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Struve Geodetic Arc

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Struve Geodetic Arc

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This article is an itinerary.
The northernmost station of the Struve Geodetic Arc is located in Fuglenes, Norway.

Struve Geodetic Arc is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine.


The Struve Arc is a chain of survey triangulations stretching from Hammerfest in Norway to the Black Sea, through ten countries and over 2,820km. These are points of a survey, carried out between 1816 and 1855 by the astronomer Friedrich Georg Wilhelm Struve, which represented the first accurate measuring of a long segment of a meridian. This helped establish the exact size and shape of our planet and marked an important step in the development of earth sciences and topographic mapping. It is an extraordinary example of scientific collaboration among scientists from different countries, and of collaboration between monarchs for a scientific cause. The original arc consisted of 258 main triangles with 265 main station points. The listed site includes 34 of the original station points, with different markings, i.e. a drilled hole in rock, an iron cross, cairns, or built obelisks.

Many of the inscribed sites are small posts in fields and may not reward a visit. However the focal point of the arc is the Dorpat Observatory in Tartu, Estonia


Get in[edit]

The points of the arc run over 2,820 km. from above the Arctic Circle to the Black Sea, making it the longest inscription on the World Heritage List. Due to the vast distances there are very many ways to get to see it.


FUGLENAES Fuglenes, Hammerfest, Finnmark, N70 40 12 E23 39 48

LILLE-REIPAS Raipas Alta, Finnmark, N69 56 19 E23 21 37

LOHDIZHJOKKI Luvdiidcohkka, Kautokeino, Finnmark, N69 39 52 E23 36 08

BÄLJATZ-VAARA Baelljasvarri Kautokeino, Finnmark, N69 01 43 E23 18 19

PAJTAS-VAARA Tynnyrilaki, Kiruna, Norrbottens län, Sweden N68 15 18 E22 58 59

KERROJUPUKKA Jupukka, Pajala, Norrbottens län, N67 16 36 E23 14 35

PULLINKI Pullinki, Övertorneå, Norrbottens län, N66 38 47 E23 46 55

PERRA-VAARA Perävaara, Haparanda, Norrbottens län, N66 01 05 E23 55 21

STUOR-OIVI Stuorrahanoaivi, Enontekiö, Finnish Lapland, N68 40 57 E22 44 45

AVASAKSA Aavasaksa, Ylitornio, Finnish Lapland, N66 23 52 E23 43 31

TORNEA Alatornion kirkko, Tornio, Finnish Lapland, N65 49 48 E24 09 26

PUOLAKKA Oravivuori, Jyväskylä, Western Finland N61 55 36 E25 32 01

PORLOM II Tornikallio, Lapinjärvi, Southern Finland, N60 42 17 E26 00 12

SVARTVIRA Mustaviiri, Pyhtää, Southern Finland, Finland N60 16 35 E26 36 12

MÄKI-PÄÄLYS Mäkipällys, Kingisepp, Leningrad Oblast, N60 04 27 E26 58 11

HOGLAND, Z Gogland, Tochka Z Kingisepp, Leningrad Oblast, N60 05 07 E26 57 40

WOIBIFER Võivere, Avanduse, Lääne-Viru, N59 03 28 E26 20 16

KATKO Simuna, Avanduse, Lääne-Viru, Estonia N59 02 54 E26 24 51

DORPAT Tartu Observatory, Tartu, N58 22 44 E26 43 12

SESTU-KALNS Ziestu, Sausneja, Region of Madona, N56 50 24 E25 38 12

JACOBSTADT Jekabpils, Region Jekabpils, N56 30 05 E25 51 24

KARISCHKI Gireišiai, Panemunėlis elderate, Rokiškis district, Northern Lithuania, N55 54 09 E25 26 12

MESCHKANZI Meškonys, Nemenčinė elderate, Vilnius district, Eastern Lithuania N54 55 51 E25 19 00

BERESNÄKI Paliepiukai, Nemėžis elderate, Vilnius district, Eastern Lithuania N54 38 04 E25 25 45

TUPISCHKI Tyupishki, Oshmiany district, Grodno Oblast, N54 17 30 E26 02 43

LOPATI Lopaty, Shchuchyn district, Grodno Oblast, N53 33 38 E24 52 11

OSSOWNITZA Asaunitsa, Motal township, Ivanovo District, Brest Oblast, N52 17 22 E25 38 58

TCHEKUTSK Shchekotsk, Lyaskovichi township, Ivanovo District, Brest Oblast, N52 12 28 E25 33 23

LESKOWITSCHI Lyaskovichi, Ivanovo District, Brest Oblast, N52 09 39 E25 34 17

RUDY Rudi, Soroca Judetul, N48 19 08 E27 52 36

KATERINOWKA Katerinowka, Antonivka, Khmelnytskiy region, N49 33 57 E26 45 22

FELSCHTIN Felschtin, Hvardiiske, Khmelnytskiy region, Ukraine N49 19 48 E26 40 55

BARANOWKA Baranowka, Baranivka, Khmelnytskiy region, N49 08 55 E26 59 30

STARO-NEKRASSOWKA Stara Nekrasivka, Nekrasivka, Odessa region, Ukraine N45 19 54 E28 55 41

Stay safe[edit]

Get out[edit]

This itinerary is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present for it to be of real use. It was last edited on 2015-04-8 and will be deleted if not modified for one year. Please plunge forward and rescue it!