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Egypt most famous Cities[edit]

These are the most Famous cities of Egypt where the most famous tourist attractions : Cairo : Cairo, “Al Qahira” in Arabic, which means «The Vanquisher» or «The Triumphant»; is an ancient city built by the Fatimid leader Jawhar Al Siquilly in 969. Cairo is the capital of Egypt and the cultural and scientific capital of the Arab and Islamic world. It has a metropolitan area population of about 17.285 million people, thus counting as the sixteenth most populous metropolitan area in the world and the most populous one in Africa. The city celebrates its national day on the 6th of July and its flag carries Al Azhar mosque, a landmark of Egyptian culture and Islamic religion.

Cairo is located on the banks and islands of the River Nile in the north of Egypt. Cairo covers almost 214 km2 and stretches to about 41.542 km.

The oldest part of the city is on the east of the river. There, the city gradually spreads west, engulfing the agricultural lands next to the Nile. These western areas are marked by wide boulevards, public gardens, and open spaces. The older eastern section of the city is very different; it is filled with small lanes and crowded tenements. While western Cairo is dominated by the government buildings and modern architecture, the eastern half is filled with hundreds of ancient mosques that act as landmarks.

On the outskirts of Cairo, stands the Giza Plateau, the site of some of the most impressive ancient monuments of the world, including the Great Sphinx, the Great Pyramids of Giza and a number of other large pyramids and temples.

Today, Greater Cairo encompasses various historic and touristic attractions as well as modern landmarks. Most famous among those are Saladin’s Citadel, Virgin Mary’s Tree, the Mosque of Amr Ibn Alaas, the Hanging Church and the Cairo Tower, in addition to the Egyptian museum and the historic district of Khan El Khalili. Giza :Giza is a modern town in Egypt near the famous archeological site of the Giza Necropolis on the west bank of the Nile River to 20 Km from Cairo (the capital of Egypt) and it is now part of the giant Cairo metropolis. Giza is the capital of the Al Jizah Governorate and has around 2.5 millions half inhabitants. It is the second largest suburb of the world.

The main attractive of Giza Town is Giza Plateau, which is the most famous archeological place of Egypt and one of the most important in the world.; since, in this place, the 3 great pyramids and the Sphinx are located as well as many other royal mortuary and sacred structures of the ancient Egypt.

Giza is neither nice or ugly; there is many houses with different styles, shapes and dimensions. But as all city Giza town has rich zones and poor zones. The city has experimented many changes through the history, because of several occupations of the country by different rulers, perhaps the most important of them was the British occupation during XIX and early XX centuries. During this occupation, many roads, streets, buildings and hotels were constructed in the city.

The main economical activity of the town is tourism; nevertheless, there are also several industries, amongst them: movies, chemicals, machinery and cigarettes.

Because of crowds of tourist that arrive to Giza every year, the town has many hotels, restaurants and other facilities for visitors. It is famous the Haram neighborhood, a zone with many night clubs and restaurants, other important zones of Giza town are Zamalek and Mohandessen. Besides, there are also numerous luxury apartment buildings along Nile, where many famous and rich people live.

Climate in Giza is very hot entire year (Giza is in desert) mainly in Summer (from May 1 to September 30). There are many stores, but Egypt is a Moslem country, therefore many commercial places close Fridays for the Moslem prayer. Most banks are closed Fridays and Saturdays.

Egyptian food is very tasty. There are many elegant restaurants in Giza and Cairo. Some typical dishes of Egypt are: Muluki (green soup), Kusheri (rice and lentils mixed), Falafel (cooked and fried beans) amongst others.

The main way to reach Giza from abroad is by plane. The International Airport of Cairo is very near Giza. Previously, there had a little airport in Giza town, but the Egyptian government decided to close it, to protect the archeological monuments. ElMinya : El Minya which is called the 'Bride of Upper Egypt' do to its location which is roughly at the border of Upper and Lower Egypt. It lies about 153 miles south of Cairo and is a center for the manufacture of soap, perfume and sugar processing. It is also the provincial capital. Once a cotton center, there are some fine houses here, though not very old, which housed the Greek and Egyptian cotton barons, but now house government offices. It has a famous historical background as the territory was consider the capital of Egypt during the regin of king Akhenaton, Akhetaten was the capital city of the Dynasty XVIII king, Akhenaten, called by some ‘the heretic king’. Akhenaten, formerly Amenhotep IV, built his city in a bay of cliffs on the east bank of the Nile as a centre for the worship of his ‘new’ religion, Atenism. The ancient city has become a pilgrimage for those of travelers who have been captivated by this unique period of Egyptian history. Luxor :Luxor has been described as the world’s biggest open air museum. Nowadays it has been elevated to the status of Governorate, though it is still classified as being in the province of Qena. It has a population of round about 230,000, most of who are employed in tourism somehow, though there are many who are employed in agriculture and commerce. It is one of the most popular destinations in Egypt, being one of those places that you must see. Because of this almost every tourist company has an office somewhere in the town.

It has been estimated that Luxor contains about a third of the most valuable monuments and antiquities in the whole world, which makes it one of this planet’s most important tourism sites. Monuments such as The Luxor Temple, Karnak Temple, the Valley of the Kings, the Valley of the Queens, Deir El-Bahri (the Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut), the workers village at Deir El-Medina, the list goes on and on and on. Though most visitors will stay for just a few days, it would take a substantial amount of time to visit everything in this amazing town. Once known as Thebes, Luxor’s importance in ancient Egyptian history cannot be denied. It was the religious capital for almost all of the Pharaonic period which is why the town is dominated by the two temples; The Temple of Luxor, and the immense Temple of Karnak; the world’s largest temple complex. Most people know that Luxor was once Thebes, but “Thebes” was not what the ancient Egyptians called it. Ancient texts show that it was called t-apt, which means “the shrine”, with the ancient Greeks calling it tea pie. The Arabs had problems with pronunciation and so it became Thebes to them. The name vanished then as the area submitted to the desert and then by the 10th century Arab travellers thought the ruins were of grand buildings so started to call it Al-Oksour, or “site of the palaces” which slowly became Luxor. Aswam:The most southerly city in Egypt, Aswan is known for its Nubian past and for being an important gateway into Africa. Aswan offers a very relaxing place to holiday and a scenic setting next to the Egypt's enormous River Nile.

The stretch of the River Nile around Aswan is particularly beautiful and flows past many enormous boulders of granite. There are numerous islands within the middle of the Nile, close to central Aswan, which are often studded with tropical palm trees and offer an exotic feeling. Elephantine Island is the biggest of these islands and home to the Nubian villages of both Koti and Siou, both of which are more than worthy of exploration.

Tourism in Aswan is increasing and many hotels and restaurants flank the riverside street, the Corniche el-Nile. For tourist information, the tourist office on the Midan al-Mahatta is extremely easy to find and conveniently close to the city's busy train station. There are a number of exceptional sights in southern Egypt and a number of these world-class attractions are extremely close to Aswan. The village of Abu Simbel is particularly noteworthy and has become an extremely popular day trip from Aswan. Tourists flock to Abu Simbel each day, catching early morning buses, and reaching the spectacular, relocated temples of Ramses II and Hathor with plenty of time to explore them fully. Much closer to home, the Old Dam (Low Dam) is often also of interest and measures over 2,000 meters / 6,560 feet in length, while the Kalabsha Temple and ab outstanding Nubian monument and is actually one of the largest free-standing temples in Egypt. The city of Luxor lies directly north and alongside the River Nile, and whilst this is really to far for a day trip, this is a perfect place to visit if you are planning to tour the main tourist destination in this part of Egypt. Safaga :Safaga, or Port Safaga which is formally correct, is one of the new resorts along Egypt's Red Sea coast. It benefits from its proximity to the airport of Hurghada, but just like Hurghada poor planning and lax authorities are about to kill its attractions before the tourist fairytale really starts. And contrary to Hurghada, there are no parts of town that appeal to travellers' interests. North of the town, there are reefs. A few kilometres offshore lie the best diving grounds, the main attraction here are the coral pillars. Diving around Safaga involves a few hazards, with the strong currents and aggressive hammerhead sharks.Main activities in Safaga are windsurfing and diving/snorkeling, usually in connection with boat trips. Safaga has several diving centres, serving groups, but usually with openings for individual travelers.Safaga is well connected to other destinations in Egypt. It is located next to the shortest route from the Red Sea to the Nile Valley. Safaga has several buses a day for Hurghada; for Cairo; for Luxor; for Qena (Dendara). There are also a few daily departures for Quseir; for Marsa Alam; for Aswan; for Alexandria. Hurghada :Hurghada was once a fairly small and unimposing fishing village, located next to the Red Sea and boasting a number of superb beaches. Today, the resort of Hurghada is almost unrecognisable from its past life and has grown to become the most visited tourist destination in the whole of Egypt, with in excess of 100 different hotels, many of which line the shoreline.

Famous for its superb diving opportunities, Hurghada is especially appealing to those with little experience of scuba diving, who come to marvel at the underwater reefs and awesome marine life. Tourism is now a huge part of Hurghada and each year, many tourists choose to combine their holiday here with visits to other prominent locations along the Nile Valley, including the relatively nearby city of Luxor.Hurghada's foremost tourist attractions include its beautiful beaches, which have long been a major drawcard in the town and boasting white, fine sand and many spectacular coastal views, with many beaches being located next to hotels. Other top tourist attractions in Hurghada include the vibrant and rather colourful local market of Bazaar in Ed-Dahar, the marine life at the Red Sea Aquarium, and also the many underwater attractions and breathtaking coral reefs at the Giftun Islands , Hurghada Tourist Information and Tourism: Photo of local hotel resortAround the tourist resort of Hurghada you may be surprised to find a number of rather historical landmarks. Amongst the most notable are the monasteries of both St. Anthony and St. Paul, although the Roman site of Mons Claudianus is particularly impressive and was in use for more than 200 years. Also of interest is Hurghada's Anfish Mountain, which provides some of the best views of the Red Sea, the town and beyond.

Sharm Elsheikh :Sharm el Sheikh is a particularly stunning coastal resort and lies along the southerly coastline of the Gulf of Aqaba. Located close to both the Ras Mohammed National Park and also Tiran Island, Sharm el Sheikh is part of a thriving tourist industry in this part of Egypt. Surrounded by beautiful sandy beaches, turquoise waters and glorious coral reefs, each year huge numbers of tourists head to Sharm el Sheikh to scuba dive and marvel at the underwater life which is so concentrated in this spot.

The Sharm el Sheikh area offers two main bays, which are adjacent to the very centre of the resort. Na'ama Bay comprises a number of developed tourist resorts and is really the heart of the action, with a prominent shopping centre and great places to eat out. The nearby bay of Sharm al-Maya lies to the west of Na'ama Bay and is centred around the bustling Sharm Old Market, a walled location where you will find bags of characters and plenty of cheap eats.A top tourist destination, attractions in Sharm el Sheikh are diverse to say the least, although there is plenty for each member of the family. Tourist planning Sharm el Sheikh holidays will likely be coming here for the sun, sea and sand, as well as the nightlife. Popular attractions include the city's many beaches and scuba diving opportunities - with crystal-clear warm water, outstanding underwater scenery and many brightly coloured fish; Na'ama Bay - a particularly appealing spot for tourists, with breathtaking coastal scenery, water sports and extreme natural beauty; Mount Sinai - a scenic group of peaks close to Sharm el Sheikh, with religious significance and many winding pathways; the famous Burning Bush - with biblical origins, renowned for being the site when God first spoke to Moses; and also Ras Muhammad Natural Park - located on the southerly tip of the nearby Sinai Peninsula and known for its exceptional coral reefs.