Tripura  is one of India's Northeastern states. It is one of the regions least explored by foreign tourists, but offers immense natural beauty and an intriguing cultural heritage. Tripura is one of three Indian states ruled by communists, making their presence felt with murals and flags in many places.
Tripura belongs to the politically volatile North-Eastern region. As in neighboring states, ethnic and communal strife has claimed many lives over the years. The current ethnic setup in Tripura is a consequence of the Partition of India, when large groups of Bengali Hindus left the area that became East Pakistan (today Bangladesh). The previous majority population, the tribals, became a minority and socio-economically disadvantaged in comparison to the new majority.
Two major tribal rebel groups operate in the state, the National Liberation Front of Tripura and the All Tripura Tiger Force, which wants Tripura to secede from India. There have been no known account of any violence against tourists in the state, nor any indication that tourist would be a target of violent groups. On the other hand, there are only a few foreign tourists reaching the state at all.
The main language in the state is Bengali. The largest language of the tribal population (approx 30% of the population of the state) is Kok Borok. Other languages include Manipuri, Chakma. Hindi is very rarely used in the state, but is understood.
Tripura is mainly surrounded by the Bangladesh border. There is a border crossing point at the outskirts of the state capital Agartala. There is a direct bus service operating between Kolkata-Dhaka-Agartala.
For Bangladeshi visas, there is a Bangladeshi consulate in Agartala that runs a same day visa service. Tourists intending to obtain a visa are required to submit a filled form with the necessary documents, like photo etc. Usually, visas are issued the same day in the afternoon.
Agartala is connected by air from Kolkata, Guwahati, Silchar and Delhi's Indira Gandhi Airport. Nowadays the Agartala Airport is also connected by air from Bangalore, Hyderabad and Chennai. The airport code is IXA. Foreign citizens need to register at the airport on arrival.
Recently, train services have also been introduced in the capital and an express train runs daily between Agartala and Lumding, which enhances traveling in this princely state. The tickets to this service are highly sought after and should be booked well in advance. Daily train service is also available from Agartala to Silchar and Lumding (Assam) and Dharmanagar (Tripura).
Recently, some express train services are found in Tripura; these are : (1)Agartala to Anand Vihar Terminal runs daily on Thursday from Agartala,(2) Agartala to Anand Vihar Terminal, Rajdhani express runs daily on Tuesday from Agartala,(3) Agartala to Bangalore cantonment, Humsafar express runs daily on Tuesday and Saturday from Agartala,(4) Agartala to Sealdah, Kanchanjungha express runs daily on Tuesday and Saturday from Agartala,(5) Agartala to Habiganj, express runs daily on Wednesday from Agartala.
Buses are the main means of transport between the towns of this state. At Agartala, city buses are available in a regular interval. A small group can hire an auto-rickshaw, running on CNG, for getting around the city. If time is more of an issue than money, one can hire a vehicle with driver. Do note that road conditions might be bad in rainy seasons, even by Indian standards. On some legs, vehicles travel in military convoys, moving extremely slowly through the countryside, especially on the national highway which connects Agartala with Assam. Some rural areas are not safe to travel by nighttime.
The fastest way to travel internally in Tripura is a helicopter service that connects Agartala with the northern parts of the state.
Tripura lacks an industrial base, save some cottage industries (handicrafts and handloom). The Indian government has encouraged small scale industries especially weaving, pottery and basket making.
Bengali sweets are also commonly available here. Tripuri dishes are also popular among the non-tribals and the tourists. One of the typical tribal dish is godok (pork disk), a must try disk. The major ingredients of Tripuri cuisine include pork, chicken, mutton, turtle, fish, prawns, crabs, and frogs.
Drinking of wine is banned in the open. No bar is available at present. Beware of pirated alcohols, available in plenty. On the other hand, soft drinks of eminent brands are available in almost all shops.
Local people are nice and helpful, but be aware of bengali auto drivers, charging more than the normal rate. For short distance travels, always hire three-wheeler rickshaws; they are convenient and easily available anywhere.
There are three ways to get out from here. Firstly, one can opt for air transport; regular flights are available for Kolkata, Guwahati and some other parts of India. One can also opt for rail transport, though rails never run on time on this route. The state is connected with Assam through broad gauge railway. If someone plans to visit Bangladesh, one can opt for road transport. State run TRTC service is available for visiting Bangladesh, which is cheaper and reliable. From Dhaka, link bus service is also available for going to Kolkata. Only advance ticket is available in this route and the traveler requires a valid visa for this route (Kolkata via Dhaka).