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Earth : Asia : Middle East : Iraq : Iraqi Kurdistan : Sulaymaniyah
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Sulaimaniya is a city in Iraqi Kurdistan.


One of the major cities in both so called Kurdistan region and Iraq, situated 385 Km north Baghdad and 198 Km north east Erbil the capital of Iraqi Kurdistan Region. The city sits between two chains of mountains (Goyzha & Glazarda) longitude (44.50- 46.16) East and latitude (35.04 - 36.30) North. The city was founded by Ibrahim Pasha in the year 1784. Claudius James Rich the famous (March 28, 1787 - October 5, 1821) the British traveler and antiquarian scholar said in his book that Sulaimaniya – from the beginning of its establishment – had large markets, clean public baths (Turkish design). Today Sulaimani has developed in most modern life aspects, hotels, motels, supermarkets & Malls, theatres, restaurants & Parks.

Get in[edit]

There is an international "Sulaimaniya Airport" near Bakrajo, with direct flights from Dusseldorf-Germany, Dubai-UAE, Amman-Jordan, and Istanbul-Turkey. There are many services per day and people from all over the world come to enjoy the most beautiful nature in Kurdistan

Get around[edit]

See[edit][add listing]

For a spectacular bird's eye view of Sulaimaniya (or Suly for short), travel to the surrounding mountains (Goizha, Azmar, Piramagrwn and Baranan). The city is in the phase of transition from a usual city to a "tourism city" in every sense of the term.

Amna Suraka (Red Security): The "highlight" of any trip to Sulaimaniya ought to be this museum, housed in one of Saddam's old torture facilities known as Amna Suraka (Red Security). Since the Peshmerga (the Kurdish army) liberated the prison in the 1990s, not much has changed...the buildings are empty shells with bullet holes everywhere.

Great Mosque In the middle of the bazaar district is Sulaimaniya's great mosque. Not really an architectural wonder, or even very old, this is nevertheless a sort of hub, especially on Fridays. I'm sure it is possible to go inside if you visit after prayers have finished...we didn't, however we did go inside the brand new Chinese shopping mall opposite Kaso Mall, offering good views over the mosque from the upper floors. Possibly the only place in the world where you'll see Iraqi, Kurdish and Chinese flags decorating a doorway. Public Park or Baxi Gshty. The closest to the center of the city, it is a small one on Salm Street, almost opposite the Palace Hotel. This one was busy in the morning with tea drinkers, and has an "avenue of heads", stone busts of some important local historical figures.

Sulaimaniya museum Suly is a city in the midst of a tumultuous rebirth, so I was pleased to see that it had a Museum, full of local treasures. Short walk on Salim Street from the Sulaimani Palace Hotel.

Azmar Mountain Sulaimaniya is surrounded by high mountains. The mountain from the north just closest to Chavy Land is a very popular picnic site. On the weekend, many Kurdish families drive their cars to the mountain to eat kebab and enjoy the wonderful view of city. At night many people travel to the top of the mountain and take pictures as mementos of the unbelievable view of the city in the night.

Sara Square Suly has a local Bazaar where you can buy almost everything you need. The city is well known for this square, with its big portrait of Shex Mahmood Nemir. Many people go there to sit, read books and chat. Sarchinar resort is about 5 km from the west of Sulaymaniyah city. This is a magnificent resort covered with trees and features a freshwater fountain. This resort includes a modern and comfortable restaurant, kids' club, swimming pool and a zoo. It should be noted that Nawroz and Jekjek resorts are located in the same area.

Do[edit][add listing]

You can spend your time walking on the streets day or night, with very comfortable temperatures (between 0-35C) most days of the year.

one can have a good time in Public Park the closest to the center of the city, it is a small one on Salm Street, almost opposite the Palace Hotel. This one was busy in the morning with tea drinkers, and had an "avenue of heads", stone busts of some important local historical figures. or Mother Park or Baxi Daik north east of the bazaar, small but new and well designed, with a large statue of a woman as its centerpiece.

Azadi Park, it is somehow similar to the large park in Erbil. Azadi Park has the grave and legacy of the most brilliant and well known Kurdish poet Sherko Bekas the father of modern Kurdish poetry. It does have the obligatory enormous Kurdish flag fluttering above an abstract monument to something or other. The Bazaar Take any street off Mawlawi or Kawa streets and you'll end up in the bazaar. It is huge, and getting lost is part of the fun. The most interesting section is probably the maze of covered alleyways between the two main roads. The bazaar is built on a bit of a slope, so don't be afraid to go up or down any stairs you may come across. They just lead to more levels full of shops

There is a bowling center,speed center and many other places to go.

Buy[edit][add listing]

  • The Zara supermarket (Go to the East end of Salm Street, where the gate to the bazaar area is, and then 300 meters North, uphill. Or go to Southeast corner of Azadi park. In either case, look for a large silver dome on top of its building.) has appointed itself as the source for Western products. They don't have much, but they are more likely to have something else than other stores.
  • Amazon shop (amazon), bazzar (Mawlawy), 009647701970660, [1]. for cosmetics  edit

There is also an oriental mall in the centre of town in an area dedicated to koreans for their support

Eat[edit][add listing]

There are different types of amazing kurdish dishes. One of the most famous dishes is Yaprax, which you may not find easily in city restaurants, but in some restaurants you can find Kofta which also tastes great. You can go to Sara Restaurant near Xasraw xal bridge, where you can find Kebab, Goshty brzhaw (grilled meat) Brnj ("rice") shla and other types of food. Sara Restaurant is very good and clean. If you're looking for more international dishes you can have Pizza and Italian food at Roma restaurant at Tooy Malik.

There are two kinds of places to eat in the old part of the city: sit down places and sandwich type places. There are tons of sandwich type places. They cost about 1,000 dinars for a sandwich of chicken, meat, or falafel on a little white bun or else wrapped up in a flatbread. (1,000 dinars is roughly equal to a dollar or a euro)

In a sit down place, you can typically get rice, baked beans, some chicken and clear chicken soup with flat bread. In such a place you also pay about 1,000 dinars for each item so you end up paying like 3,000-4,000 dinars for your meal in such a place.

There are also pizza places and juice places where you can get delicious fruit juices, for less than a dollar. I don't know how much pizza costs but it's probably 1,000 dinars.

Drink[edit][add listing]

  • Buy (krin), sulaimanya (bazzar), 07706584904. 2. 100$. (,10) edit


Coffee is not big in Suli, and tea is generally a better bet. As with anything here, there are many shops with basically the same selection. The local taste is for instant coffee, and the coffee section of a grocery store will be dominated by MacCoffee and Nescafe. Coffee beans generally come only as little bricks of Turkish coffee, 200 grams roasted dark and ground fine. If you don't want 1/4 cardamom, check the package to make sure it says 100% coffee.

  • Pasha's coffee, (In the bazaar area, Walk through the gate opposite the Palace Hotel, and straight up the street to the first circle with the booksellers, go around them, and take the shallow right and look for Pasha's on the left). One of the only places in town with proper coffee. They have a sign in Latin characters, and there is usually a crowd of coffee drinkers out front. You can get good espresso from the machine and they have bulk coffee (28 000 for a kilo of Columbian beans) and coffee makers in styles unavailable elsewhere.  edit

Sleep[edit][add listing]

  • Sulaymani Palace. For now, this is the best hotel in town, although it is by no means up to international standards. Nevertheless, it's a decent enough experience. It is however the best hotel you could get in the city. 100 USD.  edit
  • Ramada Hotel Sulaymaniyah (address""). A comfortable international hotel, not quite up to the highest international standards but it's still nice and clean and the food is pretty good. 100 USD.  edit
  • Dolphin Hotel. No breakfast but very fast internet. Rooms are clean and nice. Right next to the old mosque in the very scenic old part of town. in the innermost center of the city, in the bazaar that you can get whatever in any time. 40 USD.  edit


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