User talk:Sapphire/Sandbox/Places/Ohio

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Battle Grounds and Monuments[edit]

French-Indian War

  • Battle of Fallen Timbers, small park contains a monument honoring Major General Anthony Wayne as well as smaller monuments to the soldiers and Native Americans who died in the battle. 5100 West Central Avenue, Toledo, OH 43615, 419-535-3050 or 1-800-860-0149.
  • Big Bottom, 3-acre park is the site of a 1791 battle between Ohio Company settlers and Delaware and Wyandot Tribes.
  • Fort Harmar in Marietta. The stockade was located on the Ohio River and the Muskingum River.
  • Fort Recovery In 1791, Miami Indians defeated General Arthur St. Clair's forces at this site along the Wabash River. One Fort Site Street, Ft. Recovery, OH 45846-9314, 419-375-4649 or 1-800-283-8920.
  • Schoenbrunn Village in New Philadelphia. The Moravian church founded Schoenbrunn ("beautiful spring") in 1772 as a mission to the Delaware Indians. The settlement grew to include 60 dwellings and more than 300 inhabitants who drew up Ohio's first civil code and built its first Christian church and schoolhouse. The reconstructed village includes 17 log buildings, gardens, the original mission cemetery, and a museum and visitor center. Call for information at 330-339-3636 or 1-800-752-2711.

American Revolutionary War, Fort Laurens State Memorial, located in Bolivar (Tuscarawas County) on County Road 102 about 1/2 mile south of State Route 212. Exit I-77 at State Route 212, 330-874-2059 or 1-800-283-8914. Built in 1778 in an ill-fated campaign to attack the British at Detroit, a park commemorates the location and an outline of the fort remains along with archaeological artifacts.

War of 1812

  • Fort Amanda near Wapakoneta. Call for information at 1-800-283-8713.
  • Fort Meigs (reconstructed) in Perrysburg was built on the Maumee River in 1813 under the command of William Henry Harrison (the 9th President of the US) and was instrumental in protecting northwest Ohio and Indiana from British invasion.
  • Fort Stephenson' in Sandusky was the location of another decisive victory over the British, forcing them to retreat to Canada.
  • Indian Mill in Sandusky, the restored three-story structure replaces the original one-story building that the U.S. government built in 1820 to reward the loyalty of local Wyandot Indians during the War of 1812. 108 East Wyandot Avenue, Upper Sandusky 43351, 419-294-3349 or 1-800-600-7147.
  • Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial in Put-in-Bay on South Bass Island. In the Battle of Lake Erie, Admiral Oliver Hazard Perry led a fleet of 9 ships in a major victory over the British.

Civil War (Ohio was a Union State)

  • Buffington Island (Meigs County) commemorated by a 4-acre park with a monument made of broken Ohio glacial boulders; and Salineville (also known as New Lisbon or Wellsville) located in Columbiana County. Both battles in Ohio were won by the Union Ohio Company.
  • Ohioans (including several who later became US Presidents) were also instrumental in Civil War battles throughout the US. In the Ohio Statehouse (Columbus), a monument, These Are My Jewels, memorializes 7 Ohioans who played key roles in the Civil War: Ulysses S. Grant, Philip Sheridan, Edwin M. Stanton, James A. Garfield, Rutherford B. Hayes, Salmon P. Chase, and William Tecumseh Sherman.
  • Custer Monument is a bronze statue on the site of George Armstrong Custer's birthplace (Harrison County), 46320 Cadiz-Junction Road, Hopedale, OH 43976, 740-945-6415.
  • The McCook House is located on the west side of the public square in Carrollton in Carroll County, 330-627-3345 or 1-800-600-7172. McCook family contributed 9 soldiers including 5 generals to the Union cause.

Native American Archeaology & Burial Grounds[edit]

  • Flint Ridge State Memorial, contains quarry pits where all of the ancient people of Ohio came to get flint for tools and weapons, especially the Hopewell. 7091 Brownsville Road, S.E., Glenford, OH 43739, 740-787-2476 or 1-800-283-8707.
  • Fort Ancient includes a museum containing 9000 sq. ft. of exhibits focusing on 15,000 years of American Indian history in the Ohio Valley. 6123 St Rt. 350, Oregonia, Ohio 45054, 513-932-4421 or 1-800-283-8904.
  • Fort Hill State Memorial is a nature preserve containing one of the best preserved Indian (Hopewell) hilltop enclosures in North America. 13614 Fort Hill Road, Hillsboro, OH 45133, 937-588-3221 or 1-800-283-8905.
  • Inscription Rock on the south shore of Kelleys Island, is marked with prehistoric Indian pictographs. Call for information at 419-797-4530.
  • Miamisburg Mound, Adena conical burial mound. 101 North First Street, Miamisburg, OH 45342, 937-866-4532.
  • Newark Earthworks State Memorial largest system of connected geometric earthworks, built by Hopewell 2 millenia ago. 99 Cooper Avenue, Newark, OH 43055, 740-344-1919 or 1-800-600-7178.
  • Seip Mound Hopewell burial mound in Chillicothe. Call for information at 614-297-2630 or 1-800-686-1535.
  • Serpent Burial Adena burial mound shaped like an uncoiling snake. 3850 State Route 73, Peebles, OH 45660, 937-587-2796 or 1-800-752-2757.
  • Schoenbrunn Village is located on SR-259 in New Philadelphia / Zoar, in Tuscarawas County. It can be easily accessed off of I-77, exit 81, approximately 4 miles southeast. Schoenbrunn is a preserved missionary village built by the Moravian Christian sect to convert Delaware Native Americans. Open September 6, 2005 - May 26, 2006, We-Sa 9:30AM-5PM, Su 12PM-5PM, admission fees, adults $7, children 6-12 $3, children under 6 free. Phone: +1 800 752-2711 or +1 330 339-3636.
  • Shrum Mound Adena conical burial mound in Columbus. Call for information at 614-297-2630 or 1-800-686-1535.

Underground Railroad Sites[edit]

  • Underground Railroad Freedom Center Cincinnati
  • Home of Abolitionist John Brown, 550 Copley Rd., +1 330 535-1120. The famous abolitionist called Akron his home from where he launched his fight to free slaves including the Harper’s Ferry raid in 1859.
  • Haines House Underground Railroad Museum, 186 West Market St., Alliance, 330 829-4668.
  • The Rankin House was an important stop on the Underground Railroad in southern Ohio through which many slaves escaped from the South to freedom, off of State Route 52 at the northeast edge of Ripley in Brown County, 937-392-1627 or 1-800-752-2705.
  • The Stowe House, residence of Harriett Beecher Stowe where she learned about the evils of slavery which inspired her book, Uncle Tom's Cabin. Cultural and educational center which promotes black history. 2950 Gilbert Avenue, State Route 3, U.S. 22, Cincinnati, OH 45214, 513-632-5100.
  • The State of Ohio has outlined 12 itineries for discovering Black History in Ohio, [1].

U.S. Presidential Libraries and Monuments[edit]

Ohio is known as The Mother of Presidents, having been home to eight.

  • James Garfield Cabin Moreland Hills (formerly part of Orange Township). Garfield Home - Lawnfield Mentor. Garfield Memorial in Lakeview Cemetery, Cleveland.
  • Ulysses S. Grant Birthplace is a restored one-story, three-room cottage, which was built in 1817, in Point Pleasant, in Clermont County, just off of U.S. Route 52 about five miles east of New Richmond. telephone +1 513 553-4911. Grant Boyhood Home is located 219 East Grant Avenue in Georgetown, in Brown County, and Grant Schoolhouse located at 508 South Water Street, two blocks south of State Route 125, in Georgetown.
  • Warren G. Harding Home Marion, Ohio, the restored house, built in 1891, contains original furnishings. The Presidential Library was renovated in 2005. 380 Mt. Vernon Avenue, Marion, OH 43302, telephone +1 740 387-9630 or +1 800 600-6894. Harding Tomb set in ten acres of landscaped grounds, is similar in appearance to a round Greek temple, Vernon Heights Blvd., Marion.
  • Benjamin Harrison, Harrison Hall at Miami University in Oxford. You can head over to Indiana to see his presidential museum, but his remains are entombed in North Bend, Ohio.
  • William Henry Harrison tomb and monument on Mt. Nebo in North Bend contains the remains of William Henry Harrison, located on Cliff Road west off U.S. Route 50. He was born in Virginia, later became the governmental overseer of the Old Northwest Territory, which included Ohio, and ultimately, settled in and campaigned from North Bend after the War of 1812.
  • Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center contains the Hayes residence, a library and museum, and the tomb of the president and his wife Lucy Webb Hayes. Spiegel Grove, Fremont, OH 43420, telephone +1 419 332-2081 or +1 800 998-7737.
  • William McKinley, Presidential Library and Memorial, [2], 800 McKinley Monument Drive NW, telephone +1 330 455-7043, fax +1 330 455-1137.
  • William Taft, William Howard Taft Home and National Historic Site, 2038 Auburn Avenue, Cincinnati, telephone +1 513 684-3262, fax +1 513 684-3627.
  • Behind every great man is a great woman. So, pay homage to the Presidents' wives at the First Ladies National Historic Site, 205 & 331 Market Ave. S, telephone +1 330 452-0876, victorian family home of US Presidential First Lady Ida Saxton McKinley now serves as an educational center on the subject of contributions by the wives of US Presidents and other women with significant roles in historical US politics.