Valley of Flowers National Park
Valley of Flowers National Park is in Uttarakhand.
Valley of flowers is famous for its outstanding natural beauty, endangered animals and endemic alpine flowers. This valley comes under the national park category of India. It is spread over an area of around 88 sq. Km.
Beautiful waterfalls, landscapes and meadow add more stars to the beauty of Valley of Flowers. This national park is surrounded by forests.
The Valley Of Flowers was unknown to the Britishers till a British mountaineers Frank Smythe and Mr. R L Holdsworth first discovered this place on 9th July 1931 while returning after successfully scaling Mt Kamet. Frank Smythe came again in the year 1935 to explore the area and collect seeds. He wrote a book called "The Valley of flowers".
Flora and fauna
Flora: Orchids, Poppies, Primulas, Calendulas, Daisies and Anemones.
Fauna: Tahr, Snow Leopard, Musk Deer, Red Fox, Common Langur, Bharal, Serow, Himalayan Black Bear, Himalayan Brown Bear.
The best time to visit is from mid-July to end of August. It's monsoon season and also the best time for the flowers to bloom. There are about 520 species of flowering plants and the area was declared as a National Park in 1982. Animals found in the valley include the Himalayan black bear, musk deer, brown bear, and bharal. A rich variety of birds and butterflies are found in this national Park. Right now one can see around 125 to 200 species of flowers.
From July to August is the best climate to trek this beautiful valley. The maximum temperature in this area goes up to 17°C and the minimum goes down to 7°C. This temperature is best to trek this high altitude valley. Average rainfall in this area is almost 1800.2 mm. Valley of flowers is located at an altitude of 3250 to 6750 meters from the sea level.
The nearest road head is Govindghat, which is an 11-hour drive from Rishikesh. The Jolly Grant airport at Dehradun (20 km from Rishikesh) is the nearest airport. From Govindghat you can hire a jeep to a spot named Pulna (4kms away). Bigger vehicles do not ply on this short stretch. From there, the village of Ghangharia is a 9 km trek. Ghangharia is the base camp for the trek to the Valley of Flowers.
Indian visitors have to pay a fees of INR 150 and foreigners Rs. 600 (Approx US $10) for a permit of three days at the entrance.
This places is surrounded by the seven snow covered peaks. Hemkund lake is holy lake for Hindus and Sikhs. Best way to reach this place is through Govind Ghat, on the Badrinath road.
Valley of Flowers Trek: As snow starts melting by the end of May, quickly new plants start germinating. This results comes to the blooming of a lot of flowers by mid-July. A total of almost 350 varieties of flowers can be found while exploring the Valley of Flowers National Park inner and deeper part of valley. 
Valley of flowers is famous for its excellent natural trekking trail, it is the home for many beautiful flowers like Cobra Lily, Blue Poppy and Brahmakamal. This is a must visit place for the flower and nature lovers.
Children below 10 years will find the trekking from govindghat to ghangharia(14 kms) very difficult on foot or on horse back. It is very tiresome even for the adults. And the trek from ghangaria to vally of flowers ( to and fro) is done on foot which is not less than 10 km. It is surely not advised for young children.
If you are really interested in various species of flowers, you can buy a CD from the check-post.
Carry/Pack your lunch or snacks from Ghangria.
Budget hotels are available at around INR 1400-1500 per night at Ghangaria. Dormitories are also available. However travellers cannot expect expensive luxury facilities. Still hotel Krishna Place is one among the better hotels. You should not stay at tents at helipad grounds as they are one kilometer from Ghangaria and you need to trek one extra kilometer both ways from there. Electricity to Ghangaria reached last year.
Staying overnight at the park is not allowed. Visitors must visit it from Ghagaria and come back before it is dark.