Termiz is a city in Surkhandarya, Uzbekistan.
Termiz is right along the border with Afghanistan. You can see Afghanistan across the river from various points on the roads around the town.
Old Termiz dates back to the 6th century BC, was conquered by Alexander the Great and was an early center of Buddhism. In later times it was a center of Islam and was later destroyed by Genghis Khan.
Modern Termiz was built a few kilometres away and is currently a major supply hub for the NATO war operations in Afghanistan. It is also a busy transport hub for goods entering and leaving Afghanistan due to the Friendship Bridge, built by the Soviet Union.
There is a night train from Tashkent every second day, leaving Tashkent Pass Csentr. at 9 PM and arriving next day at 11:40 AM.
From Shakhrisabz by taxi takes 4+ hours and 45,000 per person.
Coming from Afghanistan, it is possible to take a shared taxi or drive to Hairatan on the other side of the river and then walk across the border.
Public transport isn't a good way to travel between all the sights (and there is no public transport to Kampyr-Tepe). It's possible to hire a driver for roughly $20 (currently 160,000 som as of July 2018) to visit these places: Fortress Kirk Kiz, Kokildor-Ota Khanaka, Sultan Saodat Ensemble, Kampyr-Tepe, Fayaz-Tepa, Stupa Zurmala, and Al Hakim At-Termizi Mausoleum. Visit the al-Termizi Mausoleum last so the driver can leave (this will help on haggling the price at the beginning, as it's easy to get on a van back to Termez from here) so you can walk around and explore old Termez city ruins. All together it will take around 4 hours to visit all these places. Haggle hard with drivers who will start their price at a ridiculous 500,000 som or more, but pay no more than 200,000 som. It might help to give the driver a large water bottle so they don't rush you and complain about the heat (which does get very hot in summer). July 2018.
- Archaeological Museum of Termez, At-Termiziy street, №29, ☎ (+998 76) 227-30-17, 224-07-65, . 9.00 a.m-18.00 p.m. Museum with a substantial collection covering millennia of local history. Museum guide can also offer a day trip to see the sights if you like. Good knowledge and level of English. edit
- Fayaz-Tepe, (4 km from Termiz center). Ruined Buddhist monastery from 1st-3rd century AD. As one of the world's earliest centres of Buddhism this is of historical importance but don't expect gold or even mud Buddha images here - just walls. There is a stupa but the rest of the uncovered artifacts are in the Termez museum and at the history museum in Tashkent. edit
- Stupa Zurmala (Russian: Ступа Зурмала) - located about 10km from the city, this is another ancient Buddhist ruin dating to the Kushan period, around the 1st to 2nd centuries BC. Now it is just a 14 meters tall mound of clay and bricks.
- Karatepa - more Buddhist ruins that were active from the 2nd to 4th centuries AD. A special permit is required to visit these ruins since it's located near a border patrol base.
- Al Hakim At-Termizi Mausoleum - the main holy place of Termez, this mausoleum was originally constructed for an Islamic sufi in the 11th century, although there were numerous add-ons built until the 15th century. The gravestone is from the 15th century. Around the vicinity are the ruins of old Termez. Although in the past it was possible to go up the hill and see Afghanistan across the river, it is now strictly forbidden.
- Khanaka Kokildor-Ota - a mausoluem possibly dating back to the 15th or 16th century, it is one of Termez's most significant monuments.
- Fortress Kirk-Kiz - located a few kilometers from the city, the ruins of this fort date to the 9th century AD. Kirk-Kiz means 'forty girls', and the legend goes this fortress was defended by warrior women.
- Sultan Saodat - located on the outskirts of town, this complex of mausoleums was built from the 11th to 17th centuries. It houses the remains of the Termez Sayyids, who claimed descendancy from Muhammad.
- Jarkurgan Minaret (Russian: Минарет Жаркурган) - originally erected in 1109, this minaret is roughly 20m tall. The design is beautiful but this is the farthest historical site from Termez, about 38km away. Drivers will want between 80,000 to 100,000 som to go there and back to Termez. It helps to show them a picture of the minaret from your phone as it's not very well-known among locals.
- Friendship Bridge (Russian: Мост Дружбы) - an 816 meters long bridge that connects to Afghanistan. It was built in 1981 during the war between the USSR and Afghanistan. This isn't really a tourist attraction and photography isn't allowed.
Be very careful at restaurants in Termez. At multiple restaurants, they will attempt to artificially inflate the bill - at Surxon restaurant, for example, apparently using a napkin cost 10,000 som. It is advised to calculate the cost of a meal with the waitress and confirm the total before the waitress puts in the order - keep in mind a 10% service charge is normal, however. At some restaurants, if you try paying with a 50,000 som note they might just take that and not give change back, so it's best to have smaller notes on hand. Stand your ground and don't let yourself be cheated.
- Meridian Termez Hotel, 23, Alpomish Str, ☎ 2274851. four star hotel in the city center with restaurant, bar, swimming pool, sauna and free (but unreliable) wi-fi edit
- Surhon hotel (Surxhon). cheap hotel with WiFI in the lobby, although your room may have a signal as well. One of the concierge speaks English. Renovated in 2018. Rooms are spacious with good views and have AC. Rates as of July 2018: cheap room 100,000 som, renovated room with curtain over window 180,000 som. edit
As of 2018, there are no direct buses or taxis to Bukhara. It is possible to share a taxi to Qarshi (four hours) and from there find another shared taxi to Bukhara (two hours) - be warned that it's not guaranteed to find other people that want to share a taxi to Bukhara, however.