Ninh Binh (pronounced Neeng Beeng) is the capital city of Ninh Binh Province in North Vietnam, famous for the nearby Karst scenery around the village of Tam Coc. There is nothing to do in Ninh Binh itself aside from drinking beer with the locals; the town is more useful as a base for the surrounding countryside.
Taxis from Hanoi costs US$68
Taxis from NoI Bai international airport cost $85 usd , 3-hour journey
There are regular buses from Hanoi's southern bus terminal (Giap Bat) that leave every 15 min (or whenever full) 70,000 Dong. Note that this may rise to 90,000 per person with luggage.Journey time for the 90km is 3 hours or more traffic depending. Buy a ticket in the ticket hall or you will likely have to pay more than 70,000 or be removed from the bus.the service is slow but relaxed and comfortable using one of the very common Hyundai 20-odd seat buses.
Cat Ba Express provide a Luxury Vans from Cat Ba to Ninh Binh - Tam Coc with $15 only that is available to pick everyone in Cat Ba Island Center. They have 2 time per day from Cat Ba is: 7:30a.m ; 3:00p.m and from Ninh Binh to Cat Ba at 8:00a.m and 1:00p.m. It take around 4,5 hours to reach to Ninh Binh - a very Natural Place in Vietnam and Return also. You can just drop an email to "[email protected]" that is incredible cause they seem to work all day even at midnight, they will reply all within 8 hours that normally just few minutes. Or you can just chat with them through their website "http://catbaexpress.com/". They will reply and do a really good job. If you book for ticket from Cat Ba to Hanoi or SaPa they will give you a better deal for all package.
Gotocatba.com run 3 trips from Cat Ba to Ninh Binh and Ninh Binh to Cat Ba. They are the best choice with very convenience booking system and bus time table.
Open tour buses will drop passengers off upon request (Ninh Binh is not a regular stop). Most open tour buses from Hanoi will arrive at 9:30PM. Tour buses from Hue arrive at a rather early 4AM.
Alternative buses including tourist ones leave from Haiphong a few times a day.
Ninh Binh is a regular station for the Reunification Express, with trains coming from both North and South. It is usually a quick stop, with few people getting off, especially at night, so get off quick or miss the stop. From Hanoi, train leaves at 6:00, 9:00, 13:10, 19:30, 20:10 and 22:10 (2 and half to 3-hour ride). Ask for a cushioned seat.
If you have very rigid travel dates, are traveling on a public holiday, or can't be bothered to head down to the train station before your train you can book tickets online. Vietnam Impressive  is a reliable agency. Alternatively you can now book directly through the official VNR  website which is available in English. They offer an e-ticket option and seat selection service. Note that online tickets cannot be purchased outside of Vietnam.
As of June 2015, trains only stop in Ninh Binh's new train station, which is ~1km south of the old one. Take this into account when other sections make reference of hotels or restaurants in the train station area, as they will mean the old station.
You can hire a private car from Hanoi to Ninh Binh or from the way back from Halong bay.
Current rates (Oct 2015) : Hanoi - Ninh Binh 80$, Hanoi Airport-Ninh Binh 85$, you can book with . Some car rental with driver company in Hanoi: Vietnam Transfer Service, Avis car, Blacklane, VietnamAirportTransfer.com ...
A motorbike is the best way to view Ninh Binh and the surrounding areas. Most hotels can arrange for a motorbike driver/guide to take you around the sites for about US$15 a day.
Hire a motorbike (commonly Honda 110cc) for 200,000 Dong. These take 3 litres of fuel costing 70,000 which will last a day of exploring.
Rent Motorcycle Creuiser in Ninh Binh: Kong Rider: about 12$/day
The land being completely flat, cycling is an excellent option for visiting nearby sights. Finding a bicycle for rental is easy. Most hotels offer free bicycles. Costs 50,000 Dong and up.
The actual town of Ninh Binh is quite small and walkable. Most of the interesting sights are located 10-20 km away.
- Tam Coc, (6 km south of Ninh Binh). , in the middle of the rice fields and lime peaks. The area is somewhat similar to Halong Bay (it is well known as "Halong Bay on Land"), but more accessible. The main attraction of Tam Coc is the boat ride between the cliffs of the river and through 3 tunnels dug by the river through the peaks. Entrance fee: 120,000 dong per person per ride. Ticket: 150,000 dong per boat in Oct 2016, maximum 2 foreigners per boat , but this is not enforced on kids. One of Vietnam's most spectacular sights. If possible, take the boat ride in the morning before the excursion groups arrive from Hanoi, or late afternoon after the groups have left. Last boats start out about 5:30PM in the summer and 4:30PM in the winter. Its an easy bicycle ride here from Ninh Binh, with no hills. Beware, the floating drink sellers can be very persistent. Most will ask if you would like to buy a drink for the rower. This is usually sold back immediately for half price. Rowers can usually row with their feet as well as their hands, which makes quite an interest sight. Some boats have boxes loaded upon departure. They are filled with handicrafts (you can check it), and are meant for you to buy. Rowers are paid a minimum wage and have the right to a few tours a week only, so selling the famous Tam Coc hand-made embroideries, which the women rowers make at home, is the locals' main income. You are not obligated to buy any, but then, you should give the rower a tip as rowing is hard which they will tell you then ask for a tip. But don't expect a thank you as they will only complain that it isn't enough regardless of what amount you give them. The area around Tam Coc is equally beautiful, and is best viewed from the back of a motorbike or by bicycle. In Tam Coc itself, apart from the boat ride, there are 2 beautiful sites to visit ; Bich Dong Pagoda, 3 km after the Tam Coc Pier, built on one of the cliff and which provides incredible views (go all the way to the top of the cliff via the small passage on the right of the last pagoda, which is inside the cliff) and Tai Vi Temple, accessible via the small road on the right of the pier. edit
- Trang An Grottoes, (7 km from Ninh Binh), . An easy bicycle ride away, Trang An Grottoes is similar to Tam Coc but with many more caves to pass through. Most caves have been widened in order for the boats to pass through and as result their natural beauty has been compromised. The first two caves are the most natural and beautiful but are also tight in places, so watch your head. Lots of concrete structures are being built all over the place and rice paddies are disappearing fast but hopefully this area will not lose its splendor. The site was mainly built for Vietnamese and Chinese tourists. However, you are much less likely to be bothered by vendors selling beverages and hand embroidered gifts. As with Tam Coc it is best to go early in the morning or in late afternoon (last boat is 4pm) to avoid the buses of tour groups coming from Hanoi. Ride takes about 3 hours with short couple stops to visit some temples. Each boat leaves with 4 people, but will leave with more or fewer depending on the demand. 15,000 parking fee for bikes, but you could park them near some restaurants just next to the parking if you are willing to take a little risk 150,000 per person. edit
- Hang Mua Peak. is one of the most spectacular sites to visit around Tam Coc (5 km from the "pier"). 450 steps bring you to the tip of the peak, from which you have a most spectacular 360° view of the entire region, the Red River Delta on the East and the mountains on the other sides. Definitely a Must visit if all those steps do not scare you. Flip flops are possible but not recommended, as the steps can be rather slippery and the rocks are jagged. Parking is included with the entry fee; ignore the people just outside the ticket booth aggressively attempting to wave you into their paid (10k) parking lot. The only reason to go with these guys is if you want an eye kept on your bike, but keep in mind that the free parking right after the entrance gate to the site is a quite safe place. 100kđ. edit
From Hang Mua, you can watch the boats going down Ngo Dong River right before Mua Cave. Beyond Mua Cave is the valley where most of the Tam Coc advertisement pictures were taken (but you cannot get a picture of the valley from Hang Mua since the mountains block the view).
- Cuc Phuong National Park, (45km from Ninh Binh), . Cuc Phuong National Park is approximately 1 to 1.5 hours from Ninh Binh. It is a well preserved rainforest with an Endangered Primates Rescue Centre near the entrance. You can visit the primates centre only with a guide, which costs an extra 50,000 dong per person. There are about 150 primates here being prepared for release back in the wild. Most are from other parts of Vietnam and any releases will be where they originally come from. There is also a botanical garden and a turtle center. There are no other major sights. From the entrance you can drive, motorbike or cycle a further 20 km along a densely rainforested road, from which several tracks lead you through the jungle to prehistoric trees and caves. Cycling is probably the most rewarding way to travel this 20 km of often steeply inclined paved road and mountain bikes can be hired at the park entrance. One of the amazing things about this drive is the 1000's upon 1000's of colourful butterflies filling the roadway. Peak time for butterflies apparently is during April and May but in later months there may still many to be seen. The road ends at the Park Centre (Bong) with a restaurant and a place to buy snacks, and where several forest walks start. Many of them require a guide (16$ per day, speaking good English and waiting at the reception), as the trailheads to the guided walks are hidden and in the past, tourists lost orientation in the dense forest, so rescue operations were required. One walk that can be done independ is 6-7 km long and leads through the primary rain forest with lianes etc. to a thousand-year-old tree. Some enjoy to touch the old cho xanh (parashrea stellata) and sau (Dracontomelum Duperranum or Dancorra Edulis) trees, 50-70 m high The best chance to see any animals here is at night. Guided night tours for overnight stayers are available costing $20. The park is also suitable to watch birds, butterflies and orchid flowers. They are more concentrated than in a typical butterfly farm enclosure. A limited amount of overnight accommodation is available in either a detached bungalow ($27) or a stilt house ($5-7). 40,000 dong entrance fee. edit
- Hoa Lu Ancient Capital. Ancient capital of Vietnam until 1010, this royal city is 15 km from Ninh Binh and Tam Coc. Not too much remains except for some beautiful archways and the temples of Dinh Tien Hoang, Nhat Tru Temple and Le Dai Hanh. edit
- Phat Diem Cathedral. 34 km from Ninh Binh, in the middle of the canals and the rice fields of the delta, the small commune of Phat Diem was during the French period the "Vatican of North Vietnam", it's St Peter being a huge cathedral built between 1874 and 1898. Mixing Eastern and Western architectural styles, it is quite spectacular, especially because of its size (75m x 27m x 15m height)and its interior with its huge iron wood columns. On each side have been built 2 small gothic chapels. edit
- Bich Dong Pagoda, (Follow the road pass the Tam Coc 'pier' for about 3km to the west.). An interesting 15th century pagoda with three levels in a steep Mountains side, offering nice views. Ha, Trung, and Thuong Pagodas, in ascending order. Some of the temples are build right into caves and you can explore. After the highest temple you may also like to ignore the sign and climb up the rocks (there is a clear path) to the top of the rock, the view is really worth the scramble, but not recommended with flip flops or the like. 20 kđ parking fee. edit
- Van Long Wetland Nature Reserve, . Van Long National Nature Reserve brings you to one the most stunning landscapes in Vietnam with the nickname “a bay without waves” because the water is as calm as a giant mirror reflecting mountains and clouds. edit
- Thung Nang and Thung Nham Bird Park. Thung Nang is small valley called “sunny valley” located in Ninh Binh province, while “Thung” in Vietnamese means a floodplain surrounded by mountains. It resembles Tam Coc with its grottoes and boat travel. Based in Hoa Lu district, Thung Nang is well known as an ultimate destination for travelers who love to discover historical relics with beautiful unspoiled landscapes. Thung Nang consists of 2 small valleys connected by a grotto system. The deeper you go inside, the lower height you have to pass if you don’t want to touch the stalactites on the ceiling. However, you won’t be disappointed when you come to another side of the valley, where you can enjoy the tranquility and admire the miraculous beauty that nature bestowed on this place. edit
There is nothing to do in Ninh Binh itself. Beautiful Tam Coc, Bich Dong, Dich Long, Hoa Son, Tien caves, Van Trinh Grotto can be visited nearby.
- Cycling at rice farm in Tam Coc (rice farms along canals around mountain foot), ([email protected]), . 08:00-17:30. Hire a bicycle. In some hotels they even have bikes there free. The roads are easy and just enjoy the beauty of Ninh Binh rice farms on your own. Remember to stop at some caves and pagodas on the road for more exploreation. Some lotus farms can be around rice farms too. edit
- Manh Hung Gym, Ngõ 36 Phạm Văn Nghị, Đông Thành, tp.. 15:30-19:00 daily. Basic gym with machines and free weights, no cardio equipment.Mostly male membership. 10,000 dong a visit as of November 2014. (20.261966,105.977848) edit
ATMs: A few ATMs are available in Ninh Binh, but do not count on finding them in Tam Coc, Trang An, or any other rural areas. In Tam Coc, there are some restaurants with a sign that says "ATM" that can charge your card and give you money. They charge you 5% (although you can haggle down this if you withdraw a few million dong), making the deal not worth it. It is better to bring cash or pull them when you are in Ninh Binh.
As of March 2018, one may find an ATM in Tam Coc outside Ninh Binh Hidden Charm Hotel & Resort, about a 2 minute walk from Tam Coc's centre. Get in early, because occasionally it will run out of cash.
Mountain goat (de nui) meat is a local speciality, often eaten with fried rice (com chien). Another local specialty is cơm cháy (not to be confused with cơm chay, vegetarian food), which is the burnt rice off the bottom of the pot, served with pork. Duck features in many restaurants, and there are numerous dog-meat restaurants scattered throughout town (look for signs with a picture of a Great Dane or similar breed and the words thit cho).
The area near the train station has become a mini-backpacker area, and there are 4-5 backpacker cafes there with English menus and tourist prices (40,000-70,000d; coffee 15,000-20,000d). The three most popular restaurants are called "Good Food", "Cheap Good Food", and "Fast Food Cheap" (all on Hoang Hoa Tham).
- Pho B o 24, Ninh Binh (It's on Le Hong Phong, northeast of the intersection with Luong Van Tuy). For 30,000 dong we visited a great place with fried rice, noodles, pickled vegetables. the workers there speak english. 30,000. edit
- Chookie's Travel Cafe, 17 Luong Van Tuy. Great choice for those looking for some western food and also serve decent Vietnamese options at a reasonable price. Staff speak excellent English and give you great advice about the area. edit
- Bao Anh Restaurant, 15 - Hoang Hoa Tham. Family owned restaurant with authentic home cooking. Reasonably priced and large portions. Nice family who give free bananas with each meal. They are also serve vegetarian food. edit
- Chookie's Beer Garden, Tam Coc - Bich Dong Road (700m from boat station on the way to Bich Dong). Open from 9am. Great Place to relax and have a drink and something to eat. Plenty of veg and vegan options including vegan smoothies. edit
There are plenty of Bia Hoi sellers along side the river in the late afternoon / evenings. One glass usually costs 5,000 dong.
Plenty of places sell sugar cane drink with ice for about 5,000 dong.
Vissai Hotel has a microbrewery selling a dark and light beer. 300 ML for 19000 dong
In Ninh Binh, there are a number of cheap hotels just outside the train station and next to the bus station. Other hotels are located near the center of town. As there is nothing to see in town, either area is suitable. The area near the train station has become a mini-backpacker district, complete with travel agents, touts, overpriced drinks and English-menu restaurants. But, as written above, most people sleep in amazing Tam Coc, with its vast array of new hotels from 4 stars to Backpackers dormitory.
- Limestone View Homestay, Xuan Thanh Road, Xuan Ang Noi Village, Ninh Xuan Commun, Hoa Lu district, ☎ +84 918 453 761 emailadress: [email protected]. Beautiful Homestay on the edge of town (built 2014) overlooking the limestone cliffs. Fantastic views from the big immaculately presented rooms with airco, fan and attached bathroom with hot water. Convieniently located for exploring nearby Trang An (UNESCO world heritage site) Wharf and Grottos, Tam Cok. On the way to Cuc Phong National Park. Push bikes and a great breakfast with fruitsalad and juice is included - delicious. Services available include: meals, rentals, transfers, free wifi, tours and travel advice etc. Very hospitable host, highly recommended as true family experience. US$ 47 (double room incl. breakfast and pushbikes). ("20°15'4"","105°56'13"") edit
- Kim Lien Guesthouse, Ngo 212,Number 54 (On a small and quiet sideroad not far from the center of town), ☎ +84306250800, . Situated on a small and quiet sideroad this place is run by the charismatic Madame Lien, and is a no frills yet very honest place to stay. Rooms are clean ($15 for a double). Lien is very friendly, provides help with local transportation,bike rentals, Open Tour bus tickets, and also sometimes offers to cook dinner for $5 per person (be prepared for loads of food). Doors are sometimes closed at 10.30pm, but the staff can be woken by simply knocking on the doors (or preferably informing them of late arrivals or excursions beforehand). US$12-US$18. edit
- An Phu Homestay, Thuong Nam Village, Ninh Nhat Commune, Ninh Binh (~6km from Ninh Binh train station), ☎ +841667223668 ([email protected]). Actually like staying in a 5 star hotel but with homestay hospitality. Brand new homestay located in a tranquil village on the outskirts of Ninh Binh, just off the road to Trang An. Very friendly and hospitable owner can pick up guests from the train or bus stations in Ninh Binh. Also speaks good English and Japanese. Can provide delicious Vietnamese meals and offers tour service, motorbike rental, laundry service, bus tickets and handy local knowledge. Rooms include WiFi, western style toilets and very comfy beds. US$30/Room. (20.266934N,105.943617E) edit
- Sapphire Truong Thinh Hotel, Dong Thanh Village, Truong Yen Commune (less than 1km from Ancient Hoa Lu Capital), ☎ +84944229858 ([email protected]). Situated amongst mountains and rivers of Hoa Lu, this quiet hotel is the perfect getaway from busy life in the city. Locals are nice and friendly while the landscape is just amazing. All rooms feature mountain-view windows. Options are available from $5 dorm bed, $12 twin/double room to $16 4-person family room. Two brothers who run the hotel are willing to answer every need a customer could have. Guests are more than welcome to stay. Free map, free guide, free parking and free wifi in the entire place. US$5-US$16. (20.2921011,105.9139508) edit
- Ngoc Anh Hotel, 30 Luong Van Tuy St, ☎ +84 30 3883-768, . Family hotel, friendly staff, good location, rooms are clean, all rooms have A/C, en-suite, cable TV with good reception, wifi. Deluxe rooms also have a computer, a fridge and balcony. There are 2 modern computers in reception/restaurant area. rooms include free breakfast and the hotel staff can arrange bicycle, motorcycle, or car tours of the area US$ 18-55. edit
- Nha Viet Hotel, Đường Lê Thái Tổ, phố Đẩu Long (On the way to the stadium of Ninh Binh Vissai FC), ☎ +84 91 553 1317. Owners (family) will help you in every possible way. Cook food that you want, english-speaking staff, motorbike rental, wifi, clean, washing clothes, convenient location, far enough from main road to provide peace and quiet. US$12. edit
- New Queen Mini Backpacker's Hotel (Hostel), 6 - 256 road - Ngo Gia Tu st (going out of the train station, follow the street on the left, it's the 3rd street on the right), ☎ 0303.893.118 ([email protected]). Located near the train and bus stations. Dorms are 3$ a night (63000VND), doubles starts at 8$. Friendly staff, but overly persistent at selling motorbikes, bus tickets, etc. Good wifi. Reasonably clean. Provide motorbike rental at 100000VND ( 5$, automatic and gears available ) a day. Tour services provided. (Updated July 2015) US$3-20. (20.250364,105.978804) edit
- Queen Mini Hotel, 21 Hoang Hoa Tham (One block in front of the train station). Near the train and bus station, always packed with tourists and often full. Particularly popular with the French. Rooms are clean, friendly staff, good wifi and they offer the cheapest laundry in town (although still 30,000/kilo). They are affiliated with "Good Food" restaurant across the street. Be warned: there are three hotels sharing this name: The Queen Mini (this one), the Queen Hotel (across the street, upscale), the New Queen Mini Hotel (two streets south). (Updated July 2015) US$ 3-15. edit
- Thanh Binh hotel, 31 Luong Van Tuy St, ☎ +84 30 872 439. Some members of the staff are somewhat helpful and friendly. Possibility to rent (motor)bikes for US$6/day. Breakfast is not included. Monosodium glutamate (MSG) is added to some of their foods. US$ 12-20 (double room). edit
- Thanh Thuy's Guest House and New Hotel, 128 Le Hong Phong, ☎ +84 30 387 1811, . The guest house rooms are large and pleasant with a shared bathroom. Hotel rooms are en-suite and quieter as they're set back from the road. There's a reasonably priced restaurant adjacent to reception. Motorbike and bicycles available for hire. Staff are a little brisk but helpful and speak good English. US$ 8-15 (guest house), US$15-35 (hotel). edit
- Xua Hoa Hotel, 37 P Minh Khai (On the eastbound road from town center, next to a reservoir), ☎ +84 30 880-970. Owner will help you in every possible way. Great food, bicycle and motorbike rental, convenient location, though far enough from main road to provide peace and quiet. US$15-35. edit
- Kinh Do Hotel, 18 Phan Dinh Phung St (100 metres east of main [Hwy1]), ☎ 030 3.899.152, . Newly purchased and managed by two brothers, Luong and Anh, who both speak good English. Clean quiet [despite proximity to main road] rooms, good food in clean restaurant, a/c, ensuite, free wifi in rooms,laundry,massage. Genuinely friendly staff. Very helpful [advice, bicycle/motorbike rental, tours to local attractions, pickup-dropoff at bus or train]. US 7-25. edit
- Canh Dieu, 74 Nguyen Van Cu (Behind Train Station), . checkin: 12; checkout: 12. Single, double and triple rooms at good prices with Breakfast included. The hotel have motorbikes for rent and can organise tour services. Friendly staff and the restaurant also serves good food for dinner. $13 - $23. edit
- Go Ninh Binh Hostel, 01 Hoang Hoa Tham (Old the train station), ☎ 0303.871186, . .Developed on the an old train station. Near the new train station and bus station with nice view and large garden.Bunk beds (Curtain, reading lamp and socket for charger are provided in each bed) for both males and females and 04 private rooms with toilet ensuit. Air conditioners, lockers are eqquiped in all rooms.Public facilities are common room, rest rooms, free computers, free hair driers, free wi-fi, free paper map, free dart board games, pool table available and free car parking. It offer 24 Hour front desk so no curfew. It provide breakfast, full kitchen facilities all day, hot, cold drinks and light beer "Bia hoi", laundry service, tour booking, bicycle and motor bike hire arranged, ticket booking... US$ 5 -$6 for Dorm bed- $20 for Deluxe room. edit
In Tam Coc, the best three hotels are :
- Hang Mua Ecolodge, ☎ +84 167 8699330, . A beautiful 3-star ecolodge as part of Hang Mua (Mua Caves) with its highly ranked Lying Dragon Mountain Peak and Mua Caves. Breakfast included in the price. Free entrance ticket for those stay here. US$45-US$80. edit
- Tam Coc Garden, ☎ +84 16 78 25 35 55, . Tam Coc Garden is situated behind the Bich Dong Pagoda, about 4 km from the center of Tam Coc. It is a hotel of deluxe bungalows, with a pool. A beautiful small resort...if you can afford it ! US$155-US$175. edit
- Chez Loan, Bich Dong Road, ☎ +84 948 577 322, . is by far the most famous hotel in Tam Coc, thanks to the extraordinary personality of its owner, Mrs Loan, who also happens to be a Cordon Bleu. Located among the rice fields and peaks in a very quiet area on the road between Tam Coc and Bich Dong, it counts 15 rooms at 15-25$ and 2 large river bungalows at 55$ ... and the best restaurant in Tam Coc. Free wifi and bicycles. Email:[email protected] edit
Laos - There is a nightly bus from Hanoi that can stop in Ninh Binh on request. From there it is a grim 20 hour ride to Vientiane.
Thanh Hoa - Local minibus takes around 1 hour and cost 50,000. You can hail one from the main road heading south. [Sep 2013]
Vinh - There are plenty of sleeping buses that pass through Ninh Binh, you can hail one from the main road heading south. Local minibuses doesn't seem to operate to Vinh so you will have to stop in Thanh Hoa and find another bus. A local minibus from Thanh Hoa to Vinh costs 100,000 so 150,000 total. There is a sign in the bus station at Ninh Binh stating 90,000 to Vinh. [Sep 2013]
Dong Hoi - To get to Dong Hoi from Ninh Binh either jump on a bus passing through which is heading to Hue or Siagon, jump from town to town on the local buses, or take the train (recommended). The train may cost a little more but is definitely worth it to avoid all the hassle and is a lot faster. [Sep 2013]
Hue - Sleeper bus 300.000 dong, leaves at 9pm. It comes from Hanoi and stops at Ninh Binh on request. You can book at the bus station which is at walking distance from the train station, or at your hotel in most cases. Many accidents reported but budget travellers still choose this option. It does not appear to be much different by many other night buses in Vietnam, if you're used to them. Not recommended even by the locals, unless they want to sell you a ticket. Trains take 12h and leave at 8.32, 11.17 and 21.12, cost spans between 290.000 and 700.000 dong depending on seat/sleeper type.
Train- You can travel on an overnight train with the Reunification express. Tickets can be purchased in advance in Hanoi or online with Vietnam Impressive  a reliable agency.