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Uttar Pradesh

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Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh in India (disputed hatched).svg
Flag of Uttar Pradesh.png
Quick Facts
Capital Lucknow
Government Indian State
Currency Indian rupee (INR)
Area 243,286 km2
Population 199,581,477(2011 est.)
Language Official:Hindi, English, Urdu
Regionally Spoken:Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Bundeli, Braj Bhasha, Kannauji, Khariboli
Religion Hinduism 80.6%, Islam 18.4%, Other 1%
Electricity 230V/50Hz, Indian (Old British)/European plugs
Time Zone UTC +5:30

Uttar Pradesh is a state in the Plains region of India.


  • Awadh — the central part of the state including the capital, Lucknow
  • Doab — between the Ganges and Yamuna rivers in the western and southwestern part of the state
  • Northern Bundelkhand — in the southwest of the state
  • Purvanchal — in the eastern part of the state
  • Rohilkhand — in the northern part of the state
  • Braj — in the western part of the state


  • Lucknow — the capital of Uttar Pradesh, also home to one of the IIM
  • Agra — the tourist capital of India, home to three World Heritage Sites, including the Taj Mahal
  • Prayagraj — holy place where the rivers Ganga, Yamuna & Saraswati meet
  • Ayodhya — birth Place of Lord Shri Ram and Lord Rishabhdev, first Tirthankar of the Jains.
  • Bareilly — historical city of Rohilkhand
  • Jhansi — historical city of Northern Bundelkhand
  • Kanpur — once known as the "Manchester of India", now famous for its leather works and the IIT
  • Mathura — birth place of Lord Krishna
  • Sarnath — the site of the Buddha Sakyamuni's first teaching after gaining enlightenment
  • Varanasi — sacred city once known as Benares, marked by its history and the Ganges
  • Kushinagar — mahaparinirvana of gautam Buddha

Other destinations[edit]


Uttar Pradesh has the largest population of nearly 167 million. Its is also the fifth largest state in terms of land area. The western plain is the most urban region. Agriculture is the most important section of the UP’s economy, employing about three-fourths of the work force. Uttar Pradesh has the largest production of food grain and oil seeds in India. In addition, UP ranks the first in the production of wheat, maize, barley, gram, sugar cane, and potatoes. The three most important industries of UP are sugar, cotton fabrics and diversified food preparations. Goods carrier equipment, photostat machines, chemicals, polyester fiber and steel tube galvanized sheets are the other big industries of UP.

The Kathak dance style, the most popular classical dance form in India, is nourished in UP. Today, foreign countries have also learned this elegant dance form to perfection: the beautiful Veronique Azan as an example. The countryside songs and dances are significant traits of local culture. Uttar Pradesh is famous for handicrafts such as carpet weaving, hand printing, chikan (a type of embroidery), metal enameling, brocade and brass, and ebony work. UP also has the biggest brass and copperware manufacture area in India.

The history of the State of Uttar Pradesh is very ancient and interesting. It is recognised in the later Vedic Age as Brahmarshi Desha, or Madhya Desha. Many great sages of the Vedic times like Bharadwaja, Gautam, Yagyavalkya, Vasishta, Vishwamitra and Valmiki flourished in this state. Several sacred books of the Aryans were also composed here. Two great epics of India, Ramayana and Mahabharata, appear to have been inspired by Uttar Pradesh.

In the sixth century BC Uttar Pradesh was associated with two new religions - Jainism and Buddhism. It was at Sarnath that Buddha preached his first sermon and laid the foundations of his order, and it was in Kushinagar in Uttar Pradesh, where Buddha breathed his last. Several centres in Uttar Pradesh like Ayodhya, Prayag, Varanasi and Mathura became reputed centres of learning. In the medieval period, Uttar Pradesh passed under Muslim rule and led the way to new synthesis of Hindu and Islamic cultures. Ramananda and his disciple Kabir, Tulsidas, Surdas and many other intellectuals contributed to the growth of Hindi and other languages.

Uttar Pradesh preserved its intellectual excellency even under the British administration. The British combined Agra and Oudh into one province, and called it United Provinces of Agra and Oudh. The name was shortened to the United Provinces in 1935. In January 1950, the United Provinces was renamed as Uttar Pradesh.

The state is bounded by the states of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh as well as Nepal in the north, Haryana in the west, Madhya Pradesh in the south, and Bihar in the east. Uttar Pradesh can be divided into two distinct regions, (i) Southern hills and (ii) Gangetic plain.


Bhojpuri Urdu Bundelkhandi

Get in[edit]

By Road[edit]

Uttar Pradesh is one place with risky drivers having no understanding of the lanes on the road whatsoever. You can, however, still find very decent drivers amongst such a mess. The only way to glide through swiftly amidst the intense network of roads of Uttar Pradesh is if you have an experienced driver with a lot of patience. There are many local cab providers in the area and many big brands like Ola and Uber too, however, it is advised that a tourist traveling here for the first time should take a pre-booked cab rather than trusting a local driver you just met.

Not to be scared, the roads of Uttar Pradesh will not be your worst experience in India. But a little precaution and investment will leave you beautiful memories of a lifetime.

Get around[edit]

See[edit][add listing]

  1. Sangam, Anand Bhavan, Minto Park, Sita Samahit Isthal, Company Garden, New Vamuna Bridge, and lots more in the holy city Prayagraj.
  2. Ghats at Varanasi (Kashi).
  3. Nawab's or Royal city Lucknow.
  4. Taj Mahal (Agra)

Do[edit][add listing]

Take a holy dip in Sangam at Prayagraj and visit ghats at Varanasi.

In Lucknow, where I grew up, there is a place called Chowk. Chowk has tons to offer (in terms of touristy locations like the imambaras) but what I found most fascinating (even though I grew up there) were the narrow streets of Chowk. It may be a good idea to just walk around there. Get off public transport and head into the streets that separate the high buildings. Notice the large doors that line those streets. People live and sell stuff from those. That is pretty awesome for someone not used to that lifestyle!

Eat[edit][add listing]

The cuisine consists of both vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes. Uttar Pradesh has been greatly influenced by Mughal cooking techniques. The Awadhi cuisine of Uttar Pradesh bears similarities to those of Kashmir and Punjab, and the state is famous for its Nawabi foods(of Lucknow and environs) and use of mutton, paneer, and rich spices including cardamom and saffron. Its most famous dishes include kebabs, Dum Biryani, and various Mutton recipes. The Chaat, samosa and pakora, among the most popular snacks in all of India, are also originally from Uttar Pradesh. Awadhi is a type of West-Central Uttar Pradeshi cuisine found in the state's Awadh Region. Mughlai cuisine is also integral to Western and Central Uttar Pradesh's cuisine.

Lucknow, capital city of Uttar Pradesh is a heaven for food lovers because of the sheer range of variety available there... Lucknow, before being seat of Nawabs (Kings) of Awadh region, is the birth place famous Awadhi cuisine. It is where you can find refined Muslim Indian food. Be sure to visit Old Lucknow where it's normal to have eateries which are 150-200 years old serving Famed Lucknowi Biryani(mutton & Basmati rice preparation with exotic herbs), Nehari, Kulcha, Sheermal etc. Varanasi is another city where people live for eating, but more famous for Hindu Vegetarian styles which include chaat, tikki,kachori, etc.

Drink[edit][add listing]

Stay safe[edit]

Uttar Pradesh lead India's kidnapping statistics by quite a substantial margin with 4.478 cases reported in the year 2008, 16 percent of all kidnappings happening in the country. While this mainly is concern to natives, always travel sensibly and remain vigilant.

Get out[edit]

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