Tongren (Chinese: 同仁; Tóngrén; Tibetan: Rebkong) is small monastic town in Huangnan Prefecture, Qinghai Province, China. Tongren has a slightly unkempt but not unfriendly Tibetan character, intermingled with the sizable Hui population.
All roads lead to Wutong Si
Tongren sits on the edge of the Tibetan plateau in a region historically known to its nomadic inhabitants as Amdo. The towns origins stretch back several hundred years when it emerged around the establishment of the Longwu Monastery. For the Chinese, the region was considered a wasteland that marked the outer fringes of the Han and Tang dynasties. By the Ming dynasty garrison troops, positioned to defend against those they considered barbarians in the west, had established an administrative system that blended Buddhism with the Chinese dynastic rule.
Despite the prestige of the Longwu Monastery in Tibetan Buddhism of greater interest to most travellers is the nearby Wutong Monastery and the galleries of Thangka paintings produced by its community of eminently artistic monks. Though the calamities of the Cultural Revolution decimated almost all of the original structures the present renewed monastery is active with enough yak butter scented monks chanting before stupendous glittering Buddhas to give the impression it has always been this way. Unfortunately, the surrounding town has been blighted by modern, bland architecture, leaving its former charm limited to a few crumbling corners.
Tongren can only be reached by a single road that zig-zags along steep mountain sides, descends into precipitous valley floors, skirts raging rivers and passes though undulating verdant grasslands. The getting there is one of the more beautiful journeys in the region; make sure you stay awake and look out of the window.
One bus per day leave from Xiahe at 7:30AM from the main bus station (¥31.5). Though Tongren is only a little more than 100km away, the journey takes around 3hrs.
Buses from Xining leave for Tongren about every 30mins from the eastern bus station on Jianguo Lu, opposite the train station. (¥35.5) The ride takes about 2.5 hours.
Tongren is small and flat enough to walk between Longwu Si and the market area. Wutun Si is about a one hour walk away or you can take one of the numerous green taxis plying the route for ¥5 per seat. Shared mini-vans will also take you for ¥2 but you might have to wait until they fill up before they leave.
Intricately carved and painted eaves
The temple grounds are often deserted
- Longwu Monastery (隆务寺), Dehelong South Rd (Dehelong Nan Lu). 8AM-7PM. This active Gelukpa (Yellow Hat) monastery sprawls around the foot of Xishan Mountain on the south-west edge of town. Behind the exterior walls, embedded with squeaking prayer wheels, is a blend of Chinese and Tibetan style halls and monks residences that are easy to get lost in for a few hours. The monastery was established in 1301 and greatly expanded during the Ming Dynasty. Though some of the halls and their resident Buddhas have been rebuilt multiple times over their 700 year history, everything that stands today dates from the late 1980's after the ruination of the Cultural Revolution. Don't let the lack of antiquity put you off as the present neglect of upkeep lends the architecture a beaten aesthetic with its own charm. The Future Buddha Hall holds a large Jampa (Maitreya) statue in an elaborately decorated 3 storey hall. The fortress like Hall of Bodhisattva Manjusri is said to hold a Avalokiteshvara from 1644 that survived the 1960's destruction, possibly because the door is rarely opened for anyone to see it. ¥50. edit
- Wutong Monastery (五屯寺), S203 Rd (In Sangkeshan Village, 10km north of Tongren). 8AM-5PM. With a reputation unequalled in the Tibetan world, many visitors come here exclusively to see the monastery's collection of centuries old Thanka paintings and watch the resident artists continuing the tradition. Though the art is undoubtedly the headliner the rebuilt grounds are a fine example of modern Tibetan architecture elaborately decorated with brightly painted wood carvings. The complex is divided into upper（上寺） and lower（下寺） monasteries, each with its own set of prayer halls, courtyards and artist studios. Some say upper feels more authentic and holds the best art but the lower's towering gold-tipped gompa is quite impressive. An idle English speaking monk will give you a quick tour through the main halls. Some contain fine examples of Thangka that the monks say are at least a few hundred years old, saved from destruction during the cultural revolution by being turned to the wall and the back painted with a decoy portrait of Chairman Mao. During the Summer (Late July to ealy September), women are not allowed to enter the monastery. Update AUG 2013: Women were definitely refused entry to the upper Monastery. No problem at the lower. We were not asked for money at either. Official price: ¥30 for each monastery. edit
- Tongren Bridge (Tongren Qiao), (East end of Zhongshan Rd). Though it is hardly be the most graceful looking span it is the most significant structure in town. During construction locals would gather at the intersection of Dehong Lu and Zhongshan Lu to discuss its progress as they watched the two halves stretch toward the eventual joining at the middle point. Now that the bridge is finished, locals have taken a somewhat blasé inclination to it, if its always deserted appearance is any indication, as it sees very little traffic excepting the odd farmers jalopy. At the very least it does provide a good view up the valley and back toward town. edit
Tongren is more of a make your own fun kind of place, if the idle looking locals are any indication.
- Gamble, Corner DehelongNan Lu and MaiXiu Lu. A rotating cast of sketchy looking characters play a 3-card Monty style game with a trio of oversize dice decorated with tiger, yak and cow pictures. Lay your money down, give them a shake and you might win back your money - or a Yak. Remember: The only way to win is not to play. edit
- Hike, ☎ +86 150 0973 0373, +86 158 9703 5368. The western hills rising up next to town look steep from the bottom but the ChinFanLing on the peaks at various elevations prove it's climbable and also give you something to aim for as you blaze your own path up the more mild inclinations. A network of trails leading off from the Thangka sunning terrace behind Longwu Monastery is a good place to start and leads to some reasonably mellow slopes that will get you high enough to see lofty snow peaked mountains in the distance. When you reach the ridge, it's worth going further and making it past the wired fence with prayer flags on - you will be rewarded with green rolling hills populated by a few Tibetan shepherds tending to their flocks of sheep. edit
- Shamkhun's Tours, 清海省黄南州同仁县县检察院, ☎ +86 150 0973 0373, +86 158 9703 5368 ([email protected], [email protected]). Shamkhun's Tours are the best English tours in all of Tongren. Guides are knowledgeable about Tibetan history, philosophy, and literature answering questions, and providing a contemporary perspective on a lot of issues. Depending on the time of year you visit, your choice of tour varies greatly since many of them are seasonal, be sure to call ahead. Tours include: *The Shaman Festival: once a year, great Bonn Shamans gather in a nearby village and are supposedly inhabited by mountain spirits. Watch as they perform ancient rituals. *Thangka Tours: head to Wutong Monastery for the history and birth of Thangka painting in Tongren, and afterwards get a tour of Thangka painters homes. You can meet the Thangka painters, ask them questions, see their paintings, learn about the process, and learn about their culture. *Tibetan farms: take part in a traditional harvest. Take a scenic drive out of Tongren to a (different) nearby village, have lunch with the farmers in their homes, go out to the fields, use a sickle, and carry wheat on your back. *Temple Tours: besides the Wutong and Longwu temples, Shamkhun's Tours can take you to some Nyingma temples outside of Tongren, usually inaccessible and unknown to foreigners . Learn about the history of competition and cooperation between Nyingma and Gelug Buddhism. *Shamkhun's Tours are very flexible and accommodating. One of the best resources in Tongren. edit
The detail in the Thanka reflect the artists skill.
- Clothing. The main market has a couple of suprisingly fashionable boutiques, including a clothing store owned by a Tibetan with excellent English. Others sell those exotic looking but impracticaly long sleeved coats all the Tibetan guys have hanging around their waist. edit
- Thangkas. The monks at Wutong Monastery have an enequaled reputation for creating the beautifully detailed images of Buddhist deities meticulously painted on stretched fine-weave canvas. These are not some cheap tourist fodder, but works of art by skilled artists. Pigments are hand ground from brightly coloured and inordinately heavy stones sourced from Tibet that the monks say are worth upwards of ¥80 per gram. Likewise, real gold leaf ground with a resin is used to give the paintings some sparkle. A small, simple painting takes about a month to paint and costs around ¥500, while a 1 meter sized piece can take a year and set you as much as ¥50,000. Shops in Tongren and around Wutong Si mainly catering to the tour group busses sell Thangkas of lower quality and price that might be suitable if you are not a Thanka aficionado and just want a nice souvenir. Superior pieces are best bought direct from the artist. Some artist have pre-made Thangka to select from or you can commission a painting of a particular size or theme, though the best artists may have years a years backlog of reservations. Even without any art expertise you should be able to identify which works are genuine art if you take some time to look around, talk to the artists and let your eye be your guide. Generally artists can be contacted via e-mail or phone and can ship your piece anywhere worldwide when it is completed. edit
- Yurt, (Various shops along Dehelong South Rd). There are a few places that either manufacture or sell large black and white yurts. Not very practical for the average backpacker but ideal if you're moving your yaks on to greener pastures. ¥400-500. edit
While the dining options aren't particularly diverse or inspiring, the numerous restaurants offer warmth, large portions and interesting people watching opportunities.
Dried sheep's head is one of the curious delicacies favoured by locals to nibble with a few drinks. It's mostly bone on the outside, necessitating a probe of the cavities for the tasty bits. Numerous roadside vendors sell them for ¥20 and all will assure you it's delicious.
Yak milk yoghurt is freshly made every morning and sold, usually by young Tibetan girls, along the roadside. The flavour is very rich with a tangy or sometimes citrus bite. A spoon of sugar is an option if you prefer it sweeter. A bowl costs about 2¥.
- Number One Noodle, 8 MaiXiu Lu (On the corner. Look for a sign with red characters with a snowy mountain in the background.). All hyperbole aside, the proprietors are very welcoming to bumbling foreigners furtivly sticking their head inside. Helpful point-and-eat pictures on the wall mostly give prices, though its best to check before ordering the ones without a price as you might discover they are suspiciously expensive at bill paying time. Noodles/Rice ¥8-12; Mains ¥20-25. edit
- Name-changing Hui restaurant, Dehelong Zhong Lu (Opposite QH-Tibet Yadu Hotel). One of the numerous names written on the doors is right but it is easily identifiable as the most brightly lit place at night. They have huge servings of the usual capsicum laden Hui dishes. Their mianpian looks like a mess but is stomach filling and good. Noodles/Rice ¥4-12. edit
- Tibetan restaurant, Dehelong Nan Lu (Near the Monastery gate). A newish looking place packed with low Tibetan style painted benches serves only three things; MoMo, Jiaozi and Baozi. While the Momo are delectable they are heavy with heart attack inducing amounts of fat that will requite an entire jug of Yak Butter tea to flush out of your digestive system. ¥8-10. edit
- Chinese restaurant, Zhong Shan Lu (Mid-way along Zhong Shan Lu, on the left-hand side if you are facing away from the bridge. Above there is a sign which says 'Restaurant' in English in large lettering.). Private dining rooms upstairs. Very attentive staff. Excellent Chinese food. Fresh fish in tanks - the fish is delicious. Mains ¥40-¥60, Sides ¥30-¥40. edit
- Beer. Qinghai's beer of choice is Huang. It comes is various incarnations that all hover around the 3.3% level of potency. If sitting in your hotel drinking the shelf-temperature bottle you bought from the supermarket isn't your idea of a good night out, try hitting some of the Tibetan restaurants, though your drink is unlikely to be any colder. It's not permissible to drink at any of the Hui restaurants. ¥2-3. edit
- Yak Butter tea. Most Tibetan places serve jugs of frothy Yak butter tea if they have some already made. If you're a connoisseur it would pay to try a few different places as quality is highly variable. edit
There are numerous cheap hotels (Binguan) in the few blocks to the north of the Monastery but many are selective about accepting foreigners. Generally they charge as little as ¥30-60 per bed with basic bathroom facilities and some may have early curfews. Bigger, potentially English signed and speaking, hotels are found along Zhongshan Lu and Dehelong Nan Lu. They provide more comfort for an accordingly higher price.
- Xia Chang, 13 Maixi Rd (In the courtyard with a painting of a monkey riding an elephant). A super-basic place for travellers who are counting their kuai and don't mind sleeping with families of Tibetan pilgrims. The rooms are sparse, though clean, and have a shared toilet down the hall. Don't bother asking where the shower is because there isn't one. ¥50 doubles. edit
- School Guesthouse, 88 Zhongshan Rd. The accommodation of choice for visiting officials, though you too can sleep in one of the comfortably huge wooden beds in equally spacious and clean rooms. The bathrooms on the other hand are tiny and have only the most utilitarian of washing facilities. Doubles ¥100. edit
- QH-Tibet Yadu Hotel, 28 Dehelong Nan Rd. The classy gold wallpaper in the foyer continues into the big warm rooms that have soft beds and clean ensuite bathrooms with hot water showers. The friendly, though somewhat bewildered looking, staff are exceedingly helpful if you fail to get the rooms electrics to work. ¥86. edit
- Long Wu Villas (or Rebgong Hotel). A fancy hotel (bit past its prime but still alright for the most part) with big garden and trees that accepts foreigners. ¥100 for a room with no hot water. With ¥220 you can get a deluxe big twin with hot water, a bathtube (never mind the broken handle and the thin plastic base of tube), and gold-coloured curtains and wallpapers and red thick carpet, wifi but no breakfast. The door may take some time to lock and the loo flush may not be working at all times, but it won't spoil your day. At the other side of the bridge and about 200m to the right, you will see the impressive gates of the hotel at the left side of the road and a bit uphill. edit
- Yunlong Hotel, (Dehelong North Road), ☎ 0973-8726866. Another new hotel (opposite the Regong Art Museum), neat and clean, in the square that accepts foreigners. 150yuan for a room with wifi and breakfast. During the peak season the price goes up to 220-230 yuan.. edit
ATM - The Construction Bank of China on Zhongshan Lu has the only Visa friendly machines in town. The one at the Bank of China on corner of Zhongshan Lu and Dehelong Zhong Lu looks too ancient to be trusted. Probably better to go inside and deal with a human.
- Xiahe – A Tibetan town centred around the huge Labrang Monastery. The ticket office is open from 8:30am to 6:00pm and is closed during lunchtime. There are 2 daily buses to Xiahe: one at 8am and one at 2pm. You don't need to buy the ticket in advance.
- Xining – The lively capital of Qinghai Province close to Kunbun Monastery. Multiple buses a day to Xining from 7:20AM and then every 20 minutes from 8:00AM to 16:00PM, and then 16:30PM and 18:30PM.
- Linxia – One bus per day at 8:00AM.
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