User:Zaw Zaw Nyi
Dawei is a city in south-eastern Myanmar and is the capital of the Tanintharyi Region, about 614.3 km (381.7 mi) south of Yangon on the northern bank of the Dawei River. Population (2004 estimate) is 139,900. Dawei is a port at the head of the Dawei River estuary, 30 km (18.6 mi). from the Andaman Sea. As a result, the city is prone to flooding during the monsoon season. "Dawei" is also the name of one of Myanmar's 135 ethnic minorities.
The area around the Dawei River estuary has been inhabited for centuries by Dawei, Mon, Kayin, and Thai mariners. As the ancient site, Sagara City, old Dawei, which is approx 6 miles north of present city, has so many traces of Pyu Culture, it was recognized as one of the province capital in ancient Pyu era. From the 11th to 13th centuries, Dawei was part of the Pagan Empire. From 1287 to 1564, Dawei became part of the Sukhothai Kingdom and its successor Ayutthaya Kingdom (Siam).
From 1564 to 1594, Dawei was part of the Toungoo Kingdom of Burma. Siam temporarily regained the city between 1594 and 1614. From 1614 to the 1740s, Dawei was the southernmost city under Burmese authority, and was defended by a Burmese garris on. In the late-1740s, during the Burmese civil war of 1740–1757, Dawei, along with the northern Tenasserim coast, was taken over by Siam. Burma regained the city in 1760, and extended its control over the entire Tenasserim coast in 1765. The Tenasserim coast was ceded to the British after the First Anglo-Burmese War (1824–1826).
After independence in 1948, the city became part of the Tenasserim Division, which also included today's Mon State. In 1974, Mon State was carved out of Tenasserim and Dawei became the capital of the truncated division. In 1989, the city's English name was changed from Tavoy to Dawei, and Tenasserim became Tanintharyi.
There is a road north to Mawlamyine and south to Myeik, Bokepyin and Kawthoung, which foreigners can now use.
Myanmar National Airlines has daily flights, and Asian Wing Airways has 3 flights per week, from Yangon. Myanma Airways flights (typically once a week) to Mawlamyine, Myeik, Bokepyin and Kawthoung may also be available.
Buses are run to/from Mawlamyine, Myeik, (6-8 hr, 12,000 kyat) Bokepyin (via Myeik), Kawthoung (via Myeik; ~20 hr) and Ye (leaves Ye at 07:00 and 09:00).
There are plans to construct a deep water port in Dawei. In November 2010, the Myanmar Port Authority signed a US$8.6 billion deal with Italian-Thai Development to develop the seaport at Dawei. The Dawei Special Economic Zone would become Myanmar's first special economic zone (SEZ), which includes plans to develop a 250 square kilometres (97 sq mi) industrial estate, with sea, land (railway and road) infrastructure links to Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam, as well as a gas pipeline to Thailand's Kanchanaburi Province and commercial and residential developments.
The development of the SEZ has been linked to land confiscations and land grabs from farmers of upwards of 63,768 acres (25,806 ha) (direct) and 153,919 acres (62,289 ha), potentially displacing 500,000 Dawei natives.
Dawei longyis (sarong) are one of the area's well-known products. The area produces rubber, dried fish, and teakwood. It also produces cashew nuts and betel nuts and exports them through local traders to China, India, and Thailand.
Attraction in Dawei
Maungmagan beach is located approximately 12 kilometers north-west of Dawei, the capital of Taninthayi Division. It is the second oldest beach locale established in Myanmar after Ngapali.
Teyzit beach is a very calm wide strand. To reach it you have to cross a stretch of saltmarsh. Depending on the tide this marsh might be flodded once you want to return with your motorbike. But friendly guys on their boats will take care of you. The road is also quite tricky to master on motorbikes. The beach right north of Teyzit beach is actually much more beautiful.
Myaw Yit Pagoda
On the small island visible approx 10km south of Maungmagan beach. The small pagoda, popular with local visitors, contains the usual collection of nat shrines and chedis and offers some fine sea views as well as ones back across the bay to Maungmagan.