Thrissur  (formerly Trichur) is a one of the largest city in the central part of Kerala in Southern India. It is known as cultural capital of Kerala, with numerous temples, churches, cultural institutions, art centers, museums etc. The city is most popular for its temple festivals, particularly the annual Thrissur Pooram known as festival of festivals. The city is located in exact geographic center of Kerala.
Vadakkumnathan Temple, the icon of the city, which is also the heart of the city
Thrissur is one of the oldest cities in Kerala. The legend says, the city was the town created by Lord Parasurama (6th incarnation of Lord Vishnu) soon after formation of Kerala, by creating a large Shiva temple. The entire city is formed around the grand Shiva temple known as Vadakumnathan Temple. The city's original name was Thir-Shiva-Perur (Sacred city of Shiva), which got later shortened as Thrissur. The temple is in the center of a mega roundabout that is of 64 acres. This round is known as Swaraj Round and the giant square in front of the temple is known as Thekkinkad Maidan. All roads of Thrissur connect to this.
Perhaps when Indians think of Thrissur, the first image would be the famous Thrissur Pooram festival, the most colourful and spectacular temple festival of Kerala. This is also known as largest temple festival in India. The festival is at the Vadakkumnathan temple grounds, in April or May. The city is equally famous for the final celebrations of the Onam festival, which is the national festival of Kerala. It hosts the famous Pulikali during Onam celebrations in August or September (depends on Malayalam calendar). Apart from festivals and culture, Thrissur is also well known as one of the best shopping centers in Kerala for silks and gold ornaments. The city is also known as Entrepreneurial City, due to presence of large number of entrepreneurs working in various trades.
The city was a key Buddhist center in early centuries AD. During the imperial Chera period, the city was a key center of Chera Army, being the closest area to imperial capital at Thiruvanchikulam. With the collapse of Chera Empire, the city came under Perumpadappu Swaroopam, the dynasty that later founded Kochi Kingdom. The city area was abandoned after intense battles between Kochi Kingdom and Kozhikode's Zamorins. However it was a major scholastic center with several leading Hindu Nampoothiri families around the region proficient in Vedas and Ayurveda.
From very early times Thrissur has been a centre of learning and, with the decline of Buddhism and Jainism and the establishment of the supremacy of Brahmanism during the revival of Hinduism, Thrissur became an important centre of Sanskrit learning. The great Sankara Acharya had taught Advaita here. After his travels in different regions of India he is believed to have come back and settled in Thrissur and died here. Sankara Acharya's disciples Hastamalaka, Thotaka, Padmapada and Sudhachara established in the town four Maddams, namely the Northern Madam, the Middle Madam, the ln-Between Madam and the Southern Madam respectively, all of which are extant except the In-Between one.
The modern Thrissur city, owes its origin to celebrated Kochi King, H.H Sakthan Thampuran who transferred his capital from Kochi to Thrissur and founded the modern city. He crushed the feudal Nampoothiri chieftains who revolted against his regin, cleared the forests that surrounded around the temple and developed the Thekkinkadu Square and Swaraj Roundabout. He established his palace near to it and decided to develop into a major commercial avenue. He invited Christians merchants and Brahmins to settle in the new city and offered incentives to start business ventures. To ensure cultural activites, he initiated Thrissur Pooram which soon grew as festival of festivals. A numerous of reforms, soon made Thrissur one of the largest and popular cities in the region.
The Kochi Kings ensured Thrissur remains pride of Kochi. Even today in late 19th century, the capital was shifted to Tripunithara, a suburb of Kochi, Thrissur remained as the largest city in the Kingdom. The city was center of political movements in the state. The King sooner declared Thrissur, the first municipal corporation region in Malayalam speaking region. The construction of Ramanilyam, the state guest house, soon made it epic-center of Congress Movement of Indian Independence in Kerala.
In 1940s, Thrissur became venue of Akya Kerala Movement (United Kerala Agitation), to unify Malayalam speaking regions together. The Maharaja of Kochi H.H Kerala Varma made his historic speech in Thekkinkadu Maidan declaring the need of Kerala State and Kochi's commitment in establishing such, made the first concrete move towards unification process.
After end of Monarchy and formation of Kerala, Thrissur became the cultural capital of the state. Leading cultural institutions of the state, like Sahitya Academy (State Academy of Literature), Lalithakala Academy (State Academy of Fine Arts), Sangeetha Nataka Academy (State Academy for Music and Drama), Kerala Kalamandalam, Jawaharbal Bhavan etc established its headquarters in Thrissur. Key institutions like Kerala Police Academy, Civil Defence Academy, Kerala Agricultural University, KILA etc made the city, one of the leading academic destination.
Kochi International Airport, is 58 km away from Thrissur City with direct flights from the Middle East, Singapore, Maldives, Europe and Sri Lanka. Kozhikode Airport is 80 km away from Thrissur City.
Kozhikode International Airport located 80 Kms away as well as Coimbatore Airport located 115 Kms away are other nearby airports, offering international connectivity as well as domestic connections.
Thrissur City is well connected and serviced by rail to all major cities in India. Thrissur Railway Station is an major railway head in South India. Daily trains are avaliable to leading cities like Mumbai, New Delhi, Kolkata, Bangalore, Chennai, Mangalore and Hyderabad and almost every part of India.
Kerala's largest Railway Junction - Shornur Junction is just 33 Km away from the city and is considered as Rail Gateway of Kerala, where all trains from and to Kerala touches. Thrissur Railway Station is a major station in the Southern Railway network and all important trains stop here. Regular train services are there to Cochin and Palakkad are available from here. Thrissur also has a suburban station Punkunnam, but only local passenger trains and a few express trains stops here.
You can also get in to Thrissur City by bus from cities like Kochi, Kozhikode, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Coimbatore, Mangalore, Bangalore, Chennai and Mumbai.
Thrissur is well connected by NH 544, NH 47,NH 17 and NH 66 to other cities like Kochi, Kozhikode, Chennai, Bangalore, Coimbatore, Madurai and Pollachi by road.
The 'Sakthan Thampuran' Bus Stand located at the Southern part of the city is the origin point of buses proceeding towards Palakkad.The 'Municipal Bus Stand' located at Round South caters to the local bus transport. From North bus stand, there are buses which goes to Shoranur and Palakkad. The bus station of the state owned Transport corporation (KSRTC) is located at Chettiyangadi and is quite close to the Railway Station.
- Bus: Private bus service system and Government-run KSRTC is a good choice for travelling. .
- Autorickshaw: Auto rickshaws are the main form of local transport, if you don't have your own means of transportation. Autorickshaws running in the city limits are to use fare meters, while the ones from the adjacent areas need not use them. However it is a rule that such autorickshaws without metres should not pick up passengers within city limits. There is a pre-paid auto rickshaw counter at Thrissur Railway Station.
- Taxi: Local taxis are also available at cheap rates. Please note that there are no local Taxis (Yellow cabs or the one's having yellow roof and black body). The taxis known as 'Tourist taxis' are meant for long travel or one day trips.
- Car: There are many car rental companies offering cars with drivers or self drive.
- Bike: Bikes are available for rental in Thrissur City. This is available for a week or more than that.
- Walk: Many places of attractions are near by each in the city limit other so you could walk between them.
The Vadakummnathan temple is the most important attraction of the city. The gigantic temple and historical structures have more than 1000 years of tales to tell. However the temple allows only Hindu devotees inside the complex and hence adherents of other religions can just have a glimpse from outside or take a photo in front of the massive gate tower, constructed in true specimen of Kerala architecture.
For Hindu tourists (including people adhering to Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism), the temple offers massive sightings. The temple has a collection of Mural paintings, some even 4 centuries old. The massive Nataraja Mural near the main gate, is known for its antiquity and still retains its original colors without much preservation. There are 3 shrines inside inner complex. The Shrine of Vadakkumnathan is located in left side. The Idol is covered completely under ghee, which have formed a mountain, due to continuous ablution of ghee (clarified butter) for centuries, without any incident of melting.
On its right side, there is a shrine for Mahavishnu. In middle, an unique circular shrine is located for Shankaranarayan.
The temple have one of largest Koothambalam (Dance Hall) constructed in unique Kerala Architecture. The Koothambalam has a massive pyramid like roofing. The Koothambalam hosts traditional performances called Nangyar Koothu. There are many numerous shrines outside.
Opposite to Vadakummnathan, there are two other shrines, which are considered to be Sister temples of Vadakummnathan. The Thiruvambadi Krishna Temple and Paramekkavu Devi Temple are the key competitors and participants to the annual Thrissur Pooram.
Definitely worth a mention is also the Guruvayoor temple a prominent hindu pilgrimage centre of kerala,the third biggest in india in terms of number of devotees. Nearby is also a renowned elephant stable with more than a hundred elephants.
- Shakthan Thampuran Palace. Named as Vadakkechira Palace, was reconstructed in Kerala-Dutch style in 1795 by Sri. Ramavarma Thampuran of the erstwhile Princely State of Cochin, well as Sakthan Thampuran(Greatest ruler of the Cochin dynasty) is preserved by Archaeological Department. edit
- Archeological & Art Museum. It has a good collection of wood carvings, metal sculptures and ancient jewelers. edit
- Thrissur Zoo. It is a major attraction for children and students with a variety of animals. There is a special building which houses snakes. edit
- Appan Thampuran Smarakam. Established in 1976 at Ayyanthole where Sri. Ramavarma Appanthampuran who lived the Kumarapuram Palace. This is also a cultural museum. edit
- Basilica of Our Lady of Dolores. The 1875-built Roman Catholic Minor Basilica is locally called Puthen Palli. The 140 ft long steeple is visible from anywhere in the town. The chapel has 15 altars. It boasts of neo Gothic spires and the largest interior of any church in South India with a lot of mural paintings on the walls and ceilings. edit
- Vilangan Kunnu. This hillock has been converted by the tourism department as an amusement park. While grown ups relish the scenic splendor from the hill top. Children can relax and play to their hearts. Lot of people use this place for their morning walk. Early in the morning walking to the top of hillock is a good exercise. View from top of the hill is really good especially at the time of sun rise and sun set. Now this place is under control of Thrissur District Tourism promotion Council and they charge nominal fee for admission to amusement park and parking the vehicle. edit
- Guruvayur Temple (Guruvayur Temple). Guruvayur Sri Krishna Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Krishna, located in the town of Guruvayur in Thrisur edit
- Anakotta - Guruvayoor Elephant Sanctuary (Anakotta - Guruvayoor Elephant Sanctuary). Anakotta (aka anathavalam) is a unique place - a world of elephants of different sizes and natures. Some are gentle and friendly, some are indifferent while a few are aggressive enough to be severely restricted by chains. Do you want to spend time walking amidst 60 to 85 elephants kept in a 10 acre plot of coconut groves? Do you want to find yourself surrounded by great many giants? If you do, Anakotta in Central Kerala welcomes you with an army of elephants. edit
- Athirappilly Falls, (63 km from Thrissur), . This 80 feet high waterfall at the threshold of the Sholayar ranges is a popular picnic spot. Two amusement parks, DreamWorld and SilverStorm, are located nearby. edit
- Vazhachal, (a short drive from Athirapilly). Close to dense forests and a part of the Chalakudy river. edit
- Punnathur Kotta Elephant Sanctuary, 23 km from city. It is very unique in being the largest elephant park in the world with over 60 elephants. edit
- Peechi Dam, (20 km from city). It is a good picnic spot. edit
- Chavakad Beach, 25 km. A sea shore for rare scenic beauty. Acknowledged as one of the best beaches along the west coast. edit
- Kerala Kalamandalam, (30 km). It is in Cheruthuruthy and was founded by the Poet Sri. Vallathol Narayana Menon, to encourage the study of the ancient arts of Kerala such as Kathakali and Mohiniyattom. edit
- Kallayikkunnu, (30 km away, near to Kunnamkulam, exactly 2.5 km from Kunnamkulam on Kozhikode road). This hill station is also known as narimadakkunnu. This is a beautiful place. Many newly married couples prefer this place for still and moving photography, while many film makers also prefer this place for song scenes. Its a place of natural beauty.and it is very attractive. a chola provided in the narimadakkunnu. edit
- Snehatheeram Beach, (Around 25kms away, in Thalikulam of Thrissur District in Kerala State of India.). It lies on the coast of Arabian Sea and attracts domestic tourists in every season. The beach is maintained by the Department of Tourism (Kerala). edit
- Thrissur Pooram: The Pooram of all Poorams, is the most spectacular festival of this cultural capital celebrated at Vadakkumnathan Temple every year during April-May. Though non-Hindus are not allowed inside the temple, Kerala’s grandest temple pageantry, which includes colourful processions of caparisoned elephants and a midnight fireworks display, parasol exchanges, drum concerts can be witnessed from the crowded streets of Thrissur City. The two devaswams- Thiruvampadi and Paramekkavu- explore and exploit every source at their command to make this annual festival a memorable one. It is celebrated with a colourful procession of caparisoned elephants, parasol exchanges, drum concerts, display of pyro-techniques and refreshing scenes of public participation. During the festival season, Thrissur, popularly known as the temple town turns into a town of colour, music and mirth.
Tourists (with passport), can sometimes get special tickets to this event offered for free which allow them entry onto a 'Guests' viewing platform which has a great view of the whole event. To get these tickets you'll meed to take your passport to the tourist office, which is about a 10 minute north of the central temple where the festival takes place. If you do get these tickets, arrive early as the seating is unassigned and often over sold. The main festivities of elephants and the parasol showdown run from about 5pm to 7pm.
If you are only in town for a day, don't take your backpack with you, it's much too crowded. You can leave it at the train station coat check securely. To do so you will need locks on all parts of your bag (needed by the guard to accept your bag, and easily bought for about Rs30 from a small corner store seller just up at the top of the steep railway rd), a train ticket (28rs to erankulam worked fine), and ID for them to write down.
- Puli Kali: This event happens on the fourth day of Onam, where Puli Kali troupes from all over the Thrissur City assemble to display their skills.
- Aanayoottu (Feeding of elephants): It's a festival held in the precincts of the Vadakkunnathan temple in Thrissur C, The festival falls on the first day of the month of Karkkidakam (timed against the Malayalam calendar), which coincides with the month of July.
- Feast of Saint Raphael, Ollur: This is an annual festival held in Ollur, near Thrissur City, since 1839. It draws thousands of pilgrims.
- Peruvanam Pooram:This time you are invited to be part of a festival that will narrate to you a history of more than 1500 years. During the Malayalam month of meenam (roughly April) Peruvanam temple in Cherpu attains a special charm and majesty for it is the time of the Peruvanam pooram, a festival that has a legendary status for its antiquity.
According to legends the festival was started in a different form which went on for several years after which it was stopped for unknown reasons. Later it was restarted as two poorams, Peruvanam pooram and Arattupuzha pooram. It is estimated that the new version has been in existence for 1428 years. The procession carrying the deity atop a caparisoned elephant along with six other jumbos accompanied by traditional percussion ensembles is a real treat for both your eyes and ears.
There are many small houses in the small lane near Dolors Basillica which specilizes in selling fresh vellayappams and other delicacies. One should definitely try the delicacies from there.
- Alibaba & 41 Dishes, No 331, Ground Floor, Manappuram Building, Kuruppam Rd, Marar Road Area, Thrissur, Kerala 682001, ☎ +91 487 244 2323, . Family restaurant edit
- Burger hub, Venus Complex, West Fort Junction, MG Road, Thrissur, Kerala 680003. Fast food restaurant. Huge indian burgers at a very fair price available here edit
- C'sons RepEat, MM Tower, Aristos Road, Fathima Nagar, Near Jubilee Mission Hospital, East Fort, Thrissur, Kerala 680005, ☎ +91 487 242 5995, . North Indian restaurant edit
- Copper Spoon, MG Road, Kuttipuzha Nagar, Poothole, Thrissur, Kerala 680004, ☎ +91 859 200 0333. Multi Cuisine Restaurant edit
- Hao Ming, Bennette Rd, Keerankulangara, Thrissur, Kerala 680001, ☎ +91 999 542 2611. Chinese restaurant edit
- Ming Palace, Pathans Building, Ist Floor, Round South, Thrissur, Kerala 680001 (Near Ragam Theater), ☎ +91 889 187 3487. 24/7. Chinese restaurant with international and Indian cuisine. edit
- Mithila Vegetarian Restaurant, Swaraj Round North, Rd, Thrissur, Kerala 680001, ☎ +91 487 233 1232. edit
- Drunken Panda Thrissur, Poothole Road, opp. Ice Factory, Poothole, Thrissur, Kerala 680004, ☎ +91 994 679 0086. Cafe edit
- Indian Coffee House, Pallithamam Complex, Ground Floor, Near North Bus Stand, Paliyam Rd, Thrissur, Kerala 680020, . Good for light snacks edit
- Sagara Sweets, (Near KSRTC, West Nada, Guruvayur), ☎ +919446936433 ([email protected]). Cafe cakes and ice cream. edit
Much of the budget accommodation is on the southern streets coming away from the temple. During peak times like the yearly Poorum festival, expect accommodation prices to skyrocket to above Rs 3,000 and many places to be booked out in advance.
- Ashoka Inn, TB Rd, Sakthan Thampuran Nagar, Thrissur, Kerala 680001, ☎ +91 487 244 4333, . Hotel edit
- Bharath Hotel, Chembottil Ln, behind Ragam Theatre, Kuruppam, Thekkinkadu Maidan, Thrissur, Kerala 680001. Hotel with Vegetarian restaurant. North Indian dishes served after 18:00. edit
- Casino Hotels Ltd., TB Rd, Thrissur, Kerala 680021, ☎ +91 487 242 4699, . edit
- Cee Pee Towers, Near KSRTC Railway Station, Post Office Rd, Thrissur, Kerala 680001, ☎ +91 487 244 4666. Hotel edit
- Central Hotel, Thrissur, Museum Road, Chembukkavu, Thrissur, Kerala 680020, . edit
- Dass Continental, S T Nagar, Thampuran Nagar, Veliyannur, Thrissur, Kerala 680006, ☎ +91 487 244 6225, . Hotel edit
- Elite International, Chembottil Ln, Kuruppam, Thekkinkadu Maidan, Thrissur, Kerala 680001, ☎ +91 487 242 1033, . Hotel edit
- Hyatt Regency Thrissur, Civil Lines Rd, Puzhakkal, Thrissur, Kerala 680003, ☎ +91 487 270 1234, . Hotel edit
- Joys Palace Hotel, Sakthan Stand, . Hotel with Multi cuisine restaurant. edit
- Luciya Palace, Marar Rd, Marar Road Area, Thrissur, Kerala 680001, ☎ +914872424731, . Hotel edit
- Lulu International Convention Center & Garden Hotels, Thrissur-3, Civil Lines Rd, Puzhakkal, Thrissur, Kerala 680003, ☎ +91 994 745 5522. edit
- Mangala Towers, Bus Stand, Paliyam Rd, near Vadakke North, Patturaikkal, Thrissur, Kerala 680001, ☎ +91 954 454 1100, . Hotel edit
- Merlin International, Poothole Road, opp. Railway Station, Poothole, Thrissur, Kerala 680004, ☎ +91 974 568 2444, . Hotel edit
- Niya Regency Hotel, Kanjany Road, Olarikkara, Chettupuzha P.O, Gandhi Nagar, Chettupuzha, Temple Road, near Olarikkara, Thrissur, Kerala 680012, ☎ +91 487 236 5000, . edit
- Pearl Regency, Warriam Lane, Near RLY. Station, Thrissur, Kerala 680001, ☎ +91 487 244 6661, . Hotel edit
- Pooram International, Kuruppam Road, Thrissur, Kerala 680001, ☎ +91 487 222 5555, . Hotel edit
- Pranamam, Chirakkal, Kerala 680564, ☎ +91 860 647 4040, . Hotel and Bar edit
- Soni Lodge, Veliyanoor Road, Chettiyangadi Junction, Opp Matra Bhoomi Newspaper Office, Chettiyangadi, Thrissur, Kerala 680021, ☎ +91 487 242 4240. Budget. edit
- Treebo Trip Ammu Regency, Marar Road, Near KSRTC Bus Stand, Thrissur, Kerala 680001, ☎ +91 932 280 0100, . edit
- Trichur Towers, TB Rd, Veliyannur, Thrissur, Kerala 680021, ☎ +91 487 242 5290, . Hotel edit
- Wariyam Heritage (Wariyam Heritage), Swaraj Round N, Naikkanal, Thrissur, Kerala 680001, ☎ +91 944 657 1484, . A Serviced villa providing bed and breakfast. Rs.1200. edit
Thrissur City is generally a safe city for a regular tourist. Take the precautions which you would be regularly taking in various other small cities in India. Beware of Pick pocketing. Certain areas near the bus terminal and railway stations may not be a good place for women moving around alone in the nights.
Thrissur City has nine police stations. The East Police Station located in between the Municipal Bus Stand and 'Sakthan Thampuran' Bus Stand. The West Police Station is located at the suburb of Ayyanthole just next to the District Collectorate (H.Q of the civil administration). The Traffic Police Station is just opposite to the East police station quite close to the Police Club and the Fire Station. Regular patrols of the law and order and the traffic police are present in various parts of the city.
For any emergency support of Police, ☎ 100 for Flying Squad or ☎ 1090 for Crime Stopper or ☎ 101. The City has nine Police Stations.
- Govt.Medical College Hospital, Mulankunnathukavu
- Jubilee Mission Medical College, Mission Quarters
- Aswini Hospital, Karunakaran Nambiar Road, Thrissur
- Daya Hospital, Thrissur
- Amala Medical College, Amala Nagar
- MAcare Medical and Dental Clinic Valapad, Thripayar
- Lakshmi Nature Cure and Yoga Center, Viyoor
- Mother Hospital, Kanjani Road
- West Fort Hospital, West Fort
- West Fort Hightech Hospital, Guruvayur Road
- Eastfort Medical Centre, Pudukaden Plaza
- Elite Hospital, Koorkenchery
- Metropolitan Hospital, Kokkalai Road
- Trichur Heart Hospital, S.T Nagar
- St.Joseph Mission Hospital (a.k.a Choondal Hospital), Choondal
- District Hospital, Round East
- Co-Operative Hospital, Shornur Road
- Balya Hospital for Children, S.T Nagar
- C.A.M Hospital, Olarikara
- GEM Hospital, Convent Road
- E.S.I Hospital, Kanjani Road
- E.S.I Hospital, M.G.Kavu
- Vaidya Ratnam Ayurveda Hospital, Ollur
- Sunethri Ayurvedic Hospital &Speciality centre, Chiyyaram
- royal hospital,guruvayoor road, kunnamkulam
- Ayuryogashram Wellness Center ,Parlikad PO, Wadakanchery, Kerala, ☎ +91 94470 63899, .edit
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