance to the park. You pay on the bus so there is no need to wait in line at the ticket window. The bus will drop you off at the main bus station in Zhangjiajie Cun at which point you can either walk about 15 minutes to the entrance of the park, take a public bus for 1RMB or a taxi for 5RMB). The bus station in Zhangjiajie is situated right next to the main train station, next to the McDonalds. To locate the minibuses, head out to the waiting area and keep heading left until you see a large gathering of minibuses.
Please note the park has several entrances, the most common ones are Zhangjiajie, described above, and Wulingyuan (武陵源) Village, further to the northeast, near the BaoFeng Lake.
Wulingyuan village can be reached directly by long distance bus from Fenghuang (8.30, 14.30 ¥110, 3.5hr) and Changsha (7:50, 9:20, 14:30, ¥103, 5hr).
Warning: Be careful with the taxi drivers in the parking lot. They're probaby unwilling to use the meter. They may claim that your destination is very far and attempt to charge you a "parking lot fee". Call your hotel/hostel to find how much the trip should cost and ask them to speak with a taxi driver for you. It should cost only 20-40 RMB total for a trip from the airport to Zhangjiajie city.
As of April 2015, the only option available from the ticket office at the main entrance is the comprehensive ticket, which costs ¥248 in the high season and ¥145 in the low season and includes 4 day park pass, free rides on the internal bus system, and some sort of insurance (¥3). Students under 23 years with valid student ID (foreign students are required to bring their passports to prove their age) can buy student tickets for 160 in the high season and 80 in the low season (+¥3 insurance).
Chinese citizens can also get a discount ticket if you are 60 years old or older. At present, it appears they do not offer the senior discount to foreigners. You need your passport to prove your age. *August 18 2016 as a foreigner, able to get discounted tickets with passport.
7 days admission ticket is 298 yuan, and 193 yuan for students and elders.
There are effectively two levels to the park - upper (on the tops of the mountains) and lower (at the base)). Each level offers free bus transport between key locations. You can hike between the levels (a one - two hour walk depending on the route and fitness) or take the cable cars/ elevator (for a fee).
There are three cable cars in the park. One is near Zhangjiajie Cun and runs for half a mile up to the top of Huang Shi Zhai. The Huang Shi Village Cable Car takes you to some nice mountain top viewpoints, but the only way off the mountain is to walk back down or return on the cable car.
Near the Wulingyuan entrance and Suoxiyu Cun is the Tianzi Mountain Cable Car (¥85, students: ¥43). Here you access the summit of Tianzi Mountain and walk another half mile to a road to the north. From the road near the top, you can take the free bus to other locations in the upper level of the park.
The third and newest cable car, Yangjiajie, goes from near Xiangzhizi Administrative Station at the bottom to near Wulong Village Administrative Station at the top. It is accessible by vehicle from the Yangjiajie entrance to the park at the northwest. If you try to get to this cable car by bus from the Zhangjiajie entrance, it suddenly stops at a turnaround and trailhead. From there, you must walk up a stairway about 1/2 mile to another bus stop, where you can catch a minibus down to the the cable car lower station. At the top of the cableway, you can catch the minibus to the Tianzi mountain area, the First Bridge area, and the top of the Elevator.
There is also the Bailong Elevator (¥70, students: ¥35 each way) up to the top, from near Suoxiyu Office at the bottom to the First Bridge area. The elevator starts inside the mountain but reveals an impressive view through one glass wall as you reach the top.
Many other roads go across the park, and many hiking trails go in between those. It is possible to avoid every cable-car/lift/mini-train by one of the paved paths nearby (1 to 2.5h).
There are 2 free bus routes in the park. One that essentailly services the valleys (big purple buses), and one that does the tops (smaller brown buses) to connect these 2 routes one must walk up the mountain, take a cable car, or the elevator.
Last buses are at 7pm (confirm before making plans to hike in darkness).
On a large number of the popular paths, including ones that climb the mountains, you can pay to be taken in a sedan chair (carried) for all or sections of the path. There are signs in chinese with prices.
In case of heavy rainfall, some roads/paths may be closed. On the 27th June 2016, the road going to the Bailong elevator was cut by the river just after the Natural Gallery mini-train. Moreover, the Golden Whip Stream path and the trail going to Yaozizai was closed a few hundred meters after the Zhangjiajie entrance without notification.
There are two main ticketing gates, one at Zhangjiajie (West side often also referred to as sēnlín gōngyuán) and one at Wulingyuan (East side). From each of those gates there are buses that take you up to the actual park entrance for free. There are official minibuses operating outside the park gates that can also transport you from one entrance to the other for 10RMB (30 minute ride). For example, if you are near the Wulingyuan entrance,
- go to the main bus stop (汽车站 qìchē zhàn）
- ask specifically for 张家界森林公园 Zhāngjiājiè sēnlín gōngyuán (often abbreviated to just sēnlín gōngyuán)
Note: Buses running between entrances and within the park are limited during the tourist low season. As of April 2015, the buses in and around the park stop running around 7pm, but sometimes stop earlier if tourist numbers are low.
View from the "fourth floor" at Huanglong Dong Cave (Yellow Dragon Cave)
To understand better where these places are, a few different kinds of maps can be found on the official governmental site. This map is better than any of the official government maps. Zhangjiajie Map
- Hiking The main highlight is following the many paths through the stunning sandstone landscape. It can be quite daunting at times, so the above mentioned cable cars help. The park is enormous and there is no way you can see it all, even in two days, so it's important to plan ahead and know which areas you want to visit. The signage in the park is not always adequate, so buy a map from a vendor in the village before you go in (be carefull some maps contain path inaccuracies. some maps are in both Chinese and English). It's a good idea to use the free bus network within the park to get from one hiking area to another.
It may be advisable to hire a local guide to show you around the park. They are not readily available at the entrance and generally have to be found in town. As guides are not so common as other attractions, such as the Terracotta Warriors, they are generally not so expensive. But also often do not speak English.
Some highlights of hiking include the following natural landmarks:
- Kongzhong Tianyuan. This garden sits on an outcropping surrounded by slender peaks edit
- Xianren Qiao (Bridge of the Immortals). This spectacular, narrow rock bridge is over a deep chasm, with no railings. Access to the bridge is blocked by barbed wire, but some daredevils choose to walk over it anyway. There are several amazing look-out points you can walk to nearby, including Great Viewing Platform, Emperor's Throne, and Cock-Pecking. edit
- First Bridge of the World (天下第一桥 - Tian Xia Di Yi Qiao). This is a natural rock bridge similar to Xianren Qiao, but with guard rails that make it much safer to walk across. The bridge itself is really just a minor part of the incredible panoramic views to be seen along this short and easy trail. The area surrounding this bridge is known informally as the Avatar mountains, and possibly the most touristed part of the park. Not to be missed. edit
- Heavenly Pillar, (Near First Bridge of the World). Sold as Hallelujah Mountain from the Avatar movie. Part of the Avatar Mountains edit
- Tianzi Mountain. The highest area in the park at 3,450 feet can be reached by taking a cable car or one can climb up a 3,878 step stairway. ¥67 one-way on the cable car. edit
- Yupi Feng, (Tianzi mountain summit). These thin, spiky columns hundreds of feet high are featured on stamps and resemble calligraphy letters edit
- 10 Mile Natural Gallery. Contrary to the name this is 5.8km long walk up a valley with gentle gradient and good views. There is also monorail mini train that follows the path. Turning right past the end of the train leads you into the climb up Tianzi Mountain. The mini train looks actually shorter (~2km) than what the signs claim (trying, by the way, to sell you the train...): it only took us 20 minutes to go down this easy path. ¥62 one-way on the train. edit
- Yaozizai (Yaozi Village). Unlike the other attraction points with nice scenery this area is much less crowded. You may hardly encounter a few people here for hours of hiking. This area can be reached from either ends of the Golden Whip Stream path. There is a also a turn to the Yaozizai area near Zicao Pool at the Golden Whip Stream path. The section of path from the natural flyover (Heavenly Bridge) to the 4 streams end of Golden Whip stream is apparently closed as of June 2014. edit
- Golden Whip Stream (Jinbian Brook). This famous stream begins near the Zhangjiajie village park entrance and continues for several kilometres through the park. There is a walking path along the length of the stream, from where you can look up at the karsts all around you.
A few minutes into the route is a great place for spotting monkeys. At around the halfway point (200 meters before Zicao Pool) you will come to a restaurant/souvenir shop. At this point there is a bridge across the stream, which leads to a different trail (about 4.5 km) through the Shadao Gully. The second half of the Shadao Gully trail is a steep flight of steps, but it leads to one of the most beautiful areas of the park. At the top of the staircase is a road with frequent upper level buses that can take you to the First Bridge of the World (to the right) or to Xianren Qiao (to the left) and many other places. There is also Zhongtian International Youth Hostel (Yuanjiajie) just 50 m to the right along the road (see Lodging below).
If you continue along the Golden Whip Stream c. 200 m after Zicao Pool you will come to "Meeting of Thousands of Ways" attraction point. Here you can turn to another trail which eventually leads you to the following attraction points with great views: Back Garden, Enchanting Terrace, First Bridge of the World (see below).
After another 2 km of walking the Goldern Whip Stream path ends by a bus station with souvenir shops and food outlets. From here you can take a bus to the lower stations of Bailong elevator, sightseeing mini-train, Tianzi Mountain cable car and also to the Wulingyuan park entrance. edit
- Sadao Gully, (One end is on Golden Whip Stream Path. There is also a track that connects the YHA to this path). A narrower more intimate version of Golden Whip Stream that sees almost no tourists. A great place to find some quiet walking. edit
Other attractions in the area (Wulinguan side), about a 10 yuan taxi-ride away (Negotiate with the driver) include:
- Baofeng Hu (Lake), (Southern end of Baofeng road, can take the number 2 bus from the Wulingyuan Entrance ¥1). This pristine artificial lake has boat trips, additional hiking trails, and occasionally traditional performances of the Tujia minority which is native to the area. ¥98 (includes boat trip). edit
- Huanglong Dong (Yellow Dragon Cave). The longest cave in Asia, lit up in technicolor the way only the chinese could manage. When you enter, you will walk about 10 minutes to a short boat ride through the cave's river that will take you to your landing point. You will then walk for about 1.5-2hours back to where you started. The walk is very safe, the steps are only a short depth rather than high and hard to climb. If it is raining, bring an umbrella or rain jacket as the water dripping into the cave will be much greater! ¥100 + ¥15 for Labyrinth section. edit
Other attractions in Zhangjiajie City:
- Tianmen Mountain, (Cable car is located near the bus and train stations). 8am-6pm. The table top mountain 4,982 feet can be reached by taking the world's longest cable car (7,455m). The cable car runs from Zhangjiajie city over a few small hills to center station halfway up. You can not get of on the way up to the summit, but on the way down you get out here to catch a bus to the hole in the mountain. The infrastructure on the summit is excellent, there are cliff face walkways around the mountain (about 7km for a full loop of the top), including a section of 60m glass walkway, an elevator to take you from a tunnel connected to the cable car station to the Heavenly Peak Pavilion, a chairlift connecting the Tianmenshan temple with the Heavenly Peak Paviliion, and there is currently an escalator being built to take you from the mountain top to near the top of the hole in the mountain stairs. The views of the scenery are very good when clear. Signs and maps are in English. The hole in the mountain cave is accessed by bus on the way down. The bus arrives at a parking lot with eateries and what looks like a mall under construction, then there are about 999 steps to climb to make it to the cave itself. The park is closed one week in February for routine maintenance. ¥258 for return cablecar and bus to hole in the mountain. ¥5 for glass walkway. ¥25 for one-way on the summit chair lift. (June 2014). edit
Warning: The restaurants inside Zhangjiajie National Forest Park may present menus printed with ridiculous tourist prices (for example, 388 RMB = 55 USD for a whole chicken dish). However, you can try to bargain. After some heated insistence, we were able to get more than 50% off the menu prices. It's better to save your appetite (and money) for the string of restaurants located outside the park entrance, which still offer expensive food, however, the items above 100 RMB are often locally sourced/hunted ingredients. Cheaper food can usually be ordered from the menu.
- McDonalds, (Tianzi Mountain Summit and Bridge of the world). For a truely cultural experience one can visit the golden arches with a large dine in restaurant on the Tianzi Mountain summit, or a small takeaway shop in the carpark for First bridge of the world. edit
A lot of food stalls in the park offer bowls of fried potato, tofu, corn, noodles etc at about double the price you would normally expect to pay (¥10 for a small bowl of fried potatoes)
In Zhangjiajie Cun lots of little restaurants have exotic wildlife on display in cages outside - which turn out to constitute the menu. You can have turtle, snake, toad and a huge variety of interesting and obscure fish and shellfish. Definitely interesting. It has been suggested some of these are endangered species, however. The Giant Chinese Salamander, for example, is crtitically endagered, yet was on display at several restaurants in the area.
In Wulingyuan town there are a large number of restaurants and streets stalls including Hunan BBQ (pick your skewers of meat and vege and they cook them for you)
Note that Wulingyuan is in Hunan province, a region known for its spicy cuisine.
- E-Pino Bakery, next to bus station in Zhangjiejie city (From the bus station main entrance, walk away from the train station, it has large windows and a large sign). Above average bakery with sweet and savoury treats. Good to stock up on food for a picnic before heading into the park as there are not many restaurants or snack stalls once inside. Sit in or takeaway. Hot drinks 8-15RMB. Tasty muffins, 10RMB. 5-20RMB. edit
There are hotels in both the main villages, Zhangjiajie Cun and Suoxiyu Cun, and there are simple inns throughout the reserve.
- Qing Man Hotel, Jundi Road, Wulingyuan, Zhangjiajie (From the bus station turn left onto Jundi Road, walk about 400m and the hotel is on the right past Baixi Garden. Opposite the Kaytien National Hotel), ☎ +86 744 555 9838. Newly built hotel, opened in May 2015. The owners Richard and Sarah speak excellent English and make you feel at home from the moment you arrive. Can offer detailed information for the national park and for onward travel. Rooms are bright and tastefully decorated, comfortable bedding, clean bathrooms, 24 hour hot water, fast wifi, free laundry. Upstairs rooms are like lofts with lots of character and sloped timber roofs. Street side rooms have sunny indoor terraces. Only 200m from the Wulingyuan Ticket Office. Excellent food options are walking distance from the hotel. edit
- Yuanjiajie Zhongtian International Youth Hostel (袁家界中天国际青年旅舍), Wangqiaotai, Yuanjiajie, inside of Zhangjiajie National Park, ☎ 0744-5903315, . Simple dorms (around 60 yuan), double rooms (130-150 yuan), with laundry facilities. Also serves good, inexpensive hot food. This hostel is inside the park, making it a great place to base yourself if you don't want to return to Zhangjiajie village to sleep, assuming you don't have much luggage. Be warned that the hostel isn't easy to find. It is on top of a mountain that requires (¥72 cable car ride about each way or a ¥15 bus ride and 2 hour climb up the mountain) It also takes at least 2-3 hours to reach the hostel from the nearest Zhangjiajie or Wulingyuan park entrances, and bus services run only from 7:30am to 7:00pm during high season and only until around 6pm during low season. Be warned, during first week of October (National Day) prices triple; 120 for dorm, 370 for double (also for YHI Members). The best way is to ask locals how to get to 望桥台 Wàngqiáotái. By foot, refer to the "Golden Whip Stream" subsection. By bus, take the park bus from Wulingyuan entrance for approximately 1 hour. There is a bus transfer area 20-30 minutes walking distance from the hostel. From there, walk 5 minutes to a minibus stop, which then stops directly in front of the hostel (again, ask for Wangqiaotai stop). edit
- Destination Youth Hostel (张家界目的地人文客栈), Jundi Rd, ☎ +86 744 5558998. A small hostel just off Jundi Lu in Wulingyuan, about a 10 minute walk from the park's entrance. Around ¥30 a night for a bunk in a 6 bed dorm. The owner is friendly and it is very quiet. Basic but clean and well-maintained and is certainly a lot better than other hostels in the same price range. edit
- Qing He Jin Jiang International Hotel (青和锦江国际酒店), No. 1 Jundi Rd, ☎ +86 744 8188000. A "four star" hotel that has great customer service and decent rates. Rooms include shower and bath, large bed, large space for laying out items, chair and desk. Hotel offers laundry service, but it's expensive. However, there's a clothes line in the bathroom to wash and hang clothes yourself. Free breakfast coupons for the coffee shop, which is actually a western and Chinese buffet that makes omelets and also has kim chi. *English speaking is not common here.* The tourist information room is very helpful and they can arrange a guide and driver, for about ¥200/day (US$34 May 2013). If you call the hotel prior to arrival, a complimentary driver from the hotel will pick you up from DYG. edit
- Wulingyuan Zhongtian International Youth Hostel (武陵源青年旅舍), Baofeng Road, Wulingyuan District, Zhangjiajie,Huna, ☎ 0744-5628339, . basic hostel close to the Wulingyuan entrance at an affordable rate. Take a taxi for 10RMB from the wulingyuan entrance or the number 1 or 2 bus from the entrance for about 5-10 minutes to cài shìchǎng (vegetable market) then walk another 7 minutes past the market, over a bridge and up Baofeng road). Dorm 45RMB edit
Hiking is not good here for those with fear of heights, or dropoffs, or generally being near really steep cliffs, but you can always stick to the roads or take a boat cruise