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Thanlyin is a city in the Yangon Division of the Irrawaddy region in Myanmar.


Thanlyin and Kyauktan (Syriam) was once an important city on the Irrawaddy Delta but is today a forgotten suburb of Yangon. The city, an important seventeenth-century port, was destroyed by King Alaungpaya and is best known for the Portuguese adventurer and short-time self-proclaimed King Philip de Brito, a one-time Portuguese mercenary who became the de-facto ruler of Syriam until, in 1613, he was defeated by the Bamar and impaled.

Get in[edit]

Thanylin is a short taxi ride away (US$30 round trip) or catch a local bus from Bogoyoke Aung San Road in Pazundaung Township for a crowded ride into the past (around 350kyat)! From Thanlyin, a boat (1500 kyat) takes a few minutes to get across to Kyauktan.

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Kyauktan Ye Le Pagoda (Island Pagoda)[edit]


Lies about 20 km south of Thanlyin on a tributary of the Yangon River, can be found the unusual Kyauktan Pagoda. The journey by jeep or bus takes about 45 minutes from Thanlyin. The Pagoda is indeed on an island in the middle of the river. It was built by king Zeyasana , the seventh king of the pada Dynasty in the third century BC. The first Pagoda was only 11 feet high.


  • Boat fee: The only way to get into the pagoda is by the boat. Foreigners are required to sit at a "larger boat" which differs from the smaller ones that the locals take due to "security purposes". A hefty price of 5000kyat is required to rent the entire boat. The ride from the mainland to the Island Pagoda is barely a minute ride.
  • Entrance fee: US$2.
  • Shoes: As with nearly all Buddhist monuments, footwear is not permitted. All visitors are told to remove their footwear in the boat and leave their shoes in the boat. However, do carry a plastic shopping bag, pop your shoes into that bag, and carry it around with you unless you do not mind being harassed for tips by the folks guarding your shoes in the boat!

  • Hidden Portuguese Church: This is a 18th century old Portuguese church that was destroyed by the Burmese Kings after they captured Thanlyin.The ruins of a historical building located just across the Bago river near the entrance of Thanlyin.It is situated in the compound of oil refinery.

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