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Turkestan is a small, but ancient city in the Kazakh Desert.


Kazakhstan largely lacks the kinds of Central Asian historical towns that make Uzbekistan a popular travel destination, but the exception is this one, relatively well preserved, 1600-year-old city. In the 11th century AD, the great Sufi Sheikh Khoja Ahmad Yasavi turned the city into the region's principal center of learning, drawing scholars from across the steppe. In the late 14th century, Timur commissioned the creation of a massive mausoleum in his honor, which is to this day Kazakhstan's most prominent historical attraction, a major Muslim pilgrimage site, and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Get in[edit]

Train The train station is at the end of Tauke Khan. There are regular trains to/from Kyzylorda, Aralsk, Aktobe, Almaty (9 to 23 hours depending on the train. There is a train from Almaty 2 at 21.53 arriving to Turkestan at 17.00 - May2016), Shymkent (3.5 hours, 800T) and Astana. International routes to Bishkek and Tashkent. Take minibus 2, 10 or 13 from the station to the Yasui Mausoleum and centre of town (50KZT, as of March 2017).

Minivan From Shymkent, take a bus to Bekzhan Bazaar (Бекжан). With the blue/orange Bazaar building to your right, go past a yurt. Go through a car park and a building with parking underneath. You can also use the smell of samsa to help guide you. The minivans are parked across from the Toyota and Hyundai dealership.There should be men yelling out their destinations as they stand next to their vans. Drivers go when the van is full. There will also be signs on the van with its destination on the windshield. The trip will take about 2 hours and will drop you off at Merey (мерей) bus station in Turkestan. It's also possible to be dropped off near the Yasawi mausoleum. The cost to Turkestan is 600KZT to/from Shymkent in a 20-passenger minivan (as of July 2017).

You can take a minivan from behind the Samsal bus station on the north side of the city. It takes about 1 1/2 hours and costs 1000 KZT as of Oct. 2018.

Get around[edit]

Public transport in Turkestan is by minibus or taxi. Minibus 2, 10, 13 go from train station to town centre near hotels and Yausaui Mausoleum. Flat fare 50KZT (as of March 2017).

See[edit][add listing]

  • Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi. 09:00-18:00. 500KZT.  edit

Stunning 14th century building with ornate blue tiled domes and brickwork. Mausoleum was built by Timur to house muslim holy man Yasawi's tomb.

Admission price: 200KZT for locals, 500KZT for foreigners (as of March 2017).

In the grounds of the main mausoleum (and included in the entrance fee) are the following sites of interest: bathhouse, underground mosque. octagon mausoleum, old town citadel, old city gate, history museum, medieval street reconstruction.

  • Historical Cultural Ethnographic Centre, beside Yasaui Mausoleum. Opened in 2011, three storeys of regional and national folk culture and history. Admission 500T, inlcuding English speaking guide (December 2015).
  • Sauran ruins (Сауран ескі қаласы) - located 45km from Turkestan on the road going towards Kyzylorda, these are perhaps the most beautiful ruins of an ancient city in Kazakhstan. The city walls still stand high, and in some spots it's still possible to walk on top of them. The earliest mention of Sauran goes back to the 10th century, and in later centuries it was known as one of the best castles/walled cities in Kazakhstan. Eventually, it became the capital of the Mongol White Horde and, after that, a military fortress under Timur. A taxi to take you there, wait for you and take you back to Turkestan should cost around 4,000 to 5,000 tenge (July 2017).

Do[edit][add listing]

Internet You can get online at Internet on Sultanbek Kozhanov across from Hotel Edem. (Door just has vertical red sign with Internet in cyrillic). 150T per hour. Five desktop computer stations with webcams. Printing available. Opens at 10am.

Buy[edit][add listing]

Eat[edit][add listing]

Chayhana Doylet, Sultanbek Kozhanov. Cafe/restaurant serving well priced local food, soups, shashlyk, meats and drinks. Menu is in Russian/Kazakh but has a few pictures and friendly staff to help. Borscht, bread and bottle of Coca-cola for 610T.

Hotel Edem, 6 Sultanbek Kozhanov. Good menu (in Russian) of starters, salads, mains and desserts. Laghman noodles 450T, 0.5L beer from 250T. Wifi. Staff are helpful but not many speak English.

Kafe Aspan, Sultanbek Kozhanov, across from Hotel Sabina. Smart cafe with moderately priced menu in Russian/Kazakh and friendly staff to help out. Starters, mains and desserts including shashlyk meat skewers from 220T, salads at 300T, 0.5L beer 250T. Outside area. Open until 11pm. Nice touches such as cut glass water cups and hanging table lamps.

Drink[edit][add listing]

Hotel Edem, 6 Sultanbek Kozhanov. Good selection of beers, wines and spirits. 0.5L beers (including Peroni, Miller and Grolsch) from 250T to 450T. Hookah 300-350T. Courtyard area open in summertime. Best known bar in town.

Sleep[edit][add listing]

Hotel Edem, 6 Sultanbek Kozhanov. Large clean hotel close to Yasui Mausoleum with ensuite rooms from 5,000 tenge including breakfast (prices have increased as of Sep 2017, starting from 7000 tenge). On-site restaurant and bar. Good menu of starters, salads, and mains. Laghman noodles 450 tenge, 0.5L beer 250 tenge. Wifi. Staff is helpful but not many speak English.

Hotel Sabina, 16 Sultanbek Kozhanov. Small cozy hotel run by friendly grandpa and grandma (they only speak Russian and Kazakh), with ensuite rooms from 3,000 tenges (excluding breakfast). Has wifi coverage. Includes a courtyard for drying clothes.

Hotel Khanaka, 3a Bayburt. Hotel KHANAKA is located in the center of Turkestan, next to the Historical-Ethnographic Museum; the hotel's windows overlook the Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi. Near the hotel, there is the main highway of the city and a variety of road interchanges. The hotel has a restaurant, bar, fitness, spa and conference room. The hotel rooms are of two types, standard and deluxe. Prices for a standard room is 18 000 tenge (1 and 2-seats), deluxe - 40 000 (1 and 2-seats)


Turkestan local man Ismail offers tours (in English) of Turkestan and the local area. You can contact him at [email protected], tel: 8777-095-38-45.

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Get out[edit]

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Sauran is an ancient (ruined) Silk Road city north west of Turkestan and can be visited in a day trip from Turkestan.